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Original Article
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Is vaginal reflux associated with urinary tract infection in female children under the age of 36 months?
Yu Bin Kim, Chih Lung Tang, Ja Wook Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(1):17-23.   Published online January 22, 2018
Purpose

To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged <36 months.

Methods

A single center retrospective study was performed for 191 girls aged <36 months, with a diagnosis of febrile UTI, who underwent a voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for assessment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) at Sanggye Paik Hospital. Fifty-one girls, who underwent VCUG for assessment...

The relationships between clinical variables and renal parenchymal disease in pediatric clinically suspected urinary tract infection
Jung Lim Byun, Sang Taek Lee, Sochung Chung, Kyo Sun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(2):222-227.   Published online February 15, 2010
Purpose : To evaluate the significance of clinical signs and laboratory findings as predictors of renal parenchymal lesions and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in childhood urinary tract infection (UTI). Methods : From July 2005 to July 2008, 180 patients admitted with a first febrile UTI at the Pediatric Department of Konkuk University Hospital were included in this study. The following were...
The Occurrence of Renal Scarring in Children with nilateral Vesicoureteral Reflux
Tae Ho Lee, Mi Ran Son, Soon Ok Byun, Jung Woong Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(9):998-1003.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : We evaluated the occurrence of renal scarring in children with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux(VUR), and the relationships between renal scar formation and risk factors such as VUR, duration of fever, acute-phase reactant, age, and sex. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the data of 35 children newly diagnosed with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux after urinary tract infection(UTI) in Wallace Memorial Baptist...
Urinary Excretion of Various Urinary Proteins in Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Da Eun Jung, Ja Wook Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(10):977-982.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the excretion of various urinary proteins in children with a history of urinary tract infection(UTI), with or without vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) or reflux nephropathy, and to identify means of predicting the severity of VUR or the presence of reflux nephropathy as indicated by these markers, and to know how these markers are changed after...
Incidence of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Asymptomatic Siblings of Patients with Reflux
Jong Shik Kim, Ja Wook Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(12):1540-1545.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) is defined as a retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the upper urinary tract. It has been shown to predispose patients to hypertension, renal scarring, and end-stage renal failure if not recognized and treated. The observation that VUR occurs in siblings of children with reflux at a significantly higher rate than the general pediatric...
Factors Associated with Renal Failure in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux
Kyung Mi Park, Kyung Hoon Paek, Jae Hong Min, Jung Su Kim, Il Soo Ha, Kwang Myung Kim, Hae Il Cheong, Hwang Choi, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(7):959-965.   Published online July 15, 1999
Purpose : The pathophysiologic mechanisms and risk factors of renal functional deterioration are still controversial. We analyzed the factors associated with renal failure in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Methods : The medical records of 166 children who were diagnosed with primary vesicoureteral reflux from Jan. 1985 to Dec. 1996 in the Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital...
Follow-Up Study of Urinary Tract Infection Associated with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Do Whan Kil, Jea Eun Lee, Wan Seob Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(12):1692-1700.   Published online December 15, 1997
Purpose : Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) is the major cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Prolonged untreated UTI associated with VUR may result in serious complications, such as renal scarring, renal atropy, and decreased renal function. Therefore, follow up must be continued until UTI is cured completely, to prevent of serious complication. The authors conducted this study to evaluate results of the follow-up of...
β2-Microglobulin is a Sensitive Marker for Predicting Renal injury in Childhood Urinary Tract Infection
Won Uk Lee, Byung Moon An, IL Soo Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(5):665-672.   Published online May 15, 1996
Purpose : Urinary tract infection(UTI) in children may be cause of end stage renal failure and hypertension. So, early detection of renal scar, vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) and anomaly, and proper management are important. We carried this study to observe the significance of 24 hours urine β2-microglobulin(β2-MG) for predicting renal injury and correlation of β2-MG with the grade of VUR. Methods : We...
Renal Scarring in Relation to Vesicoureternal Reflux in Uriary Tract Infection
Kwang Sun Han, Dong Jin Choi, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Young Tae Ko, Sun Wha Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(10):1402-1406.   Published online October 15, 1993
The vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is frequently found among the patients with urinary tract infection (UIT) and some patients with VUR progress to reflux nephropathy. The presence of scarring at UIT is an important determinant in the selection of those at risk of progressive damage. 99m Technetium dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc-DMSA) is a renal scanning agent provides a good quality of renal image...
Follow up Study of Urinary Tract Infection Associated with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Kyung Hee Kim, Young Jin Hong, Soon Wha Kim, Don Hee Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1713-1721.   Published online December 15, 1992
The authors studied 25 cases with urinary tract infection associated with vesicoureteral reflux who were admitted to department of pediatrics, National Medical Center. The patients were managed medically or surgically and followed up. The results were summarized as follows; 1) There were no difference in age and sex distributions of the 25 cases with vesicoureteral reflux. 2) The degree of reflux classified by International...
A case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus due to vesicoureteral reflux.
Yong Bae Suh, Jong Yul Jeon, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(9):1299-1304.   Published online September 30, 1991
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a disorder characterized by polydipsia and polyuria resulting from failure of the renal tubules and collecting ducts to respond to antidiuretic hormone despite elevated blood levels of antidiuretic hormone. We experienced a case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in 13 months-old girl probably secondary to vesicoureteral reflux grade IV. The clinical manifestations were extreme thirst, polydipsia and polyuria. Family history was nonspecific and...
Vesicoureteral Reflux Associated with Urinary Tract Infection in Children.
Kee Hyuck Kim, Hong Kyu Lee, Soon Il Lee, Moon Chul Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(5):638-643.   Published online May 31, 1989
The vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) is frequently found among the patients with urinary tract infection(UTI) and progress to reflux nphropathy and even renal failure. So, early detection and pr er treatment are important to prevent renal damage. The authors studied 221 patients with UTI admitted at Sowha children’s hospital from January, 1985 to June, 1988. Intravenous pyelography and voiding cystourethrography were performed in all patient with UTI. The...
A Case of Reflux Nephropathy Associated with Cardiomyopathy.
Soon Hee Eom, Sung Ho Cha, Byung soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1988;31(2):258-262.   Published online February 28, 1988
Vesicoureteral reflux is the regurgitation of bladder urine into the upper urinary tract regardless of urinary tract infection. The results of vesicoureteral reflux are renal scarring, hypertension and proteinuria etc. We experienced a case of vesicoureteral reflux associated with cardiomyopathy in a 10 year old female patient who had dyspnea and orthopnea and treated with surgical and medical therapy. A brief review of the related...
Case Report
Intermittent Hydronephrosis.
Hong Kun Kim, Woo Gill Lee, Soo Jee Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1987;30(7):805-811.   Published online July 31, 1987
Episodic flank or abdominal pain with or without nausea and vomiting is most common manifesta- tion of intermittent hydronephrosis. Between episodes of pain, the patient may be asymptomaitc and intravenous urogram usually will be normal. This condition is diagnosed by intravenous urogram or ultrasonogram taken either during episodes of pain or after hydronephrosis precipitated by use of duretics or ingestion of alcoholic beverage, particulary...
Original Article
A Clinical Study of Ureteral Duplication : Review of 90 Cases.
Jun Chul Choi, Jae Seung Lee, Ho Yung Lee, Dae Suk Han, Hyung Ki Choi, Jin Moo Lee, Jin Suck Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1986;29(2):170-177.   Published online February 28, 1986
Ureteral duplication is one of the most common congenital malformations of the urinary tract. Incomplete duplication rarely causes clinical problems, but complete duplication often accompanies complications of a varying degree. We herein analyzed, retrospectively, 90 cases with ureteral duplication who were admitted to Yonsei University Severance Hospital during 13.5 years. There were 28 cases under age of 15 years. Thirty-four cases...
Clinical Study of Urinary Tract Infection associated with Vesicouretral Reflux.
Kwang Hyun Kim, Tai Jin Park, Woo Gill Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1984;27(5):467-474.   Published online May 31, 1984
Vesicoureteral reflux is the problem frequently found among the patients with, urinary tract infection and is the most common cause of the chronic pyelonephritis in children, and renal scarring and renal growth retardation due to reflux and infection is the most important cause of hypertension and renal failure. The authors studied clinically 13 cases with urinary tract infection associated with...
Importance of radiographic study of urinary tract infection in children.
Chang Ho Hong, Kyu Earn Kim, Pyung Kil Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(4):334-339.   Published online April 30, 1982
In urinary tract infection of childhood, the intravenous pyelogram is helpful in identifying gross malformations of urinary tract and appraising gross renal function. The voiding cystourethrogram evaluates configuration and function of the lower urinary tract and is most useful for delineating the presence and severity of vesicoureteral reflux. The intravenous pyelogram is suggested for every male patients with one documented...
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