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Volume 42(3); Mar 1999
Change in Nutritional Status of Elementary School Children
Sung Kyun Park, Yong Joo Kim, Jeh Hoon Shin, Hahng Lee
Accepted January 1, 1970  
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare the present nutritional status with that of previous surveys done in Korea and other advance countries. Methods : We measured the arm circumference and triceps skinfold thickness of 1,009 students of Hanyang Elementary School. We analyzed the arm muscle area and arm fat area. We analyzed the lomgitudinal height and...
Clinical Lecture
Introduction of the Web Sites for Pediatrician
Nam Su Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):301-310.   Published online March 15, 1999
Original Articles
Gastric Emptying Time in Preterm Infents : Comparison between Breast Milk and Formula Milk
Seong Woo Roh, Seong Sook Jeon, Son Sang Seo, Jeong Mi Kwon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):324-331.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : Failure of adequate gastric emptying frequently interferes with successful enteral nutrition in infants. Study of gastric emptying in preterm infants has been hampered by the absence of a suitable and, valid technique, but ultrasonic assessment is well tolerated by infants. The aim of this study is to compare gastric emptying rates of breast milk and formula within preterm...
Study of Nosocomial Infection of Rotavirus in Preterm and Full-term Neonates
Kwang Ok Chung, Dong Seok Lee, Doo Kwun Kim, Sung Min Choi, Woo Taek Kim, Sun Hee Yu
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):332-338.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : The present study was designed to investigate rotavirus infection by comparing clinical characteristics of the nosocomial infection of rotavirus between preterm and full-term neonates. Methods : The subjects were admitted from May to December, 1996. In 71 preterms, 44 were Rotazyme positive, 27 were negative, and in 321 full-terms, 64 were Rotazyme positive, 257 were negative. We studied the...
Anthropometric Measurement of Newborn in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Kyung Hoon Kang, Seong Won Yang, Hye Kyung Han, Woo Gill Lee, Mi Na Lee, Hak Chul Jang, Il Soon Hwang, Eun Sung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):339-347.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : To find the anthropometric characteristics of newborn in women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM), and the relationship between the birth weight and anthropometric measurements of newborn, maternal body habitus and glycemic control in GDM group. Methods : Maternal weight, height, and obstetric history of 82 women with GDM and 93 women with normal glucose tolerance were recorded at the...
Clinical Utility of the Sputum Polymerase Chain Reaction Obtained by Nebulizer in the Diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia
Kye Nam Yoon, Sang Wook Park, Eui Ho Lee, Won Bae Lee, Kyung Tai Whang, Hee Jin Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):348-354.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : The polymerase chain reaction(PCR) has been used for the early diagnosis of mycoplasmal infections using various clinical samples. In this study, the clinical utility of sputum PCR through a new method was studied to diagnose mycoplasma pneumonia. Methods : One hundred nineteen pneumonic patients, ages ranging from 15 months old to 15 years old, were examined from Aug, 1997...
Functional Differentiation of HL-60 Cells by Dimethylsulfoxide and Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
Hae Soon Kim, Kyung Hyo Kim, Gyoung Hee Kim, Ju Young Seoh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):355-363.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : During hematopoietic differentiation of HL-60 cells by DMSO and PMA, we demonstrated functional changes of HL-60 cells-phagocytic activity, respiratory burst, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity(ADCC) and opsonophagocytic activity. Methods : HL-60 cells(ATCC CCL-240), cultured in RPMI 1640 and supplemented with 10% FBS, were induced to differentiate by adding 1.0% DMSO or 16nM PMA. On the 4th and 7th day after...
A Clinical Study of Migraine and Tension-type Headache in Children
Sang-Soo Park, Nam-Cheol Cho, Gyue-Gun Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):364-373.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to help diagnosis migraine and tension-type headache in children with chronic recurrent headache by comparing clinical characteristics of migraine and tension-type headache Methods : We performed a clinical analysis of 89 children diagnosed as migraine and/or tension- type headache by using international headache society classification with the aid of Prenky’s criteria of migraine...
Clinical Significance of CD7 Expression in Acute Myelocytic Leukemia
Gye Jin Yoon, Pill Sang Jang, Young Choi, Jun A Lee, Hyo Jung Han, Hyoung Soo Choi, Hee Young Shin, Joong Gon Kim, Hyo Seop Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):374-382.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : It has been shown that a considerable number of acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients had both myeloid and lymphoid antigens. CD7 is a lymphoid antigen, often expressed in AML cells. We investigated 40 AML patients to clarify the relationship between the cellular characteristics and clinical features. Methods : We reviewed 8 CD7 positive(CD7+) AML patients and 32 CD7 negative(CD7-)...
Treatment Outcomes in Children with High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Kyu Chang Park, Ho Joon Im, Sang Yun Ahn, Hahng Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):383-389.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : The survival rate of those with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) has been affected by several prognostic factors and previous reports show that a 4-year event-free survival(EFS) for high-risk(HR) group(Age≥10 years and/or WBC≥50,000/mm3 at diagnosis) was approximately 64%. We analyzed treatment outcomes and risk factors in HR-ALL. Methods : Medical records of 27 patients with HR-ALL diagnosed between May, 1985 and...
Serum Levels of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Ⅰ and Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 between Short Children with or without Intrauterine Growth Retardation
Kye Shik Shim, Se Young Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):390-396.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : Postnatally, 20% of children with intrauterine growth retardation(IUGR) has no catch- up growth, This might be dependent on the serum level of Insulin-like growth factor I(IGF-I), resulting in shortness. We measured serum levels of IGF-I and Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3(IGFBP-3) in children with IUGR and normal short stature variants(NSSV) to observe whether they play a role in...
The Usefulness of Serum Total IgE Test by Multiple Allergosorbent Test-Chemiluminescent Assay(MAST-CLA) : Comparison with Paper Radioimmunosorbent Test(PRIST)
Hyun Chul Lee, Chang Keun Kim, Churl Young Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):397-402.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : Multiple allergosorbent test-chemiluminescent assay(MAST-CLA) is a semiquantitative method for detecting total IgE and specific IgE in serum. The purposes of this study are to investigate the correlation between MAST-CLA and Paper radioimmunosorbent test(PRIST), and to find out whether MAST-CLA can replace PRIST in measuring of serum total IgE. Methods : Data of 162 subjects were analyzed by linear...
The Relationship between Total Serum IgE, Allergen-Specific IgE, and Skin Prick Test in Children with Atopic Asthma
Myung Hyun Lee, Jin Hwa Cheong, Young Yull Koh, Chung Il Noh, Jung Yun Choi, Yong Soo Yun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):403-411.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : Skin prick test and determination of allergen-specific IgE antibodies in serum are methods commonly used to diagnose allergies. Several studies indicate that skin test and specific IgE have roughly the same diagnostic precision, although discrepancies exist. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of total serum IgE on the relation between skin prick test and...
MELAS Syndrome Confirmed by Mitochondrial DNA Analysis in Siblings
Young Ghil Rah, Soo Ahn Chae, In Suk Lim, Dong Keun Lee, Byoung Hun Yoo, Tae Sung Ko, Han Wook Yoo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):412-418.   Published online March 15, 1999
MELAS(mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) syndrome is a major subgroup of mitochondrial myopathy. Recent advances in molecular genetics revealed specific mutations in mitochondrial DNA which cause MELAS. We described here clinical and molecular genetic findings of sister and brother with MELAS syndrome. For molecular genetic studies, DNAs from peripheral blood nucleated cells were used. And the substitution...
Case Reports
Two Cases of Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome of Lowe
So Won Kim, Young Suk Yu, In-One Kim, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Seung Hwang, Yong Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):419-423.   Published online March 15, 1999
Oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe(OCRL) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by congenital cataract(oculo-), hypotonia, developmental delay, cognitive impairment(cerebro-), renal tubular dysfunction(renal), and growth retardation. Recently, the defective gene, OCRL-1 gene encoding [PtdIns(4,5)P2] 5-phosphatase, was cloned with mutations identified in patients. Although there have been about 200 cases of OCRL reported in English literature, only three reports have been published in...
Two Cases of Thymic Carcinoma in Childhood
Young Ah Lee, Jin Young Park, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Par, Hyoung Soo Choi, Eun Sun Yoo, Hyo Seop Ah
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):424-429.   Published online March 15, 1999
Thymic carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm arising from the thymic epithelium, and is known to be extremely uncommon in the pediatric population. The tumor is clinically highly aggressive with frequent local intrathoracic spread and extrathoracic metastases detected in the majority of patients at initial diagnosis and often shows minimal or no response to conventional chemotherapy. We experienced two pediatric patients...
A Case of Pulmonary Paragonimiasis
Jin Hee Hong, Sung Soo Jin, Nak Gyun Chung, Joon Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):430-436.   Published online March 15, 1999
Paragonimiasis is a parasitic disease found in carnivorous animals which is caused by trematodes of the genus Paragonimus. Human infestation occurs by ingestion of raw or not incompletely cooked freshwater crab or crayfish with the metacercaria. Recently, the prevalence of human paragonimiasis has decreased markedly, however, about one hundred clinical cases have been diagnosed annually by antibody test in Korea....
Two Cases of Citrullinemia Presented with Strokes
Hyun-Mi Kim, Jae-Bok Kim, Jung-Ho Kim, Sang-Jin Ba, Chong-Hyun Yoon, Han-Wook Yoo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):437-441.   Published online March 15, 1999
Urea cycle disorders are characterized by encephalopathy, respiratory alkalosis, and hyperammonemia. A urea cycle disorder should be considered a diagnostic possibility in any patient regardless of age with occult encephalopathy. The most common central nervous system pathology of urea cycle disorder is cerebral edema. The cerebral edema is caused by astrocyte swelling secondary to hyperammonemia and intracellular glutamine accumulation. Strokes...
Removal of a Displaced Catheter from Upper GI Tract of a Newborn Using a Goose Neck Snare
Chan Uhng Joo, Jae Ho Song, Soo Chul Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1999;42(3):442-445.   Published online March 15, 1999
For the immediate proper respiratory care of a delivered newborn, the face is wiped immediately, and the mouth and nares should be suctioned. A soft rubber syringe or soft rubber catheter is suitable for suctioning. If respirations are infrequent, suction of the mouth and pharynx serves to stimulate breathing. We experienced a case of a foreign body in the distal...
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