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Volume 49(3); Mar 2006
Review Articles
Update in varicella vaccination
Sung Hee Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):229-234.   Published online March 15, 2006
Varicella, which is mostly a benign disease, but also can cause considerable health burden in the community, can be prevented by immunization with live attenuated varicella vaccine. Higher uptake of varicella vaccine by universal immunization in North America has apparently been associated with decline in the number of reported cases of varicella, varicella-related hospitalizations, and the number of deaths caused...
Efficacy and effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children
Hoan Jong Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):235-241.   Published online March 15, 2006
Streptococus pneumoniae is an important cause of invasive infections as well as non-invasive infections such as acute otitis media and sinusitis both in children and adults. Resistance of S. pneumoniae to multiple antimicrobials is increasing and poses therapeutic challenges, and prevention became more important. 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine has been used for the last several decades, but is not effective in...
Present status and prospects of Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) immunization
Kyung Hyo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):242-250.   Published online March 15, 2006
Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) conjugate vaccines prevent Hib disease in individuals and reduce the carriage and transmission of the organism in the community. The incidence of Hib disease has been decreased dramatically in a diverse range of countries through the use of a variety of conjugate vaccines and vaccine schedules. In some countries, the vaccine has caused a near-disappearance of...
Original Articles
A survey of parental knowledge of vaccination
Jung Woo Rhim, Chang Hwi Kim, Won Bae Lee, Jin Han Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):251-257.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : In this study, we created a questionnaire and collected answers concerning actual conditions of vaccination and parents' knowledge of vaccination issues, in order to find false knowledge of patients. We tried to give correct information and suggested the role of the pediatrician. Methods : We made questionnaires and collected answers from 466 parents from March 2004 to June...
Organic acidemias in Korea - Eight years experience of organic acid analysis -
Jun Suck Bang, Si Hong Lim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Eun Joo Bae, Won Il Park, Hong Jin Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):258-267.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : We have done this retrospective study to know the relative incidence and clinical manifestations of organic acidopathies in Korea during 8 years(from Jul. 1997 to May 2005). This results of organic acid analysis of 1,787 patients were compared with the results of organic acid analysis that were published three years ago. Methods : The results of quantitative organic acid...
Helicobacter pylori reinfection rate by a 13C-urea breath test and endoscopic biopsy tests in Korean children
Jeong Ok Shim, Jeong Kee Seo
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):268-272.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : The reinfection rate of H. pylori reported before 13C-urea breath test(13C-UBT) era was higher than that of the post 13C-UBT era. Children are usually reluctant to receive invasive endoscopic evaluation for the reinfection of H. pylori, particularly when they are asymptomatic. The aim of the study is to discover the reinfection rate by different diagnostic tests, and to...
Reye syndrome after acute enteritis during the neonatal period
Jun Suck Bang, Sang Jung Nam, Kyung Hwa Lee, Eun Joo Bae, Won Il Park, Hyun Sook Lee, Bae Young Son, Hwan Suck Choi, Hong Jin Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):273-277.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : The reinfection rate of H. pylori reported before 13C-urea breath test(13C-UBT) era was higher than that of the post 13C-UBT era. Children are usually reluctant to receive invasive endoscopic evaluation for the reinfection of H. pylori, particularly when they are asymptomatic. The aim of the study is to discover the reinfection rate by different diagnostic tests, and to...
Urinary tract infections in infants under six months of age
Min Joo Kang, Hye Kyung Shin, Hyung Eun Yim, Bo-Kyung Je, So Hee Eun, Byung Min Choi, Jong-Tae Park, Baik Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):278-286.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : Although suprapubic bladder aspiration(SBA) is the most reliable technique for identifying bacteriuria in young infant, no report has been published about the clinical manifestations of urinary tract infection(UTI) diagnosed by aspirated urine in Korea. This study was performed to examine clinical manifestations and related factors of UTI confirmed by a positive urine culture obtained by SBA in young infants. Methods : We reviewed...
Clinical features and surgical results of ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm
Tae Ho Lee, Dong Won Lee, Joon Yong Cho, Myung Chul Hyun, Sang Bum Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):287-291.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : Aneurysms of sinus valsalva are rare anormalies thought to be primarily congenital in origin, progressing into death by acute heart failure in cases of rupture. Surgical correction is the only method of treatment. With these clinical implications, we reviewed the clinical characteristics and surgical results of patients with ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm. Methods : Between January 1991...
Endocrine dysfunction and growth in children with medulloblastoma
In Suk Yoon, Ji Young Seo, Choong Ho Shin, Il Han Kim, Hee Young Shin, Sei Won Yang, Hyo Seop Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):292-297.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : In medulloblastoma, craniospinal radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy improves the prognosis of tumors but results in significant endocrine morbidities. We studied the endocrine morbidity, especially growth pattern changes. Methods : The medical records of 37 patients with medulloblastoma were reviewed retrospectively for evaluation of endocrine function and growth. We performed the growth hormone stimulation test in 16 patients whose...
Asthma predictive index in children with recurrent wheezing
Joo Young Jang, Hyo Bin Kim, So Yeon Lee, Ja Hyung Kim, Bong Seong Ki, Hee Jung Seo, Soo-Jong Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):298-304.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : We compared the asthma predictive index(API) and the modified asthma predictive index (mAPI) of the Tuscon Children's Respiratory Study Group in Korean children with recurrent wheezing. We investigated the atopic profiles and presence of allergen sensitization of each risk group, and ascertained the significant clinical risk factors. Methods : Two hundred and sixty two children, who visited for recurrent...
The comparison of predicted adult height change and height gain after gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and combined growth hormone treatment in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty
Ji-Young Seo, In-Suk Yoon, Choong-Ho Shin, Sei-Won Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):305-311.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : GnRH analogues(GnRHa) are used to treat central precocious puberty(CPP). However, in some patients, the GV decrease is so remarkable that it impairs predicted adult height(PAH); and there fore, the addition of growth hormone(GH) is suggested. We analysed the growth changes during two years and final adult height(FAH) in girls with idiopathic CPP treated with combined therapy, compared with...
The effect of growth hormone treatment in short children born small for their gestational ages
Joo Hee Seo, Duk Hee Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):312-316.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : Growth hormone(GH) has been recognized as an effective treatment for short children born small for their gestational ages(SGA), and nowadays it has been widely used for the treatment of short children born SGA. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of GH treatment for the children born SGA. Methods : The study population was made of...
Effects of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine and L-arginine on cerebral hemodynamics and energy metabolism during reoxygenation-reperfusion after cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in newborn piglets
Sun Young Ko, Saem Kang, Yun Sil Chang, Eun Ae Park, Won Soon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):317-325.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : This study was carried out to elucidate the effects of nitric oxide synthase(NOS) inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine(L-NMMA) and nitric oxide precursor, L-arginine(L-Arg) on cerebral hemodynamics and energy metabolism during reoxygenation-reperfusion(RR) after hypoxia- ischemia(HI) in newborn piglets. Methods : Twenty-eight newborn piglets were divided into 4 groups; Sham normal control(NC), experimental control(EC), L-NMMA(HI & RR with L-NMMA), and L-Arg(HI & RR...
Case Reports
A case of a child with non-parasitic chyluria
Da Eun Jung, Ja Wook Koo, Sang Woo Kim, Hae Il Cheong
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):326-328.   Published online March 15, 2006
Chyluria is the passage of milky urine due to the leakage of lymph into the urinary tract. Chyluria occurs predominantly in adults and is rare in children. We present an unusual case in which a child with proteinuria, hematuria and milky urine was subsequently diagnosed with non-parasitic chyluria. Retrograde cystogram confirmed a lymphatico-calyceal communication. This case showed spontaneous remission. The...
A case of alkaptonuria : the first case in Korea
Ji Hyung Nam, Jong Hyun Lee, Kyung Bae Park, Dong Hwan Le
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):329-331.   Published online March 15, 2006
Alkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disease in which homogentisic acid cannot be metabolized due to a lack of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase. The disease often manifests itself in childhood by darkening of the urine upon standing. The disease leads to such serious consequences as ochronosis of cartilage and connective tissues with arthritis. It is expected that treatment with ascorbic...
Steroid and enalapril therapy - possible cause of toxic epidermal necrolysis
Dong Wook Kim, Da Eun Jung, Ja Wook Koo
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(3):332-336.   Published online March 15, 2006
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, acute and life-threatening cutaneous drug reaction. TEN is characterized by the sudden onset of extensive necrosis in the epidermis and frequent mucous membrane involvement. The pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated. In addition, no particular treatment for TEN has been established. We report a case of TEN in a 14-year-old-boy, which might have...
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