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Volume 27(5); May 1984
Original Articles
Neonatal Mortality Rate.
Byung Kyu Suh, Dong Ku Lee, Byung Churl Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):425-432.   Published online May 31, 1984
A statiscal study on 18,679 newborns who were born in pediatric department of ST. MARY’S Hospital, ST. PAUUS Hospital, Kang-Nam ST. MARY*S Hospital and OUR LADY OF MERCY Hospital in Catholic Medical College from January, 1980 to December, 1982 was performed. Authors studied the mortality rate by birth weight, gestational period, sex, time after birth, Apgar score, mode of delivery...
Culture Study in Neonatal infection.
Ja Ye Kim, Seung Joo Lee, Keun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):433-438.   Published online May 31, 1984
Bacterial infection is a frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period. Knowing the changing pattern of neonatal bacterial infections is important and recently the group B streptococcus has been vieing with Coliforms for preeminence. This study was undertaken to observe the pattern of bacteria in the neonatal infections and for detection of group B streptococcus....
Clinical Study of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.
Sang Ki Min, Shin Chul Jun, Yong Sub Kim, Yang Sook Choi, Chan Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):439-446.   Published online May 31, 1984
A clinical study was done in 21 cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia admitted to Busan National University Hospital from Jan. 1973 to Dec. 1982. The following results were obtained: 1)Onset of symptoms were within 24 hours in 8 cases(38.1%) and in 3 cases symptoms were occurred after 6 months. About half of the patients were admitted within 1 week, male...
A Clinical Study of Intussusception in Infancy and Childhood.
Geom Huyn Jang, Yong Hae Lee, Jun Taek Park, Chang Hee Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):447-456.   Published online May 31, 1984
Intussusception is the condition of invagination of one part of intestinal loop into the continuous distal segment. During infancy and early childhood, intussusception is the most common cause of acquired intestinal obstruction, and it is required emergency treatment. The authors observed 163 cases of intussusception who admitted to Seoul Adventist Hospital from March 1977 to August 1983, and the following results...
Reye's Syndrome in Children.
Dong Jin Lee, Sook Hee Lee, Ja Hoon Koo, Doo Hong Ahn, Yong Jin Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):457-466.   Published online May 31, 1984
A clinical observation has been made on 44 children with Reys's syndrome who were admitted to pediatric department of KNU hospital during 6 year period from September 1977 to August 1983. Male to female ratio was 1.3 : 1. Cases under 6 years of age comprised 40(90.9%) and cases under 1 year 13(29.6%). The most common antecedent illness was URI...
Clinical Study of Urinary Tract Infection associated with Vesicouretral Reflux.
Kwang Hyun Kim, Tai Jin Park, Woo Gill Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):467-474.   Published online May 31, 1984
Vesicoureteral reflux is the problem frequently found among the patients with, urinary tract infection and is the most common cause of the chronic pyelonephritis in children, and renal scarring and renal growth retardation due to reflux and infection is the most important cause of hypertension and renal failure. The authors studied clinically 13 cases with urinary tract infection associated with...
Clinical Study of Cerebrospinal Fluid Lactate Levels in Children with Menigitis.
Sang Hee Cho, Ha Baik Lee, Keun Soo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):475-482.   Published online May 31, 1984
Cerebrospinal fluid lactate level and C-reactive protein(CRP) reactions were studied in 131 children who were hospitalized to the Department of Pediatrics, Hanyang University Hospital between February 1983 and August 1983. Among 131 hospitalized children, 68 were meningitis cases as for study group and the rest 63 were non-meningitis cases as for control group. These two groups were statistically well matched....
Case Reports
Dietary Hypocalcemic Tetany.
Kyu Hyung Lee, Chang Bin Im, Yoon Taik Kim, Keun Chan Sohn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):483-487.   Published online May 31, 1984
Hypocalcemic tetany is important cause of convulsion during perinatal or infantile period. We have experienced three cases of dietary hypocalcemic tetany, which was induced by non-fortified commerical weaning food or breast-fed without vitamine supplement. So we report the cases with review of the related literature.
A Case of Pierre Robin Syndrome.
Hyun Hwa Kim, Hae Sook Cha, Byoung Hai Ahn, Young Hee You, Hyun Sook Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):488-492.   Published online May 31, 1984
A case ef Pierre Robin Syndrome in a male baby who was born at the Korea Veterans Hospital was presented. After birth, dyspnea and feeding difficulty were developed. Physical examination revealed micrognathia, glossoptosis and cleft plate. Chromosomal analysis was normal pattern. This finding was compatible with Pierre Robin Syndrome. A brief review of literature was presented.
Three Cases of Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis.
Sei Weon Yang, Dong Gyoon Kim, Jong Jin Seo, Jung Yun Choi, Yong Soo Yun, Chang Yee Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):493-500.   Published online May 31, 1984
Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis is a primary disease of cardiac muscle that is probably congenital, is often genetically transmitted, and is characterized by asymmetric septal hypertrophy, systolic anterior motion of anterior mitral valve and disorganization of cardiac muscle cells. The authors experienced 3 cases of Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis which were confirmed by echocardiography, cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography. The literatures...
Two Cases of Anomalous Origin of the Right Pulmonary artery from the Ascending Aorta.
Kyu Gap Hwang, Gu Soo Kim, Jung Yun Choi, Yong Soo Yun, Chang Yee Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):501-505.   Published online May 31, 1984
Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare congenital malformation. It happens as the result of abnormal development of the 6th aortic arch. Anomalous origin of right pulmnary artery is more frequent than left. It is frequently associated with P.D.A., V.S.D. and T.O.F. In this malformation, congestive heart failure develops in early life and once the...
Rifampin Induced Nonresponsiveness to Steroid Therapy in Children with Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome .
Hae Il Cheong, Sang Bok Suk, Yong Choi, Kwang Wook Ko
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):506-510.   Published online May 31, 1984
We experienced three children with the biopsy proven minimal change nephrotic syndrome who had failed to respond to prednisolone, 60 mg/m2/d for 4 to 9 weeks due to concomittent administration of rifampin. Because rifampin is a known enzyme inducer of the liver like phenobarbital and dilantin which can increase the clearance of the other drugs such as steroid etc., rifampin were...
Adrenogenital Syndrome with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.
Myoung Sung Moon, Kwang Nam Kim, Woo Gill Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):511-515.   Published online May 31, 1984
When the adrenogenital syndrome is associated with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, it is caused by an inborn defect in the biosynthesis of adrenal corticoids. Especially, infant with congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by a 21-hydroxylation. defect in steroidogenesis often present with salt-losing crisis, hyponatremia and dehydration. Vomiting is prominent and disturbances in cardiac rate and rhythm may occur. Without treatment, collapse and death...
A Case of Neurofibromatosis associated with Pseudoarthrosis of the Ulna.
Ju Yeong Seo, Woo Yeong Chung, Soon Yong Lee, Kil Hyun Kim, Yeon Soon Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):516-520.   Published online May 31, 1984
We experienced a case of neurofibromatosis associated with pseudoarthrosis of the ulna in a 5-year-old boy. He had multiple cafe-au-lait spots, neurofibromas, and macrocranium with positive family history. A review of literatures was also presented briefly.
A Case of Thanatophoric Dysplasia.
Hae Sook Cha, Hyun Hwa Kim, Young Hee You, Hyun Sook Lee, Jeong Rae Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):521-526.   Published online May 31, 1984
A case of thanatophoric dysplasia was presented with a brief review of literature. The baby showed characteristic clinical feature with relatively large head, prominent forehead, flattening of the bridge of the nose and extremly short arm and legs. X-ray showed marked shortening of rib, narrow chest, flattened vertebral body within lumbar region, rectangular shape of pelvic bone, prominent softtissue of abdomen...
Transposition of Great Arteries .
Kwang Wook Ko, Je Geun Chi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1984;27(5):527-530.   Published online May 31, 1984
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