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Volume 49(12); Dec 2006
Review Articles
Adolescent menstrual disorders
Chang-Ho Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1257-1262.   Published online December 15, 2006
Adolescent nutrition and growth
Sanghee Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1263-1266.   Published online December 15, 2006
Report about the health status of Korean adolescents - A comprehensive overview of the Korean adolescent health through demographics -
Hea Kyoung Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1267-1274.   Published online December 15, 2006
Original Articles
Comparison of hypertonic saline treatment in meningitis with cerebral edema
Hyung Su Kim, Hee Ra Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1275-1281.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : Cerebral edema in meningitis is a potentially complication. Hypertonic saline of various concentrations are frequently used to treat cerebral edemas in meningitis. We analyzed the safety and efficacy of osmotic therapy in cerebral edema by comparison of various hypertonic saline concentrations and mannitol. Methods : The medical records of 42 patients, who were followed up in the Department of...
Investigation of causes of FUO (fever of unknown origin) in children
Hyun Seok Park, Sun Ju Im, Su Eun Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1282-1286.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : The causes of prolonged fever have changed during the years and are influenced by age, geographic location and availability of diagnostic facilities/techniques. The aim of the present study was to determine the causes of prolonged fever, to know the proportion and outcomes of undiagnosed children. Methods : We reviewed patients with fever persisting for more than 2 weeks in...
Clinical characteristics and risk factors for staphylococcal infections in neonatal intensive care unit
Min Kook Chung, Jeong Ho Choi, Jin Keun Chang, Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Ho Cha
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1287-1295.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : The importance of staphylococcal infections in NICU has been emphasized in terms of increased resistant strains and increased incidence of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we inrestignted the clinical characteristics and risk factors for staphylococcal infections, and looked into sensitivity trends of antibiotics in the era of a high rate of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in our...
Usefulness of the transcutaneous bilirubinometer during phototherapy in neonatal jaundice
Yung Kwun Lee, Kyung Ah Kim, Sun Young Ko, Yeon Kyung Lee, Son Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1296-1300.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : We studied the usefulness of transcutaneous bilirubinometers in follow-up of bilirubin levels during phototherapy in neonatal jaundice patients. Methods : Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) was measured twice per day on 90 neonatal jaundice patients without risk factors of jaundice by transcutaneous bilirubinometer JM-103(Minolta/Hill-Rom Air-shields, Japan). TcB was measured simultaneously on the patched-forehead (TcB-PF), patched- chest(TcB-PC), unpatched-forehead (TcB-UF) and unpatched-chest (TcB-UC)...
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) results in NICU graduates
Hee-Joung Choi, Tae-ho Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Heng-Mi Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1301-1307.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : Hearing loss is one of the most common birth defects, and early detection and intervention positively impact language/speech and cognitive development. It has been reported that NICU graduates have a high incidence of hearing loss. So we investigated the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcome of hearing loss in NICU graduates. Methods : This study involved neonatal auditory brainstem...
The auditory evoked potential in premature small for gestational age infants
Il Hong Moon, Kee Soo Ha, Gui Sang Kim, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1308-1314.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of auditory evoked potential (AEP) in clarifying neuronal development in premature small for gestational age (SGA), and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Methods : A total of 183 premature infants who were born from August 2002 to July 2005, were examined with AEP. They were divided into three groups; AGA, symmetric-SGA...
The effects of ibuprofen and indomethacin therapy for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Wooksun Choi, Jung-Yeon Shin, Byung Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1315-1323.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of ibuprofen and indomethacin in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants and to determine whether ibuprofen can be an alternative drug. Methods : A total of 32 preterm infants with symptomatic PDA were enrolled in the study. Twelve infants received intravenous ibuprofen 10 mg/kg, followed...
The difference between the two methods for myocardial performance index in children
Jae-Il Joung, Chang-Hyun Lee, Jae-Kwang Kim, Kie-Young Park, Bong-Sung Kim, Jung-Ju Lee, Myung-Ki Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1324-1328.   Published online December 15, 2006
목 적 : 소아를 대상으로 고식적인 심초음파와 도플러 초음파를 이용하여 서로 다른 두 방법으로 측정한 심근 수행 지수의 차이를 알아보는 것이다. 방 법 : 2005년 12월부터 2006년 2월까지 강릉 아산 병원을 방문한 정상 심장을 가진 27명의 소아를 대상으로 하였다. 우선 심첨 4방 단면도에서 승모판 유입 혈류 도플러로부터 a1간격을 측정하고, 심첨 5방 단면도에서 ET1을 측정하였다. 그런 연후, MPI1, ICT1 그리고 IRT1을 계산하였다....
Second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children to overcome graft failure or relapse after initial transplant
Dong-Yeon Kim, Do Kyun Kim, Soo Young Kim, Seok Joo Kim, Dong Gyun Han, Hee Jo Baek, Hoon Kook, Tai-Ju Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1329-1339.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : Failure of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT) may be encountered in practice because of either relapse of the malignancy or dysfunction of the graft. Second HSCT may be the only option for some patients whose initial HSCT failed. Methods : From May, 1991 to December, 2004, 115 HSCTs were performed at the Pediatric Blood & Marrow Transplantation Center, Chonnam National...
Analysis of cytosine adenine(CA) repeat polymorphism of the IGF-I gene and influence on serum IGF-I levels in healthy children and adolescents
Myung Jin Ko, Tae Gyu Hwang, Jeong Nye Lee, Woo Yeong Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1340-1347.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of polymorphic cytosine adenine (CA) repeat of the IGF-I gene in the age-related alterations of serum IGF-I levels in healthy children. Methods : Two hundred and forty three normal healthy children (136 boys; 107 girls) aged between 7 and 15 years were enrolled in the present study. The...
The effects of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin on plasma protein and lipid levels in the patients with Kawasaki disease
Keun Young Lee, Dong-Un Kim, Hyun Seung Lee, Pil Sang Jang, Young-Hoon Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Kyung-Yil Lee, Joon-Sung Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1348-1353.   Published online December 15, 2006
Purpose : The reticuloendothelial system is composed of sinusoidal capillaries, through which even large protein molecules are freely movable between plasma and interstitial space, including the lymphatic system. Therefore, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) would cause a redistribution of proteins between two compartments. To investigate this hypothesis, we measured plasma protein and lipid levels in patients with Kawasaki disease before and...
Case Reports
Acute hemorrhagic edema in an infant mimicking Henoch-Sch nlein purpura: a case study
Hyang Mo Lee, Eun Young Kang, Han Uk Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1354-1357.   Published online December 15, 2006
Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is an uncommon form of cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis that occurs in infants and children younger than 2 years. AHEI is characterized clinically by marked peripheral edema and fever as well as large palpable purpuric and ecchymotic skin lesions in a target-like pattern, mainly on the face, ears and extremities, similar to the skin findings...
A case of Niemann-Pick disease type A
Ho Yen Yu, Ji Eun Oh, Jae Sun Park, Mi Hyang Kim, Sin Dong Kim, Kyung Soon Jung
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1358-1362.   Published online December 15, 2006
Niemann-Pick disease is a group of autosomal recessive disorders associated with hepatosplenomegaly, variable neurologic deficits, and the storage of sphingomyelin and other lipids. Seven cases have been reported in Korea. We report an additional case presenting with hypotonia, early neurodevelopmental delay, hepatosplenomegaly and death by persistent pneumonia and asphyxia at the age of 23 months. MRI of brain and fundoscopic...
A case of congenital ductus arteriosus aneurysm
Sheng Wen Wang, Ji Eun Kim, Young Seok Lee, Young Ah Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(12):1363-1366.   Published online December 15, 2006
Aneurysmal dilatation of the ductus arteriosis has been considered a rare but potentially fatal abnormality. The mechanism of ductal aneurysmal formation remains uncertain. Plain chest radiography has proven helpful in the diagnosis of ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA), before the application of transthoracic echocardiography. The transthoracic echocardiography is an important tool for the diagnosis and follow-up of DAA. We present a...
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