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Volume 47(4); Apr 2004
Clinical Lecture
Cognitive Dysfunction in Children
Eun Sook Suh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):351-354.   Published online April 15, 2004
Cognition is a broad term that include a range of abilities such as memory, perception, attention, organization, planning, problem solving abilities and the perception of another person's unconscious motivation. Cognitive dysfunction is an abnormality of the central nervous system, manifest during the developmental period, which result significant life long impairment. The neurologic assessment of the delayed or retarded child emphasizes...
A Clinical Approach to Failure to Gain Weight in Infants
Jin-Bok Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):355-361.   Published online April 15, 2004
Failure to thrive is a term used to describe growth failure in infants and young children that may be accompanied by retarded social and motor achievements. The three categories of failure to thrive is based on anthropometric measurements of weight, length, and head circumference for age. Type 1 category, inadequate growth or loss of body weight with relatively normal height...
Original Articles
The Prevalence of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity in Jeju and Clinical Characteristics according to the Degree of Obesity
Jung Ho Seo
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):362-367.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Recently, childhood obesity has increased and became a major health concern in Korea. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in Jeju and to analyze clinical characteristics according to the degree of obesity. Methods : A total of 3,643 students from April 2002 to August 2002 were studied. To examine the...
The Effect of Parenteral Nutrition and Respiratory Distress Syndrome in the Early Neonatal Period on Bone Mineralization at the Time of Reaching 2 kg Body Weight in Premature Infants
Yun-Jin Lee, Su-Eun Park, Jae-Hong Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):368-372.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the effect of parenteral nutrition in early neonatal period on bone mineralization at the time of reaching 2 kg body weight in premature infants, bone mineral density(BMD) in infants who received long-term parenteral nutrition in the early neonatal period was measured and compared with infants who received enteral nutrition only. Methods : Twenty low birth weight infants(those...
Clinical Characteristics and Epidemiologic Study of Infection Due to Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase Producing Organism in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Nu-Lee Jun, Jae-Woo Im, Hyun-Kyung Park, Mi-Na Kim, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Ki-Soo Kim, Soo-Young Pi
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):373-379.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : The extended-spectrum β-lactamase(ESBL) producing organism have emerged to be an important pathogen in neonatal intensive care unit(NICU). This study was conducted to investigate incidence, characteristics and risk factors associated with ESBL organism among newborns in NICU. Methods : The subjects included 98 newborns admitted to NICU at Asan Medical Center between September 1998 to July 2002, from whom...
Clinical Findings of Sepsis-Associated Cholestasis in the Neonates
Soo Jung Yoon, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):380-385.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Bacterial endotoxins or inflammatory cytokines are known to be important causes of cholestasis in patients with systemic infections such as sepsis. This study was undertaken to investigate the clinical features of cholestasis in newborn infants with sepsis. Methods : This study included 17 neonates with cholestasis diagnosed at the time of septicemia who had no previous history of cholestasis....
Decreased Nonlinear Coupling of Peripheral Blood Volume to Heart Rate in Preterm Infants
Eun-Young Park, Chang-Ryul Kim, Myung-Kul Yum
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):386-391.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : We investigated the autonomic nervous and complex modulation of heart rate and peripheral blood volume, and linear and nonlinear coupling between heart rate and peripheral blood volume in full-term and preterm infants. Methods : In twenty healthy preterm infants and twenty full-term infants at postconceptional age of 30-37 and 38-41 weeks each, we recorded electrocardiogram and photoplethysmogram simultaneously during...
Clinical and Virologic Study of Aseptic Meningitis
Hyun Ji Kim, Hae Kwan Cheong, Cheoll Jung, Kyu Man Lee, Young Mee Jee, Won Duck Kim, Dong Seok Lee, Doo Kwun Kim, Sung Min Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):392-398.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : The cause of aseptic meningitis remains mostly unknown because viral culture and identification is difficult. Thus, we report a study on 123 children with aseptic meningitis in Gyeongju in 2002 to identify the causing virus and the relationship with the clinical manifestation. Methods : We prospectively investigated the patients, admitted to Dongguk University Hospital, into two groups between April...
Values of Lung CT in Children with a Vague History of Aspiration
Myoung-Bum Choi, Hyang-Ok Woo, Jum-Su Kim, Ji-Hyoun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Jin-Jong You, Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):399-404.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of spiral computed tomography (CT) using contiguous slices with partially thin sections around the hilar level in the bronchial foreign bodies of children with a vague history of aspiration. Methods : Fourteen children were identified to be examined with spiral CT due to obscure histories of aspiration episodes....
A Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors of Renal Involvement in Henoch-Sch nlein Purpura
Min Jee Jeoung, Hyung Eun Yim, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):405-411.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Long-term prognosis of Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP) is determined by the existence and severity of renal involvement. We evaluated the relationship between various clinical features of HSP and the development of renal involvement using univariate and multivariate analyses for early detection and proper management of HSP nephritis. Methods : We performed a retrospective study of 200 children who were diagnosed...
Study on the Correlation between Clinical Classification according to Hemorrhagic Symptoms and Platelet Counts in Childhood Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Ho Il Bang, Sae Ron Shin, Du Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):412-416.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) is a relatively common hematologic disease in children. The optimal strategy for treating ITP during childhood is a matter of controversy. In general, platelet count has been the primary, if not the sole measure, on which treatment decisions have been made and outcomes determined. In this study, we tried to find out the correlation between...
Assessment of Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness Using Chest Auscultation and Oxygen Saturation Measurement in Pre-school Children with a History of Wheezing
Young Yoo, Jinho Yu, Hee Kang, Eun Kyeong Kang, Young Yull Koh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):417-423.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : This study aimed to determine the efficacy and usefulness of chest auscultation and oxygen saturation measurement in the assessment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to inhaled methacholine in pre-school wheezing children. Methods : One hundred and four children with histories of wheezing underwent bronchial challenges with nebulized methacholine using chest auscultation and oxygen saturation measurement. The challenge was considered positive when...
Manifestation of Coronary Artery Lesions after Immunoglobulin Re-treatment in Initial Immunoglobulin-resistant Kawasaki Disease
Hyo Jung Suk, In Sung Kim, Jo Won Jung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):424-429.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the predictable factors for why initial intravenous immune globulin(IVIG) therapy failed and the outcome of coronary lesions after additional IVIG retreated in initial IVIG- resistant Kawasaki disease(KD). Methods : Retrospective studies were performed on 284 cases of KD treated with one episode of high-dose IVIG and 63 cases with additional IVIG retreatment at this hospital from January...
Phenotypic Transformation of Tubular Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts Following Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction or Angiotensin II Infusion in the S-D Rat
Eui Seong Lee, Min Jee Jeoung, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):430-438.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Unilateral ureteral obstruction(UUO), a well established experimental model of renal injury, gives rise to tubulointerstitial fibrosis, tubular dilatation and cellular atrophy. Angiotensin(ANG) II may take the prime role in the regulation of this response. The objectives in the current investigation were to determine whether the renal response to UUO involves the dedifferentiation of tubular epithelial cells to mesenchymal...
Expression of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors at Different Stages of Differentiation in Chick Embryo Chondrocytes
Jo Young Suh, Jong Eul Park, Woo Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):439-447.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Proliferative chondrocytes and prehypertrophic chondrocytes secrete significant amounts of type II collagen in an extracellular matrix. In contrast, hypertrophic chondrocytes secrete type X collagen. In addition, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) also appear to play an important role during differentiation. Accordingly, the current study identified and characterized the chondrocytes and FGFR mRNA expressed...
Case Reports
A Case of Meconium Peritonitis Accompanied with Hydrocele
Hoi Kyung Yoon, Ha Young Roh, Jin Hwa Kook, Young Youn Choi, Sang Young Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):448-452.   Published online April 15, 2004
Meconium peritonitis is a rare disease in neonates, characterized by intraperitoneal calcification, numerous fibrosis with or without pseudocyst formation due to antenatal extravasation of meconium. Meconium peritonitis may result in a number of genital manifestations, including inguinal and scrotal or labial hydrocele containing meconium or calcifications. Recently, increased numbers of fetuses with meconium peritonitis have been prenatally diagnosed by ultrasonography....
A Case of Teratocarcinoma with Central Diabetes Insipidus
Jong Hoon Kim, In Seok Lim, Eung Sang Choi, Byoung Hoon Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):453-457.   Published online April 15, 2004
Central diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder that can result as a consequence of diverse etiologies, including malformations, autoimmune, infiltrative(e.g. neoplastic or histiocytosis) or traumatic processes, as well as mutations in the gene encoding arginine vasopressin. Idiopathic central diabetes insipidus is a diagnosis of exclusion, one that has been made less frequently through the decades. Idiopathic central diabetes insipidus in...
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 with Cerebellar Piloytic Astrocytoma
In-Sang Jeon, Jung Sun Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Na Rae Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):458-461.   Published online April 15, 2004
Neurofibromatosis type 1(NF1) is one of the most common inherited disorders, clinically characterized by caf -au-lait spots, Lisch nodules and neurofibromas. In addition, the affected individuals usually develop benign and malignant tumors of the nervous system. One of the most common tumors is the optic nerve glioma. NF1-associated glioma, however, rarely occurs in the cerebellum. Recently, we experienced a NF1-associated...
Surgical Correction of Congenital Heart Disease In 18 Trisomy
Jinyoung Song, Yun Hee Moon, Ki Young Jang, Jae Young Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Woo Seup Shim, Woong Han Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):462-464.   Published online April 15, 2004
18 trisomy(Edwards syndrome) is a fatal disease with a congenital heart anomaly. Patients usually receive less aggressive care because caregivers expect them to die very young. Although they have a very poor prognosis due to severe multi-organ dysfunction, symptomatic simple cardiac anomaly with left to right shunt can be repaired. We experienced a case of 18 trisomy with ventricular septal...
A Case of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura after Abdominal Blunt Trauma
Sang Eun Lee, Jung Kim, Cheol Hong Kim, Hwang Jae Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(4):465-469.   Published online April 15, 2004
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is the most common vasculitis in childhood and shows unique clinical features characteristic purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, intestinal bleeding, nephritis and so forth by IgA mediated leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The etiology of Henoch-Schönlein purpura is unknown, but many variable causative factors are reported such as infection, drugs, vaccination, food, insect bite and so on. Henoch-Schönlein purpura precipitated by trauma...
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