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Volume 45(12); Dec 2002
Clinical Lecture
Organic Acidemias in Korea
Hong Jin Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1459-1476.   Published online December 15, 2002
Medical Lecture Course
Clara Cell Secretory Protein
Moon Sung Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1477-1483.   Published online December 15, 2002
Original Articles
The Prevalent Rates of Abnormal Serum Aminotransferase Levels and Total Cholesterol Levels among Adolescents with Obesity
Hyun Oh Jang, Chong Guk Lee, Yun Ju Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1484-1490.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to look at prevalences of abnormal serum aminotransferase levels and abnormal serum total cholesterol levels among adolescents with obesity in Seoul area. Methods : Body mass index[BMI(kg/m2)], serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST) alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and total cholesterol levels were measured in 26,876 adolescents(male : 13,287, female : 13,589) of first grade of high school in...
A Study on Awareness and Knowledge of Obesity, Life Style, and Eating Habits According to Body Mass Index in High School Students
Mi Jung Kim, Kwang Hae Choi, Kyeong Soo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1491-1496.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was performed to investigate the level of obesity awareness and to help to prevent and to treat obesity by examining the relationship between knowledge of obesity and life style. Methods : Of the students who were surveyed, 1514 answered seriously and were accepted as subjects for the study. The questionaire was anonymous and was filled in by...
Allele Distribution and Frequency of Human Surfactant Protein-A1 in Korean Neonates
Kyung Shin Lee, Young Hee Kim, Jung Su Suk, Jung Ho Ko, Ook Joon Yoo, In Kyu Lee, Myung Ho Oh, Chong Woo Bae
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1497-1502.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : We evaluated allele frequencies and distribution of surfactant protein A1(SP-A1) in Korean neonates in order to estimate prevalence of RDS to find out new SP-A alleles, and to establish new steroid therapy. Methods : Genomic DNA was extracted from 100 neonates and served as a template in PCR for genotype analysis. SP-A gene-specific amplications and gene-specific allele determinations were...
Comparison of Rehospitalization during the First Year of Life in Normal and Low Birth Weight Infants Discharged from NICU
Sae Ah Min, Myung Won Jeon, Sun Hee Yu, Oh Kyung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1503-1511.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Although the short- and long-term outcomes of low birth weight(LBW) neonatal intensive care unit(NICU) survivors have been extensively studied, much less information is available for normal birth weight(NBW) infants(greater than 2,500 gm) who require NICU care. Methods : We retrospectively examined the neonatal hospitalizations and one year health status of 302 NBW and 131 LBW admissions to our...
Effects of Single Fetal Death on Mother and Live Co-twin in Twin Pregnancy
So Youn Kim, Hae Yul Chung, Hee Jo Back, Ic Sun Choi, Chang Yee Cho, Young Youn Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1512-1518.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Twins have a higher mortality and morbidity than singletons. Co-twin with one fetal death is particularly at risk. We investigated the neonatal outcome of live co-twins when one fetus had died after the 20th gestational week, and associated risk factors. Methods : A retrospective study was performed in fifteen cases of twin pregnancy with single intrauterine fetal deaths...
Clinical Analysis of Acute Respiratory Tract Infections by Influenza Virus in Children
Min Kyoung Kwon, Mi Ran Kim, Eun Young Park, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon, Kwang Nam Kim, Kyu Man Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1519-1527.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Although influenza virus is one of the most important causes of acute respiratory tract infections(ARTIs) in children, virus isolation is not popular and there are only a few clinical studies on influenza in Korea. We evaluated the epidemiologic and clinical features of ARTIs by influenza virus in children. Methods : From February 1995 to August 2001, nasopharyngeal aspirations were...
Clinical Features of Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium
Eun-Kyoung Moon, Hoon-Young Lee, Mea-Young Chang, Hong-Ryang Kil, Yong-Hun Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1528-1533.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium(INVM) is one of the unclassified cardiomyopathies that is characterized by numerous, excessively prominent trabeculations, and deep intertrabecular recesses. We performed this study to evaluate the clinical features of INVM in children. Methods : The medical records of 10 patients with INVM were reviewed. We analyzed the clinical manifestations, hemodynamics, pattern of inheritance,...
The Role of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Advanced Stage Wilms Tumor
Chang Kyu Kang, Kwang Bin Moon, Keon Hee Yoo, Hong Hoe Koo, Hye Kyung Yoon, Kwan Hyun Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1534-1539.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was designed to exclude radiation in advanced(stage 3, 4) Wilms tumor (WT) by increasing the chance of complete surgical removal with preceding neoadjuvant chemotherapy, thereby reducing the incidence of late effects. Methods : Between December 1998 and July 2002, we conducted neoadjuvant chemotherapy after needle aspiration biopsy on patients who had advanced WT. If needle...
Incidence of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Asymptomatic Siblings of Patients with Reflux
Jong Shik Kim, Ja Wook Koo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1540-1545.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) is defined as a retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the upper urinary tract. It has been shown to predispose patients to hypertension, renal scarring, and end-stage renal failure if not recognized and treated. The observation that VUR occurs in siblings of children with reflux at a significantly higher rate than the general pediatric...
Assessment of the Relationship between Vigabatrin and Visual Field Defect in Children
Sa Jun Chung, Yong Hwan Chung, Eu Hyun Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1546-1550.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : The authors carried out this study to determine the relationship between vigabatrin (VGB) and visual field defect.. Methods : Seventy eight patients older than 8 years who had epilepsy which had developed and been diagnosed, and were receiving add-on therapy, were the subjects of this study. If suspicious results were obtained from the initial test with the Humphrey automatic...
The Morphologic Changes of Parvalbumin- Immunoreactive Interneurons of the Dentate Gyrus in Kainate-Treated Mouse Hippocampal Slice Culture Epilepsy Model
Hee Sun Chung, Mi-Young Shin, Young-Hoon Kim, In-Goo Lee, Kyung-Tai Whang, Myung-Suk Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1551-1558.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Loss of hippocampal interneurons in dentate gyrus has been reported in patients with severe temporal lobe epilepsy and in animals treated with kainic acid(KA). Interneurons contain Ca2+- binding protein parvalbumin(PV). The effects of kainic acid on parvalbumin-immunoreactive (PV-IR) interneurons in dentate gyrus were investigated in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. Methods : Cultured hippocampal slices from postnatal day nine...
A Follow-Up Study after Discontinuation of Antiepileptic Drug Therapy in Children with Well-Controlled Epilepsy : The Factors that Influence Recurrence
Sa Jun Chung, Hye Jeon Chung, Young Mi Choi, Eu Hyun Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1559-1570.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : There has been no exact answer to the question of when to discontinue antiepileptic drugs(AEDs) in children with well-controlled epilepsy for a long period. This study is about the risk factors of relapse after withdrawal of AEDs in seizure(Sz)-free patients to show a guideline for discontinuation of AEDs. Methods : One hundred and sixty-nine children were diagnosed as epileptic...
Corticosteroids Add-on Therapy in the Acute Phase of Kawasaki Disease
Seon-Mi Kang, Eun-Kyung Moon, Su-Mi In, Hong-Ryang Kil
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1571-1576.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Recently, clinical trials of steroid add-on therapy were reported with variable results in Kawasaki disease. We analyzed the clinical outcomes of patients at high risk of with Kawasaki disease(≥4 points of Harada score) treated by three commonly used different treatment regimens, with or without corticosteroids. Methods : Medical records of 96 children with Kawasaki disease treated with one of...
Blood Eosinophil and Serum Eosinophil Cationic Protein as a Marker of Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness in Children with Suspected Asthma
Yang Park, Hee Kang, Eun Kyeong Kang, Young Yull Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1577-1584.   Published online December 15, 2002
Purpose : Airway inflammation is considered to be a characteristic feature of asthma, and eosinophils are recognized as the most important inflammatory cells. This study aims to assess the importance of blood eosinophil count and serum eosinophil cationic protein(ECP) levels as a non- invasive marker of bronchial hyperresponsiveness(BHR) in children with suspected asthma. Methods : This study used data from 87...
Case Reports
A Case of Rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata Type I
Dal Hyun Kim, Young Se Kwon, Yong Hoon Jun, Young Jin Hong, Byoung Kwan Son, Hye Ran Yoon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1585-1590.   Published online December 15, 2002
Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata(RCDP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder clinically characterized by symmetrical shortening of the proximal limbs, contractures of joints, a typical dysmorphic face, cataracts, and itchyosis. Patients with RCDP can be subdivided into three subgroups based on biochemical analysis and complementation studies. RCDP type I results from mutations in the PEX7 gene encoding the peroxisomal targeting signal type...
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Improved by COX-2 Inhibitor in a Child
Ki Won Oh, Se Young Kim, Hwan Suk Lee, Myung Hoon Lee, Byung Ho Choe
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1591-1595.   Published online December 15, 2002
Familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous adenomas in the colorectum. Patients with FAP are always at risk of malignant transformation, so that colectomy is unavoidable. NSAID, such as sulindac, and selective COX-2 inhibitor, such as celecoxib, have shown a positive effect on FAP by causing polyp regression in some patients. We report a case of...
MR Imaging of Disseminated Tuberculosis of the Brain in a Patient with Miliary Tuberculosis : Initial Findings and Changes Six Months after Antituberculous Therapy
Jae Ho Jang, Jae Woo Lim, Soon Lee Jung, Kyuchul Choeh, Taeil Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1596-1600.   Published online December 15, 2002
A 23-month-old girl visited with chronic cough and her chest radiograph showed miliary tuberculosis. There was no neurological abnormality. But CSF findings showed WBC 22/mm3(lymphocyte 20%, neutrophil 80%) and positive result of polymease chain reaction(PCR) for M. tuberculosis. MR imaging showed multiple ring enhanced nodules and ovoid nonenhancing bright signal lesion on the cerebrum, cerebellar parenchyme, and left basal ganglia....
A Case of Cerebral Vasculitis in Henoch-Shonlein Purpura
Soo Yeon Lee, Ju Mi Choung, Dong Jin Hwang, So Hee Eun, Pyoung Han Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(12):1601-1605.   Published online December 15, 2002
Henoch-Sh nlein Purpura(HSP) is an immuologically mediated systemic vasculitis of small blood vessels affecting predominantly the skin, gastrointestinal tract, joints, and kidneys. Clinical neurological manifestations such as headaches, behavioral changes, mental changes, seizures, and visual loss are described, but neurological complication are rare during the course of HSP. We experienced a case of an 8 year-old male with HSP who...
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