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Volume 47(10); Oct 2004
Medical Lecture Course
Factors Involved in Lung Development and Alveolarization
Min Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1031-1035.   Published online October 15, 2004
Lung development is a sum of processes that involve harmonized orchestration of expressions of various factors in time and space. The mastermind governing these phenomena is not known, but cumulative efforts so far have helped us gain some insights as to what are involved in and how complex the developmental process is. Beginning as primitive foregut, lungs undergo processes called...
Clinical Lecture
Clinical Approach to the Children with Coagulation Deficiencies
Sang Kyu Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1036-1040.   Published online October 15, 2004
This review deals with the coagulation deficiencies which are due to the abnormality in one of three hemostatic systems. It explains about the diagnostic examinations that should be done to differentiate for patients with bleeding tendency and the things to consider when preoperative screening tests for coagulation are abnormal.
Original Articles
Iron Deficiency Anemia and Iron Nutrition in Adolescent Female Athletes
Yang Kyong Kim, Bo Young Kang, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son, Kwang Hoi Kim, Soon Ki Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1041-1046.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : Iron deficiency, particularly iron deficiency anemia(IDA) often not only decreases athletic performance but also impairs immune function and leads to other physiologic dysfunctions. This study was designed to assess and compare iron status and the IDA prevalence in female adolescent athletes with those of general adolescent students. Methods : Physical measurements and hematologic examinations were performed for adolescent...
Quantification of Organic Acids in Amniotic Fluid for Prenatal Diagnosis of Organic Acidemia
Chang Bum Koh, Dong Soo Shin, Eun Joo Bae, Won Il Park, Kyeung Ja Lee, Hong Jin Lee, Young Jo, Seung Won Lee, Ui Sun Noh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1047-1052.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : Since 1997, the quantification of organic acids in urine has become possible in Korea. This helped to diagnose a great variety of inborn errors of metabolism. However, we still don't know the normal value of organic acids in amniotic fluid, therefore it is impossible for doctors to make a correct diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism in prenatal...
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase C677T and A1298C Polymorphisms and Risk of Down Syndrome
Kyu Young Chae, Jin Hee Han, Ji Yeong Seo, Min Jung Cho, Sehyun Kim, Nam Keun Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1053-1057.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : The C677T polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase(MTHFR) has been suggested as a risk factor of maternal meiotic nondisjunction for Down syndrome. Recently, a second genetic polymorphism in MTHFR at position 1298 was reported. However, a positive association between the A1298C MTHFR polymorphism and Down syndrome has not been reported. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine which polymorphism...
A Clinical Study of Sepsis with Thrombocytopenia in Premature Infants
Jae Hoon Sim, So Ick Jang, Yun Jung Sim, Do Jun Cho, Dug Ha Kim, Ki Sik Min, Ki Yang Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1058-1064.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize sepsis with thrombocytopenia in premature infants to determine if thrombocytopenia is a prognostic factor in sepsis in premature infants. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of sepsis in premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit(N=41) at the Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital from January 1999 to December 2002. The...
Causative Organisms of Urinary Tract Infection in Children, and their Antibiotic Susceptibility
Yoon Duk Kang, Nam Su Kim, Sung Hee Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1065-1071.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : In caring patients with urinary tract infection(UTI), it is prominent to know causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibilities, of which domestic data appear somewhat different from those reported in the literature. The study was done to learn the distribution of pathogens causing UTI and their antimicrobial susceptibilities in Korean children. Methods : One hundred forty two inpatients diagnosed...
A Study of Group B Streptococcal Infection in Pregnant Women, by LIM Broth Media
Tae Hyung Kim, Su Eun Park, Ki Hyung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1072-1075.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the degree of Group B streptococcal colonization in Korean pregnant women of gestational age 35-37 weeks. Methods : From May 1, 2002 to April 30, 2003, the medical records of 53 pregnant(gestational age from 35 to 37 weeks) women who visited the department of Ob & Gyn, Pusan National Hospital for antenatal care, were reviewed. By use...
Pulmonary Function of Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Yu Sok Han, Hyun Ah Kim, Uee Ryoung Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1076-1080.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the patterns of preoperative pulmonary function tests(PFTs) and their correlation with postoperative pulmonary impairment in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis(AIS), who had orthopaedic operation with or without rib resection thoracoplasty. Methods : The case records and radiographs of 79 patients(12, boys and 67, girls) of a mean age of 13.3 years(7-15 years) with AIS who underwent orthopaedic...
Characteristics of Developmentally Delayed Infants and Young Children Who Demonstrated Normal Myelination by Brain MRI
Young Se Kwon, Yong Hoon Jun, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son, Kyoung Hee Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1081-1086.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the clinical characteristics of infants and young children who had developmental delay without delayed myelination and dysmyelination. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed 59 cases of developmental disability between July 1996 and June 2001 at Inha University Hospital. Twenty-eight patients showed normal myelination(Group I), while thirty-one patients showed delayed myelination(Group II) by brain MRI. The following clinical records...
The Levels of Zinc and Neuron-specific Enolase in Febrile Convulsion
Hong Sang Cho, Jun Hun Shin, Ji Yeoung Seo, Cho Ae Lee, Se Hyun Kim, Kyu Young Chae
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1087-1092.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : To determine the role of zinc in febrile convulsion and to evaluate whether febrile convulsion causes neuronal damage, serum and cerebrospinal fluid(CSF), zinc and CSF neuron-specific enolase(NSE) levels were measured in patients with febrile convulsion, epilepsy and aseptic meningitis. Methods : Three groups were formed as follows : group I : 53 children with febrile convulsion; group II :...
Clinical Analysis of Scrotal Involvement in Childhood Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
Jin-Seok Lee, Tae-Sun Ha
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1093-1099.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : Henoch-Schönlein purpura(HSP) is a systemic vasculitis affecting predominantly skin, the gastrointestinal tract, the joints and kidneys. Because the scrotal manifestations including swelling and pain (or tenderness) are known to be uncommon in male HSP patients, there has been a little mention of them in the studies of HSP. Therefore, we investigated the clinical and laboratory features of HSP...
Thermogenic Response to Fasting and Exercise in Different Aged Rats
Ae Jung Kwak, Kwang Hae Choi, Yong Hun Park, Yong Woon Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1100-1105.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : Recently, there has been a marked increase in childhood obesity, and that has aroused social concern. Obesity increases several metabolic disease such as hypertension, diabetes, fatty liver, heart disease and the mortality rate. Complications of obesity are more closely related with the accumulation of visceral fat. Therefore, fundamental treatment of obesity Should be the reduction of body fat....
Case Reports
A Case of Fulminant Hepatitis from Hepatitis A in a Child
Young Min Kim, Jae Sun Kim, Sun Hwan Bae, Dong Hoon Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1106-1109.   Published online October 15, 2004
Fulminant hepatitis from hepatitis A in children is rare and has a low survival rate. We report a case of fulminant hepatitis from hepatitis A in a 12-year-old girl. The patient was admitted because of a three day history of fever, epigastric pain and vomiting. On her second hospital day, she had insomnia, anxiety, dysthesia, continuous fever, vomiting and nausea....
A Case of Pulmonary Artery Sling Misdiagnosed as Bronchial Asthma
Eun-Jung Cheon, Ki-Soo Kim, Jae-Woo Lim, Kyung-Ok Koh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1110-1113.   Published online October 15, 2004
Anomalous left pulmonary artery(pulmonary artery sling) is a congenital anomaly in which the vascular structure arises either from the posterior surface of the right pulmonary artery, or from the main pulmonary artery and courses to the left lung between the posterior surface of the trachea and the anterior surface of the esophagus. It may compress on the tracheobronchial tree causing...
Congenital Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Manifested by Severe Cyanosis in Infancy
Jae Ju Cho, Woo Sung Park, I-Seok Kang, Tae-Gook Jun, Mi-Jin Jung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1114-1118.   Published online October 15, 2004
Congenital pulmonary vein stenosis(CPVS) with anatomically normal connection, a rare anomaly, usually leads to progressive pulmonary hypertension, cardiac failure in infancy, and death if untreated. Most are combined with other anomalies, particularly left to right shunt lesions. Very often, the detection of CPVS is overlooked on the initial cardiac echocardiogram, because it may be mild in its severity initially, but...
The VACTERL Association : Tracheal Stenosis, Tracheal Bronchus and Partial Pulmonary Agenesis, Instead of Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Ji Sook Park, Hae Young Lee, Jong Sil Lee, Ji Hyeon Seo, Jae Young Lim, Myong Bum Choi, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Sang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1119-1123.   Published online October 15, 2004
VACTERL association is a disease with multiple congenital anomalies of the vertebrae, anus, cardia, tracheoesophageal(TE) fistula, renal and limb. This disease is derived from VATER anomaly, accompanied by cardiac and limb anomalies. We experienced a case of a 1-day-old boy with anal atresia, who represented multiple anomalies during hospital course. The multiple anomalies were hemivertebra, anal atresia, complex heart disease(coarctation...
A Case of Dieulafoy's Lesion Presenting Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in a Child in the Acute Phase of Kawasaki Disease
Seung Min Lee, Seok Woo Park, Yun Hee Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1124-1127.   Published online October 15, 2004
Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding resulting from the erosion of an abnormally large submucosal artery. Recently, improvement of endoscopic techniques has made effective hemostasis possible in most cases of Dieulafoy's lesion. Aspirin, which is an anti-inflammatory agent, increases the incidence of major upper gastrointestinal complications. Gastroduodenal mucosal injury associated with aspirin therapy in patients in...
A Case of Del 13(q24) Syndrome with Multiple Anomalies
Sang Yun Lee, Hee Jung Jung, In Hea Nam, Mea Young Jang
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1128-1131.   Published online October 15, 2004
It has been estimated that chromosomal aberrations account for 2.3% to 3% of normal pregnancies, and of them, 85% are aborted. Therefore, the survival rate of neonates with chromosomal aberrations is very low. Among them, patients with partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 13 are very rare. The natural history of deletion of the long arm is dependent...
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