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Original Article
Serum interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in febrile seizures: is there a link?
Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Reza Orangpour, Mohammad Mahdi Daneshi-Kohan, Mohammad Reza Sarokhani, Amir Javadi, Morteza Habibi, Mousa Talebi-Bakhshayesh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(10):440-444.   Published online October 31, 2014
Purpose

Febrile seizures are induced by fever and are the most common type of seizures in children. Although numerous studies have been performed on febrile seizures, their pathophysiology remains unclear. Recent studies have shown that cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of febrile seizures. The present study was conducted to identify potential links between serum interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis...

Review Article
Febrile seizures
Sajun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(9):384-395.   Published online September 30, 2014

Febrile seizure (FS) is the most common seizure disorder of childhood, and occurs in an age-related manner. FS are classified into simple and complex. FS has a multifactorial inheritance, suggesting that both genetic and environmental factors are causative. Various animal models have elucidated the pathophysiological mechanisms of FS. Risk factors for a first FS are a family history of the...

Original Article
Early postictal electroencephalography and correlation with clinical findings in children with febrile seizures
Kyung A Jeong, Myung Hee Han, Eun Hye Lee, Sajun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(12):534-539.   Published online December 20, 2013
Purpose

Electroencephalography (EEG) is frequently ordered for patients with febrile seizures despite its unclear diagnostic value. We evaluated the prevalence of abnormal EEGs, the association between clinical findings and abnormal EEGs, and the predictive value of EEG for the recurrence of febrile seizures.

Methods

Data were collected on 230 children who were treated for febrile seizures at Kyung Hee University Medical Center from...

Selenium and leptin levels in febrile seizure: a case-control study in children
Abolfazl Khoshdel, Neda Parvin, Maedeh Abbasi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(2):80-85.   Published online February 25, 2013
Purpose

Febrile seizures (FS) are seizures that occur between the age of 6 and 60 months, but its pathophysiology still is not fully understood. There is limited information about the correlation between levels of selenium and leptin with FS. This study aimed to determine the relationship between serum levels of selenium and leptin in children with FS.

Methods

This case-control study was conducted...

Polymorphisms of interleukin-1β promoter in simple febrile seizures
Jang Won Yoon, Eun Jung Choen, Young Hyuk Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(9):1007-1011.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Febrile seizure (FS) is the most common type of seizure. The role of genetic factors in FSs has long been recognized. A positive family history can be elicited in 25-40% of patients with FSs; nonetheless, the genes responsible for FSs in the majority of the population remain unknown. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that acts as an...
CSF Examination in the First Febrile Seizure
Joseph Jo, Sun Hee Yu, Young Taek Jang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(7):762-767.   Published online July 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was launched to classify subjects of the CSF examination and improve early diagnosis of meningitis and its treatment in children who have had a first febrile seizure. Methods : From March 1995 to September 2003, children aged 3 months to 5 years who had had treatment for febrile seizure were analyzed as to their age at first...
Recurrence Rate of Febrile Seizures by Combining Risk Factors
Su Jung Moon, Gu Ken Sun, Eun Young Kim, Kyong Hee Na, Sun Young Park, Kyoung Sim Kim, Yong Wook Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(11):1403-1410.   Published online November 15, 2002
Purpose : In previous studies, various risk factors for recurrent febrile seizures have been identified. But none of these risk factors alone could sufficiently discriminate children at high or low risk for recurrent seizures. Therefore, we tried to identify patients at high risk of recurrent febrile seizures by combining risk factors. Methods : Two hundred and four children who had...
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