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Original Article
Cardiopulmonary function and scoliosis severity in idiopathic scoliosis children
Seokwon Huh, Lucy Yougmin Eun, Nam Kyun Kim, Jo Won Jung, Jae Young Choi, Hak Sun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(6):218-223.   Published online June 22, 2015
Purpose

Idiopathic scoliosis is a structural lateral curvature of the spine of unknown etiology. The relationship between degree of spine curvature and cardiopulmonary function has not yet been investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between scoliosis and cardiopulmonary characteristics.

Methods

Ninety children who underwent preoperative pulmonary or cardiac evaluation at a single spine institution over 41 months were...

Myocardial atrophy in children with mitochondrial disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Tae Ho Lee, Lucy Youngmin Eun, Jae Young Choi, Hye Eun Kwon, Young-Mock Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Seong-Woong Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(5):232-239.   Published online May 31, 2014
Purpose

Mitochondrial disease (MD) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are often associated with cardiomyopathy, but the myocardial variability has not been isolated to a specific characteristic. We evaluated the left ventricular (LV) mass by echocardiography to identify the general distribution and functional changes of the myocardium in patients with MD or DMD.

Methods

We retrospectively evaluated the echocardiographic data of 90 children with...

Case Report
Bronchial compression in an infant with isolated secundum atrial septal defect associated with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension
Sung-Hee Park, So Young Park, Nam Kyun Kim, Su-Jin Park, Han Ki Park, Young Hwan Park, Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(8):297-300.   Published online August 23, 2012

Symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) is rare during infancy. We report a case of isolated ASD with severe PAH in an infant who developed airway obstruction as cardiomegaly progressed. The patient presented with recurrent severe respiratory insufficiency and failure to thrive before the repair of the ASD. Echocardiography confirmed volume overload on...

Review Article
Respiratory syncytial virus prevention in children with congenital heart disease: who and how?
Nam Kyun Kim, Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(5):197-200.   Published online May 31, 2011

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory infection in children. Most of the pediatric population have RSV infection before the age of 2, and recurrent infections are common even within one season. Chronic lung disease, prematurity, along with congenital heart disease (CHD) are major risk factors in severe lower respiratory infection. In hemo-dynamically significant CHD patients with...

Case Report
Traumatic ventricular septal defect in a 4-year-old boy after blunt chest injury
Yun Mi Kim, Byung Won Yoo, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Young Hwan Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(2):86-89.   Published online February 28, 2011

Traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) resulting from blunt chest injury is a very rare event. The mechanisms of traumatic VSD have been of little concern to dateuntil now, but two dominant theories have been described. In one, the rupture occurs due to acute compression of the heart; in the other, it is due to myocardial infarction of the septum. The...

Original Article
Clinical outcome of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus in small children weighing 10 kg or less
Young A Park, Nam Kyun Kim, Su-Jin Park, Bong Sic Yun, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(12):1012-1017.   Published online December 31, 2010
Purpose

Transcatheter closure has become an effective therapy in most patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). However, there are difficulties in transcatheter closure of PDA in small children. We reviewed clinical outcomes of transcatheter closure of PDA in children weighing less than 10 kg in a single center.

Methods

Between January 2003 and December 2009, 314 patients with PDA underwent transcatheter closure in...

The efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect with Amplatzer septal occluder in young children less than 3 years of age
Soo Hyun Lee, Deok Young Choi, Nam Kyun Kim, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(4):494-498.   Published online April 15, 2009
Purpose : Applicability of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) has been expanded by accumulation of clinical experiences and evolutions of the device. This study was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter closure of ASD with Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) in young children less than 3 years of age. Methods : From May 2003 to December...
Erratum
A new strategy for transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with recent-generation devices
Sang Yee Kim, Soo Hyun Lee, Nam Kyun Kim, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul
Accepted January 1, 1970  
Purpose : The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of recent-generation patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure devices applied by a new selection strategy according to the characteristics of each PDA. Methods : From February 2003 to January 2006, 138 patients underwent transcatheter closure of PDA (study group). According to the size and morphology of each...
Original Article
Late aortic root dilatation and aortic regurgitation in repaired tetralogy of fallot
Jeong Eun Kim, Kyong Hur, Hae Sik Kwon, Byung Won Yoo, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(10):976-981.   Published online October 15, 2007
Purpose : Aortic valve or aortic root (AoRo) replacement is occasionally required because of AoRo dilatation and aortic regurgitation (AR) in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We evaluated AoRo size and possible factors associated with its hemodynamic nature in patients with repaired TOF. Methods : We investigated 130 repaired TOF patients more than 15 years of age who followed-up by...
Comparison of defect size measured by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography with balloon occlusive diameter measured during transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect
Kyong Hur, Jeong Eun Kim, Yuria Kim, Hae Sik Kwon, Byung Won Yoo, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(10):970-975.   Published online October 15, 2007
Purpose : Accurate measurement of defect size is important in transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD). We performed this study to analyze the difference between the measured ASD size and balloon occlusive diameter (BOD) by transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Methods : We investigated 78 patients who underwent transcatheter closure of ASD. The defect size and the distance between...
Case Report
Stent implantation to relieve secondary pulmonary venous stenosis in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: case report
Youn Ho Shin, Ki Eun Kim, Hae Sik Kwon, Byung Won Yoo, Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(9):919-924.   Published online September 15, 2007
Pulmonary venous stenosis may be congenital or acquired. Regardless of its origin, the prognosis for patients affected with PVS remains poor. There have been many attempts to palliate PVS with little success. This report describes two patients with PVS which became evident after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Intravascular stents were successfully implanted, but progressive restenoses in the...
Review Article
Recent advances in transcatheter treatment of congenital heart disease
Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(9):917-929.   Published online September 15, 2006
Over the last several decades there has been a remarkable change in the therapeutic strategy of congenital heart disease. Development of new tools and devices, accumulations of experience, technical refinement have positively affected the outcome of interventional treatment. Many procedures including atrial septostomy, balloon valvuloplasty, balloon dilation of stenotic vessel with or without stent implantation, transcatheter occlusion of abnormal vascular...
Original Article
Statistical Analysis of 1,000 Cases of Kawasaki Disease Patients Diagnosed at a Single Institute
Dae Hwan Hwang, Kyoung Mi Sin, Kyong Min Choi, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Dong Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(4):416-424.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : To find the risk factors associated with coronory artery lesions, non-responsiveness to intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) treatment, and recurrences in Kawasaki disease patients. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed 1,000 Kawasaki disease patients who were admitted to Yonsei University Medical Center from September 1990 to December 2003. We compared between responder and non-responder groups to IVIG treatment as well as between relapsed...
Case Report
A Case of Multiple Giant Coronary Aneurysms with Large Mural Thrombus due to Kawasaki Disease in a Young Infant
Eun Na Choi, Jeoung Tae Kim, Yuria Kim, Byung Won Yoo, Deok Young Choi, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kye Lee, Dong Soo Kim, Young Hwan Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(3):321-326.   Published online March 15, 2005
Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown origin. Giant coronary aneurysm is one of the most serious complications, although peripheral artery vasculitis can produce life-threatening events. Myocardial ischemia and infarction can be caused by coronary artery stenosis, aneurysm, and stagnation of blood flow in coronary arteries which triggers thromboembolism. Atypical presentation in young infants often interferes with prompt...
Two Case of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistula Treatment Depending on the Presence of Pulmonary Hypertension
Yun Jeong Huh, Jeong Tae Kim, Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(2):216-220.   Published online February 15, 2005
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas(PAVFs) is a rare disorder that occurs in two to three children per 100,000 population. It is presented as absence of intervening capillary beds between the pulmonary artery and vein with resultant persistent right to left shunt. Other causes include trauma, liver cirrhosis, malignancy and schistosomiasis. It is mostly asymptomatic, but it may present with respiratory difficulty, cyanosis,...
Original Article
Impact of Device Evolution in Transcatheter Closure of Patent Ductus Arteriosus Using Duct-Occlud Coils : Comparison of Mid-term Results
Myung Kwan Kim, Dong Ki Han, Jae Young Choi, Yuria Kim, Byung Won Yoo, Deok Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kue Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(2):158-164.   Published online February 15, 2005
Purpose : We reviewed the therapeutic results of various Duct-Occlud coils(pfm AG, K ln, Germany) to evaluate the efficacy of the most-recently modified Duct-Occlud coil(Nit-Occlud) in the transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus(PDA), including large defects more than 4 mm in diameter. Methods : Two hundred and five patients who underwent percutaneous PDA occlusion using Duct- Occlud devices from March...
A Clinical Study of Infective Endocarditis in Childhood
Eun Na Choi, Jae Hun Kwon, Kyong Min Choi, Hwan Dae Hwang, Kyoung Mi Sin, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Dong Su Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):844-850.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Advances in the treatment of congenital heart disease and a decline in the incidence of rheumatic fever has led to changes in the causative organisms and the clinical outcome of infective endocarditis(IE). We sought to analyze the clinical outcome, prognostic factors, causative organisms and corresponding antibiotic sensitivity in IE. Methods : Retrospective analysis of medical records of 104 children...
Characteristics of Pulmonary Atresia and Ventricular Septal Defect According to Morphologic Classification and Changes of Pulmonary Artery after Modified B-T Shunt
Kise Nam, Jeong Hoon Kim, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kue Lee, Young Hwan Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(3):304-309.   Published online March 15, 2004
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to help determine the optimal time and method for operation of pulmonary atresia(PA) with ventricular septal defect(VSD). Methods : Seventy patients who were diagnosed as PA with VSD in the Pediatric Department of Cardiology, Severance Hospital between May, 1991 and April, 1995, were included in our study. Subjects were divided into two groups...
Mid-term Result of the Transcatheter Occlusion of Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Duct-Occlud Device and Procedure-Related Problems
Yuria Kim, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Hwan Park, Bum Koo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):36-43.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : We will present our mid-term result of transcatheter closure of PDA with Duct-Occlud device(pfm. AG. Germany) after 12 months follow up and report the problems during the procedure. Methods : In total 154 patients, the Duct-Occlud devices were inserted in our institute from March, 1996 to August, 2002. Three types of Duct-Occlud device, i.e standard, reinforced, reinforced reverse cone...
The Natural Course and Size Change of Atrial Septal Defect Secundum
Deok Young Choi, Jae Young Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(9):871-875.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was performed to follow the natural course and size change of isolated atrial septal defect(ASD) secundum. Methods : Among the newly diagnosed with ASD secundum at the division of pediatric cardiology in Yonsei cardiovascular hospital from January 1996 to December 2000, 89 patients with pure ASD secundum were checked by the serial echocardiographic evaluation to measure...
Medical Lecture Course
Long-term Problems in Patients with Totally Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot - A New Paradigm for Late Management -
Jae Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(7):627-634.   Published online July 15, 2003
Original Article
Postoperative Progress and Influencing Factors in Patients after Rastelli Procedure
Se Heui Kim, Kyeong Sik Kim, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(3):259-264.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : We have performed an analysis on patients who received Rastelli operation in our institute and reviewed their progress postoperatively. Various factors with suspected relationship to the outcome have been considered to help in future treatment and follow-up. Methods : We analyzed retrospectively 43 patients who either received Rastelli operation in Yonsei University Cardiovascular Center from March 1995 to April...
Medico-Surgical Cooperative Treatment of Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum
Kyeong Sik Kim, Byeong Chul Kweon, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(3):250-258.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : The actual clinical examples of co-appliance of catheter intervention with surgical procedures in the treatment of pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum(PA/IVS) which we have experienced in our institution are here shown, and the anatomical and hemodynamical profiles between each method is compared. Methods : Medical records of 33 patients with PA/IVS who underwent various treatment from January,...
Morphologic Changes of the Pulmonary Arteries after Stent Implantation on Branch Pulmonary Artery Stenosis - Impact of Pulmonary Insufficiency -
Me Jin Kim, Du Cheol Kang, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(1):67-75.   Published online January 15, 2003
Purpose : Intravascular stent implantation for the treatment of postoperative branch pulmonary artery(PA) stenosis has been used successfully. However, the cross sectional area of contralateral branch PA does not regress in spite of the successful dilation of the stenotic branch PA after stent implantation. We analyzed the morphologic and hemodynamic factors on the size of branch PA after successful...
Conversion of Total Atrio-pulmonary Connection to Total Cavo-pulmonary Connection - Review of Indications and Hemodynamic Characteristics -
Jung Ho Seo, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(2):199-207.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : Since the successful application of total atrio-pulmonary connection(TAPC) to patients with various types of physiologic single ventricles in 1971, post-operative survival rates have reached more than 90%. However some patients have been shown to present with late complications such as right atrial thrombosis, atrial fibrillation and protein losing enteropathy eventually leading to re-operation to control the long-term complications....
Results of Balloon Angioplasty in Patients with Coarctation of the Aorta
Hyun Kyung Roh, Bong Hee Seo, Jae Young Choi, Jin Sung Ko, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(12):1404-1412.   Published online December 15, 2001
Purpose : This study was undertaken to analyze and compare the effects of percutaneous balloon angioplasty(BAP) on postoperative re-coarctation and native coarctation of the aorta(CoA) and to thereby contribute to the development of treatment methods for CoA. Methods : The subjects in this study were 21 children who had undergone BAP from Jan. 1996 to Dec. 2000 in the Division of Yonsei Pediatric Cardiology....
Case Report
Unilateral Absence of Pulmonary Artery
Gu Hyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(9):1309-1314.   Published online September 15, 1996
Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery(UAPA) is a rare disease. We experienced 2 cases of UAPA in 5 month-old male patient and 16 year-old female patient with the chief complaint of dyspnea. Lung perfusion scan, cardiac catheterization with pulmonary and aortic angiography confirmed the diagnosis of UAPA.
Original Article
Hemodynamic Status of Subpulmonic Ventricular Septal Defect in Relation to Morphologic Changes of Aortic Valve
Myung Hyun Sohn, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Bum Koo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(8):1103-1110.   Published online August 15, 1996
Purpose : Subpulmonic ventricular septal defect is clinically important because the risks of aortic regurgitation and endocarditis are substantially increased. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of hemodynamic changes induced by structural anomalies of aortic valve on the surgical outcome. Methods : This clinical study was done by reviewing the medical records of 124 patients who were diagnosed and surgically managed at the...
Case Report
A Case of Brain Damage in Surviving Monozygotic Twin After Intrauterine Death of Co-Twin
Jae Young Choi, Kook In Park, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Dong Gwan Han, Tae Sub Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(5):701-706.   Published online May 15, 1994
Various anatomical defects have been described in the surviving twin who had a stillborn, macerated monozygotic co-twin Disseminated Intravascular Coargulation. The etiology is thought to be placental transfer of emboli or thromboplastic material through placental vascular anastomoses. We experienced a case of monozygotic twin with deceased co-twin at 30 weeks of gestation and confirmed to have antenatal periventricular germinal matrix and...
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