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Review Article
Neurology
Enterovirus 71 infection and neurological complications
Kyung Yeon Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(10):395-401.   Published online October 17, 2016

Since the outbreak of the enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in Malaysia in 1997, large epidemics of EV71 have occurred in the Asia-Pacific region. Many children and infants have died from serious neurological complications during these epidemics, and EV71 infection has become a serious public health problem in these areas. EV71 infection causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children,...

Original Article
Neurology
Venous angioma may be associated with epilepsy in children
Bo Ryung Kim, Yun Jin Lee, Sang Ook Nam, Kyung Hee Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(8):341-345.   Published online August 24, 2016
Purpose

Venous angioma (VA) is the most common congenital abnormality of the intracranial vasculature. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between VA and epilepsy and to identify the characteristics of children with VA and epilepsy.

Methods

The records of all patients aged less than 18 years who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at Pusan National University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients...

Case Report
Parry-Romberg syndrome with ipsilateral hemipons involvement presenting as monoplegic ataxia
Yun-Jin Lee, Kee-Yang Chung, Hoon-Chul Kang, Heung Dong Kim, Joon Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(9):354-357.   Published online September 21, 2015

Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a rare, acquired disorder characterized by progressive unilateral facial atrophy of the skin, soft tissue, muscles, and underlying bony structures that may be preceded by cutaneous induration. It is sometimes accompanied by ipsilateral brain lesions and neurological symptoms. Here we present the case of a 10-year-old girl with right-sided PRS and recurrent monoplegic ataxia of the...

A case of Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis in childhood
Ji Youn Kim, Young Ok Kim, Young Jun Son, Young Jong Woo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(4):607-611.   Published online April 15, 2010
Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) is a rare disease diagnosed by specific clinical features such as 'progressive, relatively symmetric external ophthalmoplegia and ataxia by 4 weeks' and 'disturbance of consciousness or hyperreflexia' after the exclusion of other diseases involving the brain stem. Anti-ganglioside antibodies (GM, GD and GQ) in the serum or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are sometimes informative for the diagnosis...
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