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Volume 45(10); Oct 2002
Clinical Lecture
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Choong Ho Shin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1181-1191.   Published online October 15, 2002
Medical Lecture Course
Animal Model of Kawasaki Disease
Ji Whan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1192-1198.   Published online October 15, 2002
Original Articles
Clinical Significance of Auditory Brainstem Response(ABR) in Speech/Language Disorders
Ki Won Oh, Woo Saeng Park, Soon Hak Kwon, Jin Kyung Kim, Jun Hwa Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1199-1203.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of auditory brainstem response(ABR) as a screening tool in children with speech and language disorders. Methods : Between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2001, 139 patients with chief complaints of speech and language delay were recruited from the pediatric neurology clinic, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. They had ABR on entry and the...
Effect of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure after Early Surfactant Therapy in Moderate Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Eun Ji Kim, Hae Sook Kim, Man Hoe Hur, Sang Geel Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1204-1212.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : Early surfactant therapy with either gentle ventilation, high-frequency ventilation or aggressive weaning of mechanical ventilation are principles for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome(RDS). We studied to determine the accessibility of noninvasive nasal continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP) rather than mechanical ventilation by invasive intubation after early surfactant therapy. Methods : The study group consisted of 14 infants who were born and diagnosed with...
Post-natal Outcome of Fetal Hydronephrosis Detected with Prenatal Ultrasonography
Youn Jin Park, Soon Jung Mun, Chong Woo Bae, Bum Ha Lee, Jin Il Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1213-1218.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : Hydronephrosis constitutes a great portion of fetal anomalies screened by prenatal sonogram. The present authors made an attempt to access its natural courses through follow up neonatal hydronephrosis diagnosed by prenatal sonogram. Methods : The study was composed of 23 neonates(36 renal units) who were diagnosed with hydronephrosis through prenatal sonogram screening and confirmed 3-7 days after birth with sonographic evaluation at Kyung...
The Characteristics of the 2000-2001 Measles Epidemic in the Seoul Metropolitan Area
Dae Hun Pee, So Hoon Byun, Kyung Burm Kim, Young Yoo, Kee Hyoung Lee, Young Kyoo Shin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1219-1226.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : To assess the clinical characteristics of the 2000-2001 measles outbreak in the Seoul metropolitan area, Korea, the clinical data of measles inpatients were analyzed. Methods : Three hundred and five children diagnosed with measles by clinical manifestation from July, 2000 to February, 2001, in Seoul, Ilsan and Ansan City were grouped according to their age and investigated for clinical manifestations, vaccination history...
Comparison of Eosinophil Markers between Acute and Recovery Stages in Children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia
Kyu Min Nah, Eun Kyeong Kang, Hee Kang, Yang Park, Young Yull Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1227-1233.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : Several studies have shown that increases of eosinophil markers are common findings of asthma and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, and eosinophil markers reflect the clinical stage of asthma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of eosinophil markers according to the clinical stage of Mycoplasma pneumonia. Methods : The patient group consisted of 33 outpatient children with Mycoplasma pneumonia. Peripheral blood...
Study on Vaccination State in Children : Jeonbuk Province, 2000
Ju Mi Choung, Jung Chul Kim, So Hee Eun, Pyoung Han Hwang, B. Nyhambat, P. Kilgore, Jung Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1234-1240.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was carried out to obtain the vaccination rate and age appropriateness of vaccination in children under five years of age in Jeonbuk province. Methods : Eight hundred and fifty infants and children were enrolled in this study. Vaccination rate(Number of vaccinees/Number of subjects), places of vaccination, age appropriateness of vacination were examined by either vaccine record review or interview with...
A Comparative Study of Parental Stress in Families with Epileptic Children
Bo-Young Kim, Sung Min Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1251-1262.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to assess and compare the stress of mothers and fathers in families with epileptic children, and to assess contributing factors to their stress. Methods : We used a family stress survey with 35 questionnaires to obtain data concerning the parents' perceived stress. Data were analyzed with SPSS 8.0 program using Pearson correlation coefficient, oneway ANOVA, and...
Mutational Analysis of MECP2 Gene in 34 Rett Syndrome
Sang Jo Park, Tae Gyu Hwang, Byeong Hee Son, Chul Min Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1263-1272.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : Rett syndrome(RTT) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1 per 10,000-15,000 female births worldwide. It was initially described by Andreas Rett in 1966. RTT involves developmental regression characterized stereotypic hand movements, tremors, gait apraxia, seizures, deceleration of head growth after the age of 6-18 months. The disease-causing gene was identified as MECP2 on chromosome Xq28. We carried out mutational analysis of MECP2...
High-dose Intravenous Immune Globulin Retreatment in Kawasaki Disease
So Yun Shim, Mi Young Heo, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sonh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1273-1277.   Published online October 15, 2002
Purpose : To determine clinical features, laboratory findings and cardiac abnormalities of highdose immune globulin(IVIG) retreatment in patients with Kawasaki disease, and to report effectiveness of retreatment. Methods : Retrospective study of 174 children diagnosed with Kawasaki disease at Ewha Mokdong hospital from March, 1999 to July, 2001. Results : Twenty(11.5%) of 174 patients were retreated with high-dose IVIG. After this, only two patients(1.1%) did not...
Case Reports
A Case of Glutaric Aciduria Type 1
Joon Young Song, Cheol Min Kim, Young Lim Shin, Han Wook Yoo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1278-1282.   Published online October 15, 2002
Glutaric aciduria(type 1) is characterized clinically by progressive dystonia and dyskinesia in childhood, pathologically by degeneration of caudate and putamen, biochemically by tissue deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase(GCDH), and is transmitted as an autosomal recessive traits. Mutations of the GCDH gene on chromosome 19 have been implicated in the causation of glutaric aciduria(type 1). Macrocephaly in infancy and crossing of percentiles for head circumference are real...
A Case Report of Congenital Hyperekplexia in Twin
Bong Seok Choi, Young Mi Kim, Yun Jin Lee, Su Eun Park, Sang Ook Nam
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1284-1288.   Published online October 15, 2002
Hyperekplexia or startle disease is a hereditary neurological disorder characterized by an abnormally exaggerated startle response to tactile, auditory and visual stimuli, together with a global muscular hypertonia and hyperactive tendon reflexes. This disease is a rare, genetically determined disorder, with an autosomal dominant inheritance with variable expression, first described by Suhren, et al. We report two cases of familial hyperekplexia, who developed hypertonia...
A Case of Fetal Valproate Syndrome Associated with Both Elbow Joint Contractures
Yun Chang Choi, Eun Young Kim, Kynug Rye Moon, Young Il Rho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1288-1292.   Published online October 15, 2002
Fetal valproate syndrome has been described as a distinctive pattern of minor anomalies of the face and digits. This pattern has not been delineated completely but appears to involve brachycephaly with a high forehead, shallow orbit, ocular hypertelorism, small nose, small mouth, low set posteriorly rotated ears, long overlapping fingers and toes, and hyperconvex fingernail. Cleft palate and congenital heart disease have occasionally been...
A Case of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome
Dae Hun Pee, Yo Won Na, Ki Young Chang, Woo Keun Seo, Kee Hyoung Lee, Baik-Lin Eun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1292-1297.   Published online October 15, 2002
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome(MRS) is a rare disorder, having a symptom triad of recurrent facial palsy, orofacial swelling and fissured tongue(lingua plicata). This disorder is usually recurrent or progressive, and monosymptomatic or oligosymptomatic forms have been reported to be more common than classic forms. Generally, MRS occurs in young adults at the end of the second decade of life and incidence of the disease in childhood...
A Case of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome in a Child
Taeg Young Lee, Yoo Mi Chung, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(10):1292-1297.   Published online October 15, 2002
Systemic capillary leak syndrome(SCLS) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology, which is characterized by recurrent attacks of hypotension, hemoconcentration, and hypoalbuminemia. Urinary or enteric loss of protein is not demonstrated. It is often associated with monoclonal gammopathy, but does not manifest multiple myeloma. Since Clarkson et al. described the first case in a 34- year-old woman, about 50 cases have been reported in...
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