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Letter to the Editor
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Risk factors for BiPAP failure as an initial management approach in moderate to late preterm infants with respiratory distress
Heekwon Son, Eui Kyung Choi, Kyu Hee Park, Jeong Hee Shin, Byung Min Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020;63(2):63-65.   Published online February 15, 2020
Question: Which factors can predict BiPAP failure as the initial management approach for moderate to late preterm infants with respiratory distress?
Finding: RDS aggravation and increased oxygen and frequency requirements during BiPAP support were associated with BiPAP failure.
Meaning: Early changes to invasive ventilator care should be considered for moderate to late preterm infants showing RDS aggravation and increased oxygen and frequency requirements during BiPAP support.
Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Comparison of postnatal catch-up growth according to definitions of small for gestational age infants
Jisun Huh, Ji Yoon Kwon, Hye Ryun Kim, Eun Hee Lee, Young-Jun Rhie, Byung Min Choi, Kee-Hyoung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(3):71-77.   Published online March 19, 2018
Purpose

Small for gestational age (SGA) is confusingly defined as birth weight (BW) either below 3rd percentile or 10th percentile for infants. This study aimed to compare postnatal catch-up growth between SGA groups according to different definitions.

Methods

Data of 129 infants born with BW below the 10th percentile and admitted to Korea University Anam Hospital and Ansan Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Height...

Individualized ibuprofen treatment using serial B-type natriuretic peptide measurement for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in very preterm infants
Jeonghee Shin, Eun Hee Lee, Jee Hyun Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(6):175-180.   Published online June 22, 2017
Purpose

Plasma level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), an emerging, sensitive, and specific biomarker of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), rapidly decreases in infants receiving cyclooxygenase inhibitors for ductal closure. We investigated the usefulness of serial BNP measurement as a guide for individual identification of early constrictive responses to ibuprofen in preterm infants with symptomatic PDA (sPDA).

Methods

Before March 2010, the...

The influencing factors on procalcitonin values in newborns with noninfectious conditions during the first week of life
Jueseong Lee, Yong Hyeon Bang, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(1):10-16.   Published online January 16, 2017
Purpose

Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life.

Methods

In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels...

Cardiology
Correlation of B-type natriuretic peptide levels and echocardiographic parameters in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus
Hyun Ah Jeong, Jeonghee Shin, Eunji Kim, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(4):183-189.   Published online April 30, 2016
Purpose

This study aimed to evaluate the correlation, according to postnatal age, between plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and echocardiographic parameters for the assessment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants with respiratory distress.

Methods

We enrolled 42 preterm infants with respiratory distress who underwent serial echocardiographic evaluation with simultaneous plasma BNP measurements until ductal closure. The correlations between BNP levels...

The efficacy and safety of Montelukast sodium in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Sang Bum Kim, Jang Hoon Lee, Juyoung Lee, Seung Han Shin, Ho Sun Eun, Soon Min Lee, Jin A Sohn, Han Suk Kim, Byung Min Choi, Min Soo Park, Kook In Park, Ran Namgung, Moon Sung Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(9):347-353.   Published online September 21, 2015
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Montelukast sodium in the prevention of bronchopulmonarydysplasia (BPD).

Methods

The Interventional study was designed as a multicenter, prospective, and randomized trial, with open labeled and parallel-experimental groups, 66 infants were enrolled and allocated to either the case group (n=30) or the control group (n=36) based on gestational age (GA)....

Case Report
A childhood case of spinal tuberculosis misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy
Doo Il Song, Su Ye Sohn, Yun Kyung Kim, So Hee Eun, Young Jun Rhie, Gi Young Jang, Chan Wook Woo, Byung Min Choi, Jung Hwa Lee, Bo Kyung Je
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):657-660.   Published online May 31, 2010

Tuberculosis is primarily a pulmonary disease, but extra-pulmonary manifestations are not uncommon, especially in children and adolescents. Ten percent of extra pulmonary tuberculosis localizes to the bones and joints, and 56% of such cases affect the spine. We treated a childhood case of spinal tuberculosis misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy in a patient without specific constitutional symptoms. We report this case...

Original Article
A pilot study of neuroprotection with umbilical cord blood cell transplantation for preterm very low birth weight infants
Kyu Young Chae, Kyu Hyung Lee, So-Hee Eun, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Hoon-Chul Kang, Myung Jae Chey, Nam Keun Kim, Doyeun Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(9):882-890.   Published online September 15, 2007
Purpose : Preterm very low birth weight infant have high rate of adverse neurodevelopmental sequale. Recently, there have been lots of reports that human umbilical cord blood transplantation ameliorates functional deficits in animal models as hypoxic ischemic injury. This pilot study was undertaken to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of autologous umbilical cord blood cell transplantation for preventing neurodevelopmental...
The effects of ibuprofen and indomethacin therapy for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Wooksun Choi, Jung-Yeon Shin, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1315-1323.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of ibuprofen and indomethacin in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants and to determine whether ibuprofen can be an alternative drug. Methods : A total of 32 preterm infants with symptomatic PDA were enrolled in the study. Twelve infants received intravenous ibuprofen 10 mg/kg, followed...
The auditory evoked potential in premature small for gestational age infants
Il Hong Moon, Kee Soo Ha, Gui Sang Kim, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1308-1314.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of auditory evoked potential (AEP) in clarifying neuronal development in premature small for gestational age (SGA), and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Methods : A total of 183 premature infants who were born from August 2002 to July 2005, were examined with AEP. They were divided into three groups; AGA, symmetric-SGA...
Case Report
Perforation of azygos vein and right-sided hydrothorax caused by peripherally inserted central catheter in extremely low birth weight infant
Kee Soo Ha, Jung Yeon Shin, Mi Jung Hwang, Young Ok Choi, Dong Han Shin, Gi Young Jang, Byung Min Choi, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Chang Sung Son
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(8):902-905.   Published online August 15, 2006
We report a case in which routine chest roentgenograms of an 840 g infant led to the belief that the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was appropriately positioned within the superior vena cava when, in actuality, it was within the azygous arch. Although many cases of pleural effusions have been reported to be caused by a central venous catheter, a...
Primary peritoneal drainage as a treatment for perforated necrotizing enterocolitis with bacterial peritonitis in an extremely low birth weight infant : a case report
Wook Sun Choi, Il Hong Moon, Jang Hoon Lee, Seung Hwa Lee, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(7):800-804.   Published online July 15, 2006
Necrotizing enterocolitis(NEC) is the most common life-threatening surgical emergency in neonates, and remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In addition to conventional laparotomy, intraperitoneal drains have been used for the treatment of perforated NEC, especially in extremely low birth weight(ELBW) infants. We report a case of perforated NEC with bacterial peritonitis in an ELBW infant managed with primary...
Original Article
Urinary tract infections in infants under six months of age
Min Joo Kang, Hye Kyung Shin, Hyung Eun Yim, Bo-Kyung Je, So Hee Eun, Byung Min Choi, Jong-Tae Park, Baik Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(3):278-286.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : Although suprapubic bladder aspiration(SBA) is the most reliable technique for identifying bacteriuria in young infant, no report has been published about the clinical manifestations of urinary tract infection(UTI) diagnosed by aspirated urine in Korea. This study was performed to examine clinical manifestations and related factors of UTI confirmed by a positive urine culture obtained by SBA in young infants. Methods : We reviewed...
Usefulness of Korean Infant Developmental Screening Test in Premature Infants
Dong Han Shin, Hee Sun Lee, Jee Yeon Lee, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(12):1337-1341.   Published online December 15, 2005
Purpose : This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Korean Infant Development Screening Test in predicting delayed development in premature infants. Methods : A total of 74 children with histories of prematurity, who visited the pediatric neurology clinic of Korean University Ansan Hospital from August, 2002 to July, 2004, were examined, using the Korean Infant Development Screening Test. They were...
Case Report
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition Modulates Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Family Expressions in the Neonatal Rat Kidney
Byung Min Choi, Mee-Hye Oh, Kee Hwan Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(3):325-331.   Published online March 15, 2004
Purpose : In a developing kidney, the renin-angiotensin system(RAS) is markedly activated and is thought to play an important role in postnatal renal growth and maturation. We previously demonstrated that angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibition in a developing rat kidney increases apoptosis and decreases its related gene expressions, which may account for renal growth impairment. Among the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) family...
Original Article
Ultrasonographic Bladder Parameters for Successful Suprapubic Bladder Aspiration
Sung Chul Baek, Hoe Kyoung Koo, Cheol Hong Kim, Kyung Bum Kim, Hyun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Suk Hong, Dong Gwan Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):187-192.   Published online February 15, 2004
Purpose : Suprapubic bladder aspiration(SBA) is a widely accepted method of obtaining sterile urine for culture in neonates but has a relatively low success rate and a few serious complications during SBA procedure. To improve the chance of obtaining urine, we determined the ultrasonographic bladder parameters(diameters and volume) to confirm that the bladder is adequately distended for successful aspiration of...
Efficacy of Antiepileptic Drug on the Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes
Mee Hye Oh, Soo Young Kim, Won Hee Seo, Dae Hun Pee, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(9):893-897.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes(BECT) is characterized by an excellent prognosis. Therefore, the necessity for the use of antiepileptic drugs is controversial. The object of this study is to know about the long-term follow-up of BECT, comparing daily treatment with antiepileptic drug(AED) versus no medication. Methods : We retrospectively studied 56 cases of BECTs, examined at Pediatric Neurology...
Effects of Endothelin A Receptor Antagonist to Cellular Proliferation and Apoptosis in Neonatal Rat Heart
Byung Min Choi, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(7):668-678.   Published online July 15, 2003
Purpose : In order to investigate the role of endothelins in the cardiac development, the present study was designed to examine the effects of endothelin A receptor(ETAR) antagonist to the cellular proliferation and apoptosis in the neonatal rat heart. In addition, the expression of various regulatory genes in protein and mRNA levels by ETAR antagonist were examined. Methods : Neonatal...
The Role of Aldosterone on the Development of Renal Tubular Reabsorption in Low Birth Weight Infants
Byung Min Choi, Hoe Kyoung Koo, Jin Won Yook, Kyoung Bum Kim, Gi Young Jang, Moon Hee Kim, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(11):1233-1242.   Published online November 15, 2001
Purpose : To determine the postnatal changes in aldosterone action on the renal tubular reabsorption in low birth weight(LBW) infants, we assessed the relation of the aldosterone concentrations to renal parameters during the first 10 days of life. Methods : Twenty LBW infants were evaluated and their gestational ages ranged from 32.4 to 39.3 weeks and their birth weights ranged from...
Usefulness of Plasma Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentration in the Diagnosis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants
Byung Min Choi, Jae Kyun Yoon, Hyun Hee Lee, Hae Won Cheon, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):897-904.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Diagnosis of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) that should be treated is difficult to determine by clinical and echocardiographic examinations. The aim of this study was to clarify the interrelationship of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) concentrations and clinical signs or echocardiographic signs of PDA in preterm infants and use plasma ANP concentrations as a diagnostic indicator of a hemodynamically significant PDA. Methods...
Effects of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition into Apoptosis and Related Genes in the Neonatal Rat Kidney
Kee Hwan Yoo, Haewon Cheon, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(8):1086-1095.   Published online August 15, 1999
Purpose : The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in renal growth and development. Exposuring the neonate to angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitor increases mortality and results in growth retardation and abnormal renal development. ACE inhibition in the developing kidney reduces the renal expression of TGF-β1 and EGF, which may account for renal growth impairment. This study was designed to...
Prognostic Factors for Mortality in Neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome After Surfactant Replacement Therapy
Nam Soo Kang, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(9):1188-1197.   Published online September 15, 1998
Purpose : To evaluate the association between neonatal mortality and the initial response to surfactant replacement therapy, and to examine the correlation between the response type and other prognostic factors. Methods : Sixty-seven neonates with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) were divided into two groups; group I(n=51) who survived and group II(n=16) who died within the first 28 days of life after one...
A Study of Tubular Fluid Effects to Dysmorphic Urinary RBCs in Glomerular Hematuria
Byung Min Choi, Hyun Joo Kwak, Kee Hwan Yoo, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(4):512-521.   Published online April 15, 1996
Purpose : Urinary red blood cell morphology has been used to localize the site of hematuria in the urinary tract. But the pathologic mechanism for dysmorphic urinary red blood cells remains undefIned. Our study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism of dysmorphic urinary RBCs in glomerular hematuria. We have attempted to reproduce in vitro the changes that occur in red cell...
Case Report
A Case of Miescher Syndrome with Insulin-Resistant Diabetes Mellitus
Byung Min Choi, Jong Kwang Lee, Kee Hwan Yoo, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(9):1292-1295.   Published online September 15, 1994
Miescher syndrome comprises congenital acanthosis nigricans, hypertrichosis, failure to thrive and short stature, dysmorphism especially of the jaws and oral cavity. Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus, and a characteristic general appearance. This report concerns a rare case of 12-year-old girl having insulin resistant diabetic mellitus with Miescher syndrome. The relevant literature was reviewed.
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