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Volume 49(9); Sep 2006
Review Articles
Recent advances in transcatheter treatment of congenital heart disease
Jae Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):917-929.   Published online September 15, 2006
Over the last several decades there has been a remarkable change in the therapeutic strategy of congenital heart disease. Development of new tools and devices, accumulations of experience, technical refinement have positively affected the outcome of interventional treatment. Many procedures including atrial septostomy, balloon valvuloplasty, balloon dilation of stenotic vessel with or without stent implantation, transcatheter occlusion of abnormal vascular...
Nonpharmacological treatment of arrhythmia
Eun-Jung Bae
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):930-936.   Published online September 15, 2006
Although antiarrhythmic medication has been the main treatment modality for arrhythmia in children, in recent decades technological development and computerization have made great advances in nonpharmacological therapy. This article reviews the transcatheter radiofrequency ablation for tachycardia in children, recent advances of device therapy for bradycardia, antitachycardia pacing, implantable cardioverter defibrillator. As a new field of device therapy, cardiac resynchronization therapy...
Medical management of adults with congenital heart disease
I-Seok Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):937-945.   Published online September 15, 2006
The population of adult patients with congenital heart disease(CHD) has increased dramatically because of improved survival of infants and children with CHD. There are still a substantial number of adults with unrepaired CHD. Many adult patients do not know the possible problems of their disease such as ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmia, and what they should pay attention to. They often consider...
Original Articles
Effect of combined exercise on metabolic bio-marker in overweight and obese children
Hyun-Jun Kim, Tae-Un Kim, Sangyeoup Lee, Goon-Soo Shin, Young-Joo Kim, Su-Yung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):946-951.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of combined exercise for 12 weeks on the adiponectin and obesity related variables in overweight and obese children. Methods : Eighteen children in 5th grade in a certain elementary school in Busan were recruited. They were all overweight or obese children(more than 85 percentile in body mass index). Nine...
Recent outcome of extremely low birth weight infants - The use of CRIB(clinical risk index for babies) Ⅱ score foranalyzing the survival rate -
Do-Hyeon Kim, So-Yeon Shim, Jae-Ri Kim, Seung-Han Shin, Eun Sun Kim, Kyoung-Eun Joung, Sang Duk Kim, Jin A Lee, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):952-958.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : The survival rate of infants weighing less than 1,000 g at birth(extremely low birth weight infants, ELBWI) has increased due to recent advances in perinatal and neonatal intensive care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival rates of ELBWI born at Seoul National University Hospital during the last six years. Methods : A total of...
Effect of prophylactic indomethacin in extremely low birth weight infants
Bo Lyun Lee, Su Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Koo, Ga Won Jeon, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):959-965.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of prophylactic indomethacin on reduction of patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and intraventricular hemorrhage(IVH) in extremely low birth weight infants(ELBWI). Methods : Retrospective review of 84 ELBWI who were admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit from June 2004 to April 2006 was performed. Patients were divided into prophylactic group(n=28) and...
The influence of some intrauterine growth variables on neonatal blood pressure
Jungwon Min, Eun Ae Park, Kyoungae Kong, Bohyun Park, Juhee Hong, Young Ju Kim, Hwayoung Lee, EunHee Ha, Hyesook Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):966-971.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : ‘Programming’ describes the process that stimulus at a critical period of development has lifelong effects. The fact that low birth weight links to the risk of elevated blood pressures in adult life is well known. This study aims to examine whether this link is evident in the newborn by investigating the relationship of the intrauterine growth indices and...
Comparison of total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis according to amino acid mixtures in very low birth weight infants
Jin-Sung Choi, Yun-Jin Bae, Young Ah Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):972-976.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of amino acid mixtures on incidence and severity of total parenteral nutrition associated-cholestasis(PNAC) in very low birth weight infants. Methods : Retrospective review of 63 very low birth weight infants(birth weight ≤1,500 g) who received total parenteral nutrition(TPN) in our neonatal intensive care unit from January 2000 to...
Mycoplasma pneumoniae-induced production of proasthmatic mediators in airway epithelium
Kyung Won Kim, Byung Chul Lee, Kyung Eun Lee, Eun Soo Kim, Tae Won Song, Mi Yeoun Park, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu-Earn Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):977-982.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : There has been an increasing amount of literature concerning the association between Mycoplasma pneumoniae and asthma pathogenesis. Interleukin(IL)-6 stimulates the differentiation of monocytes, and can promote Th2 differentiation and simultaneously inhibit Th1 polarization. IL-8 is a potent chemoattractant and, it has been suggested, has a role in asthma pathogenesis. Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by airway epithelium may be...
Molecular detection of Bartonella henselae DNA from fleas obtained from dogs, Korea
Tae Hee Han, Ju-Young Chung, Hee Kyung Seong, Sang Woo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):983-986.   Published online September 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of Bartonella henselae DNA, which is known as an etiologic agent of lymphadenitis, in fleas from dogs. Methods : The Bartonella henselae infection was investigated in 42 fleas from 22 dogs in Korea. By using seminested PCR targeting pap31 gene, B. henselae DNA was amplified from fleas. Results :...
Case Reports
Infliximab treatment for a patient with refractory Kawasaki disease
Hyo-Jung Yu, Soo-Jin Lee, Sejung Sohn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):987-990.   Published online September 15, 2006
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusion is an effective therapy for acute Kawasaki disease (KD). Nonetheless, approximately 10 percent to 20 percent of patients have persistent or recrudescent fever despite IVIG treatment, leading to a higher risk for coronary artery aneurysms (CAA). This unresponsiveness may pose a challenge to the clinicians. Tumor necrosis factor-α levels are elevated in the acute phase of...
A case of PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis) syndrome
Joo Hee Chae, A Rum Hwang, So Hyun Park, Byung Kyu Suh
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):991-995.   Published online September 15, 2006
PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis) syndrome is one of the causes of periodic fever in pediatrics with unknown etiology. It is characterized by abrupt onset of fever, malaise, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis without long-term sequelae. Laboratory findings of this sporadic and nonhereditary syndrome are so non-specific that the diagnosis is based on clinical findings. Oral...
A case of true thymic hyperplasia in the mediastinum with ectopic thymus in the neck
Hyun-Jung Kim, Sun-Hwa Jang, Ji-Sook Park, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):996-999.   Published online September 15, 2006
True thymic hyperplasia and ectopic thymus are very rare in children. In embryologic aspect, thymus is distributed around cervical area and ends up in mediastinum. This case is simultaneous thymic hyperplasia of neck and mediastinum. Ectopic thymus in the neck and thymic hyperplasia in the mediastinum in children were reported 2 and 7 cases respectively in Korea. In Clinical aspects,...
Two cases of congenital atretic encephalocele misdiagnosed as dermoid cyst
Jae-Hui Kim, Jae-Min Cho, Jin-Myung Jung, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):1000-1004.   Published online September 15, 2006
Atretic cephalocele is a degenerative form of encephalocele, which is detected as a cystic mass in the head, primarily in infants. Its presentation and prognosis vary and depend on various factors, including the nature of the tissues within the cyst, other concomitant anomalies, the site of development, and the presence or absence of an embryonic straight sinus. We here report...
Intrathyroidal branchial cleft-like cyst in neonate
Joonwon Kang, Sangmin Oh, Jiyoung Sul, Choongsik Lee, Meayoung Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(9):1005-1009.   Published online September 15, 2006
A rare case is described of an intrathyroidal branchial cleft-like cyst in neonate. The patient was a newborn girl with a mass in the left lateral neck. The ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a cystic lesion in the left thyroid. The lesion was enucleated surgically from the thyroid. Histologically, the cyst was lined by squamous or columnar epithelium and contained...
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