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Volume 48(9); Sep 2005
Clinical Lecture
Evidence Based Complementary Medicine
Sung-Jae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):915-919.   Published online September 15, 2005
The increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine(CAM) in Korea as well as in U.S.A. and Europe seems to lead to a growing integration of CAM with conventional medicine. By using conventional mainstream medicine with CAM(integrative medicine) proved in efficacy and safety, integrative medicine seeks to treat the whole person, to assist the innate healing properties of each person and...
Medical Lecture Course
Epilepsy and Oxygen Free Radicals
Won Seop Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):920-923.   Published online September 15, 2005
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder from many molecular and biochemical responses. In the underlying mechanism, free radicals play an important role in seizure initiation and seizure-induced brain damage. Excessive production of oxygen free radicals and other radical species have been implicated in the development of seizures under pathological conditions and linked to seizure-induced neurodegeneration.
Original Articles
The Efficacy of Speech and Language Therapy for Children with Speech and Language Delays according to the Eiologies
June-Bum Kim, Jin-Soon Suh, Young-Hoon Kim, Seung-Yun Chung, In-Goo Lee, Kyung-Tai Whang, Byung-Churl Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):924-928.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : Treatment efficacy for children with speech and language delay has been the subject of considerable debate in recent years. We evaluated the clinical features of children with delayed speech and language and their prognoses according to their etiologies after 6 months of speech and language therapy. Methods : From January, 2000 to March, 2004, we retrospectively reviewed 56...
Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies in Children and Adolescent with Chronic Disease : Utilizations and Patterns
Young Bin Kim, Jun Ho Song, Myoung Wan Jang, Hwang Jae Yoo, Cheol Hong Kim, Hyun Hee Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):929-934.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : This study describes how often complementary and alternative medical(CAM) therapies, what patterns of CAM therapies utilization, what types of CAM therapies and why CAM therapies are used in children and adolescent with chronic disease. Methods : We interviewed and filled out questionnaires with parents of patients suffering from asthma, atopic dermatitis, congenital myopathy, epilepsy and so on from Mar...
Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Measurement in Obese Children
Kyung Ok Park, Suk Ju Choi, Hee Hyun Yeom, Sochung Chung, Jeong Jin Yu, Youngshin Park, Dong Hwan Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):935-938.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether the increase of carotid intima- media thickeness(cIMT) as one of premature pathologic changes of atherosclerosis, was present in obese children compared to normal weight children. Methods : The obese group consisted of 21 obese/overweight(body mass index(BMI) above 85 percentile of age, sex standards) children and the control group of...
Outcomes and Management of Fetal Infants with Birth Weight Below 500 g at a Tertiary Center
Yun Sil Chang, Yu Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Koo, Jang Hoon Lee, Jong Hee Hwang, Chang Won Choi, Jae Won Shim, Sung Shin Kim, Sun Young Ko, Eun Kyung Lee, Won Soon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):939-945.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to report outcome of fetal infants with birth weight below 500 g known as lower limit of viability and to evaluate treatment characteristics and short-term morbidity of their survivors. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all fetal infants with birth weight below 500 g who were delivered at Samsung Medical...
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Colonization in Neonates
Hwa Yun Lee, Gi Hwan Kim, Jin Su Choi, Sun Hee Kim, Young Youn Choi, Tai Ju Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):946-952.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : Vancomycin-resistant enterococci(VRE) are now nosocomial pathogens in Korea. But little is known about the prevalence of stool colonization with VRE in neonates in Korea. So we studied the prevalence and risk factors of VRE colonization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit(NICU). Methods : From January 2000 to December 2004, the medical records of 294 neonates(127 cases of VRE group...
Clinical Use and Complications of Percutaneous Central Venous Catheterization in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Hyang Kim, Sun Hui Kim, Hyung Suck Byun, Young Youn Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):953-959.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : The administration of total parenteral nutrition(TPN) has become a standard procedure in the management of nutritionally deprived and critically low birth weight neonates. Sepsis remains the most frequent serious complication during TPN, resulting in increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and complications of percutaneous central venous catheterization(PCVC) in...
The Safety and Immunogenicity of a Trivalent, Live, Attenuated MMR Vaccine, PriorixTM
Seung-In Ahn, Min-Kook Chung, Jung-Suk Yoo, Hye-Jeon Chung, Jae-Kyun Hur, Young-Kyu Shin, Jin-Keun Chang, Sung-Ho Cha
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):960-968.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : This multi-center, open-label, clinical study was designed to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a trivalent, live, attenuated measles-mumps-rubella(MMR) vaccine, PriorixTM in Korean children. Methods : From July 2002 to February 2003, a total of 252 children, aged 12-15 months or 4-6 years, received PriorixTM at four centers : Han-il General Hospital, Kyunghee University Hospital, St. Paul's Hospital at...
Clinical Findings of Mycoplasma Pneumonia in Children, from 1998 to 2003
Ji-Hyun Kim, Soo Ahn Chae, Dong-Keun Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):969-975.   Published online September 15, 2005
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chung Ang University, Seoul, Korea Purpose : We performed a study of clinical findings of Mycoplasma Pneumonia in children, to know differences between recent clinical manifestations of Mycoplasma pneumonia and previous studies. Methods : The subjects of this study were 393 children who were diagnosed as Mycoplasma pneumonia with high titers of Mycoplasma antibody(≥1 : 160)...
Clinical Effects of Oseltamivir in Children with Influenza in Busan, in the First Half of 2004
Soo Kyoung Park, So Young Choi, Sung Mi Kim, Gil Heun Kim, Jin Hwa Jung, Im Jung Choi, Kyung Soon Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):976-985.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : Although influenza is one of the most important causes of acute respiratory tract infections in children, effective antiviral therapies are not common and there are only a few clinical studies on treatment of influenza in children. We evaluated the efficacy of oseltamivir in the treatment of naturally aquired influenza in children during the first half of 2004 in...
The Therapeutic Effect of Lactobacillus reuteri in Acute Diarrhea in Infants and Toddlers
Tae-Hun Eom, Eun-Young Oh, Young-Hoon Kim, Hyun-Seung Lee, Pil Sang Jang, Dong-Un Kim, Jin-Tack Kim, Byung-Churl Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):986-990.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : Certain strains of lactobacilli are known to accelerate recovery from acute diarrhea. Lactobacillus reuteri is isolated from human breast milk and a commonly occurring Lactobacillus species with therapeutic potential in acute diarrhea. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of L. reuteri in acute diarrhea in young children. Methods : Fifty patients between...
Risk Factors for the Early Recognition of Cow's Milk Protein-induced Enterocolitis
Sung Hyuk Lee, Seon Yun Choi, Byung Cheol Lee, Won Joung Choi, Byung Kyu Choe, Yeo Hyang Kim, Una Kang, Sin Kam, Jin-Bok Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):991-997.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : Cow's milk protein-induced enterocolitis(CMPIE) is a symptom complex of vomiting and/ or diarrhea caused by delayed hypersensitivity and may result in serious complications. This study was undertaken to identify high risk factors to facilitate the early recognition of CMPIE. Methods : We reviewed the data of 101 patients, aged 15 to 45 days, admitted due to vomiting and/...
The Occurrence of Renal Scarring in Children with nilateral Vesicoureteral Reflux
Tae Ho Lee, Mi Ran Son, Soon Ok Byun, Jung Woong Moon
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):998-1003.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : We evaluated the occurrence of renal scarring in children with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux(VUR), and the relationships between renal scar formation and risk factors such as VUR, duration of fever, acute-phase reactant, age, and sex. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the data of 35 children newly diagnosed with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux after urinary tract infection(UTI) in Wallace Memorial Baptist...
Case Reports
Successful Management with Vincristine after Failure of Prednisolone Therapy for Diffuse Neonatal Hemangiomatosis
Hak-Sung Lee, Soon-Young Heo, Won-Duck Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):1004-1008.   Published online September 15, 2005
Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy. Fifteen to 30% of these patients have multiple hemangiomas. Diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis (DNH) is a disease that often has a fatal outcome if left untreated, and is characterized by multiple cutaneous and visceral hemangiomas. Corticosteroids are the commonly accepted first line treatment, but if no effect is seen, further treatment is...
Two Cases of Lead Poisoning due to Herb Medicinal Pills
Seong Hwan Choi, Eun Young Park, Jung Yeon Shim, Deok Soo Kim, Jae Won Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):1009-1015.   Published online September 15, 2005
We encountered two children with lead poisoning who were administered herb medicinal pills recommended by their clergyman. These patients presented anemia and severe coliky abdominal pain, but no neurologic symptoms. For this reason, they were initially misdiagnosed with gastrointestinal hemorrhagic disease. However, we got a clue that they took herb medicinal pills. Finally, based on the assay of blood lead...
A Case of Young-Simpson Syndrome
Ja-Young Hwang, Se-Young Seo, Seong-Hoon Hahn, So-Young Kim, Hyun-Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(9):1016-1018.   Published online September 15, 2005
Young Simpson syndrome is a rare malformation syndrome characterized by congenital hypothyroidism, dysmorphic face, mental retardation, severe postnatal growth retardation, hypotonia and congenital heart abnormalities. In the present study, we report a case of 4-year-old girl with Young Simpson syndrome for the first case in Korea.
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