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Volume 46(9); Sep 2003
A Case of Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome with Intra-Uterine Growth Retardation
Seung Yeoun Kim, Young Min Kim, Hye Sun Yoon
Accepted January 1, 1970  
Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a rare disease; approximately 150 cases have been reported in the world literature. The syndrome consists of proportionate nanism; hypotrichosis; atrophy and extreme thinness of skin, particulary over the facial area; an usual "bird-like" face with mandibular hypoplasia; a prominent thin, pointed nose; congenital cataracts; and severe dental abnormalities. We report a case of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome in...
Clinical Lecture
Cow's Milk Allergy in Infants and Young Children
Man Yong Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):839-845.   Published online September 15, 2003
Original Articles
Serotypes and Penicillin Susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Clinical Specimens and Healthy Carriers of Korean Children
Jin-A Lee, Nam-Hee Kim, Dong-Ho Kim, Ki-Won Park, Yun-Kyung Kim, Kyoung-Hyo Kim, Jin-Young Park, Eun-Hwa Choi, Hoan-Jong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):846-853.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : Pneumoccocus is one of the most important causes of invasive infection through the childhood period and the prevelance of antibiotics resistance of pneumococcus is increasing worldwide. A 7-valent conjugate vaccine has been developed. It is important to know the prevalence of each serotype of pneumococci in the countries where the vaccine is used to estimate the coverage rate...
Usefulness of Routine Renal Sonography Screening for Healthy Infants with Isolated Single Umbilical Artery
Ju-Mi Kang, Eun-Song Song, Jin-Hwa Kuk, Hyung-Sin Lee, So-Young Kim, Young-Youn Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):854-857.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : It is known that single umbilical artery is frequently associated with gastrointestinal or urogenital anomaly, however, routine renal sonography has been debated in healthy neonate with isolated single umbilical artery. This study is designed to determine the usefulness of routine renal sonography in apparently healthy infants with an isolated single umbilical artery. Methods : Thirty healthy neonates with...
A Clinical Study of Aseptic Meningitis in the Busan Area in 2002
Ji Hyun Park, Na Young Lee, Gil Hyun Kim, Jin Hwa Jung, Kyung Soon Cho, Sung Mi Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):858-864.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : There was a outbreak of aseptic meningitis in Busan, 2002. We report the clinical features and causative viruses. Methods : Two hundred seventy six children with aseptic meningitis who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Maryknoll Hospital between January and December, 2002 were included. CSF, stool and throat swab viral cultures were done in 244 of these...
Umbilical Cord Arterial Concentrations of Isoprostane(8-iso-PGF2α) in Newborn Infants
Kun Song Lee, Yoon Hee Ji, Young Pyo Chang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):865-870.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : We measured the umbilical cord arterial concentrations of isoprostane(8-iso-PGF2α) and intended to decide whether the umbilical cord arterial concentrations of isoprostane could be used as a useful parameter for lipid peroxidation in newborn infants. Methods : The isoprostane and malondialdehyde(MDA) concentrations of the umbilical cord were measured by enzyme immunoassay and TBARS(thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) assay in 33...
The Natural Course and Size Change of Atrial Septal Defect Secundum
Deok Young Choi, Jae Young Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):871-875.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was performed to follow the natural course and size change of isolated atrial septal defect(ASD) secundum. Methods : Among the newly diagnosed with ASD secundum at the division of pediatric cardiology in Yonsei cardiovascular hospital from January 1996 to December 2000, 89 patients with pure ASD secundum were checked by the serial echocardiographic evaluation to measure...
Myocardial Protective Effect of Cardioxane for the Myocardial Damage due to Doxorubicin
Hee-Ju Park, Jai-Min Oh, Sung-Hoon Kim, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sang-Sik Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):876-882.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : To find out the myocardial protective effect of cardioxane for the myocardial damage by doxorubicin. Methods : Using Eighteen rabbits(2.0-3.2 kg), doxorubicin(30 mg/m2) was injected intravenously once a week in group I(12 rabbits) and cardioxane(600 mg/m2) was injected at 20-30 minutes before doxorubicin administration in group II(6 rabbits). After this, we operated on the rabbits when the total cumulative...
A Clinical Study on Childhood Hemolytic Anemia According to Etiological Classification
Hae-Sik Kwon, Jung-Chul Kang, Sung-Chul Won, Seung-Hwan Oh, Chuhl-Joo Lyu
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):883-888.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : The etiology of hemolytic anemia can be classified as either cellular or extracellular defects of red blood cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and laboratory findings of hemolytic anemia concerning its etiological classification. Methods : Clinical and laboratory findings of the patients with hemolytic anemia treated from January 1987 to May 2002 at Severance...
Risk Factors for the First-Year Relapse in Children with Nephrotic Syndrome
Hye Kyoung Shin, Ji Hee Kim, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):889-892.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : This study aimed to evaluate risk factors of the first year relapse in children with nephrotic syndrome(NS) without the need for biopsy. Methods : We reviewed, retrospectively, 78 children diagnosed with steroid responsive nephrotic syndrome between July 1997 and June 2002. Median years to follow up were 4.4 years(range : 1-5 years). We divided the patients into two groups(group...
Efficacy of Antiepileptic Drug on the Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes
Mee Hye Oh, Soo Young Kim, Won Hee Seo, Dae Hun Pee, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):893-897.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes(BECT) is characterized by an excellent prognosis. Therefore, the necessity for the use of antiepileptic drugs is controversial. The object of this study is to know about the long-term follow-up of BECT, comparing daily treatment with antiepileptic drug(AED) versus no medication. Methods : We retrospectively studied 56 cases of BECTs, examined at Pediatric Neurology...
Association of Diagnostic Criteria and Autoantibodies with Juvenile Dermatomyositis in Newly Diagnosed Children
Kyung Sue Shin, Joong Gon Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):898-902.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : To determine the clinical association of diagnostic criteria and the prevalence of autoantibodies in newly diagnosed children with juvenile dermatomyositis(JDM). Methods : Thirty-two children with JDM were identified at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from March 1985 to March 1999 by retrospective review. The diagnosis of JDM was based on the criteria proposed by Bohan and Peter. We investigated...
The Relationship between Human Neutrophil Elastase and Coronary Arterial Dilatation in Kawasaki Disease
Jun Yong Shim, Hee Won Choi, Ja Hyun Hong, Jong Kyun Lee, Hae Yong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):903-908.   Published online September 15, 2003
Purpose : Kawasaki disease is notorious for coronary arterial complication which is usually developed as a febrile disease in early childhood. Increased polymorphonucleus(PMN) cell levels in acute phases may be associated with the pathophysiology of Kawasaki disease. We studied the relationship between coronary arterial dilatation and elastase activity which was excreted from PMN cell and roles as an important factor...
Case Reports
A Case of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome Combinded with Sturge-Weber Syndrome
Mi Young Kim, So Young Lee, Na Yeon Kim, Sun Ju Lee, Won Duck Kim, Sung Min Cho, Dong Seok Lee, Doo Kwun Kim, Sung Min Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):909-912.   Published online September 15, 2003
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is a rare mesodermal phakomatosis characterized by cutaneous haemangiomata(usually unilateral and involving an extremity), venous varicosities and osseous and soft tissue hypertrophy, of the affected limb. Sturge-Weber syndrome, also a mesodermal pharkomatosis, is characterized by a port-wine nevus, which is present from birth and covers the face and cranium in the territory of the first division of the...
A Case of Repeated Ventricular Tachycardia Caused by Cardiac Rhabdomyomas in an Infant with Tuberous Sclerosis
Hee Jung Joo, Min Seob Song, Tae Gyu Hwang, Chul Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):913-917.   Published online September 15, 2003
Cardiac rhabdomyomas are relatively uncommon and associated with tuberous sclerosis in 40-50% cases. We report a 10-month-old infant with tuberous sclerosis who presented with ventricular arrythmias and status epilepticus. There were hypopigmented macules on the body, periventricular calcifications, renal cyst and cardiac rabdomyomas just below the aortic valve. The patient required resection of left ventricular subaortic masses due to sustained...
A Case of Herpetic Whitlow with Bacterial Superinfection
Ju-Young Chung, Sang-Woo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):918-920.   Published online September 15, 2003
Herpes simplex virus infection of the hand in children occurs after auto-inoculation from herpetic gingivostomatitis or herpes labialis. Herpetic whitlow should be suspected based on clinical signs. Diagnosis can be made by PCR or virus culture. Many misdiagnosed cases suggests that this disease is not sufficiently known. Surgical interventions may be harmful and should be avoided. We report a case...
A Case of Intestinal Lymphangiectasia
Hyung Eun Yim, Min Ji Jung, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):921-925.   Published online September 15, 2003
Intestinal lymphangiectasia, one of the protein-losing gastroenteropathies, is an uncommon disease characterized by dilated intestinal lymphatics, enteric protein loss, edema, hypoalbuminemia, and lympocytopenia. Small bowel biopsy and CT have been used to confirm the diagnosis of intestinal lymphangiectasia. Small bowel biopsy shows collections of abnormal dilated lacteals in submucosa with distortion of villi and CT findings have been described as...
A Case of Carbohydrate Pneumonitis after Ingestion of Thinner
Eul Soon Kim, Joon Soo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):930-933.   Published online September 15, 2003
Hydrocarbon pneumonitis is an inflammatory change in the lungs caused by ingestion or inhalation of household products that contain hydrocarbons. We experienced a rare case of hydrocarbon pneumonitis with a pulmonary hemorrhage in a 3-year-old girl after ingestion of paint thinner which has a high mortality. She was admitted due to dyspnea, vomiting, hemoptysis, and needed to support mechanical ventilation....
A Case of Canavan Disease
Young Ho Son, Tae Gyu Hwang, Jong Beom Sinn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):934-938.   Published online September 15, 2003
Canavan disease, also known as van Bogaert-Bertrand disease, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early an onset and a progressive spongyform degeneration of the brain, associated with an edema of the central nerve system, intramyelinic swelling and neurologic symptoms. This disorder is most prevalent in people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent but has been observed in other ethnic groups....
A Case of Recurrent Herpes Simplex Virus Disease of a Preterm Infant, Who Needed Continuous Oral Acyclovir Suppressive Therapy
Sung Seok Kim, Ki Woong Hong, Eun Ryoung Kim, Young-Don Kim, Kyoo Man Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(9):939-949.   Published online September 15, 2003
Neonatal herpes simplex virus(HSV) infections result in significant morbidity and mortality. Although acyclovir treatment has improved survival, severe neurological sequelae can occur in the majority of survivors. HSV infections limited to the skin, eyes and mouth(SEM) can cause neurologic impairment. A direct correlation exists between the development of neurologic deficits and the frequency of cutaneous HSV recurrences. National Institutes of...
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