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Original Article
High antistreptolysin O titer is associated with coronary artery lesions in patients with Kawasaki disease
Dong Eun Min, Do Hee Kim, Mi Young Han, Sung Ho Cha, Kyung Lim Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(6):235-239.   Published online November 7, 2018

Purpose: In Kawasaki disease (KD) patients, coronary artery complications, incomplete and refractory types occur more frequently in patients with streptococcal or other bacterial/viral infections. Recently, we observed a higher incidence of coronary lesions in KD patients with high anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer. Therefore, we hypothesized that KD patients diagnosed with concurrent streptococcal infection have poor prognosis, with respect to treatment...
Transforming growth factor beta receptor II polymorphisms are associated with Kawasaki disease
Yu Mi Choi, Kye Sik Shim, Kyung Lim Yoon, Mi Young Han, Sung Ho Cha, Su Kang Kim, Joo Ho Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(1):18-23.   Published online January 31, 2012

Transforming growth factor beta receptor 2 (TGFBR2) is a tumor suppressor gene that plays a role in the differentiation of striated cells and remodeling of coronary arteries. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of this gene are associated with Marfan syndrome and sudden death in patients with coronary artery disease. Cardiovascular remodeling and T cell activation of TGFBR2 gene suggest that the...

Polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase are not a risk factor for Kawasaki disease in the Korean population
Kyung Lim Yoon, Jin Hee Ko, Kye Shik Shim, Mi Young Han, Sung Ho Cha, Su Kang Kim, Joo Ho Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(8):335-339.   Published online August 31, 2011

Hyperhomocysteinemia is known as a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Preclinical arteriosclerosis is noted and premature atherosclerosis is known to be accelerated in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients. Genetic polymorphisms in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene result in elevated plasma homocysteine concentrations and are known to be associated with the development of coronary artery disease. Our hypothesis is that single nucleotide polymorphisms...

Epidemiologic study of Kawasaki disease in 6 months old and younger infants
Yong Won Park, Ji Whan Han, In Sook Park, Chang Hwi Kim, Sung Ho Cha, Jae Sook Ma, Joon Sung Lee, Tae Chan Kwon, Sang Bum Lee, Chul Ho Kim, Heung Jae Lee, Yong Soo Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1320-1323.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic status of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants ≤6 months of age. Methods : For the epidemiologic study of KD in Korea, data from 22,674 KD patients were collected from 1997 to 2005 on a 3-year basis by a retrospective survey. From this survey, data of 1,739 KD patients ≤6...
The age and dose-related hyponatremia during carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine therapy in epileptic children
Kyu Ha Lee, Jun Hyuk Song, Sung Ho Cha, Sa Jun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(4):409-414.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : To assess the prevalence of hyponatremia in epileptic children receiving carbamazepine or oxcarbazpine, we investigate serum sodium changes according to age, serum carbamazepine level, and daily oxcarbazepine dosage, and the prevalence of symptoms of hyponatremia. Methods : We reviewed the clinical data of the 197 children receiving carbamazepine and/or oxcarbazepine with or without antiepileptic therapy. And these were classified...
Clinical characteristics and risk factors for staphylococcal infections in neonatal intensive care unit
Min Kook Chung, Jeong Ho Choi, Jin Keun Chang, Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Ho Cha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1287-1295.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : The importance of staphylococcal infections in NICU has been emphasized in terms of increased resistant strains and increased incidence of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we inrestignted the clinical characteristics and risk factors for staphylococcal infections, and looked into sensitivity trends of antibiotics in the era of a high rate of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in our...
Clinical and Epidemiologic Study of Kawasaki Disease in Children 8 Years of Age and Older
Yong Won Park, Ji Whan Han, In Sook Park, Chang Hwi Kim, Sung Ho Cha, Jae Sook Ma, Tae Chan Kwon, Sang Bum Lee, Chul Ho Kim, Heung Jae Lee, Yong Soo Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(10):1139-1142.   Published online October 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic and clinical profiles of Kawasaki disease(KD) in children 8 years of age and older. Methods : For the epidemiologic study of KD in Korea, data of total 15,692 KD patients were collected from 1994 to 2002 on a 3 year basis, by the retrospective survey. Among them, data of...
Case Report
A Case of Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome
Won Ho Hahn, Eun Seong Kim, Hyo Jong Kim, Sung Ho Cha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):896-899.   Published online August 15, 2004
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome(SRUS) is a rare disorder in children. The incidence of SRUS is highest in young adults, and sex distribution is equal, or there may be a slight female predominance. There are few investigations about the exact incidences and effective treatment protocols of SRUS in children. The clinical symptoms and signs of SRUS are accompanied by rectal bleeding,...
Original Article
Comparison of Two Rapid Antigen Detection Tests for Diagnosis of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngotonsillitis
Seung Kyu Song, Mi Ae Hong, Kyung Chang Oh, Seung In Ahn, Mi Hyon Tae, Hye Jung Shin, Jin Keun Chang, Sung Ho Cha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(8):973-979.   Published online August 15, 2002
Purpose : Recently, a number of rapid antigen detection tests have been available to diagnose group A streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity and consistency of the two rapid antigen detection tests. Methods : Among the patients who visited our clinic from November 2001 to February 2002, 61 patients who had clinical findings of...
Diagnostic Value of 99mTc-DMSA SPECT in Children with Urinary Tract Infection
Jae Won Choi, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Duk Yoon Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(11):1559-1566.   Published online November 15, 1997
Purpose : The accurate identification of renal cortical defects in children with urinary tract infection is essential in reducing subsequent morbidity. Imaging of the kidneys with 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been demonstrated as the sensitive method available for identification of renal cortical defects. Single photon emission computerized tomography(SPECT) has been suggested as a method by which the accuracy of identification of renal cortical defects can...
Analysis of Urinary Mass Screening for Elemantary, Junior and High School Children Over a 8-year Period in Seoul
Chong Guk Lee, Dong Whan Lee, Sae Won Yang, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Ho Hong, Yong Mook Choi, Hyun Soon Lee, Sung Jae Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(10):1347-1359.   Published online October 15, 1997
Purpose : The urinary mass screening program for the detection of proteinuria had been performed for a school age population in the city of Seoul since 1981. However, systematic evaluation for this program had never been done. We, therefore, designed a systematic evaluation in corporation with the Seoul School Health Center for students with proteinuria identified in the mass screening to determine the prevalence...
Upper Limit of Normal Value for Antistreptolysin O Titer of Healthy Children in Seoul
Sung Ho Cha, Yong Mook Choi, Sei Won Yang, Dong Hwan Lee, Chong Guk Lee, Chang Ho Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(8):1061-1068.   Published online August 15, 1995
Purpose : We have found somewhat high titer of antistreptolysin O (ASO) accidentally when we had delineated normal carrier rate of beta hemolytic streptococci in rural area of Kangwon Province in 1991(1). We would like to know upper limit of normal value of ASO and re-valuated results which might be changed with different geographic areas, age, and prevalent rate...
Rapid Detection Test for Streptococcus pyogenes in Normal Carriers of Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococci
Sung Ho Cha, Seon Ju Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(6):812-815.   Published online June 15, 1994
Streptococcus pyogenes has been regarded very importantly because of its severe sequelae, namely rheumatic fever and acute glomerulonephropathy. Rapid tests to identify this organism have been studied widely in developed countries in 1980s. We proceeded the rapid test(A Strept ADTM, Denka Seiken Co., Japan) of S. pyogenes on 141 children who were known to be carriers of this organism to...
Case Report
A Case of Poststreptococcal Reactive Polyarthralgia
Sung Ho Cha, Byong Soo Cho, Taekyu Hame
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(11):1635-1637.   Published online November 15, 1993
Poststreptococcal reactive arthritis/arthralgia is characterized as an evidence of group A beta hemolytic streptococcal infection and does not fulfill the modified Jones criteria for a diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever. We had used to meet the patients with incomplete acute rheumatic fever who had more than 3 items of minor Jones criteria, or arthralgia or arthritis with one or two...
Original Article
Renal Scarring in Relation to Vesicoureternal Reflux in Uriary Tract Infection
Kwang Sun Han, Dong Jin Choi, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Young Tae Ko, Sun Wha Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(10):1402-1406.   Published online October 15, 1993
The vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is frequently found among the patients with urinary tract infection (UIT) and some patients with VUR progress to reflux nephropathy. The presence of scarring at UIT is an important determinant in the selection of those at risk of progressive damage. 99m Technetium dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc-DMSA) is a renal scanning agent provides a good quality of renal image...
Atypical Presentation of Acute Glomerulonephritis
Hyun Ho Shin, Thy Hyung Park, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn, Young Tae Ko, Moon Ho Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(7):987-993.   Published online July 15, 1993
Form March 1982 to December 1991, 110 cases of typical post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis and 25 cases of Atypical acute glomerulonephritis were clinically investigated at Department of pediatrics, Kyung Hee University Hospital, and follwing Data were obtained. 1) Male to Femal ratio was 1.8:1 (Atypical AGN). Peak incidence was from 7 to 12 years. 2) The most common preceding infections were upper respiratory infection,...
Clinical Study and Availability of Ultrasonography in Hemorrhagic Cystitis
Jin Park, Chi Hyung Park, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn, Young Tae Ko, Sun Wha Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1722-1727.   Published online December 15, 1992
Acute hemorrhagic cystitis characterized by gross hematuria and symptoms of bladder irritation occurs in children as a self-limited disease that must be differentiated from serious renal disease. We analyzed 22 cases of hemorrhagic cystitis which were managed in the Dept. of pediatrics, Kyung Hee university hospital and present the availability of bladder sonography for diagnosis of hemorrhagic cystitis and for follow-up. The...
Case Report
A Case of Seronegative Enthesopathy and Arthropathy Syndrome (SEA Syndrome)
Il Su Kim, Jae Yoon Kim, Byung Su Cho, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(10):1459-1462.   Published online October 15, 1992
Seronegative enthesopathy and arthropathy (SEA) syndrome is characterized by male predominance, late age onset, positive family histories of arthritis, oligoarthropathy, axial skeleton involvement, the presence of the B27 histocompatiboility antigen. It has been reported by Rosenberg and Petty in 1982. Early recognition of this syndrome destined to develop seronegative spondyiarthropathy is necessary to prevent axial spine dysfunction and defomity and...
Original Article
A case of lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis.
Kyu Young Lee, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn, Woo Young Sim, Choong Rim Haw, Moon Ho Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(10):1452-1457.   Published online October 31, 1991
We report a case of lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis in 24 month male. At age 18 months, his mother noticed a fairly well-defined depression of skin in the both inguinal and axillary area, which gradually spread centrifugally to the lower portion of abdomen and total inguinal and axillary region. The laboratory findings were unremarkable. Biopsy showed absense of subcutaneous fat in the affected area.
A case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus due to vesicoureteral reflux.
Yong Bae Suh, Jong Yul Jeon, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(9):1299-1304.   Published online September 30, 1991
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a disorder characterized by polydipsia and polyuria resulting from failure of the renal tubules and collecting ducts to respond to antidiuretic hormone despite elevated blood levels of antidiuretic hormone. We experienced a case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in 13 months-old girl probably secondary to vesicoureteral reflux grade IV. The clinical manifestations were extreme thirst, polydipsia and polyuria. Family history was nonspecific and...
Diagnosis and hydrostatic saline reduction of intussusception under ultrasonographic guidance.
Jong Yul Jeon, Jae Yun Kim, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Il Ahn, Sun Wha Lee, Jae Hoon Lim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(6):771-778.   Published online June 30, 1991
Recently, a new technique of reduction for intussusception using saline solution and ultrasonogram instead of barium enema is being used in several centers. In order to evaluate its efficacy, we have conducted the clinical observation in 40 patients with intussusception who were treated by hydrostatic saline reduction under the ultrasonographic guidance in Kyung-Hee University Hospital from June 1989 to July 1990. We have observed...
Bone mineral density of normal Korean children.
Kyu Young Lee, Byoung Yul Lim, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn, Young Seol Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(5):605-613.   Published online May 31, 1991
The diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy and osteoporosis is established by clinical manifestations, biochemical laboratory tests, X-ray and bone scan but early diagnosis, determination of treatment of various metabolic bone diseases are not satisfied with any above methods. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has been shown to be a reliable, reproducible, and noninvasive way to assess bone mineral status. We evaluated the bone mineral density...
The incidence of complications in severely obese children.
Dong Hwan Lee, Chong Guk Lee, Chul Lee, Yong Seung Hwang, Sung Ho Cha, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(4):445-453.   Published online April 30, 1991
The measurement of body weight, height and blood pressure, urine sugar, oral glucose tolerance test, S-GOT, S-GPT, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol tests were made in 324 severely obese elementary, middle and high school students (218 boys and 106 girls) to know the incidence of complication in these children. . The results were as follow: 1) S-GOT or S-GPT were increased abnormally in 38.3% and fatty livers were...
The Collaborative Clinical Analysis of 985 Cases of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Carditis in Children for 10 Years(1978~1987) in Korea.
Sung Ho Cha, Sang Young Jeong, Du Bong Lee, Kyong Su Lee, Sang Bum Lee, Tae Chan Kwon, Young Chang Tockgo, Chang Sung Sohn, Keun Chan Sohn, Young Jin Hong, Chan Young Kim, Chang Yee Hong, Yong Soo Yun, Jung Yun Choi, Chang Hwi Kim, Chul Ho Kim, Tae Ju Hwang, Jae Suk Ma, Chan Uhul Joo, Kyoo Hwan Rhee, Hahng Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(12):1621-1631.   Published online December 31, 1989
Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic carditis were still important disease of the acquired heart disease in children and adults, in spite of improving socioeconomic status in Korea. Recently, many outbreaks of acute rheumatic fever have been reported in the papers from developed countries. We should be aware of such outbreaks of acute rheumatic fever and should pay attention to their treatment of the patients...
A Comparative Study of Therapeutic Effect of Intravenous Gammaglobulin plus Aspirin Versus Aspirin Alone in Kawasaki Syndrome.
Boung Yul Leem, Chong Sung Chung, Sung Ho Cha, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(10):1408-1415.   Published online October 31, 1989
We compared the efficacy of intravenous gamma globulin plus aspirin with that of aspirin alone in reducing the frequency of coronary artery abnormahties and changes of clinical coures in children with acute kawasaki syndrome in the children of 44 cases who were admitted in K.H.U.H from Mar. 1986 to Fab. 1988. Group A: High dose aspirin (60〜90 mg/kg/D) during febrile stage and then switched...
Comparison Study of Initial and Recurrent Intussuception in Children.
Eun Kyoung Sohn, Byoung Soo Cho, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Il Ahn, Soo Myung Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(10):1353-1359.   Published online October 31, 1989
We performed statistcial evaluation on initial intussusception, 426 cases,and recurrent intussuscep- tion, 40 cases (28 children), recurred more than one time among 426 cases of initial intussusception which were managed in the depratment of pediatrics and the department of pediatric surgery at Kyung Hee University Hospital from Jan. 1983 to Dec. 1987. The results were as follows: 1) The peak incidence was found in less than...
A Clinical Study of Kawasaki Disease Complicating Coronary Aneurysm.
Chong Sung Chung, Byung Yul Lim, Sung Ho Cha, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(9):1240-1247.   Published online September 30, 1989
Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile illness of unknown origin and most frequently affects infants and children younger than age 5 years. Coronary aneurysms are most serious complication in Kawasai diseas and are developed in 15〜20% of patients. We studied 15 children Kawaski disease complicating coronary aneurysms, who were admitted to the Kyung Hee University Hospital during the period of January 1984 through January...
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Infant of Diabetic Mother.
Jeong Sam Jeon, Soo Chun Kim, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(8):1138-1143.   Published online August 31, 1989
Generally, infant of diabetic mother (IDM) have complex multisystems disease resulting in a high incidence of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)-IDM appears as the early onset, transient and non-familial cariomyopathy in neonatal period. The etiology of the left ventricular outflow obstruction in these neonates is not clear. But, it is possible that the asymmetrical septal hypertrophy was a manifestation of the generalized...
A Case of Doxorubicin-induced Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
Sang Young Jeong, Soo Chun Kim, Sung Ho Cha, Young Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(8):1132-1137.   Published online August 31, 1989
Doxorubicin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of leukemia, lymphoma and various solid tumors. Because of dose-dependent degenerative cardiomyopathy, however, doxorubicin theraphy may be discontinued ineffectively early. Doxorubicin-induced conges- tive heart failure carries a very poor prognosis since it is lethal in 60% of patients. Various methods for evaluating the cardiotoxic effect have been employed such as EKG, systolic...
A Case of Mycoplasmal Meningitis Associated with Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Pneumonia.
Sang Young Jeong, Seung Koog Kim, Sung Ho Cha, Sa Jun Chung, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(4):556-560.   Published online April 30, 1989
Mycoplasmas have been recognized as pathogens of respiratory tract in children and adolescence, but clinically apparent pneumonia develops in only 3 to 10% of infected persons. Central nervous system complication, such as aseptic meningitis, meningoencephalitis. transverse myelitis, hemiplegia, cerebellar ataxia and psychosis, associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection were developed in .0.1 % of all Mycoplasmal infection. We experienced a case of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia and...
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