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Volume 35(1); Jan 1992
Clinical Research Using Molecular Genetic Techniques
Jin-Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):1-8.   Published online January 15, 1992
Original Articles
The Comparision of Brain Computed Tomography and Isotope Cisternography in Communicating Hydrocephalus
Jong Chan Kim, Hwang Min Kim, Jae Seung Yang, Baek Keun Lim, Chul Hu, Soon Ki Hong, Young Hyuk Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):9-16.   Published online January 15, 1992
Brain computed tomograpy is particularly accurate in defining cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space because of the relatively great density difference between CSF and brain parenchyma. This noninvasive procedure has very quickly become definitive in the diagnosis of hydrocephalus. However, while the typical clinical and radiological picture of a hydrocephalic patient leaves no doubt as to the need for adequate surgical treatment....
Clinical Study of Group B Streptococcal Infection in Infants Less Than Two Months of Age
Hee Jeong Ahn, Ji Yeon Lim, Sung Hee Oh, In Joon Seol, Soo Jee Moon, Hahng Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):17-25.   Published online January 15, 1992
Since 1970, the group B streptococcus has become significant cause of neonatal septicemia and/or meningitis, in recent years the group B streptococcus and E.coli are most common etiologic agent of septicemia and/or meningitis in infants less than two months of age. We have analized 8 cases of group B streptococcal infection who admitted to the department of Pediatrics, Hanyang University...
The Study on Extracardiac Anomalies Associated with Congenital Heart Diseases
Kye Hwan Seol, Kang Won Lee, Chang Sung Son, Joo Woo Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):26-33.   Published online January 15, 1992
or vice versa. But any specific association pattern of anomalies have remained unestablished despite of many researcherss efforts. Knowledge of the likely association of CHD and extracardiac anomalies may allow us to expect certain disturbances and to correct them, and lower the mortality and morbidity rates in children with CHD. The authors conducted this study in the hope of establishing...
A Scientific Analysis of Changes in Hemostatic Parameters Following Cardiopulmonary
Hyoung Won Lee, You In Park, Kwang Chul Lee, Ju Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):34-43.   Published online January 15, 1992
Despite the scientific advances made in medical science, the potential for serious hemorrhagic complications remain an important problem in patients undergoing open heart surgery with extracorporeal circultation (OHSEC). Hematologic abnormalities that have been reported in association with OHSEC and that may lead to a hemorrhagic tendency include thrombocytopenia, alteration of coagulation factors, advanced fibrinolysis and inadequate neutralization of heparin. We investigated...
Clinical Observation on Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Jong Soo Lee, Mi Young Yeo, Byung Hak Lim, Sang Geel Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):44-50.   Published online January 15, 1992
Charts of very low birth weight infants weighing less than 1500 gms at birth were revieved and the results were analyzed. Infants were 152 in numbers, admitted to nursery in Fatima Hospital from January 1986 to December 1989 including outborns. Results were as follow: 1) The incidence of very low birth weight was 5.78/1000 among 26270 newborn infants. 2) Maternal high...
Acute Appendicitis in Children
Min Hang Kim, Tae Geun Soon, Jae Sun Park, Chung Han Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):51-59.   Published online January 15, 1992
A retrospective study was performed with 61 cases of acute appendicitis in children under the age of fifteen years in Kosin Medical Center from January, 1980 to April, 1991. All the patients had received surgery and biopsies of resected appendices were proved to the histological diagnosis of appendicitis The following results were obtained 1) The overall incidence of acute appendicitis...
Longitudinal Change of Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity in Neonates with the Doppler Technique
Kook In Park, Dong Gwan Han, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Jin Suk Suh, Myung Joon Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):60-68.   Published online January 15, 1992
Eighty-one asymptomatic preterm, term-SGA, and full term infants who were delivered at Yonsei University Severance Hospital from January to July 1990 were studied with color duplex imaging doppler sonography to assess the postnatal changes of the cerebral blood flow velocity longitudinally. Pulsatility index (PI) and area under the velocity curve (AUVC) were calculated to quantitate changes in anterior cerbral artery blood...
A Clinical Study in Phenylketonuria
Hye Kyeong Nam, Jin Seop Shim, Dong Hwan Lee, Sang Jhoo Lee, Ki Weon Cha, Jeong Bin Yim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):69-79.   Published online January 15, 1992
Thirteen cases of phenylketonuria who were diagnosed at department of pediatrics, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, and four cases at other hospitals and other countries from July, 1984 to April, 1991 were reviewed and analyzed. The results were as follow: 1) All 17 cases were between the age of 3 days and 19 years, and the male to female ratio was 1.43:1. 2)...
Incidence Estimation of Leukemia among Korean Children
Hong Hoe Koo, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn, Yoon-Ok Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):80-87.   Published online January 15, 1992
Leukemia is a neoplasm arising from the malignant transformation of hematopoietic cells. The incidence data of leukemia have not been available for Korean as a whole. The present study was therefore undertaken in order to estimate the incidence of childhood leukemia among Korean. The study population of this investigation was the beneficiaries of the Korea Medical Insurance Corporation(KMIC) during the period...
A Study on the Diagnostic Value of Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity in Children with Tuberculous Meningitis
Won Kyu Choi, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Hae Yong Lee, Hwang Min Kim, Jae Seung Yang, Jong Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):88-97.   Published online January 15, 1992
Tuberculous meningitis is still relatively common infectious disease of central nervous system in korea. The prognosis of tuberculous meningitis is closely related to the state at which treatment if started. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme which irreversibly hydrolyzes adenosine into inosine and ammonia. Recent investigations have suggested that the measurement of ADA activities in cerebrospinal fluid is useful in the...
Clinical Considerations of the Mediastinal Tumors in Children
Eun Joo Kim, Hye Lim Jung, Hong Hoe Koo, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):98-107.   Published online January 15, 1992
Mediastinal tumors of children constitute a heterogeneous group of malignant and benign neoplasms because they originated from a variety of structures. But they show some characteristics in type of tumor according to location, relative frequency of masses, clinical manifestations. Management and long-term reusult. We observed 82 patients less than 16 years of age who were evaluated and treated for a...
Case Reports
A Case of Cryptococcal Lymphadenitis
Ho Sung Cho, Young Baek Hahm, Il Sin Moon, Churl Young Chung, Jung Weon Shim, Il Huang Ko
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):108-112.   Published online January 15, 1992
Cryptococcosis is a subacute or chronic mycotic infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans with a special predilection for the lung, skin, central nervous system and lymphatic system. The authors have experienced a patient with cryptococcosis involving lymphatic system only. He was cured with combination therapy of Amphotericin-B and 5-Fluorocytosine for 6 weeks. Referential literatures were reviewed.
Agenesis of Corpus Callosum-Two Cases Report
Soo Young Kweon, Jeoung Wean Seo, Gyung Hee Kim, Eun Chul Chung, Hea Soo Koo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):113-121.   Published online January 15, 1992
Agenesis of corpus callosum is a relatively comon malformation that may occur in isolation or in combination with other cerebral malformations. A male newborn who presented generalized convulsion showed agenesis of the corpus callosum and septum pellusidum, gyral malformation, and diffuse leukomalacia on postmortem examinations. Also a female newborn with a cystic lesion in brain by antenatal neurosonography showed partial...
Two Cases of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Young Gyun Oh, Seoung Hwan Kim, Mi Reong Kim, Byung Kiu Park, Hee-Shang Youn, Myung Kul Yum
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):122-128.   Published online January 15, 1992
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a heterogeneous group of disorder which predominantly affects the lung parenchyma and spares the airway. We report two cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in a 2 year 11 month-old female and a 1 year 1 month-old male patients who were treated with steroid. These patients presented with dyspnea and showed fine crepitant rales in both lung...
Cases of Omental Cyst
Ju Seok Maeng, Hae Kyung Lee, Jae Ock Park, Sang Jhoo Lee, Chul Moon, Dong Wha Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):129-134.   Published online January 15, 1992
A 3-year-old female patient was admitted due to marked abdomainal distension. Her mother has been noticed the abdominal distension since birth, and the abdomen was enlarged progressively, but there were no subjective symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting nor indigestion. The radiographic findings showed huge intraabdomainal mass anterior to intestine which had septated fluid collection in it. Omental cyst was...
A Cases of Goldenhar's Syndrome
Jin Eun Hyun, Eun Hee Park, Hee Young Jeon, Whwa Jin Byeun, Young Mok Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1992;35(1):135-139.   Published online January 15, 1992
Goldenhar's syndrome is a syndrome consisting of epibulbar dermid or lipodermoid, preauricular skin appendices and blind ended fistulas and vertebral anomalies. We experienced a case of Goildenhar's syndrome is a one month-old boy who showed asymmetric face, preauricular skin tag, hemiertebrae, rib anomaly and cyanotic congenital heart disease. A review of the references concerning Goldenhar's syndrome was made birdefly.
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