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Case Report
Asymptomatic moyamoya syndrome, atlantoaxial subluxation and basal ganglia calcification in a child with Down syndrome
Kyung Yeon Lee, Kun-Soo Lee, Young Cheol Weon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(12):540-543.   Published online December 20, 2013

Down syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality, may be associated with various neurologic complications such as moyamoya syndrome, cervical spinal cord compression due to atlantoaxial subluxation, and basal ganglia damage, as well as epileptic seizures and stroke. Many cases of Down syndrome accompanied by isolated neurologic manifestations have been reported in children; however, Down syndrome with multiple neurologic conditions is...

Original Article
A Study on the Atlantoaxial Instability in Children with Down syndrome
Sa Young Kim, Chan Yung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(2):179-184.   Published online February 15, 1993
To evaluate the atlantoaxial instability in children with Down syndrome, the authors analyzed the 97 children with Down syndrome attending to 2 schools for handicaped children in Pusan. The results of study were as follows; 1) The incidence of atlantoaxial instability in 97 individuals with Down syndrome was 8(8.3%) in neutral position and in 10(10.3%) in flexion, respectively. 2) The mean atlantoaxial gap...
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