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Volume 43(8); Aug 2000
Clinical Lecture
Recent Advances in Febrile Convulsion
In Goo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1021-1028.   Published online August 15, 2000
Original Articles
Oscillometric Blood Pressure Values of Infants and Children
Hae In Suh, Young Mi Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1029-1036.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Automated oscillometric blood pressure measurement is not used universally, but has a tendency to be used more frequently in pediatric areas. Reference values of blood pressure by this method were not reported on infants and children under 5 years of age in Korea. This study was performed to study normative blood pressure values by using oscillometric method, presenting...
A Study on the Prediction of Neurodevelopmental Outcome by Cranial Ultrasound in Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants
Ji Young Rha, Chang Yee Cho, Young Youn Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1037-1045.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Recent progress in neonatal medicine increased the survival of preterm low birth weight infants. However, neurodevelopmental sequelae are ever increasing. We carried out this study to determine whether serial cranial ultrasonographic findings could predict neurodevelopmental outcome. Methods : Four hundred and forty-one preterm low birth weight infants, who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Chonnam University...
The Effect of Massage on Premature Infants
Hee Sook Son, Jae Woo Lim, Kyuchul Choeh, Chang Soo Ra, Hark Hee Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1046-1051.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To determine the effects of massage therapy on growth, development, hormones, immune function, hepatic function, hematopoietic function and sleep pattern of preterm infants. Methods : Thirty-one preterm infants of less than 35 weeks gestational age, who were admitted to Eulji Medical College Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between August 1998 and May 1999, and were in the state without mechanical ventilation or...
Neonatal Systemic Candidiasis : Comparison of Albicans and Parapsilosis Infection
Jung Mie Han, Ho Young Lee, Mi Jeong Kang, Sun Young Ko, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1052-1058.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Systemic Candidiasis has become an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in NICU infants. Severe infections caused by non-albicans Candida species have been increasingly reported in NICU infants. The purpose of the present study was to compare relative severity, mortality rates for C. albicans(CA) and C. parapsilosis(CP) infections in our NICU. Methods : This study included 16 infants...
A Study of Surface Physical Properties of New Surfactant Using Synthetic Peptides of Surfactant Protein-B
Chong-Woo Bae, Yong-Mook Choi, Joo Hyun Kang, Sang-Chul Lee, Kil Lyong Kim, Kyung-Soo Hahm
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1059-1067.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To produce a new generation of artificial pulmonary surfactant(PS), surfactant protein (SP)-B from human PSwas isolated, and the amino acid sequences of these proteins were studied. Artificial peptides of human SP-B were synthesized. New artificial PS preparations which were composed of phospholopids and two artificial synthetic SP-B peptides were made, and the surface physical properties of these new PS preparations were tested. Methods...
Change of Cerebrospinal Fluid Ferritin in Children with Meningitis
Mee Hee Youm, Eun Young Kim, Young Jong Woo, Hyun Ju Park, Chan Jong Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1068-1073.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Despite the advent of new and more potent antibiotics, mortality and morbidity rates due to bacterial meningitis remain stagnant. Rapid detection of microorganism and early antibiotics treatment are the most important prognostic factors of bacterial meningitis. For early diagnosis of bacterial meningitis biochemical markers such as lactic dehydrogenase, lactic acid, C-reactive proteia have been measured in cerebrospinal fluid....
Repair of Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries
Soo Jin Kim, Young Seok Lee, Mi Young Han, Jae Young Lee, Do Jun Jo, In Seung Park, Eun Jung Bae, Chang-Ha Lee, Woong-Han Kim, Young-Tak Lee, Seong Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1074-1080.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To assess the clinical characteristics and surgical approaches in different anatomical and hemodynamic types of corrected transposition of great arteries(TGA) and learn the surgical results of those patients. Methods : All 52 patients who were diagnosed as corrected TGA between December 1987 and November 1999 and their medical records were reviewed. Three groups were identified according to associated anomalies;...
Management of Post-operative Pulmonary Artery Stenosis in Tetralogy of Fallot
Young Seok Lee, In Seung Park, Jae Young Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Mi Young Han, Do Jun Cho, Eun Jung Bae, Seong Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1081-1089.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Pulmonary artery stenosis is a common finding in post-operative tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and it is one of the most frequent indication of reoperation. The objective of this study was to determine the procedural success rate of balloon angioplasty(BAP), endovascular stent, and reoperation for pulmonary artery stenosis in terms of its clinical impact on the subsequent management of...
A Prospective Study on Ceftriaxone-associated Biliary Pseudolithiasis : A Dose-related Comparison
Sun Ju Lee, Jun Ho Kim, Jin Hwa Jeong, Sung Min Cho, Sung Tae Park, Dae Seob Choi, Hyeon Kyeong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1090-1097.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Ceftriaxone, a parenteral third-generation cephalosporine, is widely used in the treatment of various bacterial infections. It possesses high calcium-binding affinity, forming complexes with calcium in bile salts to develop precipitate that mimics gallstone on ultrasonography. Biliary pseudolithiasis resolves completely with cessation of therapy, but several symptomatic patients have undergone cholesystectomy. We prospectively evaluated the incidence, risk factors and...
Effectiveness of Preoperative Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization in Hepatoblastoma
Pyoung Han Hwang, Dae Sun Jo, Dae Yeol Lee, Jung Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1098-1105.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To evaluate the effectiveness of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) as a preoperative treatment for initially unresectable hepatoblastomas. Methods : From January 1995 to July 1999, we identified two boys and three girls(age range : 5- 27 months; mean age : 12 months) with pathologically-confirmed hepatoblastoma. To assess response to treatment, we utilized an identical TACE procedure for all the patients....
Factors Influencing the Onset of Honeymoon Period in Children with Type I Diabetes Mellitus
Jin Soon Hwang, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1106-1110.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : Type I diabetes mellitus(DM) is an autoimmune disease which decreases insulin secretion of pancreatic β-cell. The honeymoon period in type I DM is known to be related to the partial recovery of C-peptide and preservation of pancreatic β-cell function. The aim of this study was to determine factors influencing the onset of honeymoon period in children with type...
Case Reports
Two Cases of Kabuki Make-up Syndrome Including One Case Associated with Xq Isochromosome
Ki Hea Cho, Jung Hwa Lee, Kee Hyoung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Ji Tae Choung, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1111-1115.   Published online August 15, 2000
Kabuki make-up syndrome(KMS) is characterized by mental and developmental retardation and peculiar facial features including long palpebral fissures with eversion of the lateral portion of lower eyelid and arching of eyebrows, resembling the actors in Japanese Kabuki. In addition, dermatoglyphic and skeletal abnormalities are commonly associated. Although most karyotypes of KMS are shown to be normal, there have been some...
A Case of Primary Multiple Intracerebral Aspergillosis Abscess in Neonate : Treatment with Amphotericin B, Flucytosine and Itraconazole
Byoung Lae Oh, Oh Kyung Lee, Yong Seog Kim, Young Sook Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1116-1121.   Published online August 15, 2000
Fungal infection of the central nervous system tends to occur mostly in immunosuppressed patients. In the pediatric population, it is usually seen in severely immunocompromised patients, particulary in children with chronic granulomatous disease and hematopoietic malignancies. Although aspergillosis is considered one of the most frequent agents of mycotic infection of the brain, it is especially rare in the neonatal period,...
Two Cases of Left Ventricular Tumors Complicating Subaortic Stenosis in Newborn Infants
Ji Seon Kang, Mi Jung Hwang, Tae Hyoung Cho, Byung Ju Kim, Young Jong Woo, Jae Sook Ma
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1122-1126.   Published online August 15, 2000
The most common obstruction of left ventricular outflow in childhood is produced either by a fibrous ring below the aortic valve, or by localized or diffuse muscular hypertrophy of the interventricular septum. Cardiac tumors causing subaortic stenosis in the newborn infant are extremely rare. This report describes two cases of subaortic stenosis caused by a tumor of the left ventricle...
A Case of Corpus Callosum Agenesis with Ileal Atresia and Duplication
Kyoung A Chun, Young Dae Ham, Jin Hwa Jeong, Jeong Ho Lee, Hye Suk Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1127-1131.   Published online August 15, 2000
Agenesis of corpus callosum occurs sporadically and may be transmitted as sex-linked, or autosomal-dominant or recessive traits. It has been associated with different syndromes. Clinical pictures vary from severe intellectual and neurologic abnormalities to asymptomatic and normaly intelligent cases. Agenesis of corpus callosum may occur alone, but it is more frequently associated with a high incidence of other anomalies. We...
A Case of Relapsed Acute Promyleocytic Leukemia Induced Remission with Arsenic Trioxide(As2O3)
Jin Hye Park, Heung Sik Kim, Chin Moo Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1132-1136.   Published online August 15, 2000
Acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) is a unique entity in the spectrum of acute myelogenous leukemia. It has several characteristic features, including distinctive morphology, chromosomal translocation, t(15:17), disseminated intravascular coagulation and effect on retinoic acid. Retinoic acid which is a derivative of vitamin A induces differentation of APL cells in vitro and in vivo, but its cessation induces relapse of APL. Arsenic...
A Case of Hypomelanosis of Ito with Hemimegalencephaly
Sun Ju Lee, Na Yeon Kim, Jin Hwa Jeong, Sung Min Cho, Sung Tae Park, Hyon Joo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1137-1141.   Published online August 15, 2000
Hypomelanosis of Ito is a congenital neurocutaneous syndrome with a particular pattern of streaks, patches and swirling hypopigmentation over variable portions of the body surface. Multiple extracutaneous abnormalities involving the central nervous system, musculoskeletal structures and the eyes occur in over two-thirds of the cases. This report describes a patient with typical unilateral cutaneous lesions associated with extracutaneous features, including...
A Case of Prader-Willi Syndrome with FUO Diagnosed at Infancy
Jun Ho Kim, Jin Hwa Jeong, Sung Min Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1142-1148.   Published online August 15, 2000
Prader-Willi syndrome(PWS) was first described by Prader et al in 1956. This syndrome is characterized by diminished fetal activity, low birth weight, infantile hypotonia with feeding problem, temperature instability, early onset of childhood hyperphagia with consequent obesity, short stature, hypogonadism and mental retardation. The deletion of chromosome 15(del 15(q11-13)) was reported by Ledbetter in 1981, which was thought to be...
A Case of Fixed Drug Eruption Due to Acetaminophen
Eui Jeong Min, Dae Hyun Lim, Jung Hee Kim, Seung Won Choi, Byong Kwan Son
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1149-1152.   Published online August 15, 2000
Fixed drug eruption normally presents as single or multiple sharply demarcated erythematous lesions that recur at the same location upon re-exposure to the offending agent. When the acute inflammation subsides, it often leaves residual hyperpigmentation. Commonly implicated substances are phenolphthalein, barbiturates, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, salicylates, gold and pyrazolone derivatives. Despite frequent use of acetaminophen, drug eruptions, especially fixed drug eruptions, due...
A Case of Primary Hypomagnesemia
Kyoung A Chun, Sung Pil Jang, Young Dae Ham, Jin Hwa Jeong, Jeong Ho Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000;43(8):1153-1156.   Published online August 15, 2000
Primary hypomagnesemia is a rare inherited disorder and it is considered to be due to either a defect in the intestinal transport of magnesium or a defect in renal tubular transport. It is important to measure the urinary excretion of magnesium to differentiate the causes of magnesium deficiency. We report here an one-month-old female infant of primary hypomagnesemia who presented...
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