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Original Article
Clinical implications in laboratory parameter values in acute Kawasaki disease for early diagnosis and proper treatment
Yu-Mi Seo, Hyun-Mi Kang, Sung-Churl Lee, Jae-Won Yu, Hong-Ryang Kil, Jung-Woo Rhim, Ji-Whan Han, Kyung-Yil Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(5):160-166.   Published online May 28, 2018

This study aimed to analyse laboratory values according to fever duration, and evaluate the relationship across these values during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease (KD) to aid in the early diagnosis for early-presenting KD and incomplete KD patients.


Clinical and laboratory data of patients with KD (n=615) were evaluated according to duration of fever at presentation, and were compared between...

Age-adjusted plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level in Kawasaki disease
Heul Jun, Kyung Ok Ko, Jae Woo Lim, Jung Min Yoon, Gyung Min Lee, Eun Jung Cheon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(7):298-302.   Published online July 31, 2016

Recent reports showed that plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) could be a useful biomarker of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) unresponsiveness and coronary artery lesion (CAL) development in Kawasaki disease (KD). The levels of these peptides are critically influenced by age; hence, the normal range and upper limits for infants and children are different. We performed an age-adjusted analysis of plasma...

Review Article
Update of genetic susceptibility in patients with Kawasaki disease
Kyung Lim Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(3):84-88.   Published online March 20, 2015

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that predominantly affects children, and can result in coronary artery lesions (CAL). A patient with KD who is resistant to treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has a higher risk of developing CAL. Incomplete KD has increased in prevalence in recent years, and is another risk factor for the development of CAL. Although...

Original Article
Transforming growth factor beta receptor II polymorphisms are associated with Kawasaki disease
Yu Mi Choi, Kye Sik Shim, Kyung Lim Yoon, Mi Young Han, Sung Ho Cha, Su Kang Kim, Joo Ho Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(1):18-23.   Published online January 31, 2012

Transforming growth factor beta receptor 2 (TGFBR2) is a tumor suppressor gene that plays a role in the differentiation of striated cells and remodeling of coronary arteries. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of this gene are associated with Marfan syndrome and sudden death in patients with coronary artery disease. Cardiovascular remodeling and T cell activation of TGFBR2 gene suggest that the...

Polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase are not a risk factor for Kawasaki disease in the Korean population
Kyung Lim Yoon, Jin Hee Ko, Kye Shik Shim, Mi Young Han, Sung Ho Cha, Su Kang Kim, Joo Ho Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(8):335-339.   Published online August 31, 2011

Hyperhomocysteinemia is known as a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Preclinical arteriosclerosis is noted and premature atherosclerosis is known to be accelerated in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients. Genetic polymorphisms in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene result in elevated plasma homocysteine concentrations and are known to be associated with the development of coronary artery disease. Our hypothesis is that single nucleotide polymorphisms...

Change of hemostatic markers according to the clinical state in Kawasaki disease
Yong Beom Kim, You Sook Yoon, Sang Yun Lee, Hong Ryang Kil
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(12):1247-1251.   Published online December 15, 2007
Purpose : Pathologically, Kawasaki disease (KD) is associated with widespread vascular endothelial damage in the acute phase. The vasculitis induced endothelial injury leads to coagulation abnormalities. Abnormalities of endothelial function, platelet activation, and fibrinolysis are present during acute phase and long after the onset of KD. The aim of study is to evaluate the change of hemostatic markers in the...
Serum homocysteine and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels after intravenous gammaglobulin treatment in patients with Kawasaki disease
Jung Hwa Cha, Young Mi Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(10):1093-1099.   Published online October 15, 2006
Purpose : Homocysteine is a strong and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The deleterious effects of homocysteine included endothelial dysfunction, arterial intimal-medial thickening, wall stiffness and procoagulant activity. However, the precise mechanism responsible for homocysteine release in children with coronary artery disease is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum homocysteine and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α...
The Change of Serum Soluble E-selectin in Kawasaki Disease
Jae-Ho Jeong, Eun-Young Cho, Jae-Woo Lim, Eun-Jeong Cheon, Kyong-Og Ko, Kyung-Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(5):539-544.   Published online May 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiologic role of serum E-selectin, vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)-induced cell adhesion mollecule in Kawasaki disease(KD) and to look for the evidence of direct relationship between the plasma levels of soluble E-selectin and the incidence of coronary artery lesion(CAL). Methods : Changes in plasma levels of sE-selectin(n=98) over time were...
Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor as a Predictive Risk Factor for the Occurrence of Coronary Artery Lesions in Kawasaki Disease
Min Hyuk Park, Hye Lim Jung, Ju Hee Yang, Jung-Yeon Shim, Deok Soo Kim, Jae Won Shim, Moon Soo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(8):811-816.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology with a predilection for the coronary arteries. Vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) is a cytokine which promotes vascular permeability and angiogenesis. We investigated serum VEGF(sVEGF) levels in Kawasaki disease to determine whether sVEGF level can be used as a risk factor to predict the occurrence of coronary artery lesions(CAL)...
Laboratory Values in Patients with Kawasaki Disease after Intravenous Immunoglobulin : Comparison of Patients with Coronary Artery Lesions to those without Coronary Artery Lesions
Min-Young Park, Kyung-Yil Lee, Ji-Whan Han, Hyung-Shin Lee, Ja-Hyun Hong, Kyung-Tai Whang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(2):162-166.   Published online February 15, 2003
Purpose : We evaluated the effects of intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) on level of laboratory parameters examined serially according to the existence of coronary artery lesions in children with Kawasaki disease. Methods : Children with Kawasaki disease(n=63), treated with IVIG at a dose of 2.0 g/kg, were classified as a group with coronary artery lesions(CALs+ group, n=9) or a group without coronary...
Clinical Characteristics of Infant Kawasaki Disease
Yeun Keun Choi, Jung Min Hong, Su Mi Ihn, Hae Kyeung Lim, Hong Ryang Kil
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(1):109-113.   Published online January 15, 2002
Purpose : To assess the incidence of coronary artery lesion(CAL) and the efficacy of intravenously administered immune globulin(IVGG) and aspirin therapy, identify risk factors for CAL, and analyze clinical characteristics in infants less than 12 months of age with Kawasaki disease. Methods : Retrospective chart review of children less than 12 months of age with Kawasaki disease between 1994 and 1998, diagnosed at Chungnam...
Immunologic Changes of Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes in Kawasaki Disease after Intravenous Gamma Globulin Therapy
Jung Yeon Shim, Kyung Mo Kim, Young Hwue Kim, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(5):712-721.   Published online May 15, 1996
Purpose : Kawasaki disease(KD) is multi-systemic vasculitis and coronary artery abnormalities can develop up to 30 percent in untreated patients. Several observations suggest that immune activation and the secretion of cytokines from immune effector cells contribute to the pathogenesis of this disease. Though high dose intravenous gamma globulin(IVGG,>1 gm/kg) is effective in reducing the prevalence of coronary artery aneurysms in KD,...
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