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Volume 50(6); Jun 2007
Review Articles
Hemolytic anemia in pediatrics
Jeong Ok Hah
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):511-518.   Published online June 15, 2007
To understand the hemolytic anemia (HA) in children, the diagnostic approach and management of hereditary and acquired HA are described. The hereditary hemolytic anemia (HHA) can be classified according to the pathogenesis into three types : RBC membrane defects, hemoglobinopathies, and RBC enzymopathies. Clinical characteristics, laboratory findings and molecular defects of these three types are presented briefly. In Korea,...
Aplastic anemia
Hack Ki Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):519-523.   Published online June 15, 2007
Aplastic anemia is a rare disease, which is characterized by pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow without infiltration of abnormal cells or fibrosis. The incidence in Asia is higher than in the West and new cases are diagnosed at a rate of 5.1 per million pediatric populations per year in Korea. The pathophysiology is understood roughly by defective hematopoiesis, impaired bone...
Recent advances in histiocytic disorders
Jong Jin Seo
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):524-530.   Published online June 15, 2007
The recent advances in the basic hematology and immunology have significantly enhanced the understanding of histiocytic disorders. The Histiocyte Society which was established in 1985 enabled the randomized trials for these diseases, and important knowledge regarding pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, therapy and late consequences has been obtained. The treatment of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has varied greatly over last decades,...
Original Articles
The factors associated with the efficacy of indomethacin treatment in premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus
Min Jeong Yoon, Hye Sun Yoon, Sung Hoon Chung, Mi Young Han, Chong Woo Bae
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):531-535.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : Indomethacin treatment is successful in about 90% of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants, but in some, repeated administration or surgical closure is required. The object of the present study is to determine the factors affecting the efficacy of indomethacin treatment and to predict the treatment result. Method : The 29 preterm neonates, admitted to neonatal intensive...
The effect of restricted fluid intakes in the first week of life on the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and patent ductus arteriosus in very low birth weight infants
Hoe Kyoung Koo, Eun Na Choi, Ran Namgung, Min Soo Park, Kook In Park, Chul Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):536-542.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : We investigated the effects of restricted fluid in the first 7 days of life on the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods : Eighty three VLBW infants who lived more than 28 days were selected. The amount of daily maintenance fluid was determined by calculation of insensible...
Analysis of anthropometric data for premature infants of 26 to 35 weeks of gestation; comparison with the data of 1960's
Ji A Aum, Hee Jin Jung, Jae Won Huh, Sang Hee Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):543-548.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : The anthropometric data of newborns published by Lubchenco et al in the 1960's have been most commonly used in Korea as a standard of newborn growth. We hypothesized that Lubchenco's data have limitations for Korean premature infants born in the 2000's. We analyzed and compared the data of birth weight, length, and head circumference. Methods : The medical records...
Pulse wave velocity and ankle brachial index in normal adolescents
Ji Hye Kim, Tae Young Gil, Hee Woo Lee, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):549-555.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) are simple, non-invasive methods to assess arterial stiffness. These parameters are also known to be closely related to cardiovascular risk factors and diseases. The purposes of this study were to measure blood pressure, PWV, ABI in healthy Korean adolescents, set up their normal values and assess their correlations. Methods...
Analysis of the association between bronchial hyperresponsiveness and genetic polymorphism of β2-adrenoceptor in adolescents with long-term asthma remission
Hee Kang, Young Yull Koh
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):556-564.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : We hypothesized that the persisting bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) of adolescents with asthma remission may be controlled mainly by genetic factors, and the BHR of symptomatic asthma by airway inflammation. β2-adrenoceptor gene is considered to be a candidate gene in the development of BHR. Thus, β2-adrenoceptor gene polymorphism may be associated with the BHR of adolescents with asthma remission,...
The effect of Lantus on glycemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus
Young Jun Rhie, Hyun Wook Chae, Ho Seong Kim, Duk Hee Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):565-569.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : With a duration of action of approximately 24 hours and peakless levels, Lantus is a more physiologic basal insulin analogue compared with NPH. The aim of this study was to compare the glycemic control of Lantus plus Humalog with that of premixed insulin in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods : The subjects consisted of...
Polymorphism in the promoter region of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene in Kawasaki disease
Mi Young Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):570-575.   Published online June 15, 2007
Purpose : To demonstrate genetic background of pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD), I examined the genetic polymorphism of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in KD patients. Methods : PCR-RFLP of PAI- 1 promotor gene was analyzed in 56 KD patients admitted to Kyunghee University Hospital, Gachon Medical School Gil Hospital, and Eulji Hospital from March to August 2000 and 206 normal...
Case Reports
Identification of a de novo mutation (H435Y) in the THRB gene in a Korean patient with resistance to thyroid hormone
Jin Young Shin, Chang-Seok Ki, Jin Kyung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):576-579.   Published online June 15, 2007
The syndrome of resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is characterized by reduced tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormone (TH). In the majority of subjects, RTH is caused by mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor beta (TRβ) gene, located on the chromosome locus 3p24.3. RTH is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The clinical presentation of RTH is variable, but common features...
A case of childhood relapsing/remitting multiple sclerosis and interferon β-1b treatment in a Korean patient
Hyun Seok Kim, Won Deok Lee, Jun Hwa Lee, Kyung Lae Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):580-584.   Published online June 15, 2007
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disorder that affects discrete areas of the CNS, including the optic nerves, in a quite variable relapsing-remitting fashion over a prolonged period of time. Although MS is usually considered to be a disease that affects peoples in early to middle adulthood, children do develop multiple sclerosis. The frequency of MS onset before the age...
A case of neonatal peroneal neuropathy with intrauterine onset
Sang-Soo Lee, Ji-Yun Sim, Mi-Jung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):585-587.   Published online June 15, 2007
Peroneal neuropathy presenting at birth is a rare disorder. Although neonatal mononeuropathies may be related to obstetrical complications, prenatal mechanisms should be also considered. We describe an infant who was born at term by cesarean section due to breech presentation with a unilateral footdrop. Lack of compound muscle action potential in the peroneal nerve and denervation potentials confined to the...
Surgical removal of a left ventricular thrombus caused by acute myocarditis
Kyu Ha Lee, Min Jung Yoon, Mi Young Han, Sa Jun Chung, Soo Cheol Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):588-591.   Published online June 15, 2007
Left ventricular thrombus is mainly caused by anterior myocardial infarction or severe cardiac wall dysfunction of the apex, and is rarely caused by a complication of acute myocarditis. A 12-year-old female who developed symptoms of motor dysphasia and incomplete hemiparesis of the right side was admitted to the hospital. The brain MRI taken on the day of her admission showed...
Lim Eu-Seon: Comment on issues about poliomyelitis in Korea (Soakwa 1958;1:24-6)
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):592-593.   Published online June 15, 2007
Kim Hyo-Kyu: Comment on treatment of asthma in children (Soakwa 1958;1:15-8)
Korean J Pediatr. 2007;50(6):594-595.   Published online June 15, 2007
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