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Volume 32(10); Oct 1989
Original Articles
The Clinical study of Acute Poisoning in Children.
Ji Ho Song, Sang Young Chung, Byoung Soo Cho, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1331-1336.   Published online October 31, 1989
A clinical study was performed on 145 cases of acute poisoning who were admitted in pediatric department of Kyung Hee University Hospital during the past 15 years from Jan. 1973 to Dec. 1987. The results are as follows; 1) There was no significant annual differences in frequency of poisoning, and the peak incindence in a year was in April and July (12.4%). 2) The sex ratio of...
The Effect of Oxytocin in Induced Labour on Neonatal Jaundice.
Seung Koog Kim, Chong Woo Bae, Young Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1337-1344.   Published online October 31, 1989
This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between oxytocin which was administered to pregnant women during delivery or pregnancy and hyperbilirubinemia of newborn. Among new- borns who were delivered in KHUH from Feb. 1987 to Sep. 1987 and showed hyperbilirubinemia whithin 1 week after birth without definite etiologies of hyperbilirubinemia of newborn, 30 newborns delivered by induced labour and 30 newborns delivered by...
Clinical Studies of Childhood Typhoid Fever during Outbreak.
Y M Choung, H K KIM, B T Kim, S C Park, Y C Kim, H J Cha, S J Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1345-1352.   Published online October 31, 1989
During 2 months from April 1988 to May 1988 when typhoid fever outbreak occured in the hot spring resort town, 52 cases of typhoid fever had been admitted to the department of Pediatrics Soon Chun Hyang Chun An Hospital, and evaluated clinically. The results were summarized as follows. 1) Among the 52 cases of typhoid fever, 28 were male and 24 were female. The...
Comparison Study of Initial and Recurrent Intussuception in Children.
Eun Kyoung Sohn, Byoung Soo Cho, Sung Ho Cha, Chang Il Ahn, Soo Myung Oh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1353-1359.   Published online October 31, 1989
We performed statistcial evaluation on initial intussusception, 426 cases,and recurrent intussuscep- tion, 40 cases (28 children), recurred more than one time among 426 cases of initial intussusception which were managed in the depratment of pediatrics and the department of pediatric surgery at Kyung Hee University Hospital from Jan. 1983 to Dec. 1987. The results were as follows: 1) The peak incidence was found in less than...
Peptic Ulcer in Infants and Children.
Bo Young Lee, Jae Kyoun Rhin, Ki Sup Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1360-1368.   Published online October 31, 1989
The authors clinically observed 60 patients with peptic ulcers who had been admitted to Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine during the 9 year period from May 1979 to May 1988. The results were as follows: 1) Age and sex incidence of peptic ulcer patients from 5 months old to 17 years old showed that males predominated in a proportion of 1.5:1 and 88.3%...
Clinical Studies of Human Rotavirus Gastroenteritis.
Eun Ok Rhee, Nam Joo Hwang, Yaung Sook Choi, Son Sang Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1369-1376.   Published online October 31, 1989
A clinical study of 92 HRV Antigen positive patients among 270 children admitted to the pediatric department of II Sin Christian Hospital because of diarrhea between Sept. 1st 1986 and Aug. 31st 1987 is reported. All cases were detected by the ELISA method. 1) All patients were under 2 year of age with the peak incidence being between 6 month and 1 year of age and...
Plasma Amino Acid Patterns in Reye's Syndrome.
Han Wook Yoo, Hee Shang Youn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1377-1383.   Published online October 31, 1989
The metabolic disturbances of Reye’s syndrome are many and involve carbohydrates, amino acids, free fatty acids, proteins, ammonia and acid-base balance. It has been suggested that the derangement of mitochondrial integrity by an agent or agents unknown leads to a loss of enzyme activity in many metabolic pathways in which t노e mitochondria are involoved. Of primary interests in this study is the abnormalities regarding...
Selectivity Index of Proteinuria in Childhood Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome.
Cheol Ho Lee, Young Seo Park, Kwang Wook Ko
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1384-1390.   Published online October 31, 1989
The selectivity indices (S.I.) of proteinuria in 120 biopsy proven minimal change nephrotic syn- drome (MCNS) children who were admitted to Seoul National University Childern’s Hospital from January 1976 to June 1988 and followed up for more than 1 year from onset of disease, were analyzed in relation to clinical findings, histopathologic features and steroid responsiveness. The results were as follows: 1) The mean age at...
Change of Auditory Brainstem Response(ABR) on Neonatal Asphyxia.
Jeong Sam Jeon, Chong Woo Bae, Sa Jun Chung, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1391-1396.   Published online October 31, 1989
Neonatal asphyxia is insult to the newborn due to lack of oxygen or perfusion to various organs. It is associated with tissue hypoxia, especially brain. So hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is the most important complication known as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. The EEG as well as various evoked potentials (auditory, visual and somatosensory) may assist in evaluating the severity of the damage. This study was undertaken to...
Study on Antithyroid Antibody and Thyroid Functional Status in Patients with Turner Syndrome.
Bo Young Lee, Duk Hi Kim, Kir Young Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1397-1401.   Published online October 31, 1989
This study is a systematic cytogenetic and clinico-hormonal analysis of 26 cases who were diagnosed as Turner syndrome at the Yonsei Medical Center from Jan. 1978 to Jan. 1988. Antithyroid antibody and thyroid function tests were performed in Turner syndrome(3 groups according to karyotypes) and control group. The results were as follows: 1) The incidence of positive antithyroid antibody in the 26 cases was 42.3% and...
Cord Blood Insulin Concentration in Premature Neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Soo Jung Keum, Rak Won Choi, Mi Youn Chung, Dong Hyuck Kum
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1402-1407.   Published online October 31, 1989
Insulin seems to exert an inhibitory effect on lung maturation. The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome in neonates of diabetic mothers is significantly greater than that observed in age-and weight-matched controls. Thus hyperinsulinemia may be an important factor in the developemnt of RDS. We investigated the relationship between cord blood insulin concentration and subsequent develop- ment of RDS in 32 premature neonates born at Koryo...
A Comparative Study of Therapeutic Effect of Intravenous Gammaglobulin plus Aspirin Versus Aspirin Alone in Kawasaki Syndrome.
Boung Yul Leem, Chong Sung Chung, Sung Ho Cha, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1408-1415.   Published online October 31, 1989
We compared the efficacy of intravenous gamma globulin plus aspirin with that of aspirin alone in reducing the frequency of coronary artery abnormahties and changes of clinical coures in children with acute kawasaki syndrome in the children of 44 cases who were admitted in K.H.U.H from Mar. 1986 to Fab. 1988. Group A: High dose aspirin (60〜90 mg/kg/D) during febrile stage and then switched...
Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilial: Kiruma's disease.
Choong Won Lee, Young Sik Kim, Soon Ki Kim, Il Soo Ha, Hyo Seop Ahn, Je Geun Chi, Il Han Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1416-1421.   Published online October 31, 1989
Kimura’s disease is a rare, benign disease characterized by single or multiple subcutaneous nodules, eosinophilia and distinctive histopathologic features. Seven cases of Kimura’s disease under 15 yeaps of age who were admitted to the Dept, of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital from Apr. 1983 to July 1987 were reviewed. The results were as follows: 1) The lesions were noted between the ages of 28 months and...
A Case of Cockayne Syndrome.
Jong Leam Choi, Kyung Hee Kim, Hyo Sook Hong, Wan Soeb Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1422-1427.   Published online October 31, 1989
We experienced a case of Cockayne syndrome in a 12 10/12 year-old male who had characteristic manifestations with cachectic dwarfism, severe mental retardation, intracranial calcifications, an unusal face, photo-sensitive dermatitis and joint flexion contractures. Laboratory investigations have not revealed any consistent abnormality. We report this case with brief review of some related literatures.
A Case of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from The Pulmonary Artery(Bland-White-Garland Syndrome).
Jae Sook Ma, Kwang Ok Lee, Tae Ju Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1428-1434.   Published online October 31, 1989
The anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (Bland-White -Garland Syndrome) is a relatively rare congenital heart disease, in which the right coronary artery arises normally while the left comoary artery arises from the pulmonary artery. We experienced a case of this anomaly without any other cardiac defect in a 4 month-old female infant. The diagnosis was suspected on the...
A case of Idiopathic Crescentic Glomerulonephritis.
Mi Kyung Kim, Hyun Joo Choi, Seung Joo Lee, Ok Kyung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1435-1441.   Published online October 31, 1989
Idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis is a very rare disease especially in children with poor prognosis. We experienced a case of idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 4-year-old male patient who presented initially with a nephrotic syndrome and progressed to a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. We review literatures briefly.
A Case of Congenital Cranial Dermal Sinus.
Jae Min Choi, Woo Jung Kim, Hyeun Chung Kim, Ha Joo Choi, Woo Kap Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1442-1447.   Published online October 31, 1989
Congenital cranial dermal sinus is a depression or an epithelial lined tract that forms a abnormal communication between the scalp and the deeper tissues within the cranial cavity. This is a dysraphic condition resulting from incomplete seperation of cutaneous structures and neuroectoderm in early gestation. The clinical importance of the lesion lies in its associated neurological complications which usually present in early childhood. These complications include...
Caudal Regression Syndrome Associated with Potter Syndrome.
Hyun Joo Jeong, Sung Sook Bang, Hae Ran Lee, Choon Myung Ro, Yeon Lim Suh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1448-1454.   Published online October 31, 1989
Caudal egression syndrome is a term applied to a syndrome comprising complete or partial agenesis of sacrum and coccyx, often associated with malformation of the lower extremities, congenital heart disease, urologic abnormalities and malformation of the upper extremities. The primary defect may occur in the mid-posterior axis mesoderm of the embryo prior to the 4th week of development, resulting in other defects of the...
Three Cases of Typhlitis during Treatment for Acute Myelocytic Leukemia in Children.
Soon Mee Park, Il Soo Ha, Hoan Jong Lee, Jeong Kee Seo, Hyo Seop Ahn, Kyung Mo Yeon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1455-1462.   Published online October 31, 1989
Typhlitis is a rare necrotizing colitis in which inflammation is confined to cecum. It occurs during chemotherapy for malignancies, in terminal stage of aplastic anemia, in transplant patients. The pathogenesis of typhlitis has included leukemic infiltration of the bowel, thrombocytopenia, direct toxic effects of chemotherapy, steroid, bacterial invasion of the bowel wall secondary to neutropenia and alteration of the bowel flora by broad-spectrum antibiotics....
The Right of Ingeritance and Family Name of Embryo by Artificial Conception (42).
Gook Jin Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1463-1464.   Published online October 31, 1989
Medical Common Sense
A Criteria for Calculation of Hospital Rate for the Health Insurance (42).
Chong Kil Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1989;32(10):1465-1465.   Published online October 31, 1989
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