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Case Report
Neurology
Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion in a girl with acute pyelonephritis
Jung Sook Yeom, Chung Mo Koo, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(2):64-67.   Published online February 28, 2018

We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli. The patient was admitted with a high fever, and she was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis based on pyuria and the results of urine culture, which detected cefotaxime-sensitive E. coli. Although intravenous cefotaxime and tobramycin were...

A case of partial trisomy 3p syndrome with rare clinical manifestations
Dong Hoon Han, Ji Young Chang, Woo In Lee, Chong Woo Bae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):107-110.   Published online March 16, 2012

Partial trisomy 3p results from either unbalanced translocation or de novo duplication. Common clinical features consist of dysmorphic facial features, congenital heart defects, psychomotor and mental retardation, abnormal muscle tone, and hypoplastic genitalia. In this paper, we report a case of partial trisomy 3p with rare clinical manifestations. A full-term, female newborn was transferred to our clinic. She had cleft...

Transient splenial lesion of the corpus callosum in a case of benign convulsion associated with rotaviral gastroenteritis
Yoon Young Jang, Kye Hyang Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(9):859-862.   Published online September 13, 2010

Transient magnetic resonance (MR) signal changes in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) arise from many different conditions, including encephalopathy or encephalitis caused by infection, seizures, metabolic derangements, and asphyxia. Few case reports exist on reversible SCC lesions associated with rotavirus infection. A benign convulsion with mild gastroenteritis (CwG) is frequently associated with rotaviral infections. This entity is characterized...

Original Article
The significance of corpus callosal size in the estimation of neurologically abnormal infants
Seung Taek Yu, Chang Woo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(11):1205-1210.   Published online November 15, 2008
Purpose : The development of the corpus callosum occupies the entire period of cerebral formation. The myelination pattern on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is very useful to evaluate neurologic development and to predict neurologic outcome in high risk infants. The thickness of the corpus callosum is believed to depend on the myelination process. It is possible to calculate the length...
Case Report
A Case of Apert's Syndrome with Encephalocele and Hypogenesis of Corpus Callosum
Min Kyoung Kwon, Ja Yun Yu, Mi Ran Kim, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Ran Lee, Kwang Nam Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(7):832-836.   Published online July 15, 2001
Apert's syndrome(acrocephalosyndactyly) is a rare congenital anomaly that is characterized by the combination of premature fusion of multiple cranial sutures primarily involving the coronal suture and severe symmetrical syndactyly of fingers and toes. Some patients of this syndrome have various abnormalities of the central nervous system. We experienced a case of Apert's syndrome with craniofacial malformations, symmetric syndactyly, occipital encephalocele...
A Case of Corpus Callosum Agenesis with Ileal Atresia and Duplication
Kyoung A Chun, Young Dae Ham, Jin Hwa Jeong, Jeong Ho Lee, Hye Suk Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(8):1127-1131.   Published online August 15, 2000
Agenesis of corpus callosum occurs sporadically and may be transmitted as sex-linked, or autosomal-dominant or recessive traits. It has been associated with different syndromes. Clinical pictures vary from severe intellectual and neurologic abnormalities to asymptomatic and normaly intelligent cases. Agenesis of corpus callosum may occur alone, but it is more frequently associated with a high incidence of other anomalies. We...
A Case of Neuronal Heterotopia
Jeong Hae Joo, Eun Joo Seok, Min Jeong Kim, Son Sang Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(8):1173-1177.   Published online August 15, 1997
Neuronal migrational disorders of the brain represent abnormalities in the formation of the neocortex caused by faulty migration of the subependymal neuroblasts. The neuroblasts normally migrate between the sixth and 15th gestational week and in doing so form the six-layered neocortex. When the migration does not occur in a normal fashion the resultant brain anomalies include lissencephaly, pachygyria, schizencephaly, hemimegalencephaly, heterotopia, and polymicrogyria. Neuronal heterotopia is...
A Case of Intracranial Lipoma
Hyun Cheol Lee, Hae Yong Lee, Jae Seung Yang, Beak Keun Lim, Jong Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(3):423-427.   Published online March 15, 1993
While lipomas are common in the rest of the rest of the body, intracranial lipomas are rare condition which are usually found in the midline of the brain. The majority of these lesions show few or even no symptoms and hardly ever produce alarming neurological defects. We experienced a case of corpus callosum lopoma in a 7 year old boy, who...
Agenesis of Corpus Callosum-Two Cases Report
Soo Young Kweon, Jeoung Wean Seo, Gyung Hee Kim, Eun Chul Chung, Hea Soo Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(1):113-121.   Published online January 15, 1992
Agenesis of corpus callosum is a relatively comon malformation that may occur in isolation or in combination with other cerebral malformations. A male newborn who presented generalized convulsion showed agenesis of the corpus callosum and septum pellusidum, gyral malformation, and diffuse leukomalacia on postmortem examinations. Also a female newborn with a cystic lesion in brain by antenatal neurosonography showed partial...
Original Article
A case of agenesis of corpus callosum.
Su Min Kim, Chang Hee Bae, In Hee Park, Chin Sam Ro, Yun Jung Kim, Hyo Jin Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(10):1433-1438.   Published online October 31, 1991
Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a form of dorsal midline dysgenesis Malformation of the corpus callosum may vary from partial absence of the corpus callosum and surrounding structure. We experienced a case of corpus callosum agenesis in a one day old neonate who showed facial anom- alies. Brain CT demonstrated a typical picture of corpus callosum agenesis and then we confirmed by autopsy. A brief...
A Case of Corpus Callosun Agenesis with Situs Ambiguus.
Kiyoung Cheong, Jaehong Yoo, Jongjin Seo, Keonsu Rhee, Younghun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(6):854-859.   Published online June 30, 1990
In agenesis of the corpus callosum, the major nerve fiber tracts that connect the two carebral hemisphere are absent, and various associated anomalies involve almost all organs. We experienced a case of corpus callosum agenesis associated with situs ambiguus that has not been reported until now. A brief review of related literatures was done.
Clinical Study of Partial Agenesis of Callosum.
Seung Hwan Oh, Chang Jun Coe, Jung Ho Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(4):511-517.   Published online April 30, 1989
26 cases of partial agenesis of the corpus callosum diagnosed at Pediatric Department of Yonsei Medical Center for 8 years from Jan. 1980 to Dec. 1987 and clinical information has been analized and we got following results. 1) The sex ratio of male to female was 1:1.9. 2) Among the 26 cases, 23 cases (88.5%) were diagnosed under 6 years old. 3) Clinical findings were...
A Case of Potter Syndrome Syndrome Accompanied with Partial Agenesis of Corpus Callosum.
Soon Sup Jang, Byung Chun Suh, Kyoo Hwan Rhee, Soo Jee Moon, Keun Soo Lee, Byung Tae Park, Eun Kyung Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1987;30(11):1287-1293.   Published online November 30, 1987
We have experienced a case of Potter syndrome recently. He was a newborn infant who suffered from severe respiratory distress soon after birth. His face was characterized by facies renalies and chest X-ray film revealed bilateral pneumothorax. Anuria since birth and findings of abdominal ultrasonography strongly suggested bilateral renal agenesis. Severe respiratory acidosis was progressed in spite of proper management and died at 11...
Case Report
A Case of Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum.
Jung Hee Lee, Seong Ryong Hyun, In Joon Seol, Ha Baik Lee, Keun Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1985;28(8):836-840.   Published online August 31, 1985
Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a relatively common malformation that may occur in isolation or in combination with other cerebral malformation. We experienced a case of agenesis of the corpus callosum in a 5/12 year old boy who showed developmental retardation. Cerebral brian CT and sonography demonstrated a typical picture of agenesis of the corpus callosum without any further...
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