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Volume 48(7); Jul 2005
Clinical Lecture
Oh Kyung Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):685-690.   Published online July 15, 2005
Recently, twinning rate increases in Korea since the early 1990s by delayed marriage and prevailing of assisted reproductive technology. But twin and higher-order multiples are at increased risk for perinatal and neonatal mortality over 5 fold despite of dramatic improvement of perinatal and neonatal care. Because twins are born more prematurely and have lower birth weights than singleton. In addition,...
Medical Lecture Course
Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics
Jae Sung Ko
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):691-695.   Published online July 15, 2005
There is scientific evidence that administration of probiotics is effective in the treatment of acute infectious diarrhea in children and the prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and nosocomial/ community acquired diarrhea. Probiotics prevent relapse of recurrent pouchitis and decrease the initial onset of pouchitis in ulcerative colitis. Probiotic organisms suppress growth of pathogens as well as their epithelial attachment and/or...
Original Articles
Validity of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis(BIA) in Measurement of Human Body Composition
Hyung Suck Kim, Su Yung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):696-700.   Published online July 15, 2005
Propose : Body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA) is a very useful method of analysing body composition. BIA is non-invasive, inexpensive, nonhazaedous and reproducible technique. The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement between body composition measurement by BIA and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry(DEXA). Methods : Data was examined in 100 children(male 58; female 42), who visited Pusan...
Clinical and Cytogenetic Analysis of Children with Maternal Chromosomal Balanced Translocation
Han Hyuk Lim, Hee Jeong Jeong, Kyung Duk Park, Sook Ja Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):701-705.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Parents' genetic information plays an important role in their children's genetic expression. Human chromosome has 23-paternal chromosomes and 23-maternal chromosomes. Parental chromosomal translocation can induce clinical problems in their children because of imbalance in genetic information. We intent to analyze the cytogenentic and clinical features about children with maternal balanced translocation between chromosome 15 and 18. Methods :...
Investigation of Automated Neonatal Hearing Screening for Early Detection of Childhood Hearing Impairment
Jeong Il Seo, Si Uk Yoo, Sung Hyeon Gong, Kwang Su Hwang, Hyeon Jung Lee, Joong Pyo Kim, Hyeon Choi, Bo Young Lee, Ji Sun Mok
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):706-710.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Early diagnosis of congenital hearing loss through the neonatal hearing screening test minimizes language defect. This research intends to identify frequency of congenital hearing loss in infants through neonatal hearing screening test with the aim of communicating the importance of hearing test for infants. Methods : From May 20, 2003 to May 19, 2004, infants were subjected to Automated...
The Effects of Early Enteral Feeding in Extremely Low Birth-Weight Infants
Ga Won Jeon, Sung Eun Park, Chang Won Choi, Jong Hee Hwang, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):711-715.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : With the recent improved survival of extremely low birth weight infants(ELBWI), enteral feeding has become a major issue. This study investigates the effects of early enteral feeding in ELBWI on their morbidity, duration of hospitalization, and mortality. Methods : ELBWI admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Samsung Medical Center from November 1994 to April 2004 who survived...
Etiology of Community-acquired Bacteremia in Healthy Children
Hyung Tae Kim, Hyun Oh Jang, Jin Soo Moon, Seung Yeon Nam, Dong Wook Kim, Chong Guk Lee, Chong Rae Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):716-722.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : A full view of the spectrum of all bacterial diseases in healthy children is essential to the establishment of public health priorities. Accurate information on the relative importance of the various pathogens in terms of the age of the affected patients, the site of infection and the case fatality rate are valuable to the clinician in choosing antimicrobial...
Etiology and Clinical Features of Viral Lower-respiratory Tract Infections in Children in Winter, 2003
Byung Ho Yun, Hee Chul Lee, Jung Mi Chun, So Young Yoon, Woo Gill Lee, Son Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):723-730.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize the etiology and clinical features of acute viral lower-respiratory tract infections(LRI). Methods : Etiologic agents and clinical features of acute viral LRI were studied from October. 2003 through March. 2004 in hospitalized children with LRI(253 cases) at Samsung Cheil Hospital. The viruses were identified by indirect immunofluorescent method. Medical records of patients with...
Clinical Study of Acute Pyogenic Osteomyelitis in Children
Ji Sook Park, Jeong Suk Yeom, Sun Chul Hwang, Eun Sil Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):731-736.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute pyogenic osteomyelitis is uncommon in children. Delayed diagnosis and inappropriate treatment are leading to growth failure and deformation. We review the clinical manifestations and treatment of acute osteomyelitis in children according to age. Methods : A retrospective analysis was made of 32 patients who underwent antibiotic management or operation between Aug 1989 and Dec 2003 for acute...
Airway Compression or Airway Anomaly Causing Respiratory Symptoms in Infants and Children with Cardiovascular Diseases
Ja-Hyeong Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, So-Eun Koo, Sung-Jong Park, Young-Hui Kim, In-Suk Park, Jae-Kon Ko, Dong-Man Seo, Soo-Jong Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):737-744.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Infants and children with cardiovascular diseases often present with respiratory symptoms. However, missed or delayed evaluation for potential airway problem may complicate overall prognosis. The aim of this study is to determine the clinical characteristics of these patients and explore the cause of airway problem. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 64 patients(M : F=33:31, mean...
Measurement of the Common Carotid Artery by Ultrasound as a Predictor of Atherosclerosis in Obese Adolescents
Ye Jin Kim, Yoon Hee Shim, Joung Hyun Yoo, Keun Lee, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):745-752.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Adolescent obesity is known to be associated with complications such as hypertension, coronary artery disease and insulin resistance. We measured the common carotid artery by ultrasound as a predictor of atherosclerosis, and investigated the relationship between carotid artery parameters and serum cytokines in obese adolescents. Methods : Twenty-nine obese adolescents(16-17 years old, obesity index>130 percent) and twenty- seven...
Clinical Features of Benign Infantile Convulsions with Gastroenteritis
Jung Sun Lee, Hae Oak Kwon, Young Mee Jee, Kyu Young Chae
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):753-759.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize clinical features of benign convulsions with gastroenteritis(CwG) in infants. Methods : We reviewed clinical features of 67 episodes in 64 patients with afebrile seizure accompanied gastroenteritis admitted to Dept. of Pediatrics Bundang CHA hospital from January 2001 to June 2004. Patients with meningitis, encephalitis/encephalopathy or apparent history of epilepsy were excluded. Results : There...
Antibiotic Sensitivity to the Major Causative Organisms of Acute Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Yung Kwun Lee, Hee Chul Lee, Jung Mi Chun, So Young Yoon, Woo Gill Lee, Son Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):760-765.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : We studied the changes in antibiotic sensitivity to the causative organisms of urinary tract infection(UTI), in order to provide useful information on the choice of adequate drugs in the treatment of UTI. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the major causative organisms and their antibiotic sensitivities in 69 patients diagnosed with UTI in the Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Cheil Hospital...
Association of Leukotriene C4 Synthase Gene Polymorphism with Clinical Response to Montelukast in Childhood Asthma
Kyung-Sue Shin, Youn Woo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):766-771.   Published online July 15, 2005
목 적 : 류코트리엔 수용체 길항제는 천식의 병리 반응에 관여하는 cysteiny leukotriene의 생성과 작용을 억제하여 급성기 천식 증상의 치료와 천식 증상의 조절 요법에 사용할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 소아 천식환자에서 cysteinyl leukotriene 생성에 관여하는 LTC4S 유전자 다형태와 류코트리엔 수용체 길항제인 montelukast의 임상적 효과를 조사하여 약물유전학적 연관성 유무를 알고자 하였다. 방 법 : 환자군은 경증 지속성 천식과 중등증 지속성 천식환자 161명을 대상으로...
Serum Nitric Oxide and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Levels in Patients with Kawasaki Disease
Ji Hye Park, Jee Seon Shin, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):772-778.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Kawasaki disease(KD) is a systemic panvasculitis that causes coronary artery lesions. KD is accompanied by immunoregulatory abnormalities. Nitric oxide(NO) can induce relaxation of blood vessels by activating guanylate cyclase in smooth muscle cells and high levels of NO may result in coronary artery lesions. We investigated tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α and NO production before and after intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) therapy...
The Effects of Echinacea Extract on the Gene Expression of Monocytes and Monocyte-derived Dendritic Cells
Jun Eun Park, Kang Duk Choi, Sung Hwan Kim, Dae-Hyun Hahm, Jong Jin Seo
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):779-788.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Echinacea, a traditional plant medicine has been used as immune-stimulant. Recent studies have revealed that extract of Echinacea has immunostimulatory effects on human blood mononuclear cells. This study was designed for the purpose of screening the genes associated with immunologic effects of Echinacea on monocytes and dendritic cells using a cDNA microarray chip. Methods : CD14+ monocyte cells...
Case Report
A Case of Cat Scratch Disease Confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction for Bartonella henselae DNA
Ju-Young Chung, Ja Wook Koo, Sang Woo Kim, Young Sam Yoo, Tae Hee Han, Seong Jig Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(7):789-792.   Published online July 15, 2005
We report a case of cat scratch disease (CSD) caused by Bartonella henselae in a 14-year-old boy who developed lymphadenopathy in the right cervical area, after a raising canine pet for 10 months. The cervical lymphadenopathy persisted for 14 days. Immunofluorescent antibody testing for B. henselae with the patient's serum was 1:64 positive. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis using the...
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