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Volume 43(7); Jul 2000
Medical Lecture Course
Where is the Pediatric Organ Transplantation?
Min Young Kom, Sang Joon Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):869-877.   Published online July 15, 2000
Original Articles
Nationwide Survey on Current Status of Formula Feeding in Infants
Yon Ho Choe, Kyeong Rae Moon, Jeong Wan Seo, Jae Geon Sim, Kee Whan Yoo, Byeung Ju Jeong, Young Mi Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):878-888.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Although breast milk is considered the best source of nutrition for infants because of its superiority over powdered milk, there are circumstances when breast milk is unavailable. Committee on Nutrition of the Korean Pediatric Society conducted an investigation into the current status of formula feeding in Korea. Methods : This investigation was conducted using questionnaires produced by our committee and distributed to mothers...
A Study on the Field and Future Course of Child Care Counselling Using Personal Computer Communication
Young Sook Chae, Young Taek Jang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):889-896.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Nowadays, concern about the care of one' s offspring has been increasing due to increased active participation of women in society and having fewer children than in the past. Therefore, we performed a study to evaluate the major fields of child care counselling and establish effective child care counselling. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed 2,754 cases of child care counselling about sex...
Usefulness of Plasma Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentration in the Diagnosis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants
Byung Min Choi, Jae Kyun Yoon, Hyun Hee Lee, Hae Won Cheon, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):897-904.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Diagnosis of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) that should be treated is difficult to determine by clinical and echocardiographic examinations. The aim of this study was to clarify the interrelationship of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) concentrations and clinical signs or echocardiographic signs of PDA in preterm infants and use plasma ANP concentrations as a diagnostic indicator of a hemodynamically significant PDA. Methods...
Identification of a Calcium-activated Potassium Channel Gene Expressed in Rat Cardiac Myocytes
In Seung Park, Hyun-Kyu Jeon, Nam Su Kim, Youn Mo Ahn, Chul-Seung Park, Ha Baik
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):905-912.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Calcium-activated potassium channels(KCa) may be involved in the transient outward current of the first phase of cardiac action potential. But it is still not clear whether cardiac myocytes express any KCa. We try to identify here the types of KCa expressed in rat caridac myocytes. Methods : We isolated total heart RNA from 50 rats(Spague-Dawley) and performed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) using specifically...
Teratogenic Effect of Dopamine on the Embryonic Chick Heart
Bon-Seok Koo, Nam Su Kim, Yong Joo Kim, Sung Yup Moon, Hang Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):913-919.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : To investigate the teratogenic potential of dopamine using a topical method of application to the developing Korean native chick embryo. Methods : A 5μg(0.05cc) of dopamine was applied to a 3-days-old chick embryo and the same amount of saline solution was applied as control. The embryo was then returned to the incubator and monitored. After 3 weeks the embryo was sacrificed and...
Selective Gamma Globulin Treatment in Kawasaki Disease : The Comparison between Single 1g/kg and 2g/kg
Su Mi Ihn, Ren Zhe Ann, Hong Ryang Kil, Young Hun Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):920-925.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Treatment of Kawasaki disease with intravenous gamma globulin(IVGG), together with aspirin, has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in preventing coronary artery lesion and systemic inflammation, but optimal IVGG dosage and administration method are still controversial. We compared the therapeutic efficacy and clinical response of single IVGG 1g/kg to that of IVGG 2g/kg for comparable risk group of Kawasaki disease. Methods :...
Natural History and Clinical Feature of Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney detected with Prenatal Ultrasonography
Young Lim Shin, Hye Sung Won, Jong Hyun Yoon, Young Seo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):926-932.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Multicystic dysplastic kidney(MCDK) is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts of varying sizes. It is associated with ureteral or pelviureteral atresia, and a non-functioning kidney. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical feature and the natural history of MCDK. Methods : A study was performed in 36 children with prenatal diagnosis of MCDK from 1989 to 1999. All...
Kinetics of GABAA Receptors in An Animal Model of Irradiation-induced Neuronal Migration Disorders
Chan Jong Kim, Young Jong Woo, Min Cheol Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):933-941.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : A majority of patients with neuronal migration disorders(NMDs) in cortical structures suffer from medically intractable epilepsy. The role of NMDs on seizure susceptibility or epileptogenecity has not been well documented. In the present study, we established an experimental model of NMDs in Sprague-Dawley rats by exposing fetal rats to external irradiation in order to demonstrate epileptogenic effect of NMDs lesions. Methods : Pregnant...
Induction of Apoptosis of Ewing`s Sarcoma Cells by Regulating Fusion Protein Expression
Ho Keun Yi, Ran Ju Kim, Dae Yeol Lee, Jung Soo Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):942-951.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Fusion genes(EWS-Fli-1 and EWS-erg ) function as transcription activators and are essential for maintaining tumorigenic properties in Ewing`s sarcoma cells. Several reports have noted that Ets family transcription factors bind with CBP(CREB binding protein) in vitro. To understand the interaction of fusion proteins and CBP, we studied the CBP protein in TC135 cells expressing the EWS-Fli-1 gene. We...
A Study of Clinical Features of Acute Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Children
Ick-Jin Song, Young-Tak Lim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):952-958.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Tumor lysis syndrome is characterized by hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia due to destruction of tumor cells. The purpose of this study is to estimate in children the incidence, onset time, differences in outcomes between hemodialysis and conservative therapy, and predictive factor of tumor lysis syndrome before treatment with chemotherapy. Methods : Subjects were 108 children who had received...
Effect of Growth Hormone Secretion on Serum Concentration of Leptin
Se-Eun Kim, Jeong-Nyeo Lee, Sang-Ook Nam, Woo-Yeong Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):959-966.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : To investigate the effect of growth hormone(GH) secretion on serum concentration of leptin, we evaluated the differences in serum concentration of leptin between patients with growth hormone deficiency(GHD) and GH normal short stature in prepubertal male children, and the relationship between GH and serum leptin level. Also, we analyzed the correlation between serum concentrations of leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I), insulin-like growth...
Insulin-like Growth Factor(IGF)-I and IGF-Binding Protein-3 in Relation to Hemoglobin Concentration in Healthy Infants
Yoon Ki Kang, Dae-Yeol Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):967-973.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Insulin-like growth factor(IGF-I) and IGF binding protein(IGFBP)-3 is thought to play an important role in fetal erythropoiesis. The objective of this study was to establish a relation between IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and -3 with hemoglobin level in healthy term, 3-month, and 12-month old infants. Methods : Healthy term infants(n=20) were enrolled at birth, as well as 3 months(n=30) and 12 months(n=30) of...
Case Reports
A Case of T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia presented with Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Eun Jung Shim, Hyun-Sang Cho, Jae Kook Cha, Jae Kook Cha, Chong Young Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):974-977.   Published online July 15, 2000
Acute spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome is a condition resulting from the rapid release of cellular breakdown products into the circulation due to massive cytolysis occurring before start of treatment. It occurs most often in Burkitt' s lymphoma and T-cell ALL, both of which have been well described, following cytotoxic chemotherpy and other single agent administrations. However, only a handful of spontaneous acute tumor lysis...
Two Cases of Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy presented with Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome
Young Mee Seo, Jae Gul Chung, En Sil Yu, Jin Yeong Jeong, Young Seo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):978-982.   Published online July 15, 2000
Thin basement membrane nephropathy(TBMN) is defined histologically as follows : 1) By light microscopy only minor abnormalities are detected in the glomeruli at most minor mesangial widening. 2) By electron microscopy, diffuse thinning of glomerular basement membrane is demonstrated. 3) By immunofluorescence, absence of immunoglobulins and complement components is demonstrated. 4) Alport`s syndrome and systemic diseases that may affect the...
A Case of Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome
Sung Kee Kim, Young Gyun Kim, Se Chang Ham, Se Wook Oh, Yong Won Park, Sang Woo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):983-987.   Published online July 15, 2000
Branchio-oto-renal(BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder. The pathophysiology of this syndrome is unknown. BOR syndrome has a wide range of clinical manifestations affecting the branchial, auditory and renal systems. Associated abnormalities of the face, lacrimal duct, palate and ureters have also been described. However, the major clinical findings associated and/ or ear pits, and renal anormaly. We experienced a case of a 15-day-old male...
A Case of Acute Leukemia Remitted by Adding Cyclosporin-A Previously Failed with Induction Therapy
Seat Byeoul Park, Byung Kyu Choe, Heung Sik Kim, Chin Moo Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):988-992.   Published online July 15, 2000
Clinical chemotherapy refractoriness is characterized by resistance to multiple drugs. Multidrug resistance(MDR) is caused by over-reactivity of a unidirectional drug efflux pump, transmembrane glycoprotein(P-glycoprotein), which is encoded by the MDR1 gene. P-glycoprotein leads to increased drug efflux and decreased intracellular drug concentration. Clinical trials that attempt to reverse or modulate MDR have been done. Cyclosporin-A and verapamil are the most extensively studied agents and several...
A Case of Korean Patient with Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia; Diagnosed Based on CSF Amino Acid Analysis and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Kie-Young Park, Ai-Rhan Kim, Ki-Soo Kim, Soo-Young Pi, Tae-Sung Ko, Jung-Hee Lee, Han-Wook Yoo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):993-999.   Published online July 15, 2000
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia is an extremely rare congenital metabolic disorder, which is caused by the lack of a glycine cleavage system. The onset of hyperglycinemic symptom is during the neonatal or early infant period. Progressing grave neuromotor dysfunction is one of the main symptoms. They include myoclonic seizure, hiccup, apnea, decreased deep tendon reflex, lethargy and coma. The prognosis is mostly very poor. Furthermore, there...
Hemangioendothelioma Leading to Obstruction of the Left Main Bronchus in Infant
Bong Seong Kim, Jung Yeon Shim, Seung Il Park, Sung Hye Park, Soo-Jong Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):1000-1005.   Published online July 15, 2000
Hemangioendothelioma is the most common vascular tumor in children, however hemangioendothelioma occurring in the bronchus is very rare. We experienced a case of hemangioendothelioma in the left main bronchus of an infant which was successfully removed by a sleeve resection. Respiratory distress developed in a 3-month-old female infant with roentgenographic finding of hyperinflation of the left lung. Chest CT and MRI revealed a highly...
A Case of Apert`s Syndrome(Acrocophalosyndactyly) with Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 Exon Ⅲa Mutation
Hyung Su K, Pyl Soon Yang, Jee Yeoun Kang, Ok Young Kim, Chul Hae Ku, Wha Mo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):1006-1011.   Published online July 15, 2000
Apert syndrome is an uncommon congenital disorder characterized by malformation of the skull in association with symmetrical syndactyly of both hands and feet. This syndrome is autosomal dominant. The original description was presented by Apert in 1906. Since then more than 200 cases have been reported in the world. Recently, we experienced a case of newhorn male infant with congenital...
A Case of Renal Abscess in Healthy Child
Jin Yeong Jeong, Young Seo Park, Soo Youn Ham
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(7):1012-1015.   Published online July 15, 2000
Renal abscess is rare in children and presents varying features which often lead to delay or error in diagnosis. Fever, lumbar pain, abdominal pain and occasional flank mass are the usual presenting complaints but a high degree of suspicion is important for the early detection of renal abscess. Hematogenous seeding of the kidney or ascending infection from the urinary collecting system are two proposed...
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