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Volume 51(10); Oct 2008
Review Articles
Emergence of macrolide resistance and clinical use of macrolide antimicrobials in children
Eun Hwa Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1031-1037.   Published online October 15, 2008
Macrolide antimicrobial agents including erythromycin, roxithromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin are commonly used in the treatment of respiratory tract infections in children. Newer macrolides that have structural modifications of older drug erythromycin show improved change in the spectrum of activity, dosing, and administration. However, recent studies reported that increasing use of macrolide antibiotics is the main force driving the development of...
Once daily dosing of aminoglycoside in children
Seon Hee Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1038-1041.   Published online October 15, 2008
Aminoglycosides are frequently used antibiotics in children. The multiple daily dosing (MDD) in infants and children is twice or three times daily depending on age. Recent studies in adults have shown that once daily dosing (ODD) maximizes the bactericidal activity and might minimize the toxicity of antibiotics. So, I reviewed many studies about efficacy, toxicity and cost effectiveness of ODD...
The use of fluoroquinolone in children
Jae Kyun Hur
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1042-1046.   Published online October 15, 2008
The fluoroquinolones are an important group of antibiotics widely used in the treatment of various infectious diseases in adults, as a result of an excellent spectrum of activity, good tissue penetration and convenient ways of administration. In recent decades, there has been extensive development, clinical investigation, licensure and use of fluoroquinolone antibiotics. However, the use of fluoroquinolones in children has...
Original Articles
Study of sedation according to neurologic and non-neurologic pediatric patients
Jeong Hwa Kim, Min Seon Kim, Dae-Yeol Lee, Sun Jun Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1047-1051.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sedatives for pediatric patients using noninvasive procedures. Methods : We performed a prospective study in 446 (aged 1 month-21 y) consecutive pediatric patients undergoing sedation to study noninvasive sedation techniques from February to August 2007. We reviewed demographic data, sedative drugs, dosage, complications, and successful rates of sedation...
The relationships among perception of physique, self-esteem, sociality, and behavioral characteristics in children
Min-Ja Jung, Kyung-Lim Yoon, Kye-Shik Shim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1052-1057.   Published online October 15, 2008
This study was to examine the relations of perception of physique with self-esteem, sociality and problematic behaviors in children. Methods: Four hundred sixty five (231 boys and 234 girls) children were divided into three groups according to their height or body mass index according to the physical growth standard table had been presented in 2007 by the Korean Pediatric Society. The...
Intraosseous line insertion education effectiveness for pediatric and emergency medicine residents
Jung Woo Lee, Jun Seok Seo, Do Kyun Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Seonguk Kim, Jeong-Min Ryu, Young Ho Kwak
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1058-1064.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to assess current knowledge of and training experiences with the intraosseous (IO) line among emergency medicine (EM) and pediatric residents who care for critically ill children and to evaluate the educational effectiveness of the IO line workshop. Methods : During May and June 2008, a workshops on IO line insertion was held for EM and...
Delayed closure effect in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus
Hyun Ju Lee, Gyu Hong Sim, Kyung Eun Jung, Jin A Lee, Chang Won Choi, Ee Kyung Kim, Han Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1065-1070.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aims to determine whether early closure (within 7 d) of significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with indomethacin or ligation reduces neonatal morbidity when compared with delayed closure (after 7 d). Methods : Fifty-eight extremely-low-birth-weight infants admitted to the NICU of Seoul National University Hospital from April 2005 to May 2007 with PDA were studied retrospectively. Results :...
Clinical usefulness of rapid antigen test to detect respiratory syncytial virus infection
Hyung Su Kim, Hee La Kim, Ki Hyung Park, Kyung Soon Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1071-1076.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most frequent cause of lower respiratory infections in infants and young children. Early detection allows quarantining of infected inpatients to prevent nosocomial transmission and to choose a treatment. To achieve rapid reporting, to facilitate prompt antiviral therapy, and to avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics, an easy, rapid diagnostic method for RSV is...
Bacterial meningitis in children experienced at a university hospital, 1993-2006
Sung Yoon Cho, Tae Yeon Kim, Hyunju Lee, Kyung Hyo Kim, Eun Sun Yoo, Hae Soon Kim, Eun Ae Park, Kyung Ha Ryu, Jeong Wan Seo, Sejung Sohn, Seung Joo Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1077-1084.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : Despite the seriousness of bacterial meningitis in children, there is little information on the incidence, causative organisms, mortality rate and age distribution. We studied the frequency by age group and causal pathogens, and clinical characteristics in children with bacterial meningitis in the private sector in Korea. Methods : The medical records containing the data on bacterial meningitis patients...
Comparative study of typical and atypical benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (Rolandic epilepsy)
Junhyuk Song, Kyuha Lee, Sajun Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1085-1089.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aims to examine and compare the features of rolandic epilepsy. Methods : Of 158 patients selected retrospectively, 116 had typical (group A) and 42 had atypical (group B) rolandic epilepsy, as defined by Worrall's criteria. Results : The age at onset of the seizures in group A was 8.6¡¾2.0 y and 6.2¡¾1.7 y in group B...
The long-term follow-up of height in children with epilepsy
Ju Hee We, Sang Ook Nam
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1090-1095.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : To assess the height growth of children with epilepsy receiving antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the related factors. Methods : The subjects were 148 children diagnosed with epilepsy at Pusan National University Hospital between January 1996 and December 2003, who received AEDs for more than 3 y. We measured height at the initiation of AED medication and at the...
TNF-α stimulated IL-8 and IL-10 expression in monocytes from patients with chronic granulomatous disease
Kyung-Sue Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1096-1101.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : Patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) have genetic mutations in a component of the NADPH oxidase enzyme that is necessary for the generation of the superoxide anion. The profound defect in innate immunity is reflected by the patients susceptibility to catalase-positive bacteria and fungi. In addition, CGD patients display signs of persistent inflammation, which is not associated only...
Neuroprotective effects of resveratrol via anti-apoptosis on hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats
Jin Young Shin, Min Ae Seo, Eun Jin Choi, Jin Kyung Kim, Eok Su Seo, Jun Hwa Lee, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1102-1111.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : Resveratrol, extracted from red wine and grapes, has an anti-cancer effect, an antiinflammatory effect, and an antioxidative effect mainly in heart disease and also has neuroprotective effects in the adult animal model. No studies for neuroprotective effects during the neonatal periods have been reported. Therefore, we studied the neuroprotective effect of resveratrol on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal...
Injury of neurons by oxygen-glucose deprivation in organotypic hippocampal slice culture
David Chanwook Chung, Kyung Sik Hong, Jihui Kang, Young Pyo Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1112-1117.   Published online October 15, 2008
Purpose : We intended to observe cell death and apoptotic changes in neurons in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures following oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), using propidium iodide (PI) uptake, Fluoro-Jade (FJ) staining, TUNEL staining and immunofluorescent staining for caspase-3. Methods : The hippocampus of 7-day-old rats was cut into 350 µm slices. The slices were cultured for 10 d (date in vitro, DIV...
Case Reports
Coronary artery fistula associated with single coronary artery
Seong Man Kim, Min Seob Song, Kwang Hyun Cho, Chul Ho Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1118-1122.   Published online October 15, 2008
A case of a single coronary artery complicated with a coronary artery fistula (CAF) to the right ventricle is extremely rare, and its management strategy and prognosis are not clear. A 5-year-old boy was hospitalized for evaluation of a continuous heart murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography suggested a CAF to the right ventricle, with an enlarged left coronary artery. Cardiac catheterization...
Congenital hernia of the lung through the azygoesophageal recess
Young Seok Choi, Young Jun Son, Si Young Bae, Kyung Sun Min, Young Kuk Cho, Woo Yeon Choi, Young Youn Choi, Jae Sook Ma, Tai Ju Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1123-1126.   Published online October 15, 2008
A lung hernia, defined as the protrusion of pulmonary tissue and pleural membranes through a defect in the thoracic wall, is a rare event. It can be congenital or acquired, and cervical, thoracic, or diaphragmatic in location. We report the rare occurrence of a congenital atraumatic lung herniation through the azygoesophageal recess. An 8-month-old male infant, who was born...
Joo Bu-Saeng: Comment on recent trend of management of prematurity (Soakwa 1958;1:19-24)
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(10):1127-1128.   Published online October 15, 2008
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