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Original Article
Outcomes of chronic dialysis in Korean children with respect to survival rates and causes of death
Hye Jin Chang, Kyoung Hee Han, Min Hyun Cho, Young Seo Park, Hee Gyung Kang, Hae Il Cheong, Il Soo Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(3):135-139.   Published online March 31, 2014

Adult Korean patients on chronic dialysis have a 9-year survival rate of 50%, with cardiovascular problems being the most significant cause of death. The 2011 annual report of the North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies group reported 3-year survival rates of 93.4% and relatively poorer survival in younger patients.


In this study, we have reviewed data from Korean Pediatric...

Case Report
Severe hypermagnesemia presenting with abnormal electrocardiographic findings similar to those of hyperkalemia in a child undergoing peritoneal dialysis
Won Kyoung Jhang, Yoon Jung Lee, Young A Kim, Seong Jong Park, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(7):308-311.   Published online July 19, 2013

In this report, we present a pediatric case of severe symptomatic hypermagnesemia resulting from the use of magnesium oxide as a laxative in a child undergoing continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The patient showed abnormal electrocardiography (ECG) findings, such as tall T waves, a widened QRS complex, and irregular conduction, which were initially misdiagnosed as hyperkalemia; later,...

Original Article
Intravenous fluid prescription practices among pediatric residents in Korea
Jiwon M. Lee, Younghwa Jung, Se Eun Lee, Jun Ho Lee, Kee Hyuck Kim, Ja Wook Koo, Young Seo Park, Hae Il Cheong, Il-Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hee Gyung Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(7):282-285.   Published online July 19, 2013

Recent studies have established the association between hypotonic fluids administration and hospital-acquired hyponatremia in children. The present paper investigated the pattern of current practice in intravenous fluid prescription among Korean pediatric residents, to underscore the need for updated education.


A survey-based analysis was carried out. Pediatric residents at six university hospitals in Korea completed a survey consisting of four questions. Each...

Case Report
Liver transplantation in a child with acute liver failure resulting from drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome
Seung Min Song, Min Sung Cho, Seak Hee Oh, Kyung Mo Kim, Young Seo Park, Dae Yeon Kim, Sung Gyu Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(5):224-226.   Published online May 28, 2013

Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is characterized by a severe idiosyncratic reaction including rash and fever, often with associated hepatitis, arthralgias, lymph node enlargement, or hematologic abnormalities. The mortality rate is approximately 10%, primarily owing to liver failure with massive or multiple disseminated focal necrosis. Here, we report a case of a 14-year-old girl treated with...

Review Article
Renal scar formation after urinary tract infection in children
Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(10):367-370.   Published online October 29, 2012

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common bacterial illness in children. Acute pyelonephritis in children may lead to renal scarring with the risk of later hypertension, preeclampsia during pregnancy, proteinuria, and renal insufficiency. Until now, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been considered the most important risk factor for post-UTI renal scar formation in children. VUR predisposes children with UTI to pyelonephritis,...

Original Article
Incidence and outcome of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract detected by prenatal ultrasonography: a single center study
Gina Lim, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park, Kun Seok Kim, Hye-Sung Won
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(4):464-470.   Published online April 15, 2009
Purpose : This study assessed the incidence and outcome of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) detected by prenatal ultrasonography Methods : There were 906 cases of CAKUT detected by prenatal ultrasonography and postnatally confirmed at the Asan Medical Center from October 1989 to October 2007. We investigated the incidence and outcome of these cases by reviewing medical...
Therapeutic response of cyclosporine and outcome in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome
Hyung Soon Choi, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(3):293-298.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of our study was to evaluate the therapeutic response to cyclosporine, time to remission and side effects in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Methods : This study included 22 children with idiopathic SRNS who were treated with cyclosporine between June 1989 and August 2006. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Results : The mean age of patients at diagnosis...
The clinical manifestations, the short- and long-term outcomes of Bartter syndrome
Hye Won Park, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(12):1231-1240.   Published online December 15, 2007
Purpose : Bartter syndrome is a renal tubular defect in electrolyte transport characterized by hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis and other clinical signs and symptoms. The aims of this study were to analyze the clinical manifestations and the short- and long-term outcomes of Bartter syndrome. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed clinical history, laboratory finding of blood and urine, renal ultrasonography, and hearing...
Clinicopathologic features and prognosis of childhood IgA nephropathy
Sung Il Woo, Keun Wook Bae, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park, Yong Mee Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(2):170-177.   Published online February 15, 2007
Purpose : Clinicopathological features were investigated to clarify the outcome and prognostic indicators for patients with IgA nephropathy in Korean children. Methods : We reviewed the outcomes of 61 patients in whom IgA nephropathy was diagnosed before the age of 15 years from 1991 to 2005 and followed-up at least for one year. All patients were confirmed by renal biopsy. Results...
Clinical observations of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Joo Hoon Lee, Jeong Min Ryu, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(4):424-430.   Published online April 15, 2006
Purpose : Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis(JRA) is one of the most common rheumatic diseases of childhood and is an important cause of short- and long-term disability. The purpose of this study was to determine the disease course and outcome in childhood patients with JRA. Methods : Fifty nine patients with JRA who were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Asan...
Follow-up of children with isolated microscopic hematuria detected in a mass school urine screening test
Mi-sun Yum, Hoe Soo Yoon, Joo Hoon Lee, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(1):82-86.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The isolated microscopic hematuria is the most common abnormality detected by school urinary screening, but there is no consensus about the range of investigations and long-term outcomes of isolated hematuria in children yet. This study aims to elucidate the prognosis of hematuria and the range of diagnostic studies by follow-up results. Methods : Students with isolated hematuria who were...
1 year follow-up results of prenatally diagnosed unilateral hydronephrosis according to renal sonographic findings at 1 month of age
Hoe-Soo Yoon, Mi Sun Yum, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park, Kun Seok Kim, Chong Hyun Yoon, Dae Hyuk Moon, Hyewon Hahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(1):64-70.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The natural courses of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis(HN) are diverse. Our purpose was to determine if the findings of renal ultrasonography(USG) in patients with prenatal HN at 1 month of age can predict the 1 year follow-up results and determine the guideline of follow-up study. Methods : Among 462 hydronephrotic patients registered between 1996 and 2004, 153 unilateral hydronephrotic renal...
A Clinical Study of Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis in Children, from 1994 to 2003
So Eun Koo, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(6):606-613.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis(APSGN) is a common form of glomerulonephritis in children. Most patients recover completely after the acute phase but a few patients have acute complications or progress to chronic renal disease. In recent years, the frequency of APSGN has been was decreasing but is still common in children. So we studied the clinical characteristics of APSGN from...
Outcome of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in Children
Yeon Jung Lim, Hyun-seung Jin, Hyewon Hahn, Sei Ho Oh, Seong Jong Park, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(1):68-74.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : There is growing use of continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT) for pediatric patients, but reports about the use and outcome of CRRT in children is rare in Korea. We report our experiences of CRRT in critically ill pediatric patients. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 23 pediatric patients who underwent CRRT at Asan Medical Center between May 2001...
Case Report
Three Cases of Hypercalcemia Due to Vitamin D Intoxication in Infancy
Jin-Ho Choi, Mi-Sun Yum, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(3):332-337.   Published online March 15, 2004
Hypercalcemia in infancy is an uncommon disorder but has a potential of serious sequelae. Therefore, infants with hypercalcemia must be promptly investigated and need urgent management. We report three cases of infantile hypercalcemia caused by vitamin D intoxication, emphasizing diagnostic investigations and the course of treatment. The first and the second cases were thought to be vitamin D intoxication without...
Original Article
Clinical Experience of 60 Pediatric Renal Transplantations at a Single Center
Sun Youn Lee, Hyewon Han, Young Seo Park, Duck Jong Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):55-65.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : Renal transplantation for the management of end-stage renal disease(ESRD) in children is now the optimal treatment. We analyzed the clinical courses and characteristics of pediatric renal transplantation in Asan Medical Center. Methods : We reviewed the charts of 60 cases of renal transplantation under the age of 18, admitted to Asan Medical Center, from Oct. 1990 to May 2003....
Clinical Lecture
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in Pediatrics
Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):1-5.   Published online January 15, 2004
Case Report
A Case of Alport Syndrome Associated with Diffuse Esophageal Leiomyomatosis
Jin Young Jung, Cheol-Min Kim, Yean Jung Lim, Ja Hyung Kim, Chong Woo You, Bo-Hwa Choi, Soo-Joung Hong, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(9):1160-1164.   Published online September 15, 2002
University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea We report a case of Alport syndrome associated with esophageal leiomyomatosis, presenting as recurrent pneumonia. A 5-year old girl who had a history of cataract visited the out patient clinic with a complaint of recurrent wheezing and respiratory difficulty which had started five months previously. Chest magnetic resonance image(MRI) and esophagography, checked on the suspicion of...
Original Article
Clinical Study of Renal Cystic Diseases in Children
Ja Hyung Kim, You Jeong Kim, Byeong Seon Lee, Tae Sung Ko, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(2):232-239.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : Renal cystic diseases comprise a mixed group of heritable, developmental and acquired disorders. Recently the use of imaging modalities such as ultrasonography and radionuclide scanning has increased the detection rate of renal cystic diseases. We studied to review the clinical features and treatment of renal cystic diseases in children. Methods : This study was performed in 95 children with...
Optimal Timing of Surgery of Hydronephrosis Due to Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Neonates and Infants
Seung Ju Ha, Ji Hyun Jung, Byeong Seon Lee, Kun Seok Kim, Dae Hyuk Moon, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(2):223-231.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : We review our experience with pyeloplasty for unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction of moderate to severe hydronephrosis observed by prenatal ultrasonography to assess the appropriate timing of operation for recovery of renal function and obstruction. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the records of the total 28 patients who underwent pyeloplasty between 1995 and 2001 at Asan Medical Center. We compared...
Case Report
A Case of Successful Danazol Therapy in Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia Associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Kyung Min Kim, Byeong Seon Lee, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(11):1330-1333.   Published online November 15, 2001
Autoimmune thrombocytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia occur in 10-26% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE). These hematological manifestations may be the sole presenting sign and can precede the appearance of diagnosable SLE in 5 to 23% of cases. The conventional treatment for SLE associated with these disorders includes corticosteroid therapy and splenectomy, but autoimmune thrombocytopenia or autoimmune hemolytic anemia may...
A Case of Renal Abscess in Healthy Child
Jin Yeong Jeong, Young Seo Park, Soo Youn Ham
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):1012-1015.   Published online July 15, 2000
Renal abscess is rare in children and presents varying features which often lead to delay or error in diagnosis. Fever, lumbar pain, abdominal pain and occasional flank mass are the usual presenting complaints but a high degree of suspicion is important for the early detection of renal abscess. Hematogenous seeding of the kidney or ascending infection from the urinary collecting system are two proposed...
Two Cases of Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy presented with Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome
Young Mee Seo, Jae Gul Chung, En Sil Yu, Jin Yeong Jeong, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):978-982.   Published online July 15, 2000
Thin basement membrane nephropathy(TBMN) is defined histologically as follows : 1) By light microscopy only minor abnormalities are detected in the glomeruli at most minor mesangial widening. 2) By electron microscopy, diffuse thinning of glomerular basement membrane is demonstrated. 3) By immunofluorescence, absence of immunoglobulins and complement components is demonstrated. 4) Alport`s syndrome and systemic diseases that may affect the...
Original Article
Natural History and Clinical Feature of Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney detected with Prenatal Ultrasonography
Young Lim Shin, Hye Sung Won, Jong Hyun Yoon, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):926-932.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Multicystic dysplastic kidney(MCDK) is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts of varying sizes. It is associated with ureteral or pelviureteral atresia, and a non-functioning kidney. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical feature and the natural history of MCDK. Methods : A study was performed in 36 children with prenatal diagnosis of MCDK from 1989 to 1999. All...
Changes in the Findings of 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic Acid(DMSA) Scan after Acute Pyelonephritis in Childhood and Renal Scar
Sang Hee Ahn, So Young Yoon, Chong Hyun Yoon, Dae Hyuk Moon, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(4):543-549.   Published online April 15, 2000
Purpose : We evaluated the change in the findings of DMSA scan after acute pyelonephritis (APN), and the relationship between renal scar formation and risk factors such as vesicoureteral reflux(VUR), organism and inflammatory reaction. Methods : We examined 200 patients under the age of 5 years with first APN. DMSA scan, voiding cystourethrography(VCUG), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were...
Clinical Lecture
Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(1):1-5.   Published online January 15, 1999
Case Report
Four Cases of The Imported Falciparum Malariain Childre
So Young Lee, Tae Sung Ko, Hyun Sook Chi, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(2):249-253.   Published online February 15, 1997
Malaria is a protozoan disease transmitted by the bite of female Anopheles mosquitoes. Only four species of Plasmodium can infect human, which are P.vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum. We experienced four cases of the imported falciparum malaria in children who were admitted due to fever, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, lethargic state, and/or altered mentality after traveling Kenya and Tanzania without...
Original Article
Effect of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin on the Anemia of Premature Infants
Young Ah Lee, Ki Soo Kim, Young Seo Park, Hyung Nam Moon, Chang Yee Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(5):631-640.   Published online May 15, 1996
Purpose : To determine whether the prophylactic treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin(rHuEPO) for the anemia of prematurity would reduce the need for blood transfusions. Methods : We randomly assigned 17 premature infants to therHuEPO group and the control group. For the rHuEPO group (n=9, birth weight=1210¡¾156 g, gestational age=31.7¡¾1.9wk), rHuEPO (400U/kg) was given three times a week for 4 weeks, plus iron (8 mg/kg/day) and vitamin...
The Study of Distribution of HI Antibody Titers Aganist Japanese Encephalitis Virus Among Children in Seoul
Jin A Kim, Tae Sung Ko, Young Seo Park, Hyung Nam Moon, Chang Yee Hong, Hae Wol Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(2):230-237.   Published online February 15, 1996
Purpose : Incidence of Japanese encephalitis has been markedly decreased, but this disease is known to be high and lethal in the young age group. This study was designed to find out the HI antibody titers and associated factors of Japanese encephalitis of children in Seoul, and to establish the plan of vaccination. Methods : The survey was conducted from the...
Clinical and Histologic Changes in Children with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection after Alpha Interferon Therapy
Kyung Mo Kim, Soo Jong Hong, Young Seo Park, Hyung Nam Moon, Chang Yee Hong, Joo Ryoung Huh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(9):1232-1241.   Published online September 15, 1995
Purpose : Several trials in children for chronic hepatitis B have shown the efficacy of alpha interferon in eliminating hepatitis B virus replication, accompanied by an improvement in the liver cell damage. But reports about the alpha interferon therapy are rare in Korean children and there is no report about histologic changes even with adult. So we tried to...
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