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Volume 47(8); Aug 2004
Medical Lecture Course
Impact of Host Genetics on Susceptibility and Outcome of Viral Infections
Eun Hwa Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):815-820.   Published online August 15, 2004
The generation of a draft sequence of the human genome has lead to an opportunity to characterize human diversity, including the differences in host response to numerous pathogens. Host responses upon exposure to a pathogen can determine the wide spectrum of illness from subclinical or mild to severe diseases. Host factors, particularly genetic backgrounds, influence the pathogenesis of infectious diseases....
Clinical Lecture
The Pharmacotherapy of Childhood Epilepsy
Sang Ook Nam
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):821-826.   Published online August 15, 2004
Epilepsy is one of the most common and disabling neurologic disorders in childhood. The primary goal of epilepsy treatment is to choose the treatment modality that provides the best chance of improving the patient's quality of life. In addition to classic antiepileptic drugs, newly developed antiepileptic drugs ketogenic diet, epilepsy surgery, and vagal nerve stimulation have improved the ability to...
Original Articles
Measles Antibodies Measured by Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test in Infants during the First Year of Life
Sung Hee Oh, Hak Won Kim, Younghee Lim, Hahng Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):827-832.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : The 2000-2001 measles epidemic resulted in more than 50,000 cases with the highest attack rate occuring in infants less than one year of age, indicating the necessity of measles immunization before 12 months of age when a measles outbreak occurs again. The study was conducted to measure maternal measles antibody in infants by plaque reduction neutralization test(PRN), for...
The Change in Intestinal Lactobacillus Count among Healthy Neonates
Hyun Joo Lee, Hyun Ji Lee, Su Jin Cho, Jung Wan Seo, Seung Joo Lee, Eun Ae Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):833-838.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Enhancing overall health by preventive and therapeutic use of probiotics has shown great promise on inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic disorders, allergies, et al. To attain preliminary data for the use of probiotics, we have studied the change in intestinal flora, Lactobacillus count among healthy, full term neonates. Methods : Fresh stool samples were collected on the 2nd or 5th day...
Protein C as a Differential Marker for Bacterial Infection among Pediatric Patients with Fever
Eun Ha Mo, In Hae Nam, Kyung Duk Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):839-843.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to find the clinical significance in protein C as a differential marker in the beginning stage of infection and prognosis factor in severe infection among pediatric patients who were admitted due to fever. Methods : A total of 40 pediatric patients who had temperatures higher than 37.5℃ on admission at the Department of Pediatrics,...
A Clinical Study of Infective Endocarditis in Childhood
Eun Na Choi, Jae Hun Kwon, Kyong Min Choi, Hwan Dae Hwang, Kyoung Mi Sin, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Dong Su Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):844-850.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Advances in the treatment of congenital heart disease and a decline in the incidence of rheumatic fever has led to changes in the causative organisms and the clinical outcome of infective endocarditis(IE). We sought to analyze the clinical outcome, prognostic factors, causative organisms and corresponding antibiotic sensitivity in IE. Methods : Retrospective analysis of medical records of 104 children...
The Diagnostic Value of Gross Bloody Stool on Intussusception
Kyung Ah Nam, Sang Hee Lee, Sang Hee Son, Su Jin Jung, Son Sang Seo
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):851-854.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : To evaluate the diagnostic value of gross bloody stools as a predictor of intussusception. Methods : We reviewed 159 cases retrospectively that had an ultrasound examination for diagnosis of intussusception from January 2001 to December 2003 at Ilsin Christian Hospital. We compared each symptom and assessed the diagnostic value of gross bloody stools in the patients with suspected intussusception. Results...
Clinical Study of Benign Convulsion with Acute Gastroenteritis
Jin Hyung Cho, Kim Eun Joo, Sung Koo Kim, Seon Hee Shin, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):855-860.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize clinical features of benign convulsions with acute gastroenteritis(CwG) in infants. Methods : We reviewed 83 consecutive seizures in 42 patients with CwG between January 1995 and December 2003. CwG was defined as convulsions having the following two characteristics : (a) seizures accompanied with symptoms of gastroenteritis without clinical signs of dehydration or electrolyte...
Follow-up Studies and Clinical Significance of Chromosomal Rearrangement in Childhood Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Yang Hyun Kim, Jung Tae Kim, Jung Chul Kang, Hae Sik Kwon, Sung Chul Won, Seung Hwan Oh, Chuhl Joo Lyu
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):861-867.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Through routine screening for chromosomal defects present in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia(ALL) by means of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR), we aimed for earlier detection of recurrences, hence evaluating the progress of the disease after treatment, and forecasting the need for further testing. Methods : We analyzed 30 patients who visited the Pediatrics Department of Severance Hospital, from...
Analysis and Evaluation of the Reliability of Medical Information on Food Allergies on the Internet
Young Bun Cho, Young Shin Yoon, Ji Yeon Chang, Sun Mi Kim, Kwi Sook Kim, Chang Hee Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):868-872.   Published online August 15, 2004

Purpose: The information in the internet is increasing and the number of people using the Internet to obtain medical information is increasing rapidly too. But, compared to the amount of information, the quality of information is extremely variable. To assess the accuracy of medical information on the Internet, the quality of information about food allergies available on the internet examined. Methods:...
Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness and Atopy in 6-8 Year Old Children According to the History of Wheezing in Early Childhood
Jinho Yu, Young Yoo, Hee Kang, Young Yull Koh
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):873-878.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : It is becoming generally recognized that wheezing in early childhood is a heterogeneous condition and does not always develop into asthma. This study aimed to determine characteristics of wheezing phenotypes in early childhood and investigate their relation to asthma. Methods : Two hundreds and sixty 6-8 year old children with past or present wheezeing were enrolled, and their history...
Clinical Characteristics of Recurrent Kawasaki Disease
Hyun Ji Lee, Ae Ra Cho, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sohn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):879-883.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical manifestations and the risk factors of recurrent Kawasaki disease(KD). Methods : From March 1995 to June 2003, 14 children with recurrent KD in Ewha Womans University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated by reviewing their admission reports. The clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, treatment and complications of the recurrent KD group were...
The Tumor Suppressor Function of PTEN/MMAC1 through the Regulation of IGFs and IGFBPs
Ho Keun Yi, Dong Jin Hwang, Sun Young Kim, Dae Yeol Lee, Pyoung Han Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):884-891.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : PTEN/MMAC1, a novel tumor suppressor gene, is mutated in a variety of advanced and metastatic cancers. It acts as a phosphatase, and thereby, regulates the PI-3 kinase/Akt pathway. In this study, we examined to evaluate the new function of anti-tumor effects of PTEN/MMAC1 through the regulation of the IGFs-IGFBPs in gastric cancer cells. Methods : PTEN/MMAC1 was expressed in...
Case Reports
Two Cases of Rotor Syndrome in Siblings
Hwa-Jin Park, Eun-Sung Kim, Ji-Young Chung, Sung-Ho Cha, Deog-Yoon Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):892-895.   Published online August 15, 2004
Rotor syndrome is a rare benign familial disorder characterized by chronic, fluctuating, nonhemolytic and predominantly direct bilirubinemia with normal liver tissue. We have recently experienced two cases of Rotor syndrome in a brother and sister. They revealed icteric sclerae with mild hepatomegaly in physical examination. Laboratory findings showed increased serum bilirubin with direct bilirubin predominance. The urinary excretion of total...
A Case of Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome
Won Ho Hahn, Eun Seong Kim, Hyo Jong Kim, Sung Ho Cha
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):896-899.   Published online August 15, 2004
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome(SRUS) is a rare disorder in children. The incidence of SRUS is highest in young adults, and sex distribution is equal, or there may be a slight female predominance. There are few investigations about the exact incidences and effective treatment protocols of SRUS in children. The clinical symptoms and signs of SRUS are accompanied by rectal bleeding,...
A Case of Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome
Jeong Won Kwak, Suk Kim, Young Tak Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):900-903.   Published online August 15, 2004
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome(SD syndrome) is a rare genetic disorder chracterized by pancreatic insufficiency, short stature, skeletal abnormalities and bone marrow dysfunction. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and neutropenia are the main components of the syndrome. A hallmark of SD syndrome is varying severity of pancreatic dysfunction due to acinar maldevelopment. The hematologic abnormalities associated with SD syndrome include varying cytopenias, marrow aplasia, myelodysplasia...
A Case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease, Subsequently Evolving to Systemic Lupus Eyrthematosus
Soon Hwa Yoon, Myoung Hoon Song, Seon Hee Shin, Sung Koo Kim, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon, Young Ok Jung, Hye Kyung Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):904-907.   Published online August 15, 2004
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease(KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a self-limited systemic illness and it has the pathognomonic histological appearance of lymph nodes. KFD is rarely associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The diagnosis of KFD can precede, postdate or coincide with the diagnosis of SLE. Our case describes a young woman, originally diagnosed as having Kikuchi's disease by lymph...
A Case of Biliary Atresia with Ileal Atresia
So Yeon Kim, Hyun Jung Na, Woo Taek Kim, Woo Hyun Park, Jin Kyung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):908-911.   Published online August 15, 2004
Biliary atresia is a progressive obliterative cholangiopathy. However, the actual causes remain unknown, although a number of factors such as developmental malformation, viral infection, toxicity of bile constituents, and anatomic abnormality in the hepatobiliary system have been considered. Recently, several studies have been done to find out specific gene expression. Some cases of biliary atresia are associated with anomalies of...
A Case of Asymptomatic 3-methylcrotonylglycinuria Detected by Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Newborn Screening
Jin Kyung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2004;47(8):912-916.   Published online August 15, 2004
3-Methylcrotonylglycinuria is an autosomal recessive inborn error of leucine catabolism that results from the deficiency of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase(3-MCC). In 3-MCC deficiency 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA, may form glycine and carnitine conjugates. The primary metabolites are 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid(3-HIVA), 3-hydroxyisovaleryl carnitine(3-HIVC) and 3-methylcrotonylglycine(3-MCG). 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid(3-HIVA) and 3-methylcrotonylglycine(3-MCG) are increased in urine, and 3-hydroxyisovaleryl carnitine(3-HIVC) is found in blood and urine. 3-MCC is one of the...
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