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Volume 31(3); Mar 1988
Original Articles
A Clinical Review of Congenital Anomalies in Neonates.
Chan Gyoo Hwang, Byung Ho Lim, Ki Bok Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):306-314.   Published online March 31, 1988
A study was made on the incidence of malformation among 8959 babies delivered at Kwangju Christian Hospital during a period of three years starting from June 1983. The results are summarized as follows: 1) Of 8959 newborns 243 babies (2.7%) were found to have some form of malformation. The incidence was 3.0% for male and 2.3% for female, but no significant difference between both sexes was...
Estimation of Pressure Difference Between Right and Left Ventricle in Ventricular Septal Defect with Doppler Echocardiography.
Myung Chul Cho, Byung Kiu Park, Woo Sung Park, Chung Il Noh, Jung Yun Choi, Yong Soo Yoon, Chang Yee Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):315-321.   Published online March 31, 1988
We compared the interventricular pressure gradient with Doppler echocardiography and that measured during cardiac catheterization in 48 children who were admitted for diagnostic cardiac catheterization and angiography to the ward of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children’s Hospital during the period of 7 months from June to December 1986. Among 48 cases of simple ventricular septal defect, 21 cases were supracristal (type I), and 27...
Hydronephrosis in Children.
Jong Soo Lee, Dong Min Kang, Hong Dae Cha, Seong Ho Kim, Tae Chan Kwon, Chin Moo Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):322-328.   Published online March 31, 1988
Hydronephrosis is the commonest abdominal tumor in infants and children resulted from urinary tract obstruction. The urinary tract obstruction has been defined as a disturbance of the normal pressureflow relationships in the urinary tract and it is only by an increase in pressure that the effects of obstruction are transmitted back to the kidney. This report is a clinical study on 47 hydronephrosis under...
The Prevalence of Antithyroid Autoantibodies in Korean Children.
Bung Hai Ahn, Sei Won Yang, Hyung Ro Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):329-338.   Published online March 31, 1988
The prevalence of antithyroid autoantibodies and the relationship between the presence of autoantibodies and thyroid functions were studied in 752 Korean children of 10 to 15 years of age with normal thyroids. Antimicrosomal antibodies (AMA) were measured by the indirect agglutination technique using artificial gelatin particle carriers sensitized with thyroid microsomal antigen and antithyroglobulin antibodies (ATA) by the tanned red cell hemagglutination technique. Circulating AMA...
Visual Motor Integration Abilities of Children with Learning Disorders.
Chang Jun Coe, Young Hyuk Lee, Jung Keun Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):339-347.   Published online March 31, 1988
Children with learning problems are known to a social, educational as well as neurological problems. Learning disorder is usually defined as following children with normal intelligence and without serious psychological problems experiencing serious degree of difficulty to acquire a proper skill to learn, reading, writing and calculation. These children are usually hyperactive, easily distractable, may manifests defect in visual motor integration and various soft neurologic signs. As...
Abdominal Ultrasonographic Findings in Patients with Kawasaki Disease.
Ho Taek Kim, Chang Ho Hong, Chul Lee, Sung Kyu Lee, Pyung Kil Kim, Ki Kun Oh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):348-354.   Published online March 31, 1988
Kawasaki disease, first reported in Korea in 1973, is now one of the disease commonly encountered in pediatric age group. It presents systemic symptoms including abdominal ones such as pain, nausea and vomiting, etc. There have been several case reports of hydrops of the gallbladder occuring concurrently with Kawasaki disease, and the abdominal symptoms of the disease are known to correlate with hydrops of...
Clinical Study on 19 Cases of Neurocutaneous Syndrome in Children.
S H Lee, S J Kim, H D Cha, H S Kim, T C Kwon, C M Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):355-361.   Published online March 31, 1988
The clinical study on 19 cases of neurocutaneous syndrome which were diagnosed at Pediatric Department of Dong San hospital, Keimyung University for last 10 years from Mar. 1975 to Feb. 1985 were performed and following results were obtained. Out of 19 cases, 11 cases were neurofibromatosis, 4 were Tuberous sclerosis and 4 were Sturge- Weber syndrome. 9 cases were male and 10 cases were...
Acute Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Burkitt Lymphoma.
Dong Kyu Jin, Soo Jong Hong, Il Soo Ha, Hyo Seop Ahn, Yong Choi, Chang Yee Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):362-369.   Published online March 31, 1988
To assess the tumor lysis syndrome in Burkitt lymphoma, we analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings of 17 patients with Burkitt lymphoma who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital from January 1979 to December 1986. The acute tumor lysis syndrome was diagnosed when two of the five following metabolic abnormal- ities were met: ① hyperuricemia (≥8.0mg/dl), ② hyperphosphatemia (≥5.5 mg/dl),...
A Case of 18P-Syndrome with Frequent Intection.
Ellen A Kim, Jong Sung Eum, Hee Ju Kim, Sung Ill Ahn, Kyung Yu Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):370-374.   Published online March 31, 1988
We herein reported a case of newborn with round face, low nasal bridge, micrognathia, down turning comers of mouth, large protruding ears, high arched palate with webbed short neck: This odd looking newborn was confirmed to have deltion of short arm of chromosome 18 (18P- syndrome). Frequent episodes of pneumonia developed until recently at 6 months of age. The cause of this frequent infection...
A Case of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Kee Don Hong, In Chul Yoo, Hung Sub Choi, Dong Hwan Lee, Snag Jhoo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):375-380.   Published online March 31, 1988
We experienced a case of fetal alcohol syndrome in 9 day old male neonate who delivered at term. On maternal history, his mother had been drunk as much as 64 to 96 cc of alcohol everyday during first trimester and third trimester. The baby had a small for gestational age, microcephaly, bilateral micro-ophthalmia, short palpebral fissure, shallow philtrum, posterior rotation of helix, vocal...
Congenital Coronary Artery Fistula.
Hye Jin Kim, Yoo Ho Kim, Byeung Hae Ahn, Seung Hyup Kim, Wook Youm
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):381-385.   Published online March 31, 1988
In a 9/12 year old male patient, the diagnosis of a right coronary artery fistula communicating with the right ventricle was made by noninvasive technique using two dimensional enchocardiography. The diagnosis was confirmed by aortography. Surgical correction was performed and the postoper- ative course was uneventful. A brief review of literatures was made.
A Case of Typhoid Fever Complicated with Empyema of Gall Bladder.
Sang Ho Choi, Jae You Choi, Byung Hak Lim, Im Ju Kang, Sang Yun Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):386-390.   Published online March 31, 1988
The relative prominece of certain clinical manifestations in persons infected with salmonella forms the basis for designation of several clinical syndromes: enterocolitis (gastroenteritis), enteric fever, bacteremia, localized infection, and the chronic enteric or urinary carrier state. Enteric fever is clinical syndrome produced classically by S. typhi and also at times by S. paratyphi A, S. schottmuel- leri (formerly paratyphi B), and S. hirschfeldii (formerly...
The Two Cases of Klippel-Trenaunay Weber Syndrome.
Man Chul Ha, In Hun Lee, Yong Tak Lim, Hi Joo Chun, Hi Ju Park, Chan Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):391-397.   Published online March 31, 1988
We experienced two cases of Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome in 13 years old boy and 10 years old girl. They had shown large nevus flammeus, varicose veins, soft tissue and bong hypatrophy. In angrogam and venogram capillary and venous hemangioma were noted, but we could not find arteriovenous filstula. We report two cases of Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome with review of literature.
A Case of Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome.
S H Lee, S J Kim, H D Cha, T W Paik, C M Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):398-403.   Published online March 31, 1988
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (Giant hemangioma associated with thrombo-cytopenia) is a rare disease in infants and ifs hemorrhgic manifestations in these patients are frequently severe enough to threaten life. We experienced a case of this syndrome in a 19 days old boy who had a huge hemangioma on the left upper arm, left anterior chest and back, associated with thrombocytopenia at birth. The patient also had pneumonia...
A Case of Cloacal Extrophy.
Byung Ho Lee, Soon Seon Lim, Young Ha Kim, Moon Ki Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(3):404-409.   Published online March 31, 1988
Cloacal exstrophy is an extremly rare and curious anomaly that involves not only the genitourinary system but also the intestinal tract, resulted from the abnormaly large cloacal membrane and its early dehiscence. The authors experienced a case of cloacal exstrophy in one day old neonate whose intestine and bladder were exstrophied and showed omphalocele, imperforated anus and meningocele. Radiologic examination revealed widely separated symphysis pubic...
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