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Volume 39(9); Sep 1996
Medical Lecture Courses
Pediatric Abdominal Masses:Imaging Diagnosis
Sun Whe Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1189-1192.   Published online September 15, 1996
Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children
Kwang Chul Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1193-1200.   Published online September 15, 1996
Clinical Lecture
Diagnosis and Treatment of Growth Retardation
Jeh Hoon Shin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1201-1209.   Published online September 15, 1996
Original Articles
Denver II Developmental Screening Test and Development of Seoul Children
Keun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1210-1215.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : 2 The Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) is one of the most popular developmental screening tests. Since its publication in 1967, it has been standardized in many countries and has been used internationally. The Korean version of DDST was made in 1987. After a number of concerns regarding DDST have been raised, the test was revised, restandardized and published as Denver II...
Evaluation of Chromosomal Analyses done on the Parents with Chromosomal Anomalous Children and Recurrent Abortion
Kyoung Sim Kim, Kibok Kim, Won Jin Kee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1216-1223.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : To gather reference data for better genetic counseling, we have evaluated the outcomes of chromosomal analyses performed on the parents with chromosomal anomalous children and recurrent abortion in this hospital for the last 20 years. Methods : Subjected to study were 108 parents (50 fathers & 58 mothers) who had children with Down syndrome, other chromosomal and congenital anomalies, and those who...
Measles Specific IgG Antibody Level of Term Pregnant Women and Neonatal Umbilical Cords
Hee Yeon Park, Young Kyoo Shin, Ji Tae Choung, Young Chang Tockgo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1224-1230.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Despite appropriate preventive measures, measles outbreaks occurred in the year of 1989-1990 and 1994 in Korea. Especially, the ratio of young infantile patients below 15 months old was high in those outbreaks, and the reason was, we thought, low serum level of measles specific IgG antibody in pregnant women and low transplacental transfer rate of measles specific IgG antibody to neonate. This...
A Study on Blood Lead Levels of Children in Ulsan
Seung Gyu Park, In Gyeong Back, Chul Ju Jung, Dong Jin Lee, Gyeong Dong Jung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1231-1238.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Lead toxicity affects every organ system, most importantly, the central and periphral nervous systems, kidney, and blood. Not yet, there are not so many data about blood lead levels of children in Korea. The children residing in Ulsan have some risk exposured to lead because of air pollution resulted from rapid industrialization and some lead-using industries. So we estimated the blood lead...
Effect of Indomethacin Therapy in Prematurity with Patent Ductus Arteriosus:study of Its Effectiveness in Treatment Modality
Yun Kyeong Bae, Seong Woo Roh, Min Jeong Kim, Son Sang Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1239-1246.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Conventional indomethacin therapy(0.2mg/kg every 12 hours for three doses) has been used for closure of PDA. The effect of prolonged low dose of indomethacin therapy(0.1mg/kg daily for six days)had been reported in foreign country but, nothing had been reported in our country. So we attempted this study to examine effects of these two methods. Methods : Forty one infants with PDA of...
Ten Cases of Severe Adenoviral Pneumonia in the Spring 1995
Jeong Hee Kim, Sang Il Lee, Mun Hyang Lee, I Seok Kang, Heung Jae Lee, Bo Kyung Kim, Yeon-Lim Suh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1247-1253.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : In the Spring 1995, there was an outbreak of adenoviral infection, which caused four death out of ten patients with adenoviral pneumonia in our hospital. Clinical courses of ten patients with severe pneumonia were similar each other, and two were confirmed as adenoviral pneumonia by postmortem autopsy. Although not proven, we believe eight patients had adenoviral pneumonia. Therefore, we report clinical features...
Recent Changesin Prevalence of Hepatitis B Viral Markers in Preschool Children in Seoul,1995
Yon Ho Choe, Jeong Kee Seo, Jeong Hwan Yun, Hyo Seok Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1254-1259.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : A nationwide hepatitis B vaccination publicity campaign and program was launched in 1988 in Korea. This survey was designed to evaluate the recent changes of the positive rates of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in sampled preschool children living in Seoul, 1995. Methods : Study population consisted of 218 preschool children aged 2 to 5 years. Most of them had been...
Diagnosis of Bordetella Pertussis Infections by Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mi Ran Kim, Hee Jung Kang, Hoan Jong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1260-1270.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Pertussis, a respiratory tract infection caused by Bordetella pertussis, is an important cause of morbidity in children. But diagnosis of pertussis is often delayed because of late development of typical symptoms and difficulties in culture. There has been no bacteriologically confirmed case of B. pertussis infection in Korea. Lower respiratoy tract may be involved in pertussis. We performed the polymerase chain reaction(PCR)...
Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Neonatal and Infantile Periods Using Polymerase Chain Reaction
Young Ah Lee, Kyoung Lee, In Seong Jo, Woo Gap Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1271-1279.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : The aims of present study were to document the incidence of cytomegalovirus infection in neonatal and infantile periods especially in high-risk patients of associated infection by nested PCR of DNA from leukocytes and to evaluate the effectiveness of nested PCR in the diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Methods : Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes of 204 neonates and infants during the...
A Clinical Evaluation of the Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Studies in Infants and Early Children
Won Jung Shin, Jong Won Shin, Young Ho Ahn, Jin Bok Hwang, Chang Ho Han, Hai Lee Jung, Young Dae Kwon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1280-1287.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Even though the causes and appearance of upper gastrointestinal tract lesions vary with age, attention has seldomly been focused on the infancy and early childhood. This study aimed to provide, as basic material, the experience of esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD) in infants and early children. Methods : The objects were 66 patients(male 40, female 26) who underwent EGD examination in case of endoscopic indication at department...
Clinical Course of Atrioventricular Septal Defect(AVSD) in Down and non Down syndrome
Un Seok Nho, Myung Chul Hyun, Sang Bum Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1288-1294.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : It is well known that 1/3 - 1/2 of Atrioventricular septal defect(AVSD) patients also have Down syndrome which may influence the clinical course of AVSD. To know the anatomic type of AVSD and the effect of Down syndrome on the clinical course of AVSD, we studied 37 cases( Down group: 14 cases, non Down group: 23 cases) who were diagnosed and...
A Study for the Expression of the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate(NMDA) Subunit 2A(NR2A)and 2B(NR2B) of Rat Hippocampal Slices in the Hypoxic State
Hee Sin Go, Woo Taek Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1295-1308.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Excessive amounts of glutamate are released into the extracelluar space during hypoxia/ischemia and contribute to neuronal injury through overactivation of the NMDA receptors. It will be expected that the changes of the NMDA receptors to decrease the injury are developed as a kind of defense mechanism. The NMDA receptors are composed of NR1 and NR2, and there are four NR2 subunits; NR2A,...
Case Reports
Unilateral Absence of Pulmonary Artery
Gu Hyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1309-1314.   Published online September 15, 1996
Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery(UAPA) is a rare disease. We experienced 2 cases of UAPA in 5 month-old male patient and 16 year-old female patient with the chief complaint of dyspnea. Lung perfusion scan, cardiac catheterization with pulmonary and aortic angiography confirmed the diagnosis of UAPA.
Two Cases of Congenital Atrichia Associated with the Gastrointestinal Anomaly in Siblings
Jin Kyung Jung, Sang Ho Baik, Sa Young Kim, Eui Tak Oh, Hong Ja Kang, Kil Seo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1315-1320.   Published online September 15, 1996
Congenital atrichia is an anomaly characterized by congenital absence of hair in varying degrees as well as the hypopigmentation & poor development of the abnormal residual hair on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes & body. Two cases of congenital atrichia in siblings were reviewed. The first case was associated with congenital megacolon and skin biopsy of scalp (esp. parietal region) was non-specific. The...
A Case of Pseudomembranous Colitis due to Clostridium difficile
Jung-Hyun Lee, Young-Yoo Kim, Joon-Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1320-1325.   Published online September 15, 1996
Pseudomembranous colitis may result from abnormal growth of toxigenic strains of Clostridium difficile associated with antibiotic-induced alteration of the colonic microbiologic flora. C. difficile, a spore forming gram positive obligate anaerobic bacillus, is part of the normal flora and known to be the major cause of pseudomembranous colitis. We experienced a case of pseudomembranous colitis in a 14-month-old male presented with bloody mucoid diarrhea and...
A Case of Pseudohypoparathyroidism TypeⅡ 1
Eun Young Kim, Dae Kjun Kim, Hong Jun Lee, Eun Kyung Jung, Young Bong Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1996;39(9):1326-1330.   Published online September 15, 1996
Pseudohypoparathyroidism is characterized by target cell resistance to the effects of parathyroid hormone and classified into various types depending on the phenotypic and biochemical findings. Pseudohypoparathyroidism type II differs from type I in that the urinary excretion of cAMP is elevated both in the basal state and after stimulation with PTH. We experienced a case of pseudohypoparathyroidism type II in 12year old man who...
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