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Volume 48(6); Jun 2005
A Case of Vitamin D-Dependent Rickets, Type 1
Ji Hye Hur, Chong Guk Lee, Chung Wook Sur
Accepted January 1, 1970  
"Rickets" is the term applied to impaired mineralization at epiphyseal growth plate, resulting in deformity and impaired linear growth of long bones. Rickets may arise as a result of vitamin D deficiency or abnormality in metabolism. Vitamin D-dependent rickets(VDDR) is rare autosomal recessive disorder in which affected individuals have clinical features of vitamin D deficiency. In 1961, Prader first described...
Clinical Lecture
Common Urinary Symptoms in Outpatient Clinic - Voiding Dysfunction in Children -
Kee Hyuck Kim, Young Sig Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):575-579.   Published online June 15, 2005
Urinary incontinence is the most common urinary symptom in children and causes considerable anxiety in children and parents. In most cases, there is no underlying organic pathology and the long- term prognosis is excellent. Despite these reassuring facts, children with wetting problems can be a challenge for primary pediatrician. This is probably because the problem is poorly understood, there is...
Medical Lecture Course
Proliferative and Synthetic Responses of Airway Smooth Muscle in Asthma
Jung Yeon Shim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):580-587.   Published online June 15, 2005
New evidence is emerging that airway smooth muscle(ASM) may act as an immunomodulatory cell by providing pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, polypeptide growth factors, extracellular matrix proteins, cell adhesion receptors and co-stimulatory molecules. ASM can promote the formation of the interstitial extracellular matrix, and potentially contribute to the alterations within the extracellular matrix in asthma. In addition, extracellular matrix components can...
Original Articles
Pulmonary Function Test and Body Composition Analysis in Obese Children
Jee Seon Shin, Ji Hye Park, Ji Young Kim, Su Jung Kim, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):588-593.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Obesity is associated with disturbances of ventilatory functions in adults. But few studies have evaluated the pulmonary complications of obesity in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of obesity on pulmonary function and body composition in obese children. Methods : Forty seven obese children whose ages ranged from nine to twelve...
Comparison of Efficacy of Steroid Oint with Different Potency in Phimosis
In Ok Hwang, Eun Sil Lee, Yong Hoon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):594-598.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Phimosis is the inability to retract the foreskin of the penis over the glans of the penis. Even though phimosis is not pathogenic, the presence of phimosis is known to increase the risk of urinary tract infection in infancy. The use of topical steroids has been advocated as a safe and economical alternative to surgical intervention. The purpose...
Clinical Outcome and Prognostic Factors of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children
Jung-Min Ko, Eun-Ju Ha, Eun-Hee Lee, So-Youn Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, Soo-Jong Hong, Seong-Jong Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):599-605.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the causes, clinical courses and outcomes in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), and evaluate the physiologic variables as prognostic factors in the patients. Methods : Retrograde medical chart review was carried out in 24 patients who were diagnosed with ARDS at the pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) during 20-month period. Results...
A Clinical Study of Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis in Children, from 1994 to 2003
So Eun Koo, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):606-613.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis(APSGN) is a common form of glomerulonephritis in children. Most patients recover completely after the acute phase but a few patients have acute complications or progress to chronic renal disease. In recent years, the frequency of APSGN has been was decreasing but is still common in children. So we studied the clinical characteristics of APSGN from...
The Value of Serum Concentration of Cystatin C as a Marker for Glomerular Filtration Rate in Children and Adolescents
Young-Su Jung, In-Seok Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):614-618.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Cystatin C has been proposed for the assessment of glomerular filtration rate, being more accurate than creatinine determination. We measured serum cystatin C concentrations in the pediatric population, and analysed the correlation between cystatin C and glomerular filtration rate. Methods : Cystatin C and creatinine were measured by the particle enhanced nephelometric immunoassay and Jaff method, respectively, in...
Bacteremia in Pediatric Cancer Patients : Causative Organisms and Antibiotic Sensitivities
Yong-Han Kim, Hyun-Dong Lee, Jeong-Ok Hah
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):619-623.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Bacteremia in immunocompromised pediatric cancer patients can lead to high morbidity and mortality, if not treated early and properly. The incidence and antibiotic sensitivities to common pathogens of bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients are liable to change, according to region and time. We investigated the causative organisms and antibiotic sensitivities of bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients to assess...
Human Leukocyte Antigen(HLA) Genotypes and Thyroid Autoimmunity in Korean Patients with Type 1 Diabetes
So Young Kang, Chung Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Myoung Hee Park, Jeesuk Yu
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):624-633.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : This study analyzed the expression of HLA-DR and DQ genotypes and anti-thyroid autoantibodies[anti-thyroid peroxidase(TPO) and anti-thyroglobulin(TG) antibodies] in Korean patients with type 1 diabetes(T1DM) to investigate the susceptible HLA alleles to T1DM in Korea and the prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies and their significance for the development of thyroid disorders. Methods : A total of 59 Korean patients with type...
DNA Methylation Change of IL-4 Gene from T Cell in Allergic Children
Jae Won Oh, Myung Gul Yum, Chang Ryul Kim, In-Joon Seol, Su A Shin, Ha Baik Lee, Se Jin Jang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):634-639.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : An understanding of the immunological process is required if primary prevention of atopic diseases is to be developed in early childhood. But, it is too hard to distinguish atopy from nonatopy under the age of two clinically, because the expression of phenotype and cytokines is vague in early childhood. We evaluated DNA methylation changes at Th2 interleukin-4 gene...
The Clinical Significance of Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1(sICAM-1) and Soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1(sVCAM-1) in Kawasaki Disease
Kang Won Rhee, Sin Weon Yun, Dong Keun Lee, Eung Sang Choi, Byung Hoon Yoo, Mi Kyung Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):640-648.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Kawasaki disease(KD) is known as an acute multi-systemic vasculitis with various immunologic abnormalities. Adhesion of leukocyte to endothelial cells is a key event in the sequence of inflammatory response. This study was performed to investigate the clinical significance of serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1(sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in acute and subacute stages of typical...
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Monitoring Cerebral Hemodynamics in Hyperbilirubinemia-induced Newborn Piglets
Jong Hee Hwang, Chang Won Choi, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):649-654.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : The present study examined how changes in cerebral hemodynamics in newborn piglets with bilirubin infusion can be evaluated by near infrared sepctroscopy(NIRS). Methods : Seventeen newborn piglets were randomly divided into the following three experimental groups : six in the control group(CG); seven in the bilirubin infusion group(BG), and four in the bilirubin infusion with 7-nitroindazole group(NG). To...
Case Reports
A Life-Threatening Case of Tubular Esophageal Duplication Complicated with Aneurysm of the Aorta
Yeon Kyung Jung, Gyeong Hoon Lee, Hai Lee Chung, Ki Sung Park, Kyung-Jae Jung, Chang Ho Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):655-659.   Published online June 15, 2005
Esophageal duplication cysts are rare congenital lesions that occur as a result of a failure in the tubulation of the esophagus. They are most frequently single, tubular, or cystic. They may cause compressive symptoms or may be discovered incidentally on chest radiographs. They become symptomatic when complications develop. Symptoms often are related to the location of the duplication; esophageal lesions...
A Case of Infantile Hemangioendothelioma of the Liver Treated with Hepatic Embolization and Lobectomy
Jae Seon Kim, Soo Kyung Moon, Hye Sun Yoon, Tae Seok Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):660-664.   Published online June 15, 2005
Infantile hemangioendothelioma(IHE) of the liver is the most common vascular tumor in infants before the age of 6 months. It is a histologically benign tumor with potentially life-threatening complications. The clinical manifestations are variable, ranging from asymptomatic forms to intractable high-output heart failure. In addition, abdominal mass, intraperitoneal hemorrhage due to rupture of mass, respiratory distress, hematologic abnormalities and jaundice...
A Case of Congenital Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Confirmed by Gene Analysis
Eun Young Cho, Jin Hee Oh, Dae Kyun Koh
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):669-674.   Published online June 15, 2005
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a disorder in which the secretion of antidiuretic hormone is normal, but the response of the renal collecting tubules to vasopressin is impaired. Compared with acquired NDI (a-NDI), which is secondary to chronic bilateral incomplete urinary tract obstruction with hydronephrosis, congenital NDI (c-NDI) is a very rare heritable disorder that usually follows the X- linked...
Prevention and Dissociation of the Platelet Aggregation in a Patient with EDTA-dependent Pseudothrombocytopenia by Supplementation of Kanamycin : A Case Report
In-sang Jeon, Sung Wan Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(6):675-677.   Published online June 15, 2005
Pseudothrombocytopenia is usually associated with anticoagulant ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The platelet clumping that occurs in EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia (EDPT) can sometimes be prevented by the use of other anticoagulants such as heparin or sodium citrate. As an alternative, we used kanamycin before or after the withdrawal of EDTA-anticoagulated blood in a 6-year-old boy with EDPT. Kanamycin used supplementarily during the...
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