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Volume 48(1); Jan 2005
Clinical Lecture
Benign Arrhythmias in Infants and Children
Jae Kon Ko
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):1-5.   Published online January 15, 2005
Pediatricians often encounter some electrocardiographic abnormalities in infants and children. However, treatment or referral to pediatric cardiologist is not indicated for all arrhythmias. Many of them are benign in nature. Benign arrhythmias can be defined as the arrhythmias that no serious problem currently exists and no treatment is needed. The prognosis of benign arrhythmias is so good that the condition...
Medical Lecture Course
Helper T Cell Polarizing Through Dendritic Cells
Manyong Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):6-12.   Published online January 15, 2005
In the last few years, a spectrum of dendritic cells(DCs), including toll like receptors(TLRs), might play a critical role in regulating allergy and asthma. DC plays a central role in initiating immune responses, linking innate and adaptive responses to pathogen. Human peripheral blood has three non- overlapping dendritic subset that expressed various 11 TLRs. These dendritic subsets and TLR contribute...
Original Articles
Prevalence of the Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Obese Children
Sung Woog Hwang, Duk Hee Kim, Ho Seong Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):13-20.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : Obesity is, along with metabolic syndrome, closely related with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This study tried to evaluate the prevalence of nonalcoholic liver disease in obese children and verify the factors associated with the disease. Methods : Two hundred and seventy nine children who showed a body mass index of 95 percentile over the baseline in health examinations...
The Prevalence of Obesity, Serum Lipid Levels and Age at Menarche in Adolescent Female Athletes
Bo Young Kang, Yang Kyong Kim, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son, Kyung Ja Chang, Soon Ki Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):21-26.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of this study is to find the prevalence of obesity, the serum lipid levels and the age at menarche in adolescent female athletes and to examine the effects of exercise in adolescent stage. Methods : With a questionnaire regarding their age at menarche, physical measurement, body fat, and blood samples of the serum lipid levels to...
Intrauterine Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Premature Infants
Hyun-Seung Jin, Kyeng-Ah Park, Hyun-Woo Goo, Jong-Hyun Yoon, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Ki-Soo Kim, Soo-Young Pi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):27-33.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : To determine incidence, characteristics and risk factors associated with intrauterine intraventricular hemorrhage(IU-IVH) among premature infants. Methods : The medical records of infants with intraventricular hemorrhage(IVH) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Asan Medical Center from January 1999 to June 2003 were reviewed retrospectively. Infants whose IVH with cystic change were detected within five days of life were...
The Clinical Study on the Neonate Delivered Under the Condition of the Maternal Smoking and Alcohol in Pregnancy
Sun Hui Kong, Soo Yeon Kim, Ho Jun Lee, Hak Sung Kim, Dong Woo Lee, Jae Yoon Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):34-39.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : Perinatal complications associated with maternal smoking and alcohol ingestion in pregnancy have been well documented. But until now there has been no clinical data on it collected in our country. In this paper, we tried to research the association between maternal smoking and alcohol ingestion in pregnancy and the physical indices of the neonate at delivery among unmaried...
Penicillin Resistant Distribution and in-vitro Susceptibility of Oral Antibiotics against Streptococcus pneumoniae, isolated from Pediatric Patients with Community- Acquired Respiratory Infections in Korea
Jin Han Kang, Sun Mi Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Hur Jae Kyun, Kyung Yil Lee, Young Ku Shin, Su Eun Park, Sang Hyuk Ma, Young Jin Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):40-47.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : S. pneumoniae is one of major pathogens of community-acquired respiratory infections. The rate of antibiotic resistance to this organism has increased, and resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents in a single strain of S. pneumoniae may compromise the efficacy of empiric antimicrobial treatment commonly used for respiratory infections. We did this study to find out the penicillin resistant distributions...
Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid(CSF) Nitric Oxide, Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1α and Lactoferrin Levels in Aseptic Meningitis
Young Seo, Jung Yeon Shim, Jae Won Shim, Deok Su Kim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):48-54.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : The pathologic mechanisms of central nervous system(CNS) injuries in human meningitis are not yet completely understood. Recent studies indicate that the host inflammatory responses are as important in brain damage as the infecting organisms and toxins. There have been some reports on the relationship of nitric oxide(NO), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α(MIP-1α), and lactoferrin in bacterial meningitis, but few reports...
Comparison of Therapeutic Efficacy between Lamivudine and Alpha-Interferon in Korean Children with Chronic Hepatitis B at Two Years after the Initiation of Treatment
Byung-Ho Choe, You Cheol Jang, Chang Hwan Jang, Ki Won Oh, Jun Hwa Lee, Cheol Woo Ko
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):55-62.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : We compared the therapeutic efficacy of lamivudine and alpha-interferon in children with chronic hepatitis B two years after the initiation of treatment, so that we could verify the safety and long term efficacy of lamivudine in children. Methods : We prospectively studied 44 children(32 male and 12 female; age, 1-18 years, mean, 9 years) treated for chronic hepatitis B...
Clinical Significance of Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Abdominal Ultrasonographic Findings in Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
Eun Jung Choi, Chang Woo Lee, Du Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):63-67.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP) is a systemic vasculitis, characterized by cutaneous palpable purpura, gastrointestinal(GI) symptoms, arthritis and renal involvement. In general, the prognosis is determined by GI complication as well as the severity of nephritis. In this study, we analyzed the statistical relationship between the GI symptom and other clinical findings for assessing the prognosis, and evaluated abdominal ultrasonographic...
Outcome of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in Children
Yeon Jung Lim, Hyun-seung Jin, Hyewon Hahn, Sei Ho Oh, Seong Jong Park, Young Seo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):68-74.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : There is growing use of continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT) for pediatric patients, but reports about the use and outcome of CRRT in children is rare in Korea. We report our experiences of CRRT in critically ill pediatric patients. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 23 pediatric patients who underwent CRRT at Asan Medical Center between May 2001...
Tibial Torsion in Children of the Jeju Area
Dong Ho Song, Baik-Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Joon Young Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):75-80.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : Internal tibial torsion is prevalent in East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan, where sitting on the floor is common behavior. Internal tibial torsion or excessive lateral tibial torsion may cause esthetical, functional, or psychological problems and also may induce degenerative arthritis in older age. The purpose of this study is to measure the tibial torsion in...
Case Reports
A Case of Hypocomplementemic Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Presenting Features of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Kyong-A Lee, Tae-Sun Ha
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):81-84.   Published online January 15, 2005
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic disorder characterized by leukocytoclastic vasculitis that can affect multiple organs predominantly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidney. Although the specific pathogenesis of HSP is not known, there are several hypotheses. Although the importance of the complement activation in glomerular injury in HSP has been suggested, the complement levels and the blood pressure in...
A Case of Neonatal Lupus with Abnormal Liver Function Test and Skin Lesion
Ju-Young Chung, Myoung Jae Chey
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):85-87.   Published online January 15, 2005
Neonatal lupus(NL) is characterized by typical clinical features and the presence of maternal auto- antibodies. The principal serologic markers of NL are anti-Ro/SSA or anti-La/SSB maternal auto- antibodies, which are transferred across the placenta and can be detected for the first few months of the affected child. The major clinical manifestations are cardiac disease, notably congenital heart block, and cutaneous...
A Case of Pyomyositis and Toxic Shock Syndrome Caused by Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Yang Kyong Kim, Dal Hyon Kim, Soon Ki Kim, Byong Kwan Son, Young Jin Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):88-92.   Published online January 15, 2005
Pyomysitis is a primary acute bacterial infection of large skeletal muscule, usually occuring in the absence of specific cause of infection. Pyomyositis has been reported mainly in tropical countries and was rare in temperate climates. but it has been recognized with increasing frequency. Toxic shock syndrome(TSS) is an acute mutisystemic disease characterized by high fever, hypotension, multisystem dysfunction and erythematous...
A Case of Moyamoya Disease with Neurofibromatosis Type I
Mi A Lee, Joo Pil Eum, Hae Young Lee, Byung Ho Cha
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):93-96.   Published online January 15, 2005
Neurofibromatosis type I is an autosomal dominant disorder with varied manifestations in bone, soft tissue, the nervous system and skin. This is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, neurofibromas, Lisch nodules, optic glioma, bony displasia, and intertriginous freckling. One of the more serious aspect of the disease relates to the arterial involvement. Vascular changes in neurofibromatosis may occur in any arterial tree...
A Case of Diffuse Panbronchiolitis Developing in Childhood
Jung Hoon You, Hyung Shin Lee, Kyung Yil Lee, Ja Hyun Hong, Mi Hee Lee, Byung Cheol Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):97-100.   Published online January 15, 2005
Diffuse panbronchiolitis(DPB) is a chronic inflammatory airway disease predominantly affecting respiratory bronchioles, with distinct clinicopathological profiles. It was first described in 1966 by Yamanaka et al. The etiology of DPB is not yet clear, and the natural history of the disease is respiratory failure leading to cor pulmonale and ultimately death. But the long-term use of low-dose macrolide has proven...
A Case of Meningococcal Meningitis with Complement 9 Deficiency
Sun-Mee Choi, Kyung-Yil Lee, Hyung-Shin Lee, Ja-Hyun Hong, Mi-Hee Lee, Byung-Churl Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):101-103.   Published online January 15, 2005
Meningococcal disease is not rarely associated with abnormalities of the complement system. We experienced a case of C9 deficiency with meningococcal meningitis from a 12-year-old girl. Identification of complement deficiency has implications for management, including family studies, prophylaxis, vaccination, and altered threshold for infection screening and treatment.
A Case of Choledochal Cyst Complicated by Liver Cirrhosis on Pathology in a 20-Month-Old-Girl
Sun Hwan Bae, Sung Yun Choi, Tae Seok Lee, Ho Jeong Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):104-107.   Published online January 15, 2005
Choledochal cyst is considered to be congenital anomalies of the biliary tract, characterized by varying degrees of cystic dilatation at various segments of the biliary tract. A 20-month-old girl was admitted to Eul-Ji general hospital because of abdominal distension. Physical examination revealed marked splenomegaly and hepatomegaly with nodular surface and hard consistency. Laboratory examination showed elevated transaminase level, alkaline phosphatase...
A Case of Ring Chromosome 20 with Mental Retardation and Epilepsy
Yeon Kyung Jung, Gyeong Hoon Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):108-111.   Published online January 15, 2005
Ring chromosome 20 mosaicism [r(20)] is a rare chromosomal anomaly associated with minor dysmorphism, mental retardation, autistic behavior, and intractable epilepsy. The proposed mechanism of ring formation is breakage of both short and long arms of a chromosome with subsequent end-to- end fusion. We encountered an 18-month-old boy who presented with developmental delay and mental retardation with seizure episodes, but...
A Case of Retroperitoneal Extrarenal Wilms' Tumor with Metastasis to Lung and Bone
Jea Heon Jeong, Weon Cheol Han, Du Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(1):112-115.   Published online January 15, 2005
Extrarenal Wilms' tumor is a very exceptional tumor which is defined as Wilms' tumor found anywhere other than in the kidneys. Until now less than 60 cases have been reported in the English literature. The tumor can be located in the retroperitoneum, inguinal canal, uterus, cervix, testes, skin and even in the thorax. The diagnosis is almost always made after...
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