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Volume 45(4); Apr 2002
Clinical Lecture
Evaluation and Management of Nocternal Enuresis
Yong Hoon Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):425-434.   Published online April 15, 2002
Medical Lecture Course
Human Surfactant Protein A(SP-A) : Distribution and Frequency, Association and Linkage with Respiratory Distress Syndrome(RDS)
Myung-Ho Oh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):435-438.   Published online April 15, 2002
Original Articles
Therapeutic Effect of Different Doses of Recombinant Human Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor(rhG-CSF) on Neonatal Sepsis Complicated by Neutropenia
Moon Young Choi, Yeon Sook Jung, Dong Woo Son, Hyo Seop Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):439-448.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : The aim of this study is to determine and compare the effects of adjunctive therapy with different doses of recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor(rhG-CSF) on reversing sepsis-associated neonatal neutropenia, and their survival rate in a group I/II-type trial. Methods : RhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously to 10 septic-neutropenic neonates with doses of 10 μg/kg from Oct. 1995 to Sep. 1996,...
Availability of Capillary Blood Gas Analysis in Neonate
Jong Tae Jeong, Su Young Yun, Ran Lee, Jae Ho Hyun, Gyu Young Jung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):449-453.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Arterial blood gas analysis is frequently performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to evaluate ventilation and the metabolic state of critically ill infants. In occasions when umbilical arterial catheterization is not available, frequent arterial puncture is mandatory. This requires some technical skill and may occasionally have side effects. So we studied the validity of capillary blood gas...
Local Rifampicin Instillation Therapy for Suppurative Bacillus Calmette-Gu rin Lymphadenitis
Mee Jeong Kim, Seong Hee Jang, Young Min Ahn, Mi Kyoung Kang, Sang Jae Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):454-458.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Bacillus Calmette-Gu rin(BCG) lymphadenitis is one of the most common complications of BCG vaccination. The involved lymph nodes usually subside spontaneously, but they may become enlarged and form an abscess. Treatment of these infants is controversial. The Pan American Health Organization recommends local isoniazid or rifampicin instillation for patients with suppurative BCG lymphadenitis. Methods : The study group comprised...
A Review of Endoscopic Removal Methods in 127 Cases of the Esophageal Foreign Bodies
Jum Su Kim, Jung Soo Yang, Hae Sung Jung, Min Hye Lee, Chan-Hoo Park, Myoung Bum Choi, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):459-465.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : The aim of this study was to evaluate the latest tendency of esophageal foreign body's extraction and to obtain a consensus from recent trends of indications and techniques of flexible endoscopy of esophageal FB in children. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 127 cases with foreign bodies in esophagus at Dept. of Pediatrics and Otorhinolaryngology, Gyeongsang National...
A Clinical Manifestation of Meckel's Diverticulum
Jin Beom Lee, Yong Soon Lee, Eun Sun Yoo, Hae Soon Kim, Se Jeong Son, Eun Ae Park, Seung Joo Lee, Sun Hee Sung, Jeong Wan Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):466-472.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : The diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulum is difficult and delayed because it presents with various clinical symptoms. We evaluated clinical, imaging and pathologic findings of Meckel's diverticulum to facilitate detection of Meckel's diverticulum in children. Methods : Review of clinical, imaging, surgical and pathological findings in 10 children aged 7 days to 14 years with Meckel's diverticulum during an 8-year...
Therapeutic Efficacy of Cefotaxime as an Empirical Antibiotic on Ascending Cholangitis after Kasai Operation for Biliary Atresia
Dong Ho Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Yun Kyung Kim, Jae Sung Ko, Hoan Jong Lee, Jeong Kee Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):474-481.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Ascending cholangitis is the most common complication after Kasai operations. The aim of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of cefotaxime as an empirical antibiotic on ascending cholangitis after Kasai operations. Methods : Thirty-nine episodes of cholangitis in twenty-nine children who underwent Kasai operations at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 1991 to December 2000 were...
The Diagnostic Usefulness of Endoscopic Findings and Detection Rates of CLO and HpKit Test for Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children
Seung Yeon Lee, Ji Hyung Yoo, Ki Sup Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):482-488.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : We performed this study to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of endoscopic finding of nodular gastritis, CLO and HpKit test for H. pylori infection in children. Methods : Gastroduodenal endoscopy and mucosal biopsy were performed on 212 children who visited our hospital between Jul. 1999 and May 2000 due to abdominal pain. We performed CLO and HpKit test for H....
The Etiologic Diseases and Diagnostic Usefulness of Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Children with Chronic Coughs
Sun Young Park, Joon Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):489-497.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : The objectives of this study were to investigate the causes of chronic cough and to establish the appropriate diagnostic approach to chronic cough in children. Methods : One hundred and thirty two cases of chronic cough were prospectively evaluated. They visitors to pediatric chronic cough clinics at Kang-nam saint Mary's Hospital of Catholic University from August 2000 to...
The Influence of the Preoperative Chronic Cyanosis on the Cardiac Troponin I in the Pediatric Cardiac Operation
Jinyoung Song, Sungkyu Lee, Jaeyoung Lee, Soojin Kim, Wooseup Shim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):498-504.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative myocardial damage in pediatric congenital heart disease with the cardiac specific protein of cardiac troponin I(cTpn-I). Methods : All 25 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot or double outlet right ventricle were classified as group A(acyanotic, SaO2 >90%), group B(mildly cyanotic, SaO2 >80-90%) and group C(moderately...
Changes in Mean Platelet Volume and Platelet Distribution Width after Therapy in Childhood Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Jong Tai Kim, Kyung Won Lee, Soon Nam Kim, Moon Kyu Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):505-511.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Mean platelet volume(MPV) and platelet distribution width(PDW) are useful parameters in evaluating disorders of platelets. In cases with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP), they change as platelet count increases. In this study, we compared the values of MPV and PDW in ITP patients at diagnosis with those of normal children. We also studied whether the early changes in MPV may...
Clinical Studies of Cerebral Palsy
Won Sik Kang, Kyong Whoon Cheon, Byeong Hee Son, Sung Won Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):512-518.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Cerebral palsies are the most common and severe motor disabilities in childhood. There is currently increased interest in their occurrence and patterns of likely cause for a variety of reasons. Therefore, a retrospective study was carried out to understand the clinical features of cerebral palsy. Methods : A retrospective chart review was conducted of all children with cerebral palsy...
Radiographic Findings and Atelectasis in Children Admitted to Hospital with Acute Asthma
Yoo-Jin Jung, Hye-Jin Jung, Kyung-Yil Lee, Won-Bae Lee, Dong-Hurn Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):519-523.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : We aimed to evaluate the abnormalities of chest radiographs including atelectasis in children who were admitted with bronchial asthma. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the 357 chest radiographs and the clinical and laboratory features of the 144 children with asthma, who were admitted at Daejoen St. Mary's Hospital from April 1994 to May 1998. Results : Clinical and laboratory...
Case Reports
A Case of Citrullinemia Diagnosed at the Neonatal Period
Seung Kyu Song, Kyung Chang Oh, Mi Ae Hong, Hee Taeg Kim, Hye Jung Shin, Soon Young Kim, Jin Keun Chang, Heui Seung Jo, Beyong Il Kim, Sei Won Yang, Jung-Hwan Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):524-528.   Published online April 15, 2002
Citrullinemia is a rare inborn error of metabolism of the urea cycle, and was first reported by McMurray, et al. in 1962. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. The normal synthesis of argininosuccinic acid is blocked in this disease due to a deficiency of argininosuccinic acid synthetase(AS), which has been demonstrated in liver cells and fibroblasts. The clinical...
A Case of Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia in a Child
Tae Wan Kim, Dae-Hyun Lym, Jung Hee Kim, Byong Kwan Son, Hye-Seung Han, Young Kyu Shin
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):529-534.   Published online April 15, 2002
Department of Pediatrics†, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea Interstitial pneumonia is a heterogenous group of inflammatory and fibrosing lesions that manifest themselves as infiltrative lung disease. Of these, nonspecific interstitial pneumonia is characterized as a variable degree of interstitial inflammation with or without fibrosis and is distinguished from usual interstitial pneumonia and desquamative interstitial pneumonia, histologically. The influx of...
A Case of Incontinentia Pigmenti with Developmental Brain Malformation
Suk Ho Kang, Soon Kim, Seung Hee Jung, Sang Geel Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):535-539.   Published online April 15, 2002
Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by vesiculobullous skin disease in neonates and infants, a noninfectious disease that should be distinguished from infectious diseases with the neonatal seizure or encephalopathy. This disease is X-linked dominant with Xq28 region abnormalities and often associated with developmental defects of the ocular, skeletal, dental, and central nervous system. Central nervous system involvement...
A Case of Rett Syndrome with MECP2 Gene Mutation
Jin Kyung Kim, Chang Seok Ki, Jong Won Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(4):540-544.   Published online April 15, 2002
Rett syndrome is an X-linked dominant, progressive neurodevelopmental disorder, with a prevalence estimated to be one in 10,000-15,000 girls, which is thought to be the second most common genetic causes of mental retardation in females after Down syndrome. Patients with classic Rett syndrome show an apparently normal neonatal period, followed by developmental regression and deceleration of head growth, accompanied by...
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