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Volume 46(8); Aug 2003
Clinical Lectures
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation(ECMO) in Neonates
Sung Dong Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):731-735.   Published online August 15, 2003
Liver Transplantation in Children
Kyung Mo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):736-741.   Published online August 15, 2003
Medical Lecture Course
How to Write a Medical Paper
Chong-Woo Bae
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):742-750.   Published online August 15, 2003
Original Articles
Correlation between Body Fat Percent Estimated by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Other Variable Methods
Hye Won Yom, Su Jung Kim, Il Tae Whang, Young Mi Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):751-757.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Obesity is a significant health problem with medical and psychological consequences for children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation between body fat percent using bioelectrical impedance(BI) and other variable methods. Methods : We measured height, weight, body mass index(BMI) and body fat percent by skinfold thickness(ST) and BI in 1,035(496 male; 539 female)...
Predictors of Clinically Non Specific Bacterial Infection in Febrile Children Less than 3 Years of Age : WBC, ESR and CRP
Jeong A Nho, Young Il Rho, Eun Seuk Yang, Eun Young Kim, Yeong Bong Park, Kyung Rye Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):758-762.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Our examination was designed to determine the diagnostic properties of the cutoff point for the prediction of bacteremia in febrile children less than 3 years of age. Cutoff point is the value that simultaneously maximizes both sensitivity and specificity. Methods : We conducted a retrospective study of febrile children, less than 3 years of age, who clinically have no...
Bronchoalveolar Cellularity and IL-8 Levels in Patients with Post-measles Wheezing
Da Eun Jung, Byeong Eui Kim, Ju Young Chung, Jeong Yeon Kim, Sang Hyuk Ma, Chang Keun Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):763-768.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was conducted to investigate the pulmonary cellular profiles and IL-8 levels in patients with post-measles wheezing. Methods : Twelve previously healthy infants with a minimum of three episodes of wheezing after measles pneumonia(Measles wheezing, median age, 1.3 years) were recruited by a retrospective examination of hospital records. They underwent bronchoalveolar lavage(BAL) with flexible bronchoscopy, and high-resolution computed...
Changes in Incidence, Survival Rate and Morbidity of Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Young Ok Kim, Sun Hui Kim, Chang Yee Cho, Young Youn Choi, Jin Hwa Kook, Tae Ju Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):769-776.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : The survival rate of very low birth weight infants(VLBWI) has improved by virtue of specialized neonatal care. This study was performed to analyze the changes in incidence, survival rate and morbidity of VLBWI who admitted to Chonnam National University Hospital from 1996 to 2001. Methods : We enrolled 565 VLBWI, and compared the incidence and the survival rate according...
Effect of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Hemodynamics, Gas Exchange and Pulmonary Inflammation in Newborn Piglets with Escherichia coli Induced Septic Lungs
Yun Sil Chang, Sun Young Ko, Won Soon Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):777-783.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of inhaled nitric oxide(iNO) on gas exchange, hemodynamics and pulmonary inflammation in newborn piglets with E. coli induced septic lung. Methods : Twenty three instrumented and ventilated piglets were randomized into three groups : CON(n=6), PCON(n=9), and PNO(n=8). In the piglets of the PCON and PNO groups, E. coli...
The Significance of the Early Electroencephalographic Findings in Severely Asphyxiated Newborn Infants
Jong Uk Lee, Won Joung Choi, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Jun Sik Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):784-788.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Perinatal asphyxia occurring in newborn is one of the major causes of acute mortality and chronic neurological disability in survivors. We have studied the relationship between early electroencephalography(EEG) findings and clinical course and neurologic outcome in severe asphyxiated neonates. Methods : Between the period of July 1999 and June 2002, 25 neonates who were diagnosed with severe perinatal asphyxia(1-minute...
Effect of Hypoxia-Ischemia on Striatal Monoamine Metabolism in Neonatal Rat Brains
Youn Hee Jee, Hyung Gun Kim, Woo Sung Park, Young Pyo Chang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):789-794.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : We intended to evaluate the effect of hypoxia-ischemia on extracellular striatal monoamine metabolism in neonatal rat brains by in vivo microdialysis. Methods : The right common carotid arteries of five or six-day old rats were surgically ligated, and the probes for microdialysis were inserted into the right striatum with stereotaxic instrument. After stabilization for two hours, artificial cerebrospinal fluid...
The Separate and Combined Effects of Insulin, Dexamethasone and Growth Hormone on the OB Gene Expression and Leptin Secretion from Cultured Human Visceral Adipose Tissue
Il Tae Hwang, Kyung Hee Kim, Jin Soon Hwang, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):795-802.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : We investigated the hormonal control of OB gene expression and leptin secretion in cultured human visceral adipose tissue. Methods : Visceral adipose tissues were cultured for up to 48 hrs in modified Eagle's medium with varying concentration of hormones : Control(no hormone), bovine insulin(100 nM), Dexamethasone(DEX, 100 nM), growth hormone(GH, 40 ng/mL), insulin+DEX(100 nM each), insulin+DEX+GH(100 nM insulin...
Factors Affecting on Final Adult Height and Total Height Gain in Children with Idiopathic and Organic Growth Hormone Deficiency after Growth Hormone Treatment
Im Jeong Choi, Jin Soon Hwang, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):803-810.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting the final adult height and total height gain in idiopathic and organic growth hormone deficient(GHD) children after growth hormone(GH) treatment. Methods : Thirteen patients with idiopathic GHD and 22 patients with organic GHD who had been treated with GH and attained adult final height were included in this...
Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor as a Predictive Risk Factor for the Occurrence of Coronary Artery Lesions in Kawasaki Disease
Min Hyuk Park, Hye Lim Jung, Ju Hee Yang, Jung-Yeon Shim, Deok Soo Kim, Jae Won Shim, Moon Soo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):811-816.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology with a predilection for the coronary arteries. Vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) is a cytokine which promotes vascular permeability and angiogenesis. We investigated serum VEGF(sVEGF) levels in Kawasaki disease to determine whether sVEGF level can be used as a risk factor to predict the occurrence of coronary artery lesions(CAL)...
Alteration of Biochemical Profiles after High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin Administration in Kawasaki Disease
Ji-Won Lee, Kyung-Yil Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):817-820.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) has been used as an immunomodulatory treatment for several immune-mediated diseases. The early effect of high-dose IVIG on biochemical profiles including lipids and proteins was evaluated in patients with Kawasaki disease(KD). Methods : Twelve children with KD(nine boys) were treated with IVIG of 2 g/kg over 12 hours. Serial sera were collected from the patients four times...
Case Reports
A Case of Congenital Malaria
Eun Jin Lee, Hyen Ho Chang, Chong Guk Lee, Chong Rae Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):821-825.   Published online August 15, 2003
Malaria is known to have been eradicated for a few decades through the persistent efforts of the national health program in South Korea. However, malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax has started to reappear incidiously among military personnel near to the De-militarized Zone since 1993. From that time on the number of malarial cases have increased abruptly year by year. However,...
A Case of ARCI Syndrome with Hypoplasia of Corpus Callosum and Heart Anomaly
Eo-Jin Kim, Young-Ran Yoon, Min-Hae Lee, Ki-Su Kang, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):826-830.   Published online August 15, 2003
ARCI syndrome consists of arthrogryposis, renal tubular acidosis, cholestatic jaundice and icthyosis. We experienced an ARCI syndrome case with corpus callosum hypoplasia and atrial septal defect. This case had oral feeding difficulty, multiple joint contracture, renal tubular acidosis and neurogenic muscular atrophy at neonatal period. At two months of age, icthyosis and cholestatic jaundice were diagnosed. The case was hospitalized...
A Case of 21-Monosomy with Holoprosencephaly(Semilobar Type)
So Young Lee, Sung Min Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(8):831-835.   Published online August 15, 2003
Holoprosencephaly of unknown definite causes, has been associated with several chromosome abnormalities involving the autosomes and the sex chromosomes. The most commonly reported associations include dup(3p), del(7q), deletions of chromosome 13, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and triploidy. In previously reported cases in Korea, none were associated with chromosome 21 anomalies. In conclusion, we reported the first case of holoprosencephaly(semilobar type)...
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