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Review Article
Mesenchymal stem cells transplantation for neuroprotection in preterm infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage
So Yoon Ahn, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(6):251-256.   Published online June 30, 2014

Severe intraventricular hemorrhaging (IVH) in premature infants and subsequent posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) causes significant mortality and life-long neurological complications, including seizures, cerebral palsy, and developmental retardation. However, there are currently no effective therapies for neonatal IVH. The pathogenesis of PHH has been mainly explained by inflammation within the subarachnoid spaces due to the hemolysis of extravasated blood after IVH. Obliterative...

Original Article
A case of meningoencephalitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes in a healthy child
Ji Eun Lee, Won Kyoung Cho, Chan Hee Nam, Min Ho Jung, Jin Han Kang, Byung Kyu Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):653-656.   Published online May 31, 2010

Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus that is isolated from the soil, vegetables, and wild or domestic animals. Listeria occurs predominantly in the elderly, immunocompromised patients, pregnant women and newborns. Infections by this microorganism are rare in healthy infants and children. L. monocytogenes may cause meningitis, meningoencephalitis, brain abscess, pyogenic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and liver abscesses in children. The...

Case Report
A Case of Tuberous Sclerosis with Hydrocephalus and Multiple Cardiac Tumors in Neonatal Period
Young Jun Song, Won Seop Kim, Beom Soo Park, Heon Seok Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):294-299.   Published online February 15, 2000
Several different tumors in different tissues(including the central nervous system, heart, kidney, liver, bone, and soft tissues) are found to be associated with tuberous sclerosis. In the brain, this tumor characteristically arises from the floor of the lateral ventricle and often occluded the foramen of Monro. Cardiac tumor is among the earliest signs of tuberous sclerosis and occurs in over...
A Case of Congenital Factor Ⅶ Deficiency Associated with Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Hydrocephalus
Hyoung Jun Kim, Jin Hwa Jung, Jeong Ho Lee, Jong Dae Jo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(12):1726-1730.   Published online December 15, 1998
Congenital factor Ⅶ deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder with an estimated incidence of 1 in 500,000. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive pattern with variable expression and high penetrance. In severely affected patients, repeated hemarthroses, chronic crippling hemarthropathy, and dangerous hematomas can occur. Other types of hemorrhage include epistaxis, menorrhagia, hematuria, gastrointestinal and gingival bleeding. Fetal cerebral hemorrhage...
A Case of Dandy-Walker Syndrome with Chromosomal Abnormality
Hyui Sung Chang, Seok Kyu Lee, Gi Chung Lee, Woo Ki Lee, Kwang Woo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(12):1784-1788.   Published online December 15, 1994
The Dandy-Walker syndrome is a developmental disorders of the brain characterized by cystic defromity of the 4th ventricle and agensis of the cerebellar vermis. Other systemic anomalies and chromosomal abnormalities are associated with this syndrome. We are experienced a case in a 9 months old male infant who presented initially with frequent vomiting, low birth weight, On the physical examination, a...
A case of Central Diabetes Insipidus Associated with Brachycephaly
Woo Sik Kang, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Jae Seung Yang, Baek Keun Lim, Jong Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(2):282-287.   Published online February 15, 1994
Brachyecphaly is a kind of craniosynostosis. Because of premature closure of the coronal suture, the skull is shorter in the anteroposterior diameter but is widened with a high vault and the occiput and borehead are flattened. Diabetes insipidus had been reported in oxycephaly. We have experienced a case of central diabetes insipidus associated with brachcephaly. A brief review of related literatures...
Original Article
A case of double compartment hydrocephalus.
Eun Kyung Oh, Hae Young Lee, Jae Seung Yang, Chul Hu, Young Hyuk Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(9):1305-1310.   Published online September 30, 1991
The double compartment hydrocephalus is now recognized as a clinical entity needing early diagnosis and treatment. By definition, the concept of double compartment hydrocephalus indicates seperate and individually progressing, usually sequential, hydrocephalus of the supratentorial and infratentorial CSF ventricles. In most instances, this entity consists of supratentorial hydrocephalus of the third and lateral ventricles (as a result of aqueductal stenosis) that has been treated...
Case Report
A case of Lacunar Skull.
Byung Lyul Lee, Byung Hwan Lee, Kwang Chan Doh, Sung Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(5):508-511.   Published online May 31, 1982
A case of lacunar skull, female newborn infant, associated with skin defect on the lumbosacral region, spina bifida, meingomyelocele and paraplegia is reported. Hydrocephalus developed eventually. Diagnosis was made by X-ray of skull. The roentgenographic apperance shows typhical a soap bubble texture or irregular patches of rarefaction. A brief review of the related literature is given.
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