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Volume 46(3); Mar 2003
Clinical Lecture
Combination Vaccines
Young Jin Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):213-216.   Published online March 15, 2003
Original Articles
Effective Screening Test for Obesity in Obese Adolescents and the Correlation Among Obesity Index, Body Mass Index and Serum Lipid Profile
Tae Jung Sung, Dal Hyun Kim, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son, Kyung Ja Chang, Jun Young Park, Soon Ki Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):217-223.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : Every year, there is a remarkable increase in the prevalence of children with excess body fat. The aim of this study is to find a useful screening method in assessing adolescent, obesity and to specify the predictable risk factors that are related to adult cardiovascular disease according to BMI and obesity index. Methods : From July to November in...
Maternal and Neonatal Outcome of Twin Pregnancies after in vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer
Kyung-Ah Kim, Uoo-Gyung Min, Jae-Woo Lim, Nu-Lee Jun, Hye-Sung Won, Chung-Hoon Kim, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Pil-Ryang Lee, In-Sik Lee, Ki-Soo Kim, Ahm Kim, Soo-Young Pi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):224-229.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : To examine various neonatal outcomes and perinatal factors resulting from assisted reproduction compared to that of spontaneous conception. Methods : This is a retrospective study. The control cases were all twins of spontaneous conception born between periods from January 1995 to June 2000. The study cases were identified from twins conceived by assisted reproduction in the same time peried....
The Significances of Chest X-ray Findings and Serum IFN-γ, IL-5, ECP as Predictors of Prognosis of Bronchiolitis and Bronchopneumonia in Infants
Su Hyun Cho, Hyun Seung Lee, Mi Hee Lee, Joon Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):230-235.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : Lower respiratory tract infections in infant and young children are often due to a virus, especially the Respiratory syncytial(RS) virus. Chest X-ray findings in bronchiolitis and bronchopneumonia are different. The radiographic hallmark of bronchiolitis is pulmonary hyperinflation and similar to that of bronchial asthma. Bronchiolitis is predisposed to later development of bronchial asthma. To evaluate the difference of...
Solitary Juvenile Polyps and Colonoscopic Polypectomy in Children
Kyoung Whoon Cheon, Jae Young Kim, Sung Won Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):236-241.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was performed to know the clinical profile and effectiveness of colonoscopic polypectomy in patients with solitary juvenile polyp. Methods : This study included 19 children, aged 1.8 to 11.4 years, who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy and histologically proven solitary juvenile polyps between March 1998 and August 2002. We analyzed their detailed history, clinical manifestations, colonoscopic examination, method...
Follow-up Study of Children with Anthracycline Cardiotoxicity
Hyok Joo Kwon, Young Hwan Song, Soo Jung Kang, Hyoung Jin Kang, Hyoung Soo Choi, Eun Jung Bae, Hee Young Shin, Chung Il Noh, Yong Soo Yun, Hyo Seop Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):242-249.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : We studied the relationship between anthracycline cumulative dose and anthracycline cardiotoxicity in childhood cancer and followed up 40 children with anthracycline cardiotoxicity. Methods : A retrospective study was performed in 154 children who received anthracycline chemotherapy between January 1995 to December 2000. Cardiotoxicity was defined when the left ventricular fractional shortening(FS) was below 26%; it was divided into two...
Medico-Surgical Cooperative Treatment of Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum
Kyeong Sik Kim, Byeong Chul Kweon, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):250-258.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : The actual clinical examples of co-appliance of catheter intervention with surgical procedures in the treatment of pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum(PA/IVS) which we have experienced in our institution are here shown, and the anatomical and hemodynamical profiles between each method is compared. Methods : Medical records of 33 patients with PA/IVS who underwent various treatment from January,...
Postoperative Progress and Influencing Factors in Patients after Rastelli Procedure
Se Heui Kim, Kyeong Sik Kim, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):259-264.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : We have performed an analysis on patients who received Rastelli operation in our institute and reviewed their progress postoperatively. Various factors with suspected relationship to the outcome have been considered to help in future treatment and follow-up. Methods : We analyzed retrospectively 43 patients who either received Rastelli operation in Yonsei University Cardiovascular Center from March 1995 to April...
Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants under Three Months of Age
Byung Wook Eun, Yoo Mi Chung, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hoan Jong Lee, Yong Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):265-270.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : To characterize the infants under 3 months of age with urinary tract infections(UTIs), and especially patients with bacteremia or meningitis Methods : Hospital records of all the infants under 3 months of age discharged from our hospital for 69 consecutive months with the diagnosis of initial episode of UTI were reviewed. UTI was defined when patients had fever with...
Plasma G-CSF and GM-CSF Concentrations and Expression of their Receptors on the Granulocyte in Children with Leukocytosis
Won Seok Choi, Kyung Hwan Ryu, You Jeong Kim, So Young Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):271-276.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor(G-CSF) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor(GM-CSF) are principal cytokines in granulopoiesis and their physiologic effects are mediated through binding to specific cell surface receptors. Although it is known that the level of serum G-CSF and GM-CSF, and presentation of the receptors are increased in infectious diseases, there have been no studies to find the correlation between...
Endocrine Function and Growth in Children with Craniopharyngioma
Yoo Mi Chung, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):277-283.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : Craniopharyngiomas are often accompanied by severe endocrine disorders. Although there is universal growth hormone deficiency(GHD), the resulting growth pattern is very heterogeneous. We report the growth and endocrine outcome of 44 children with craniopharyngioma, with emphasis on initial symptoms, growth before and during growth hormone(GH) treatment and spontaneous growth in spite of GHD. Methods : We performed a...
Exhaled Nitric Oxide Concentration in Children with Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis : Association with Atopy and Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness
Kyu Min Nah, Yang Park, Eun Kyeong Kang, Hee Kang, Young Yull Koh, Sun Wha Lee, Domyung Paek
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):284-290.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : A new airway inflammatory marker, exhaled nitric oxide(ENO) has been reported to correlate with bronchial hyperresponsiveness(BHR) and atopy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of ENO with BHR or atopy in patients with asthma and with allergic rhinitis. Methods : The subjects consisted of 55 children with asthma, 17 with allergic rhinitis, and 14 healthy...
Case Reports
A Case of Ring Chromosome 21 with Multiple Congenital Anomalies
Jun-Hwa Lee, Eul-Ju Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):291-294.   Published online March 15, 2003
Ring chromosome 21 causes a multitude of phenotypes, ranging from severe abnormalities to normal. The proposed mechanism of ring formation, breakage of both short and long arms of a chromosome with subsequent end to end fusion, remains unproven. We encountered a 4-year-old boy who presented developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia, hypertelorism, low-set ears, mild optic nerve hypoplasia, cleft lip and palate,...
A Case of Glutaric Aciduria Type I with Macrocephaly
Woo Jong Shin, Yeo Ok Moon, Hye Ran Yoon, Eun Sil Dong, Young Min Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):295-301.   Published online March 15, 2003
Glutaric aciduria type 1(GA1) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the lysine, hydroxylysine and tryptophan metabolism caused by the deficiency of mitochondrial glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase. This disease is characterized by macrocephaly at birth or shortly after birth and various neurologic symptoms. Between the first weeks and the 4-5th year of life, intercurrent illness such as viral infections, gastroenteritis, or even routine...
Thrombolytic Therapy and Long Term Follow-up Study in a Child with Kawasaki Disease Complicated by Giant Coronary Aneurysm with Thrombosis
Su Jung Moon, Su Ya Lee, Kyong Hee Na, Sun Young Park, Eun Young Kim, Kyoung Sim Kim, Yong Wook Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):302-307.   Published online March 15, 2003
The long-term clinical issues in Kawasaki disease are concerned with the coronary artery lesions that result in aneurysmal formation, thrombotic occlusion, progression to ischemic heart disease, and premature atherosclerosis. We here report a 3 month old infant with Kawasaki disease complicated by giant coronary aneurysm with thrombosis. After urokinase(10,000 IU/kg) and heparin(400 IU/kg) were injected for two days as thrombolytic...
A Case of Congenital Chloride Diarrhea in Premature Infant
Sung Kwan Yoon, Eun Young Kim, Kyung Rye Moon, Sang Kee Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(3):308-311.   Published online March 15, 2003
Congenital chloride diarrhea is a serious autosomal recessive disease, and defect of intestinal electrolyte absorption that involves, specifically, Cl-/HCO3- exchange in the distal part of the ileum and colon. The clinical feature is dominated by profuse, watery diarrhea containing high concentrations of chloride(>90 mmol/L) and sodium. The chloride loss results in severe dehydration with a hypochloremic alkalosis. The molecular pathology...
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