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Volume 30(6); Jun 1987
Original Articles
Current Status of Congenital Malformation Statistics in Korea.
Je G Chi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):595-601.   Published online June 30, 1987
Chromosomal Aberrations Reported in Korea.
Ki Bok Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):602-612.   Published online June 30, 1987
A Study on Serum Ca, P, Mg, Parathyroid Hormone, Calcitionin, and 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Normal Newborn and Low Birth Weight Infants.
In Bock Lee, Chang Soo Ra
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):613-624.   Published online June 30, 1987
Early neonatal hypocalcemia occurs within the first few days of life, with the lowest concentrations of serum calcium being reached at 24 to 48 hours of age. An infant can be considered to be hypocalcemic when serum calcium concentrations are below 7 mg/dl or when ionized calcium concentrations are below 3 to 3.5 mg/dl. The most commonly encountered causes of neonatal hypocalcemia are prematurity,...
Specific Immunoglobulin Responses Against Tetanus Toxoid after DPT Vaccination.
Kyung Jin Shin, Sng Nam Chun, Heon Seob Song, Dae Yeal Lee, Jung Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):625-632.   Published online June 30, 1987
DPT vaccination has successfully been applied to the prevention of tetanus infection. Edsall (1949) reported the presence of serum tetanus antitoxin after tetanus toxoid immunization. Gill et al (1983) also demonstrated that the values of tetanus specific IgM were increased on neonates after maternal tetanus toxiod immunization. The present study was performed to define the humoral immune responses after DPT vaccination. Changes of tetanus specific...
Cytogenetic Study on Chromosome Aberration in Children.
Chong Woo Bae, Chang Il Ahn, Bo Hoon Oh, Kap Soon Ju
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):633-639.   Published online June 30, 1987
We have conducted a retrospective study on chromosomal aberrations in children, aged under 15 years old, who had been refered to cytogenetic laboratory at Kyung Hee University Hospital from 1977 to 1986 Base upon the Karyotypes of lymphocytes and chart records, the following results were obtained; 1) Chromosomal aberrations of various types were found in 101 cases in children. 2) Age distribution revealed 65.3% were under the...
Significance of Brain CT in Children with Meningitig.
Myeong Yeon Lee, Byoung Soo Cho, Sa Jun Chung, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):640-650.   Published online June 30, 1987
This study was undertaken to evaluate the significance of brain CT in children with meningitis. The findings of brain CT in 71 children with meningitis were evaluated in relation to the clinical outcome. We divided 71 cases into 5 groups according to clinical outcome on discharge, that is, Group I: Recovery. Group II: Discharge with improvement. Group III: Discharge with residual sequalae. Group IV:...
Clinical Observation on Pneumonia due to Mycoplasma Pneumoniae in Children.
Baik Lin Eun, Hyun Keum Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):651-657.   Published online June 30, 1987
The author determined mycoplasma antibody titer in 216 cases of pneumonia who were admitted to the pediatric ward of Korea Medical Center Guro Hospital from November, 1985 to September, 1986, and clinical investigation and statistical analysis were performed between mycoplasma anti- body positive group and negative group. The following results were obtained: 1) In 216 cases of children with pneumonia, incidence of mycoplasma antibody positive cases...
Heparin Therapy for Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Childhood.
Byung Ryul Choi, Yong Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):658-663.   Published online June 30, 1987
A clinical trial for the therapeutic effect of heparin on DIC was conducted on 22 patients of DIC who were admitted to the pediatric department of Yeungnam University Hospital from September 1, 1984 to May 31, 1986. In addition to the conservative treatment, intensive care of underlying disease and specific replacement therapy for DIC, heparin was administered to the one-half of the patients...
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in Children.
Kyu Chul Choi, Sang Ho Park, Yong Mook Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):664-670.   Published online June 30, 1987
Forty four children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were analyzed retrospectively and the following prognostic factors were obtained in response to treatments and clinical courses. And 73.5% of all cases were recovered within 6 months after onset (acute ITP). The patients who were admitted within 1st or 2nd week after onset showed more favorable prognosis with significance (p<0.05 and p< 0.005, respectively). The patients...
Case Reports
Neonatal Tetanus Treated with Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation.
Ran Namgung, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Chul Lee, Youn Ha Kang, Dong Gwan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):671-676.   Published online June 30, 1987
We report our experience with Neonatal Tetanus treated with Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation combined with Neuromuscular blockade and high dose diazepam. Duration of mechanical ventilation was ranged from 15 days in case 1 to 36 days in case 2. Pneumonia with atelectasis and sepsis due to pseudomonas cepacia was complicated in case 2, but cleared up with sensitive antibiotics and vigorous physiotherapy. Muscle relaxation and sedation...
A Case of Renal Candidiasis Associated with Type I Diabetes Mellitus.
Shin Heh Kang, Jae Seung Lee, Duk Hi Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):677-683.   Published online June 30, 1987
We have experienced a case of renal candidiasis in type I DM (IDDM). The patient was a 15-year old girl who suffered from type I DM since 3 years earlier with development of retinopathy, cataract & renal failure. Ultrasonic examination revealed multiple fungus balls in renal pelvis & urinary bladder. Candida tropicalis was cultured from fungus balls passed during urination. A brief...
A Case of Williams Elfin Facies Syndrome.
Kyung Jin Shin, Heon Seob Song, Byung Sook Park, In Soo Choi, Chan Uhng Joo, Jung Ku Jo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):684-690.   Published online June 30, 1987
Williams elfin facies syndrome is a disorder which has previously designated as the pecular facies, mental retardation and supravalvular aortic stenosis. Supravalvular aortic stenosis is the least form of left ventricular outflow obstruction, originating at superior margin of sinuses of Valsalva just above the level of the coronary arteries. We had experienced a case of Williams elfin facies syndrome who had characteristic face, mental retardation...
A Case of Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome.
Jin Sang Son, Ho Youn Hwang, Han Ku Moon, Jeong Ok Hah
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):691-694.   Published online June 30, 1987
We experienced a case of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome in a 3 month old male with hepatitis B characterized by dyscephaly with bird face, proportionate nanism, hypotrichosis, atrophy of skin, bilateral microphthalmia and congenital cataract. A brief review of literature was made.
A Case of Holoprosencephaly.
Byung Chun Suh, Soon Sup Jang, In Joon Seol, Soo Jee Moon, Chong Moo Park, Seok Chol Jeon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1987;30(6):695-700.   Published online June 30, 1987
We experienced a case of holoprosencephaly with extracranial abnormalities, including orbital hypotelorism, median cleft lip without philtrum, flat nasal bridge, flat face, and microcephaly and with a karyotype, 46 XX, 22p+. The diagnosis was confirmed by brain CT scan & brain ultrasonography, and the findings were compatible with an alobar type of holoprosencephaly. The patients died at 26 days of age. A brief review of...
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