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Volume 38(4); Apr 1995
Pain Relief of the local Anaesthetic Cream(EMLA) for Pediatric Minor Inasive Procedures
Jun Hyoung Ahn, Young Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
Accepted January 1, 1970  
Purpose : Pain inflicted by diagnostic or therapeutic procefures is a major source of concern for young patients, their families, and the medical staff. Needle puncture may be painful, is often unpleasant and occasionally can cause considerable distress. Studies on eutectic combinations of two anesthetic drugs are rare. In this article, we evaluate the efficacy of a new topical anesthetic...
Original Articles
Neonatal Neurosonographic Findings, Cerebral Doppler and Electrophysiological Findings in Infants with Motor Idsturbance
Jae Kwang Kim, Kook In Park, Chang Il Park, Min Soo Park, Moon Sung Park, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Dong Kwan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):445-460.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : Neurosonography, cerebral doppler and electrophysiological study are valuable in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome. The purpose of this study was to analyze characteristics of neonatal neurosonographic findigs, cerebral doppler and electrophysiological findings in infants withmotor disturbance. Methods : The subjects were 33 infants hospitalized at Yonsei Severance Medical Center NICU from January, 1990 to December, 1992. 19 of these patients underwent...
Comparative Study of Oscillation of Pulmonary Artery Pressure to That of Systemic Artery Pressure
Hyang Ok Woo, Hyung Jin Kwon, Myung Kul Yum
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):461-469.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the difference between the below respiratory-frequency oscillations of the pulmonary artery pressure and those of the systemic arterial pressure. Methods : The subjects in this experiment were patients suffering from ventricular septal defect and having treatment with the cardiac catheterization at Gyeongsang National University Hospital. Signals from pulmonary...
Changes of Clinical Patterns of the Acute Rheumatic Fever in Korea(Compared report of 1973-1985 with that of 1986-1992)
Hye Sun Yoon, Min Young Park, Wan Young Shin, Byong Soo Sco, Sung Ho Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):470-481.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : The annual incidence of acute rheumatic fever in Korea was not changing during 1980 to 1989 from Nationwide survey in 1991 in spite of talking about scanty outbreak among doctors in recent year.The proportion of patients with acute rheumatic fever among the entire pediatirc inpatients each year was approximately 0.3% and did not change significantly throughout the...
Serum Lipids in Children and Adolescents with Family History of Coronary Artery Diseases
Kee Hyoung Lee, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee, young
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):482-492.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : Atherosclerotic change begins in childhood, elevated blood lipid levels and a family history of premature coronary vascular diseases are important risk factors for coronary artery disease. Identification, follow-up and treatment of children at high risk of cardiovascular diseases are very effective and important for prevention of future coronary artery diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine...
Clinical Study of Subarterial Ventricular Septal Defect
Yon Sook Rho, Yong Won Park, Sang Woo Kim, Bon Il Ku, Sang Joon Oh, Hong Sup Lee, Chang Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):493-500.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : The incidence of subarterial ventricular septal defect(SA VSD) ranges 25-30% among oriental patients with VSDs, which is greater than 5% reported in western. Natural history of the disease is characterized by progressive aortic valve prolapse(AVP), frequently subarterial VSD, we evaluated clinical characteristics emphasizing on the incidence of AVP and the degree of AI as aging. Methods : Study subjects...
Afebrile Convulsion Associated with Rotaviral Gastroenteritis in Childhood
Yoon Kyeong Koh, Yong Hoon Park, Han Ku Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):501-506.   Published online April 15, 1995
Rotavirus is an important pathogen of acute infantile gastroenteritis as well as is suspected of being one of the causative agents of benign convulsion. We evaluated the clinical and laboratory features noted in 9 young children with Rotazyme positive gastroenteritis and afebrile seizure retrospectly. Seventy-seven patients were admitted to the department of pediatrics in Yeungnam University Hospital with a history of...
Analysis of Contaminated Ground Water Inducing Methemoglobinemia and Epidemiologic Investigation of Contaminated Ground Water
Bu Heon Lee, Ji Young Suh, Nam Su Kim, Hang Lee, Young Yeul Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Hung Bae Park, Min Young Kim, In Hak Yeo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):507-512.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : Drining of Nitrate-contaminated water has been the most common cause of acquired methemoglobinemia. We had cyanotic infant diagnosed as methemoglobinemia caused by feeding with powdered formula mixed with nitrate-contaminated ground water. Methods : We had done epidemiologic investigation to identify the cause of an infant's methemoglobinemia. Analysis of ground water and blood test of involved family members and neighbors...
A Comparative Study o fIntavenous Methylprednisolone Dosage for Treatment of Children with Acute Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Eun Ju Shin, Yeong Jae Song, Woo Yeong Chung, Tae Gyu Hwang, Soon Yong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):513-519.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : It is well known that use of intranenous methylprednisolone(IVMP)for the patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) is not only as effective as use of intravenous gammaglobulin to mincrease platelets quickly, but also the former is less expensive than the latter. As the adequate dosage of IVMP has not been fully elucidated, we have tried to determine it. Methods : The...
Incidence and Complications of Obesity in Pubescent School Children
Boo Hyun Han, Duk Hi Kim, Yoo Kyung Park, Jong Ho Lee, Ho Seong Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):520-528.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : In recent years, obesity in children has become one of the major nutritional problems, and the trend is that number of obese children is increasing. The purpose of this research is to examine the incidence of obesity in pubescent school children in Seoul and Cheju, and to analyze body fat component, complications and eating habits of those obese...
Plasma Lipid Alteration in Leukemia and Solid Tumor
Eun Sik Kang, Myoung Soon Song, Hea Jin Cheoh, Kyu Chul Choeh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):529-536.   Published online April 15, 1995
Purpose : A sensitive, specific blood test to detect cancer would be of great value but the search for such a test has been fruitless so far. In actual practice, there is often a considerable interval between the point at which a tumor could have been detected and the point at which it produces symptoms as a result of tumor...
Case Reports
A Case of Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ⅰb
Ji Young Rhou, Eun Yae Park, Kyung Hee Kim, Su Yeun Jo, Hye Su Koo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):545-551.   Published online April 15, 1995
Glycogen storage disease(GSD) type Ⅰis due to defect of glycose-6-phosphatase at the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum in liver. Clinical presentations of GSD 1 are massive hepatomegaly without splenomegaly, failure to thrive, bleeding tendency, hypoglycemia, fasting ketosis and hyperlipidemia. The appearance of patient is short and fat with particularly fat cheeks. Mental development is usually normal. It was diagnosed by...
A Case of Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis in a Child
Young Don Kim, Jung Hwa Choi, Young Tak Lim, Hee Ju Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):552-556.   Published online April 15, 1995
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is an uncommon disorder of the stomach, small bowel, and colon, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gut wall and peripheral blood eosinophilia. The clinical features depend on the site of eosinophilic infiltration. Patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis may develop an exudative ascites containing eosinophils. We experienced a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis in a 9 year old boy who had...
A Case of Familial β-thalassemia Minor
Sung Hak Kim, Byung Keun Han, Hyun Tae Kim, Kyung Ho Lee, Cheol Hee Hwang, Moon Ki Cho, Kyeong Ran Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):557-560.   Published online April 15, 1995
Thalassemias are a diverse group of inherited anemias that are characterized by defective synthesis of one or more globin chains. The thalassemias are classified according to the globin chain or chains the synthesis of which is deficient : α-, β-, δβ-, δ-, and γδβ- Thalassemia. They are common in the Mediterranean region, The Middle East, India, Burma, and Southeast Asia. Beta-thalassemia minor,...
A Case of Hemimegalencephaly with Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Multifocal Intraparenchymal Hemorrage on Deep White Matter of Periventricular Area
Jin Sung Ko, Kook In Park, Min Soo Park, Moon Sung Park, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Dong Gwang Han, Choon Sik Yoon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):561-566.   Published online April 15, 1995
Hemimegalencephaly is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a intractable seizure an infantile death. This disease is a migrational disorder with enlargement of unilateral hemisphere, abnormal gyration of the cortex, the presence of large and atypical neuron, hetero trophic neuron at subcortical area and proliferation of astrocyte ect. We observed a neonate with neonatal seizure, and the radiological evaluation revealed abnormal...
A Case of Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia
Hae Kyung Lee, Dong Hwan Lee, Sang Jhoo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):567-573.   Published online April 15, 1995
Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia is the rarest type among salt losing types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The defect of this disorder is in the cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme(P450SCC)which converts cholesterol to pregnenolone. We experienced a case of 20,22 desmolse deficiency in a 21-day old phenotypically female who was admitted to our hospital due to lethargy and dark skin pigmentation. The...
Two Siblings of Non Salt Losing Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase Deficiency
Seung Cheol Lee, Byung Kyu Suh, Byung Churl Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):574-581.   Published online April 15, 1995
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia in caused by a defect in the biosynthesis of cortisol as a result of deviciency in one of the essential enzymes, most commonly 21-hydroxylase and is an autosomal recessive disease in close genetic linkage with HLA. The common clinical manifestations of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is progressive virilization in both sexes, abnormal external genitalia in the...
A Case of Antley-Bixler Syndrome
Young Rae Kim, Kook In Park, Choon Sik Yoon, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Dong Gwan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(4):582-585.   Published online April 15, 1995
Antley-Bixler syndrome is a very rare disese of characteristic feature of craniosynostosis, brachycephaly, midface hypoplasia, depressed nasal bridge, radiohumeral synostosis and bowing femur. We presented a case of Antley-Bixtler syndrome with brief review of lituratures.
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