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Editorial
Gastroenterology
Ability of probiotics to reduce functional abdominal pain in children
Ji Sook Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(12):585-586.   Published online October 6, 2022
· The ability of probiotics to relieve pain caused by functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) in children is unclear.
· Lactobacillus reuteri may effectively reduce pain caused by childhood FAPD.
· Since the routine use of probiotics cannot be recommended due to a lack of clinical evidence, research into probiotic mixtures or symbiotics remains necessary.
Review Article
Gastroenterology
Clinical importance of immunonutrition in infants: a review of the recent literature
Ji Sook Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(7):337-343.   Published online February 17, 2022
Nutrients are important in the developing immune system. Human milk supplies diverse bioactives to prevent acute infection or chronic inflammation. Immunoglobulins, lactoferrin, and glutamine in human milk decrease gastrointestinal and respiratory infection. Human milk oligosaccharides promote the growth of intestinal microbiota, the gut barrier, and antimicrobial or antiviral activity. Micronutrients act as anti-inflammatory immunonutrients, too. However, the toxicity of some nutrients from an overdose should be considered.
Changing prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in children and adolescents
Ji Sook Park, Jin Su Jun, Ji-Hyun Seo, Hee-Shang Youn, Kwang-Ho Rhee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(1):21-25.   Published online July 15, 2020
Although Helicobacter pylori infection rate in children is unclear due to diversity and limitation of diagnostic tests unlike in adults, investigation the childhood prevalence is important for predicting H. pylori-related diseases in the future.
H. pylori infection occurred in early childhood, and declined during 30 years in our study.
Change in risk factors of H. pylori transmission and consensus for eradication therapy in children might further reduce the infection rate.
Case Report
Neurology
Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion in a girl with acute pyelonephritis
Jung Sook Yeom, Chung Mo Koo, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(2):64-67.   Published online February 28, 2018

We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli. The patient was admitted with a high fever, and she was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis based on pyuria and the results of urine culture, which detected cefotaxime-sensitive E. coli. Although intravenous cefotaxime and tobramycin were...

Endocrinology
A novel mutation of ABCC8 gene in a patient with diazoxide-unresponsive congenital hyperinsulinism
Ji Sook Park, Hong-Jun Lee, Chan-Hoo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S116-S120.   Published online November 30, 2016

Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare condition that can cause irreversible brain damage during the neonatal period owing to the associated hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia in CHI occurs secondary to the dysregulation of insulin secretion. CHI has been established as a genetic disorder of islet-cell hyperplasia, associated with a mutation of the ABCC8 or KCNJ11 genes, which encode the sulfonylurea receptor 1...

Infection
Distinctive clinical features of HPeV-3 infection in 2 neonates with a sepsis-like illness
Jung Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Ok Jeong Lee, Tae-Hee Han, Ju-Young Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(7):308-311.   Published online July 31, 2016

We report a human parechovirus-3 (HPeV-3) infection in 2 neonates who had prolonged fever (>5 days) with palmar-plantar erythema. This distinctive rash was observed 4–5 days after fever onset, just before defervescence. Elevated aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and ferritin levels were characteristic laboratory findings in the 2 cases, suggesting tissue damage caused by hypercytokinemia. Case 1 was treated with intravenous...

Original Article
Neurology
Factors associated with mumps meningitis and the possible impact of vaccination
Kyuyol Rhie, Heung-Keun Park, Young-Soo Kim, Jung Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(1):24-29.   Published online January 22, 2016
Purpose

Mumps meningitis is a common complication of mumps infection; however, information on mumps meningitis in the postvaccine era is limited. The purpose of the present study was to determine factors associated with mumps meningitis and to discuss the effect of vaccination on this disease.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients younger than 19 years with mumps, diagnosed at a university hospital in Korea...

Case Report
The first pediatric case of tularemia in Korea: manifested with pneumonia and possible infective endocarditis
Jung Sook Yeom, Kyuyol Rhie, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(10):398-401.   Published online October 21, 2015

Tularemia is a potentially severe zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis. A lack of awareness about tularemia can be embarrassing and could result in delayed treatment because of improper diagnosis. The diagnosis of tularemia is difficult, because the infections are rare and the clinical spectrum is broad. As only 1 adult case has been reported in Korea thus far, pediatricians...

Review Article
Kawasaki disease in infants
Jung Sook Yeom, Hyang Ok Woo, Ji Sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(9):377-382.   Published online September 30, 2013

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness that is the predominant cause of pediatric acquired heart disease in infants and young children. Because the diagnosis of KD depends on clinical manifestations, incomplete cases are difficult to diagnose, especially in infants younger than 1 year. Incomplete clinical manifestations in infants are related with the development of KD-associated coronary artery abnormalities....

Original Article
Orthostatic symptoms does not always manifest during tilt-table test in pediatric postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome patients
Tae-Eon Huh, Jung Sook Yeom, Young-Soo Kim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Ji Sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Ki-Jong Park, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(1):32-36.   Published online January 29, 2013
Purpose

Chronic day-to-day symptoms of orthostatic intolerance are the most notable features of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). However, we have encountered patients with such symptoms and excessive tachycardia but with no symptoms during the tilt-table test (TTT). We aimed to investigate whether POTS patients with chronic orthostatic intolerance always present orthostatic symptoms during the TTT and analyze the factors underlying...

Case Report
Signal change in hippocampus and current source of spikes in Panayiotopoulos syndrome
Jung Sook Yeom, Youngsoo Kim, Ji Sook Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Oh-Young Kwon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):63-67.   Published online February 14, 2012

A 4-year-old girl with Panayiotopoulos syndrome presented with a history of 4 prolonged autonomic seizures. The clinical features of her seizures included, in order of occurrence, blank staring, pallor, vomiting, hemi-clonic movement on the right side, and unresponsiveness. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a slightly high T2 signal in the left hippocampus. Interictal electoencephalogram revealed spikes in the...

Successful treatment by exchange transfusion of a young infant with sodium nitroprusside poisoning
Jong Geun Baek, Hoar Lim Jeong, Ji Sook Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Shang Youn, Jung Sook Yeom
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):805-808.   Published online August 31, 2010

Although sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is often used in pediatric intensive care units, cyanide toxicity can occur after SNP treatment. To treat SNP-induced cyanide poisoning, antidotes such as amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate, and hydroxycobalamin should be administered immediately after diagnosis. Here, we report the first case of a very young infant whose SNP-induced cyanide poisoning was successfully treated by...

Original Article
Correlaton between soluble transferrin receptor concentration and inflammatory markers
So Young Kim, Meong Hi Son, Jung suk Yeom, Ji sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(4):435-440.   Published online April 15, 2009
Purpose : The concentration of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) is estimated as an iron parameter to evaluate erythropoiesis and iron status. The aim of our study is to evaluate the correlation between sTfR concentration and inflammatory parameters and to distinguish iron deficiency anemia from anemia of inflammation. Methods : One hundred and forty-four infants younger than two years of age who...
Case Report
A case of hereditary pancreatitis with a N29I mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene
Jee Youn Shin, Dae Sung Oh, Jeong Min Rheu, Jeong Ok Shim, Ji Sook Park, Jae Sung Ko, Jeong Kee Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(10):1111-1115.   Published online October 15, 2006
Hereditary pancreatitis is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by recurrent episodes of pancreatitis, often beginning in childhood, with a positive family history involving at least two other affected family members with no known other precipitating factors. Most forms of hereditary pancreatitis are caused by one of two common mutations, i.e., R122H in exon 3 and N29I in exon 2 of...
Original Article
Clinical Study of Acute Pyogenic Osteomyelitis in Children
Ji Sook Park, Jeong Suk Yeom, Sun Chul Hwang, Eun Sil Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):731-736.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute pyogenic osteomyelitis is uncommon in children. Delayed diagnosis and inappropriate treatment are leading to growth failure and deformation. We review the clinical manifestations and treatment of acute osteomyelitis in children according to age. Methods : A retrospective analysis was made of 32 patients who underwent antibiotic management or operation between Aug 1989 and Dec 2003 for acute...
Case Report
The VACTERL Association : Tracheal Stenosis, Tracheal Bronchus and Partial Pulmonary Agenesis, Instead of Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Ji Sook Park, Hae Young Lee, Jong Sil Lee, Ji Hyeon Seo, Jae Young Lim, Myong Bum Choi, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Sang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1119-1123.   Published online October 15, 2004
VACTERL association is a disease with multiple congenital anomalies of the vertebrae, anus, cardia, tracheoesophageal(TE) fistula, renal and limb. This disease is derived from VATER anomaly, accompanied by cardiac and limb anomalies. We experienced a case of a 1-day-old boy with anal atresia, who represented multiple anomalies during hospital course. The multiple anomalies were hemivertebra, anal atresia, complex heart disease(coarctation...
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