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Volume 42(10); Oct 1999
Clinical Lecture
Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Diseases in Children
Dae-Yeol Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1331-1337.   Published online October 15, 1999
Guideline of Diagnosis and Treatment in Childhood Obesity
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1338-1365.   Published online October 15, 1999
Original Articles
Early Onset Hyperkalemia within 72 Hours after Birth in Extremely Preterm Infants
Young Pyo Chang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1366-1372.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : The incidence of hyperkalemia and the factors contributing the serum potassium level within 72 hours after birth in extremely preterm infants were determined. Methods : The incidence of hyperkalemia and differences of clinical features between hyperkalemic(≥6.5mEq/L) and normokalemic(<6.5mEq/L) groups were determined by reviewing medical records of 53 extremely preterm infants born at less than 28 weeks gestation. Results :...
Correlation between Changes of Intrapulmonary Right to Left Shunt and Improvements in Oxygenation after Exogenous Surfactant Administration in Preterm Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Sei Woo Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1373-1380.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in intrapulmonary right to left shunt(QSP/QT) and improvements in oxygenation during the 2-hr study period after Surfactant-TA(S-TA) administration. Methods : Umbilical arterial blood gases and corresponding respiratory indexes of 27 preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome were studied. The neonates were separated into group A(n=20) and group B(n=7) according...
Clinical Trends in Acute Rheumatic Fever in Korean Children : Mailed Questionnaire Survey from 1988 to 1997 (Compared with 1978-1987)
Hyeon-Ho Kang, Sung-Ho Cha, Kyong-Su Lee, Sang-Bum Lee, Tae-Chan Kwon, Young-Chang Tockgo, Chang-Sung Son, Jin-A Son, Hee-Ju Park, Yong-Soo Yun, Jung-Yun Choi, Chang-Hwi Kim, Chul-Ho Kim, Tai-Ju Hwang, Jae-Sook Ma, Chan-Uhng Joo, Nam-Su Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1381-1391.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of acute rheumatic fever(ARF) among children in Korea and to describe trends in its clinical characteristics compared to data from a previous study(1978-1987). Methods : A mailed questionnaire survey sent to the pediatric departments of 13 general hospitals in Korea requested the total number of patients with ARF and...
Hepatitis B Virus Precore and Core Promotor Mutations in Children with Chronic Hepatitis B Infection
Woo Yeong Chung, Jin Kuk Kim, Yeong Hoon Kim, Yeong Hong Park, Chul Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1392-1402.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : The aims of this study were to investigate the frequencies and role of hepatitis B virus(HBV) precore and core promotor mutations in children with chronic hepatitis B infection. Methods : Sera from 31 children with chronic HBV infection were analyzed by direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction amplification of HBV DNA. Results : Twenty-nine adr type were analyzed. The mutations...
Early Diagnosis of Rifampin-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis by Gene Analysis of RNA Polymerase B Subunit
Ki Seok Park, Nam Soo Park, Eun Ryoung Kim, Seok Ho Choi, Hyun Phil Cho, Young Ho Moon, Il Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1403-1411.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : The control of tuberculosis is seriously threatened worldwide by the recently emerging multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a result, early detection of drug resistant M.tuberculosis strain has become very important but conventional laboratory methods are time consuming and delayed results often affect patients adversely in controlling tuberculosis. The authors studied the usefulness of the line probe assay to determine...
Effects of Respiration on Right and Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Normal Children
Hae-Soon Kim, Young Mi Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1412-1418.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : To evaluate the effects of respiration on diastolic filling pattern in normal children by Doppler echocardiography. Materials and Methods : Doppler echocardiograms of the tricuspid and mitral valves were recorded with electrocardiogram and respirations in 46 normal children aged 3months to 14years(7.6¡¾3.5year). We measured the following variables: heart rate, the peak E and A velocities, the area under the...
Clinicial Observations of Oliguric Acute Renal Failure in Children
Sung-Soo Lee, Young-Mi Choi, Chong-Woo Bae, Sung-Ho Cha, Byoung-Soo Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1419-1425.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purposes : We studied the clinicial findings of oliguric acute renal failure(ARF) developed on admission or during treatment of other diseases. Methods : We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of 118 patients with oliguric ARF who had been admitted to Kyunghee University Hospital since January 1988 to December 1997. Diagnostic criteria of oliguric ARF are serum creatinine>1.0mg/dl and urine...
The Protective Effect of Vitamin E and Desferrioxamine on Cultured Cerebral Neurons of Neonatal Mouse Damaged by Ischemic Condition
So-ra Lee, Yeon-kyun Oh, Seung-taek Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1426-1433.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : Perinatal asphyxia is an important cause of neurologic morbidity. Experiments in animal models of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury demonstrate that brain damage starts during hypoxia-ischemia. In order to evaluate the ischemic condition-induced neurotoxic effect in view of oxi- dative stress, we examined the cytotoxic effect in cultured cerebral neurons of neonatal mouse. Methods : Dissociated cell cultures were prepared...
Dysmenorrhea and Premenstrual Syndrome of School Girls in Ansan
Yong Kyu Sohn, Yo Ahn Rho, Young Kyoo Shin, Baik Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1434-1440.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : Menstrual disorders are very common problems in adolescence. Most of them are minor, including mild dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome(PMS) and minor variations in cycle, length, or amount of flow. Dysmenorrhea is the most prevalent among them while PMS is a nebulous condition characterized by a broad spectrum of symptoms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation...
Case Reports
A Case of Septic Arthritis due to Haemophilus influenzae associated with Atypical Kawasaki Disease
Sun Mi Yang, Jun Yun, Hea Kyoung Lee, Young Hee Yu, Hyun Sook Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1441-1445.   Published online October 15, 1999
We report a case of septic arthritis due to H. influenzae associated with atypical Kawasaki disease. A 2-year-old boy was admitted to our orthopedic department due to limping gait of the right leg. CT finding of right hip joint revealed fluid collection. He was diagnosed as transient synovitis and septic arthritis. He was treated with antibiotics, but no incision nor...
Two Cases of Post-traumatic Bronchial Stenosis Diagnosed by Flexible Bronchoscopy
Kang Mo Ahn, Young Jae Koh, Seung Yeon Nam, Eun Hee Chung, Sang Il Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1446-1451.   Published online October 15, 1999
Follow up of a Case of Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia
Su Jeong Ha, Soo Jung Lee, Dae Kyun Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1452-1458.   Published online October 15, 1999
Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia is a rare congenital disorder characterized by diffuse or localized ectasia of the enteric lymphatics, often in association with lymphatic abnormalities elsewhere in the body. The pathogenesis of these abnormal lymphatic structures is uncertain. Ectatic lymphatics may be located in the mucosa, submucosa, or subserosa, leading to a loss of protein and lymphocytes into the gut or...
A Case of Neonatal Myocardial Infarction with Structurally Normal Coronary Arteries
Ju Eun Lee, Seong Shik Park, Su Young Kim, Hee Ju Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1459-1463.   Published online October 15, 1999
A Case of Bilateral Perineal Ectopic Testes Treated with Hormone Therapy and Orchiopexy
Jae Hyoun Kim, Hung Min Park, Woo Gun Lee, Sung Kwang Chung, Cheol Woo Ko
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1464-1466.   Published online October 15, 1999
A Case of Extrapelvic Endometriosis with Abdominal Pain in a 13-Year-Old Girl
Sung Pil Jang, Yong Dae Ham, Jin Hwa Jung, Jeong Ho Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1467-1470.   Published online October 15, 1999
A Case of Marden-Walker Syndrome
Hyun Jong Cho, Yoon Kyung Lee, Dong Un Kim, Byung Joon Choi, Jin Tack Kim, Ik Jun Lee, Je Geun Chi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(10):1471-1474.   Published online October 15, 1999
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