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Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Transient intubation for surfactant administration in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in extremely premature infants
Ji Won Koh, Jong-Wan Kim, Young Pyo Chang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(10):315-321.   Published online September 16, 2018

Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of transient intubation for surfactant administration and extubated to nasal continuous positive pressure (INSURE) for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and to identify the factors associated with INSURE failure in extremely premature infants. Methods: Eighty-four infants with gestational age less than 28 weeks treated with surfactant administration for RDS for 8 years were included. Perinatal...
Comparative study on effects of volume-controlled ventilation and pressure-limited ventilation for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Jae Jin Kim, Mun Jung Hwang, Sang Geel Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(1):21-27.   Published online January 15, 2010

Purpose:In contrast with traditional time-cycled, pressure-limited ventilation, during volume-controlled ventilation, a nearly constant tidal volume is delivered with reducing volutrauma and the episodes of hypoxemia. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of pressure-regulated, volume controlled ventilation (PRVC) to Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) in VLBW infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Methods : 34 very low birth...
Mechanical Ventilation of the Children
June Dong Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(12):1310-1316.   Published online December 15, 2005
Mechanical ventilation in children has some differences compared to in neonates or in adults. The indication of mechanical ventilation can be classified into two groups, hypercapnic respiratory failure and hypoxemic respiratory failure. The strategies of mechanical ventilation should be different in these two groups. In hypercapnic respiratory failure, volume target ventilation with constant flow is favorable and pressure target ventilation...
Original Article
Clinical Study of Children Using Home Mechanical Ventilation
Young Joon Ahn, Seung Hyeon Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, Seong Jong Park, Tae Sung Ko, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(4):401-405.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : The use of mechanically-assisted ventilators at home reduces morbidity and improves the quality of life in children with chronic respiratory failure. But in Korea there is no clinical data of children with home mechanical ventilation. We investigated ventilator types, duration, the causes of failure or death, and the cost needed for care. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the medical...
Pain Reduction Effects of Continuous Fentanyl Infusion to Intensive Care Neonates
Wi Kyung Hwang, Heng Mi Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(5):657-665.   Published online May 15, 1999
Purpose : To determine whether pain control using fentanyl would effectively reduce behavioral distress, physiologic and hormonal responses to postoperative pain and mechanical ventilation in neonates. Methods : Neonates who were admitted to the NICU(neonate intensive care unit) of Kyungpook University Hospital, requiring surgery or mechanical ventilation were evaluated. Twelve neonates undergoing operation were randomised into two groups. After operation, one...
Mechanical ventilator care in the newborn infants.
Young Pyo Chang, Yong Won Park, Won Soon Park, Jung Hwan Choi, Chong Ku Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(11):1526-1533.   Published online November 30, 1991
The widespread introduction of mechanically assisted ventilation into the neonatal intensive care during the 1960s substantially improved the outcome of sick newborn infants, particularly those with respiratory disorders. We studied the clinical features of 82 neonates, who were treated with mechanically assisted ventilation in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Seoul National Univer- sity Children’s Hospital from January 1986 to August 1989 (the second...
Clinical analysis on newborn infants treated with mechanical ventilation.
Yeon Sim Kim, Dae Ho Choi, Cheol Woo Park, Yeon Kyun Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(10):1346-1355.   Published online October 31, 1991
Clinical analysis of 48 neonates who treated with Mechanical ventilation in NICU at Won-Kwang University Hospital from February 1987 to July 1990 was performed. The results were as follows; 1) According to diagnostic categories, hyaline membrane disease was the most common in 26 cases (54.2%), and then postasphyxia syndrome 10cases (20.8%), apnea of prematurity 3cases (6.2%), sepsis 3 cases (6.2%),in their order. 2) 29 cases (60.4%) were bom...
Mechanical Ventilation in Newborn Infants.
Young Back Hahm, Jong Ho Sung, In Kyung Sung, Byung Churl Lee, Du Bong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(1):10-21.   Published online January 31, 1990
Clinical analysis of 5 years* experience with mechanical ventilation of 68 neonates in NICU of St. Mary’s Hospital, from Jan. 1983 to June 1988, was done. The results were as follows; 1) Indications for mechanical ventilation were hyaline membrane disease(51.5%), postasphyxia syndrome(19.1%), apnea of prematurity (5.9%), sepsis (5.9%), intracranial hemorrhage (5.9%) and others. 2) Number of male patients was 33(48.5%》and of female was 35(51.5%), and male to female...
Peumomediastinum in the Newborn.
Dong Gwan Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1985;28(3):217-224.   Published online March 31, 1985
A retrospective review was performed of 15 medical records to study the pneumomedia- stinum in the newborn during last 4 years from Jan. 1980 through Dec. 1983 at Severance Hospital of Yonsei University. Tne results were as follows: 1) The incidence was 0.14% (15 of 8,737 live-births) during the neonatal period. Of those cases spontaneous pneumomediastinum was 66.7%(10 cases) and secondary pneumomedia- stinum 33.3%(5 cases). Males were...
Secondary Pneumothorax in the newborn.
Dong Gwan Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1985;28(2):123-130.   Published online February 28, 1985
Clinical records of 25 neonates with secondary pneumothorax were reviewed retrospectively during last 6 years from Jan. 1978 through Dec. 1983 at Pediatric Department of Yonsei University Hospital. The following results were obtained; 1)The incidence of secondary pneumothorax was 0.16% (21 out of 12,864 live-birth) during the neonatal period. The incidence tended to increase since we had set up the neonatal,...
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