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Volume 49(8); Aug 2006
Review Articles
Ki Young Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):821-829.   Published online August 15, 2006
Hemophilia is the most common coagulation disorder. It has a long history. Hemophilia A is caused by FVIII gene mutation, and hemophilia B by FIX gene mutation. Those genes are located on X chromosome long arm. Bleedings in hemophiliacs predominantly occur in joints and muscles. Because those site are insufficient in tissue factor to induce hemostasis. Among joints knee, ankle...
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP)
Hee Young Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):830-832.   Published online August 15, 2006
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by increased peripheral platelet destruction due to antibody to platelet, which results in thrombocytopenia and cutaneous or mucosal bleeding. Bleeding generally occurs when platelet counts fall to less than 20,000/µL. Children affected with ITP are usually healthy prior to the onset of the disease and typically present suddenly after a viral infection...
Giant platelet syndrome
Hoon Kook
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):833-838.   Published online August 15, 2006
Giant platelet syndrome is a group of unique disorders characterized by the presence of abnormally large platelets, and usually accompanied by thrombocytopenia. Most cases of giant platelets are encountered in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP). In contrast, inherited giant platelet disorders, a group of heterogeneous diseases, are rare. Bernard-Soulier syndrome and its variants, and MYH9 related diseases have been defined at the...
Original Articles
Clinical analysis of febrile infants and children presenting to the pediatric emergency department
Byeong Gon Kwak, Hyun Oh Jang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):839-844.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : We studied clinical patterns of the febrile infants and children presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department(ED) in the general pediatric population. Method : We analyzed 1,764 infants and children who had a history of measured body temperature of 38.3℃ or higher, before or after arrival at Pediatric ED of Ilsan Paik Hospital from September 2004 to August 2005....
Incidence of hearing loss and importance of risk factors in the neonatal intensive care unit
Seung Hyun Kong, Jang Hee Kang, Kwang Su Hwang, Joong Pyo Kim, Hyeon Jung Lee, Hyeon Choi, Ji Sun Mok, Jung Young Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):845-850.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : To assess the incidence of neonatal hearing loss in a neonatal intensive care unit and the relative importance of risk factors for hearing imparement in a neonatal intensive care unit which the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing(JCIH) had recommended. Methods : One thousand, two hundred and one newborns admitted to the Good Moonhwa Intensive Care Unit from May...
The diagnostic significance of serum bile acid on total parenteral nutrition induced cholestasis in premature infants
Kyoung Soo Park, Myung Seok Shin, Mea Young Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):851-856.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to find out the diagnostic significance of serum bile acid on total parenteral nutrition induced cholestasis in premature infants. Methods : Infants without cholestasis were classified into postnatal days and each change of serum bile acid was measured and analyzed. Also, the serum direct bilirubin, serum bile acid, γ-glutamic acid transferase, and alkaline...
Immune responses of hepatitis B vaccination among very low birth weight infant
Young-Deuk Kim, Myung-Ki Han, Ai-Rhan E. Kim, Ki-Soo Kim, Soo-Young Pi
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):857-863.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : To evaluate the immunogenicity of hepatitis B vaccine among very low birth weight infants(VLBWI) who were vaccinated at 0, 1, 6 months of chronological age and to determine the factors associated with antibody formations. Methods : A total of 243 VLBWI admitted to Seoul and Gangneung Asan Medical Center neonatal intensive care units from 1997 to 2004 were...
Immunogenicity and safety of enhanced-inactivated poliovaccine(eIPV) in healthy Korean infants
Jung Soo Kim, Young Jin Hong, Jong Duk Kim, Young Taek Jang, Jin Han Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):864-869.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : We evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of eIPV(Imovax PolioⓇ) in a group of healthy Korean infants on a three-dose primary vaccination. Methods : Eighty one healthy infants aged 8-10 weeks were enrolled, and 79(male 42, female 37) completed the study. Three doses of eIPV were injected intramuscularly at 2, 4 and 6 months of age as of primary...
Frequency and clinical characteristics of prenatally diagnosed congenital hydronephrosis and outcomes of ureteropelvic junction stenosis
Hyun Soo Kang, June Seung Sung, Sun Hui Kim, Hee Jo Back, Young Ok Kim, Chan Jong Kim, Young Youn Choi, Tai Ju Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):870-874.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : Popular use of fetal ultrasonography has increased to detect congenital hydronephrosis(CH) which is the most common anomaly prenatally detected. We'd like to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of prenatally diagnosed CH and outcome of ureteropelvic junction stenosis(UPJS). Methods : The records of births between January 1994 and June 2003 in Chonnam National University Hospital(CNUH), and the records of...
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis in children : association of human herpes virus 8 and Epstein Barr virus
Hyun A Kim, Ju-Young Chung, Sang Woo Kim, Sung Jig Lim, Haeng Seop Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):875-881.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : The aims of this study were to analyze the clinical characteristics of children with Kikuchi's disease(KD) at a medical center and to investigate the etiologic role of human herpesvirus 8(HHV 8) or Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) in children with KD. Methods : Twenty six children who were diagnosed as KD between Jan. 1998 and Dec. 2005 were included....
Bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients : A single center study
Sun Mi Park, Byung Kyu Choe, Chun Soo Kim, Joon Sik Kim, Heung Sik Kim, Nam-Hee Ryoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):882-888.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : Bacteremia is one of the major concerns in the treatment of pediatric cancer patients. This study was to determine the etiologic agents and the pattern of antibiotic susceptibilities in a single tertiary medical center. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the cases of bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients from 1998 to 2005 in Keimyung University Dongsan...
Relationship of serum IL-13 and eotaxin level with airway hyperresponsiveness in children with asthma
Eun Young Park, Jung Yeon Shim, Myung Hwan Yoo, Deok Soo Kim, Jae Won Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):889-894.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : Asthma is characterized by the presence of airway hyperresponsiveness(AHR) and inflammation. The extensive eosinophil infiltration into the lung is the hallmark of asthma and contributes to the damage of respiratory epithelium during late phase airway responses. Eotaxin is the major eosinophil chemoattractant found in bronchoalveolar lavage(BAL) fluid of allergic inflammation. IL-13 has been known to induce the...
Case Reports
Anomalous systemic arterial supply to lung without sequestration in an infant who has congenital heart disease : a case report
Yeon Woo Jang, Duck Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):895-897.   Published online August 15, 2006
Systemic arterial supply from the aorta to the lung is a rare congenital anomaly within the spectrum of bronchopulmonary sequestration according to Pryce's terminology. We describe our experience of this anomaly in an infant with congenital cardiac disease confirmed by multidetector CT scan. We found a systemic arterial supply from the aorta to the right lower lobe of lung without...
A case of constrictive pericarditis presenting with protein-losing enteropathy
Jeong Mi Hong, Jae Young Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Gi Young Jang, Woo Sup Shim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):898-901.   Published online August 15, 2006
Constrictive pericarditis represents a rare cause of protein-losing enteropathy in children. Reported is an 11-year-old girl with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) as the principal manifestations of constrictive pericarditis. After total pericardiectomy, symptoms and signs of PLE disappeared. Doppler echocardiography including tissue Doppler imaging is a useful noninvasive initial diagnostic tool for differential diagnosis of diastolic heart failure.
Perforation of azygos vein and right-sided hydrothorax caused by peripherally inserted central catheter in extremely low birth weight infant
Kee Soo Ha, Jung Yeon Shin, Mi Jung Hwang, Young Ok Choi, Dong Han Shin, Gi Young Jang, Byung Min Choi, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Chang Sung Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(8):902-905.   Published online August 15, 2006
We report a case in which routine chest roentgenograms of an 840 g infant led to the belief that the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was appropriately positioned within the superior vena cava when, in actuality, it was within the azygous arch. Although many cases of pleural effusions have been reported to be caused by a central venous catheter, a...
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