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Volume 47(5); May 2004
Clinical Lecture
Detection and Diagnosis of Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases
Youn-Soo Hahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):475-479.   Published online May 15, 2004
Primary immunodeficiency diseases result from innate defects of immune system. As a consequence, recurrent viral, bactrial, fungal, and protozoal infections of varying severity ensue. Although primary immunodeficiency diseases are relatively rare, intensive study of these disorder has expanded our understanding of immunity. Recent progress in immunobiology and genetics has identified the causes of many of the primary immunodeficiency diseases. Diagnosis...
Medical Lecture Course
Renal Transport Proteins Involved in Urinary Concentrating Mechanism
Dong Un Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):480-484.   Published online May 15, 2004
Renal tubule and vasa recta are arranged in complex but specific anatomic relationships and the production of a concentrated urine is achieved by countercurrent multiplication mechanism in the renal medulla. This model requires that the ascending thin limb is highly permeable to NaCl but impermeable to water, while the descending thin limb is impermeable to NaCl but highly permeable to...
Original Articles
Correlation of Measurements for Body Fat in Obese Children
Jong Hoon Kim, In Seok Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):485-490.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Measurement of body fat in obese children is useful not only in evaluating health hazard but also in establishing standards of treatment and evaluating the effectiveness of treatment. In the field of clinical and laboratory study, there are various methods with different reliability, propriety, convenience, and expenses. However, the practical value of these studies is limited in Korea,...
Correlation between Percentage of Body Fat by BIA and Other Obesity Indices
Su Jin Kim, Su Yung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):491-495.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Obesity is becoming a serious health problem in schoolage children and adolescents. There are several parameters to estimate obesity such as body mass index(BMI), skinfold thickness, obesity index and weight for height. Each parameter has some advantages and disadvantages. Bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA) seems to be a simple, reproducible, objective and cost effective method for fat evaluation. But there...
The Relationship between Developmental Quotient in Children with Delayed Language Development and Later Intellectual Quotient
So Yeon Kim, Yeon Kyung Jung, Hai Lee Jung, Woo Taek Kim, Im Hee Shin, Jung Han Park, Heng Mi Kim, Jin Kyung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):496-504.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : The objective of this study was to test the predictive validity of developmental test for later intellectual development in young children with delayed language development. Methods : The study subjects were 66 children who had presented delayed language development and had an initial developmental test and a follow-up intelligence test. The mean age at initial test was 34.2 months(17-48...
Survival Rate in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Jae Ju Cho, Soon Bum Lee, Woo Sung Park, Young Pyo Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):505-509.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : We observed changes in the outcome of very low birth weight infants(VLBWI) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit(NICU) of Dankook University Hospital(DKUH) in the last six years. Methods : The distribution of birth weight and gestational age, survival rate, neonatal complications, and causes of death for 228 VLBWI who had been admitted to DKUH from 1st January...
Incidence and Risk Factors of Rehospitalization with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Premature Infants
Eun Ah Lee, Jea Heon Jeong, Seung Taek Yu, Chang Woo Lee, Hyang Suk Yoon, Do Sim Park, Yeon Kyun Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):510-514.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : We performed this study to evaluate the risk of rehospitalization for respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) infection among premature infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit(NICU). Methods : We performed a retrospective study for rehospitalization for RSV infection and risk factors among premature infants who were admitted to NICU and discharged between May 2001 and April 2003 in Wonkwang...
Cytokines in Neonatal Sepsis
Hye Jin Park, So Yeon Kim, Jun Hwa Lee, Eun Jin Choi, Jin Kyung Kim, Sang Gyung Kim, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):515-520.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Maternal premature rupture of membrane(PROM) over 24 hours is a risk factor in neonatal sepsis and a main cause of administration to neonatal intensive care unit. Levels of proinflammatory cytokines were studied to diagnose and treat early in newborn infants with sepsis and with a history of maternal PROM. Methods : Interleukin-1β(IL-1β), Interleukin-6(IL-6), Interleukin-8(IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were...
Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease with Early Dexamethasone Treatment in less than 32 Weeks Premature : Randomized Controlled Study
So Yun Shim, Su Jin Cho, Eun Ae Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):521-526.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : The optimal timing and the consequences of dexamethasone therapy in chronic lung disease remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether early dexamethasone therapy would reduce the incidence of chronic lung disease and to determine the adverse effects and complications of prematurity associated with such therapy. Methods : Twenty neonates with hyaline membrane disease(dexamethasone n=10, placebo...
Effects of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I and 1,25-(OH)2 Vitamin D3 Concentration on Intrauterine Growth of Newborns from Mothers with Preeclampsia
In Sook Yang, Jung Hyun Lee, Hyung Shin Lee, So Young Kim, Sung Dong Choi, In Kyung Sung, Chung Sik Chun
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):527-531.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was undertaken to observe the blood levels of IGF-I and 1,25-(OH)2 Vit. D3 in maternal and neonatal compartments and the effects of IGF-I concentration on intrauterine fetal growth and 1,25-(OH)2 Vit. D3 metabolism in the presence of preeclampsia. Methods : Thirty-four full-term pregnant women with preeclampsia and their newborns(preeclampsia group) and 10 normotensive full-term pregnant women and...
Renal Anomalies in Neonates with Isolated Preauricular Tags
Myung Eun Hong, Seung Taek Yoo, Eun Jung Choi, Chang Woo Lee, Seung Taek Park, Yeon Kyun Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):532-534.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : The aim of this study was to determine the role of renal ultrasonography in neonates with isolated preauricular tags. Methods : We performed a retrospective study of 10,997 newborn infants delivered from January 1995 to June 2003 in Wonkwang University Hospital. Nineteen newborns born with isolated preauricular tags were assessed for renal anomalies by performing renal ultrasonography within one...
A Clinical Study and Sonographic Findings of Neonatal Adrenal Hemorrhage
Ok Yeon Cho, Kyoung Eun Lee, Eun Jung Shim, Do Jun Cho, Dug Ha Kim, Ki Sik Min, Ki Yang Yoo, Kwan Sub Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):535-542.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to present out experience of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage (NAH) and to help diagnosis and management of NAH. Methods : We conducted a retrospective study on 14 neonates diagnosed as NAH from January 1993 to August 2002 at Hallym Medical Center. Their clinical manifestations, risk factors, sonographic findings and progression of NAH were evaluated using...
Interpretation of Traumatic Lumbar Puncture in Aseptic Meningitis
Su Jin Sung, Jung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):543-546.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was undertaken to find out a useful method that can predict the true leukocytosis in blood-contaminated cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) due to traumatic lumbar puncture(LP), using white and red cell counts of sanguineous CSF and peripheral blood. Methods : From May 2001 to December 2002, among 1,247 patients presenting symptoms of meningitis who had received LP at Chonnam Hospital,...
Therapeutic Effect of Helicobacter pylori Eradication in Children with Recurrent Abdominal Pain Associated with H. pylori
Ji Hyun Uhm, Ki Sup Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):547-554.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : In order to clarify the role of Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) in recurrent abdominal pain, we investigated prospectively the effect of eradication of H. pylori based on symptom improvement in children with recurrent abdominal pain. Methods : Children with recurrent abdominal pain were evaluated with diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to rule out peptic ulcer disease, etc. During endoscopy, biopsies were...
Cause and Prognosis of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure by Intrapulmonary Lesion
Hye-Young Lee, Ji-Suk Park, Hee-Ra Choi, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jeum-Su Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):555-560.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Respiratory failure arises from derangements in pulmonary gas exchange. The causes may be classified as due to either lung disease or respiratory pump dysfunction. Problems with lung mechanics is an important cause of acute respiratory failure in children clinically. The aims of this study were to survey the cause and prognosis of children diagnosed with acute respiratory failure...
Aseptic Meningitis Secondary to High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Kawasaki Disease
Ae Ra Cho, Jee Yoon Park, Kyung Hyo Kim, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):561-566.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Kawasaki disease is a multisystemic inflammatory vasculitis and associated with neurologic features such as aseptic meningitis. High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) is used to treat Kawasaki disease and generally considered to be safe, but rare cases of aseptic meningitis with unknown etiology have been reported. The aseptic meningitis associated with Kawasaki disease was compared with meningitis as the adverse reaction...
Comparison of Cytokine Expressions among Kawasaki Disease and Its Symptom-related Diseases
Ran Lee, So Hyun Park, Yu Jeong Kim, So Young Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):567-573.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Kawasaki disease(KD) is an important acute febrile systemic vasculitis disease. Various cytokines have been studied to evaluate the pathogenesis of vascular injury. Some cytokines have been implicated for vascular injury, but there has been no direct evidence. We compared cytokine profiles of KD with Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP), and febrile infections. Methods : We investigated the serum concentrations of...
Case Reports
A Case of Vocal Cord Dysfunction
Jeoung A Her, Hee Kyoung Choi, Chang Hee Son, Young Min Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):574-578.   Published online May 15, 2004
Vocal cord dysfunction is a recently described entity in which paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords produces airflow obstruction at the level of the larynx. Recurrent wheezing results, which may imitate asthma. Inspiratory closure of the cords can also cause stridor, commonly misdiagnosed as an upper airway obstruction of undefined cause. The acute presentation is often dramatic and has led...
A Case of Multiple Septic Arthritis by Streptococcus pneumoniae in Kawasaki Disease
Jae-Hoon Choe, In-Gyu Lee, Kyung-Bae Park, Joon-Soo Park, Young Chang Kim, Hwa-Yong Song, Byung-Heum Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):579-582.   Published online May 15, 2004
In Kawasaki disease, arthritis may occur, generally affecting the hands, knees, ankles, or hips. Operations have not usually been needed. We report a case of Kawasaki Disease with multiple septic arthritis which was caused by S. pneumoniae and which needed athrotomy with drainage for both hips, both knees, and both ankle joints. A two year, ten-month-old girl was admitted to...
A Case of Tuberous Sclerosis associated with Abdominal Aneurysm
Eun Jeong Lee, So Jeong Yim, Sun Mi Kim, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang, Seung Yun Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(5):583-587.   Published online May 15, 2004
Tuberous sclerosis(TS) is known to be associated with multi-organ involvements, such as neurologic, renal and cardiac abnormalities. Abdominal aortic aneurysms in children and young adults are uncommon, however, some have been observed in patients with TS. We present an 8 month-old female patient with TS who developed aortic aneurysm and underwent successful surgical management. Since an aortic aneurysm is potentially...
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