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Volume 50(1); Jan 2007
Review Articles
Regionalization of neonatal care and neonatal transport system
Jong Beom Sin
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):1-6.   Published online January 15, 2007
In the United States, The concept of designation for hospital facilities that care for newborn infants according to the level of complexity of care provided was first proposed in 1976. The extent of perinatal health care regionalization varies widely from one area to the other. facilities that provide hospital care for newborn are classified into three categories on the basis...
Newborn hearing screening
Lee Suk Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):7-13.   Published online January 15, 2007
Hearing loss in newborns is the most frequently occurring birth defect. If hearing impaired children are not identified and managed early, it is difficult for many of them to acquire the fundamental language, social and cognitive skills that provide the foundation for later schooling and success in society. All newborns, both high and low risk, should be screened for hearing...
Post discharge care of prematurity
Hye Sun Yoon
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):14-19.   Published online January 15, 2007
Advances in neonatal care have been responsible for the improved survival of prematurity but have not resulted in decreased morbidity. Once the high-risk infants is discharged from the hospital, his or her many special care needs do not cease. A well-coordinated multidisciplinary approach is essential in the follow-up care of these infants. Special attention must be given to their growth...
Original Articles
Child sexual abuse
Hyun Joo Lee, Hye Jung Han, Ji Hee Kim, Hye Sun Lee, In Sil Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):20-27.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Child sexual abuse is a significant and serious problem that affects public health and society. Pediatricians are responsible for preventing and detecting sexual abuse of children. The aim of this study was to examine clinical findings of child sexual abuse. Methods : The authors retrospectively studied 292 patients between the ages of 0 and 18 who were referred for...
The relation between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Korea
Mi Yeoun Kim, Jae Myoung Lee, Ji Sook Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim, Hee Jae Lee, Seo Hyun Yoon, Joo Ho Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):28-32.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Human angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene shows an insertion/deletion polymorphism in 16 intron, and three genotypes are determined by whether a 287 bp fragment of the DNA is present or not; II, ID and DD genotype. DD genotype has been suggested as a risk factor of chronic nephrotic disease such as IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy, various cardiovascular...
The causative organisms of pediatric empyema in Korea
Hye-yung Yum, Woo Kyung Kim, Jin Tak Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Yeong Ho Rha, Yong Min Park, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kang Mo Ahn, Soo Young Lee, Su Jong Hong, Hae Ran Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):33-39.   Published online January 15, 2007
Department of Pediatrics , College of Medicine, Hallym University Purpose : In spite of medical advances, empyema is a serious complication of pneumonia in children. Vaccination practices and antibiotic prescribing practices promote the change of clinical manifestations of empyema and causative organisms. So we made a nationwide clinical observation of 122 cases of empyema in children from 32 hospitals during...
Long term prognosis of patients who had a Fontan operation
Hyun-Jung Kim, Eun-Jung Bae, Jung-Il Noh, Jung-Yun Choi, Yong-Su Yun, Wong-Hwan Kim, Jung-Yeul Lee, Yong-Jin Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):40-46.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : This study assessed the long term survival rate and long term complications of patients who had a modified Fontan operation for functionally univentricular cardiac anomaly. Methods : Between June 1986 and December 2000, 302 patients with a functional single ventricle underwent surgical interventions and were followed up until February 2006. The mean follow-up period was 8.3?.3 years (range 3.5-18...
Usefulness of echocardiographic findings in the early diagnosis of Kawasaki disease
Chang Hwan Choi, Sung Hwan Byun, Je Duk Jeon, Jong-Woon Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):47-51.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : The early diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) is difficult sometimes, especially in atypical or incomplete cases presenting 4 or less principal clinical features without coronary arterial lesions (coronary arterial ectasia or aneurysm). The authors investigated the incidence of echocardiographic abnormalities in patients with KD to discover whether abnormal echocardiographic findings might be helpful in the early diagnosis of...
Clinical factors causing hyperbilirubinemia in patients with Kawasaki disease
Kyung Hee Moon, Ok Ran Kim, Seung Taek Yu, Myung Eun Hong, Chang Woo Lee, Du Young Choi, Yeon Kyun Oh, Jong Duk Kim, Hyang Suk Yoon
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):52-55.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice and gallbladder hydrops are unusual manifestations of Kawasaki disease (KD). In this case, abdominal pain, anorexia and abdominal distension may follow eventfully. We reviewed the clinical and laboratory data to investigate the causative factors of hyperbilirubinemia in patients with KD. Methods : Two-hundred eighty two children diagnosed and hospitalized with KD were identified by searching patients' charts....
Etiological agents isolated from blood in children with hemato-oncologic diseases (2002-2005)
So-Hee Kim, Young-Ah Lee, Byung-Wook Eun, Nam-Hee Kim, Jin-A Lee, Hyoung Jin Kang, Eun-Hwa Choi, Hee Young Shin, Hoan-Jong Lee, Hyo Seop Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):56-64.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : This study was performed to identify the etiologic agents and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of organisms responsible for bloodstream infections in pediatric cancer patients for guidance in empiric antimicrobial therapy. Methods : One hundred and ninety-seven episodes of bloodstream infections that developed in 128 pediatric cancer patients were analyzed, which were identified at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital during...
Factors affecting the final adult height in survivors of childhood brain tumors
Kyong-Ah Yun, Young Ah Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn, Il Han Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):65-73.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Short stature is an important complication that impairs the quality of life in survivors of childhood brain tumors. We studied their final adult height (FAH) to evaluate risk factors for short stature. Methods : We reviewed the medical data of 95 survivors of childhood brain tumors (64 males and 31 females) who had been followed up from 1982 to...
A clinical study of systemic lupus erythematosus in children
Ji Tae Kim, Young Mee Nam, Jae Seung Lee, Dong Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):74-78.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystemic autoimmune disease with complex clinical manifestations. It probably involves genetic, environmental and immunologic factors. In this study, we investigated the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and prognosis of pediatric SLE to aid clinical care of pediatric SLE. Methods : The data of 45 patients who were diagnosed as pediatric SLE in Severance...
Usefulness of tibia counter rotator (TCR) for treatment of tibial internal torsion in children
Dong Ho Song, Yoon Lee, Baik-Lin Eun, Kwang Jae Lee, Sang Kuk Kang, Sung Gin Vaq, Sung You, Jung Bin Shin, Bong Ok Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):79-84.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Tibial internal torsion is prevalent in East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan, where sitting on the floor is common behavior. Tibial internal torsion or excessive lateral tibial torsion may cause esthetical, functional, or psychological problems and also may induce degenerative arthritis in older age. The aim of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic effect of...
Severe hypernatremic dehydration in a breast-fed neonate
Yun Jung Oh, Ji Eun Lee, So Hyun An, Yang Kyong Kim, Sung Kil Kang, Ja Kyoung Kim, Byong Kwan Son, Yong Hoon Jun
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):85-88.   Published online January 15, 2007
Although it is a rare condition, breast-feeding may result in hypernatremic dehydration. However, incidences might be increasing with more mothers breast-feeding. Although the early detection and management of hypernatremic dehydration from breast-feeding is important, its prevention is even more important on account of its serious complications. In order to prevent hypernatremic dehydration secondary to breast-feeding, it is essential to educate...
Case Report
A case of lung abscess caused by Burkholderia cepacia in healthy child
Jung Hwa Lee, So Hee Lee, Seong Jin Hong, Young Chil Choi, Eun Gu Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(1):89-94.   Published online January 15, 2007
Burkholderia cepacia is a Gram-negative aerobic bacillus known to cause opportunistic infections in the immune-compromised hosts. This microorganism is strongly virulent and causes a necrotising invasive infection that may lead to death. As B. cepacia is highly resistant to various antimicrobials, combination antimicrobial therapy must be used instead of monotherapy. We report a successful treatment of lung abscess that was...
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