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Volume 42(12); Dec 1999
Clinical Lecture
Special Disease Camp and Family Meeting for Korean Children
Heung Sik Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1635-1638.   Published online December 15, 1999
Original Articles
Re-Evaluation of Neonatal Screening Tests for Inborn Errors of Metabolism with Dried Filter Paper Blood Spots
Kye Shik Shim, Jin Soon Hwang, Jung Sub Lim, Se Young Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Jung Hwan Choi, Chong Ku Yun, Jung-Han Song
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1639-1644.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : There have been high rates of false positive and recall in neonatal screening test using the cut-off points set by the manufacturing company. So, it is necessary to re-evaluate the cut off values to minimize the false positive rates. Methods : We collected capillary blood in dry filter paper from 996 healthy neonates on the third day in cases...
A Study of Factors Affecting Time of First Stool in Premature Infants
Hyeong Doo Cho, Je Woo Kim, Young Ah Lee, Hae Sun Yoon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1645-1650.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : To assess the effect of gestational age and illness severity, and the effect of antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate, glucocorticoids, and antibiotics, on the timing of the first stool in preterm infants. Methods : Medical records of all preterm infants admitted to the neonatal ward at Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital between March 1998 and August 1998 were reviewed. We...
Distribution and Expression of Kainate(KA) Receptor Subunits in Moderate Hypoxic Newborn Piglet Brain
Chun Hyuk Chang, Woo Taek Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1651-1660.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : The mechanism of hypoxic damage is mainly intracellular influx of calcium ions through the glutamate ionotropic receptor. This study was performed to determine alterations in distribution and expression of kainate receptor subunits after 1 hour of moderate hypoxia in the newborn piglet brain, as in a condition of mild to moderate perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Methods : Ten newborn piglets...
Clinical Evaluation of Diagnostic Criteria for Early Prediction of Bacterial Infection in Febrile Neonates
Jai Il Cho, Sang Chun Lee, Hwan Il Kim, Cheol Am Kim, Kil Seo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1661-1667.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : A retrospective study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that febrile neonates, who have bacterial infections, can be accurately predicted early by diagnostic criteria. Methods : We conducted a retrospective study of 152 infants, 28 days or less of age, whose rectal temperature was at least 38℃. Past history, family history, finding on physical examinations and results of CBC,...
Inhalation of Bronchodilator Aerosol by Metered-dose Inhaler and Spacer in Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Hyeon-Soo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1668-1675.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : To examine the clinical effects of two bronchodilator agents, salbutamol and ipratropium bromide, administered by metered-dose inhaler(MDIS) to preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) during mechanical ventilation. Methods : This study included 8 ventilated preterm infants with RDS, at a postnatal age of 1 week. The effects of single doses of salbutamol(2puffs, 200mcg) and ipratropium bromide(2 puffs, 36mcg) and...
Changes of Interleukin-10 and Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Children with Aseptic Meningitis
Byeong Chan Park, Jung-Yeon Shim, Jeong Mi Lee, Jin-Young Park, Myung Ja Yoon, Hye Rim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Dong Hyeuk Keum, Dong Keug Keum
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1676-1682.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : Interleukin(IL)-10 is an antiinflammatory cytokine produced by monocytes/macrophages. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF) plays an important role, not only as a hemopoietic factor but also as a regulating factor for a biologic defense system by neutrophils, in the foci of infection. We studied G-CSF and IL-10 levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) of patients with aseptic meningitis and investigated...
Postoperative Doppler Echocardiographic Study of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return
Nam Cheol Cho, Hyoung Doo Lee, Si Chan Sung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1683-1688.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of Doppler study by examining obstruction at the site of anastomosis in patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous return(TAPVR). Methods : Retrograde analysis of the postoperative echocardiography results was done in 14 patients with simple TAPVR, who were operated at Dong-A University Hospital from January 1993 to July 1998. The peak...
Clinical Effects of Cyclic Parenteral Nutrition on Total Parenteral Nutrition Induced Cholestasis in Infants
Eun-Hee Chung, Kang Mo Ahn, Yun-Sil Chang, Won-Soon Park, Nam-Sun Beck, Jae-Hyun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1689-1695.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : This study was designed to assess the effects of cyclic parenteral nutrition(CP) on parenteral nutrition induced liver diseases. Methods : Before and after CP, data were collected on diagnosis, age, duration of parenteral nutrition, macronutrients and biochemical parameters. Initially parenteral nutrition was cycled off for 1-2 hours and the off-time was advanced by 0.5-1 hour daily over 1 week....
Comparison between Pathologically and Clinically Diagnosed Group of Acute Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis
Chul Hong Kim, Su Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1696-1701.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : Postinfectious acute glomerulonephritis usually needs no renal biopsy. But atypical clinical course and laboratory results indicate a need for renal biopsy. Therefore, to investigate clinicopathological characteristics of postinfectious acute glomerulonephritis, we compared clinical manifestations of biopsy group with those of non-biopsy group. Methods : We reviewed the records of clinical and pathological data of 20 cases diagnosed by...
Central Diabetes Insipidus in Children Related to Craniotomy for a Brain Tumor
Seung Mi Song, Eun Jung Park, Jung Sim Kim, Hong Hoe Koo, Mun Hyang Lee, Hyung Jin Shin, Dong Kyu Jin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1702-1710.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : Diabetes insipidus(DI) has been known to be a relatively common complication after craniotomy. We have investigated the incidence and clinical course of DI in children related to craniotomy for a brain tumor and determined the risk factors of postoperative DI. Methods : Sixty-two pediatric patients, who have undergone craniotomy for a brain tumor(including stereotactic biopsy) from February 1995 through...
Usefulness of Brain Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT in Establishing Lateralization of Intractable Seizure in Children
Suck-Hee Ahn, Young-Ho Rah, Sa-Jun Chung, Eu-Hyun Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(12):1711-1716.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : To determine the role of Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT imaging in children with intractable seizure by evaluating the interictal period. Methods : We compared the EEG, CT and MRI medical records with those of Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT in 42 patients with intractable seizure referred to Kyunghee University Hospital, from April 1983 to September 1998, retrospectively. Results : Mean age was 8.3 years...
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