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Volume 36(1); Jan 1993
Perinatal Brain Damage Caused by Cerebral Hypoxia-Ischemia
Son Moon Shin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):1-8.   Published online January 15, 1993
Original Articles
Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia in Children
Hong Hoe Koo, Sang Kyu Park, Eun Sil Dong, Hye Jung Park, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):9-16.   Published online January 15, 1993
We analyzed the clinical and laboratory features of ten children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7) and compared the findings with those reported in the literature. The diagnosis was supported by ultrastructural examination of platelet peroxidase or immunophenotyping for glycoprotein Iib/IIIa. Of the ten children, five were girls and five were boys. The median age at diagnosis was 13 months. Two...
Foreign Body in the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract in Infants and Children
Sang Heui Song, Ki Sup Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):17-24.   Published online January 15, 1993
The accidental swallowing of foreign bodies by infants and children is a common problem. The proper methods of therapy must be carefully selected according to the age of the patient, the type of foreign body, the location of impaction, the duration of ingestion, and the available medical resoruces and skills. This report reviews 41 cases of ingested foreign bodies in...
Normal Predicted Values of Pulmonary Function Test Korean School-Aged Children
Kyung Ae Yoon, Hyung Suk Lim, Young Yull Koh, Heon Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):25-37.   Published online January 15, 1993
In recent years pulmonary function tests have had a wide application in clinical pulmonary diseases. By combining a number of different pulmonary function tests, abnormality present in a particular patient can be defined. This narrows the list of possible diagnosis and allows to determine accurately the degree of impairment and assess the response to therapy. To assess the pulmonary function in...
Evaluation of the Development of High Risk Low Birth Weight Infants Using Bayley Developmental Test
Chul Lee, Yil Seob Lee, Hyung Rae Cho, Dong Kwan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):38-48.   Published online January 15, 1993
Forty two high risk low birth weight infants who had been admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at Yongdong Severance Hospital from August 1987 to July 1990 and followed up in the high risk infants follow-up clinic were studied for evaluation of their development using the Bayley developmental test at the age of 9 month (corrected age). The results obtained were...
A Clinical Study on Early Diagnosis in Neonatal Sepsis
Jong Kwang Lee, Hae Won Cheon, Jee Hee Park, Jung Hwa Lee, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):49-56.   Published online January 15, 1993
Neonatal sepsis is a major contributing factor for increased mortality and morbidity in the newborn and its successful outcome depends on early detection and prompt institution of an effective antimicrobial therapy. Accurate diagnosis of the neonatal septicemia, however, is quite difficult because its early signs and symptoms are rather subtle. This study was conducted in an attempt to search for useful...
Neurosonographic Diagnosis of Periventricular-Intaventricular Hemorrhage in Low Birth Weiht Infants
Hee Seok Koh, Dong Kyun Ryu, Young Tack Jang, Oh Kyung Lee, Jin Ok Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):57-66.   Published online January 15, 1993
Periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PV-IVH) is one of the most important neurologic lesion of the low birth weight infants. Serial neurosonographic examinations were performed in 113 low birth weight infants who were admitted to the neonatal internsive care unit of Presbyterian Medical Center from November 1, 1990 to July 31, 1991. The results were summarized as follows: 1) The incidence of PV-IVH in he study...
Evaluation of the Serum Erythropoietin Levels in Neonates
Soo Young Kweon, Gyoung Hee Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):67-72.   Published online January 15, 1993
Erythropoietin is the major hormonal regulator of erythropoiesis. It is controlled by many factors induct=ing hypoxia in tissue. The serum erythropoietin levels of neonates have shown gradual decrease untill 1 month of age. Which they are reactivated in the period of pysiologic anemia. This change is exaggerated if the neonates are born prematurely, and the levels of erythropoietin respond to...
The Study of Serum Lipids in Grossly Obese Elementary School Students in Seoul
Seong Hang Choi, Kyoung Bum Kim, Se Geun Park, Ji Tae Chung, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):73-80.   Published online January 15, 1993
Our study surveyed 418 obese first grade elementary school children (279 male and 139 female), in seoul, and measured levels of serum total cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride were measured in addition to the measurement of body weight and height. The following results were obtained. 1) Obesity index was catergorized into mild, moderate, and severe, and the percentage of mild was...
Statistical Analysis of the Prevalence and Trend of Obesity in Elementary School Children in Kwangju
Kyung Rae Moon, Young Bong Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):81-87.   Published online January 15, 1993
To estimate the prevalence and trend of obesity in primary school-age children, obesity survey was performed in children aged 6 to 12 years (5,226 boys and 5,048 girls) in Kwangju in 1991. Obesity was defined as overweight if more than 20 per cent above the median weight for height and age (relative weight>120%). The following results were obtained: 1) The prevalence of...
Study on the Frequency of Right Bundle Branch Block After Surgical Closure of Ventricular Septal Defect
Ho Joon Im, Jin Nyoung Park, Nam Su Kim, Jeh Hoon Shin, In Joon Seol, Soo Ji Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(1):88-93.   Published online January 15, 1993
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ventricular conduction abnormalities, especially RNNN, observed electrocardiographically after sugical closure of VSD. The present study population consists of 92 patients with VSD who were surgically corrected at the Hanyang University Hospital during 6 years period from Jan. 1985 to Dec. 1990. We reviewed their clinical records including surgical notes and EKG findings...
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