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Volume 46(11); Nov 2003
Clinical Lecture
Early Detection of Atypical Kawasaki Disease
Ji Whan Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1055-1060.   Published online November 15, 2003
Original Articles
A Study of the Relationship between Childhood Obesity and Beverage Intake
Ji Hyun Oh, In Keun Kwak, Seung Yang, Il Tae Hwang, Ji Ah Jung, Hae Ran Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1061-1066.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : The rising prevalence of childhood obesity may be due to an energy imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure. Recently, consumption of beverages in children has increased. The aim of this study is to provide useful information for the prevention and the control of childhood obesity by assessment of variable beverage consumption. Methods : Fight hundred seventy seven children(M...
A Clinical Study of Non-Accidental Intracranial Hemorrhage in Children
Kwon Hoe Huh, Keum Ho Song, Ki Sik Min, Ki Yang Yoo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1067-1072.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Non-accidental intracranial hemorrhage in children is not low in incidence and results in high mortality and serious sequelae. So, the authors have researched the distribution of sex and age, causes, symptoms and signs, hemorrhagic types, mortality rate and sequelae of the patients hospitalized with non-accidental intracranial hemorrhage at Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital. Methods : The medical records of...
A Study on the Changes in Ventilator Care Rate and Outcome of Very Low Birth Weight Infants During Last Four Years
Byun Kyung Jung, Yeoung Ju Kim, Sang Geel Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1073-1079.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Recently there has been a decrease in ventilator care rate and duration of very low birth weight infants(VLBWI) in Fatima Hospital. The aims of this study were to survey the frequency and duration of ventilation in VLBWI and to develop a non-invasive neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) policy. Methods : We performed a retrospective study of 284 newborn of...
Comparison of Clinical Courses According to the Existence of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Ju Hee Seong, Hyeon Joo Lee, Hyun Kee Hong, Chong-Woo Bae, Yong-Mook Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1080-1084.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : To compare perinatal characteristics, clinical courses, and overall morbidity between respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) with patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and RDS without PDA in neonates. Methods : Eighty-three neonates who were diagnosed and treated for RDS in the neonatal intensive care unit(NICU) from Jan. 2000 to Dec. 2002 were included in this study. RDS was complicated with PDA(group A) in...
Causative Organisms in Children with Bacterial Meningitis(1992-2002)
Hyun-Jung Kim, JI-Won Lee, Kyung-Yil Lee, Hyung-Shin Lee, Ja-Hyun Hong, Seung-Hoon Hahn, Kyung-Tai Whang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1085-1088.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was performed to assess the difference of organisms causing bacterial meningitis according to time. Methods : We analyzed retrospectively 40 medical records of bacteriologically proven meningitis from 1992 to 2002. We divided them into two groups; neonate's group(14 cases), and children's group(26 cases). The results of the neonate's group were compared with those of previously reported articles...
Efficacy and Safety of Polyethylene Glycol(PEG) with Electrolytes for Disimpaction in Children with Chronic Functional Constipation
Hong Seop So, Sun Hwan Bae, Hei Sun Yoon, in Soon Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1089-1094.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Polyethylene glycol(PEG) with electrolytes has been used for intestinal clearance for colonoscopy and operations in children. But its efficacy and safety for disimpaction in children with chronic functional constipation has been studied little. Methods : This study enrolled 26 patients with chronic functional constipation(11 children had failed to disimpaction by conventional management at OPD) who were admitted to the...
A Clinical Study of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis in Children
Jae Hoon Sim, Keum Ho Song, Yun Jung Sim, Do Jun Cho, Dug Ha Kim, Ki Sik Min, Ki Yang Yoo, Hae Ran Lee, Kwan Seop Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1095-1100.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Children with acute colonic diverticulitis(ACD), can be misdiagnosed with acute appendicitis. Methods : We reviewed 15 cases of ACD during five years, from January 1998 to June 2002 retrospectively. Results : Most patients(80%) with ACD in children presented with right lower quadrant pain. The primary diagnosis on admission was mostly acute appendicitis(87%), and all ACD in children occurred in...
Neuroprotective Effects of Minocycline in Rat Brain Cortical Cell Culture Induced by Hypoxia
Kyung A Ha, Bum Seok Yang, Jin Kyung Kim, Hong Tae Kim, Sung Jin Ha, Jong Won Lee, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1101-1106.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : In vivo, minocycline appears to be neuroprotective. Thus, the neuroprotective effects of minocycline were studied in a rat brain cortical cell culture induced by hypoxia. Methods : Cultured cells from the brains of Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two sets of groups : normoxia groups treated with 5% CO2 and hypoxia groups treated with 1% CO2. After several...
Pathologic Change and Prognosis after Combination Therapy in Advanced Neuroblastoma
Yeon Kyong Seo, Yu Jin Jung, Joon Sik Kim, Heung Sik Kim, Woo Hyun Park, Soon Ok Choi, Byung Yook Lee, Kun Young Kwon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1107-1111.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Neuroblastoma is a malignant neoplasm which arises from primitive sympathetic neuroblasts, and occasionally can matured from a malignant neuroblastoma into a benign ganglioneuroma. It has the highest rate of spontaneous regression of any pediatric tumor. We performed a retrospective study of pathologic features after combination therapy in advanced neuroblastoma. Prognostic effects of the individual morphologic feature and prognostic...
CNS Complications in Childhood Cancer
Yoo Jin Jeong, Yeon Kyong Seo, Seung Ah Hong, Heung Sik Kim, Jun Sik Kim, Hee Jung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1112-1117.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Recent advances in the methods of treating cancer in young patients have led to both an increased frequency of CNS complications as well as prolonged life expectancy. We intend to analyze the clinical aspects and laboratory findings of patients with CNS complications during and after treatment. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 174 childhood cancer...
A Clinical Study of Childhood Henoch-Sch nlein Purpura
Tae-Sun Ha, Hyun-Hoe Koo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1118-1123.   Published online November 15, 2003
Purpose : Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP) is a systemic vasculitis, characterized by cutaneous purpura, abdominal pain, arthralgia and renal involvement. The clinical features of HSP have been reasonably well documented but there are still many gaps in our understanding of HSP. The aim of this study was to present the clinical features of 125 children with HSP and compare them with...
Case Reports
Arthritis in the Subacute Stage of Kawasaki Disease after Responding to Intravenous Immunoglobulin Treatment
Kyung-Yil Lee, Jin-Hee Oh, Dea-Kyun Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1124-1127.   Published online November 15, 2003
We evaluated the clinical and laboratory characteristics of five children with Kawasaki disease who had showed arthritis after responding to intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) treatment. Age distribution was between 13 months and six years of age(mean 3.2?.6 years). There were two males and three females. Arthritis occurred when acute symptoms were subsiding, with the average onset on day 5.8?.8 after final IVIG...
A Case of Acute Pancreatitis in a Neuroblastoma Patient after Retinoic Acid Therapy
Yoo Jin Jeong, Yeon Kyong Seo, Heung Sik Kim, Hee Jung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1128-1130.   Published online November 15, 2003
Retinoic acid has been used successfully as a differentiating agent in acute promyelocytic leukemia and neuroblastoma. However, some adverse effects have been recognized, such as headaches, dry skin and retinoic acid syndrome, a life threatening acute cardiorespiratory disorder. Acute pancreatitis with hyperlipidemia has rarely been reported. We experienced a case of acute pancreatitis with hyperlipidemia in a neuroblastoma patient after...
A Case of Infantile Spasm Associated with Acute Renal Failure and Kwashiorkor after Ketogenic Diet
Young-Myoung Kim, Tae-Hong Kim, Jin-A Jung, Kyu-Geun Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1131-1134.   Published online November 15, 2003
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-protein, low-carbohydrate diet developed in the 1920s for the treatment of difficult-to-control seizures. Despite advances in both the pharmacotherapy and the surgery of epilepsy, many children continue to have difficult-to-control seizures. In this situation, a ketogenic diet should be considered as an alternative therapy. However, less attention has been paid to associated adverse events...
A Case of Keratitis, Ichthyosis and Deafness(KID) Syndrome
Lan Kim, Dong Hwan Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1135-1138.   Published online November 15, 2003
KID syndrome was named after the initials of the major three symptoms of the disease; keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness. The syndrome was first introduced by Dr. Burns in 1915 who described one of his patients with those symptoms. In 1981, Dr. Skinner and his colleagues reported 17 patients who had keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness. They also called the disease KID...
Aplastic Crisis Secondary to Parvovirus B19 Infection
Yang Joon Park, Dae Kyun Koh, Jin Hee Oh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1139-1142.   Published online November 15, 2003
Human parvovirus(HPV) B19 infection causes erythema infectiosum in children, sometimes red cell aplastic crisis with hemolytic anemia and chronic bone marrow failure in immunocompromised hosts. HPV B19 is directly cytotoxic for erythroid progenitor cells and inhibits erythropoiesis. Infrequently, HPV B19 inhibits hematopoiesis of three cell lineages and causes transient pancytopenia in patients with hemolytic disorders. We report three patients with...
A Case of Rickets Developed after Feeding on Sunsik for Seven Months
Jeong-A Yang, Kyung-A Jang, Hye-Won Park, Wook Jang, Man-Yong Han, Young-A Cho, Eun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(11):1143-1146.   Published online November 15, 2003
Rickets is a nutritional disorder which is caused either by deficiency of vitamin D or by a defective activation of vitamin D. In these days, even though the incidence of rickets has decreased through adequate nutritional support, we sometimes experience rickets in babies receiving a prolonged special diet as therapy for chronic diarrhea, or those subject to a in receiving...
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