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Volume 51(12); Dec 2008
ERRATUM: Neurons by oxygen-glucose deprivation in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1-1.   Published online December 15, 2008
The title changed from "Neurons by oxygen-glucose deprivation in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures" to "Injury of neurons by oxygen-glucose deprivation in organotypic hippocampal slice culture" in Korean J Pediatr 2008;51(10):1112. And added the statement of "The present research was conducted by the research fund of Dankook University in 2006(No. 46217)".
An overview and preparation of Korean pediatrician according to the expansion of national immunization program coverage
In Sung Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1275-1281.   Published online December 15, 2008
National Immunization Program (NIP) in korea is regulated by government for effective prevention of infectious diseases since 1954. But the program is only performed in public health center, so many people had various complaints such as inconvenience to use public center, high cost when vaccinated in private medical organization and lack of speciality and registration etc. In this reason, it...
Review Articles
Pediatric cerebrovascular disease
Ji Hoon Phi, Kyu-Chang Wang, Byung-Kyu Cho, Seung-Ki Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1282-1289.   Published online December 15, 2008
Recently, accumulated clinical experience and advanced neuroradiological techniques have led to a better understanding of pediatric cerebrovascular disease (CVD), which was once considered rare. Approximately 10% of pediatric neurosurgical patients have CVD; therefore, it is no longer uncommon to pediatricians and pediatric neurosurgeons. Furthermore, children with CVD tend to recover better than adults after stroke because the immature brain is...
Epilepsy in various metabolic disorders
Young-Mock Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1290-1294.   Published online December 15, 2008
Seizures are a frequent symptom in metabolic disorders, although metabolic disorders are rarely found to be the cause of epilepsy. A precise diagnosis might not only influence treatment, but it might also call for counseling of the family, even if there are no direct therapeutic consequences. We review the main characteristics of epilepsy in metabolic disorders with regard to energy...
Neuromuscular disorders in children : Diagnosis and treatment
Jong Hee Chae
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1295-1299.   Published online December 15, 2008
Inherited muscle diseases are heterogeneous with varying genetic etiologies and present with common symptoms and signs, including weakness, motor developmental delay, and hypotonia. To diagnose these various diseases, a meticulous family and clinical history, physical and neurological examinations, laboratory findings with electromyography, muscle biopsy, and genetic testing are needed. Here, I review several inherited muscle diseases, with a focus on...
Original Articles
Preliminary analysis of metabolic syndrome components in Korean adolescents by using Korean national health and nutrition examination Survey pooling data (1998, 2001, and 2005)
Kyoung Huh, Mi Jung Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1300-1309.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to estimate age- and gender-specific cut points for metabolic syndrome (MS) components, including body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and glucose. Methods : Data from the 1998, 2001, and 2005 Korean NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) were analyzed (n=4164; 2,139 boys and 2,025 girls, aged 10-19 years)....
Prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia in Gunpo children of low economic status
Kyung Hee Yi
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1310-1314.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia in children from low-income families in Gunpo and to evaluate whether economic status affects the prevalence of obesity. Methods : Between October 2007 and March 2008, 341 children (167 girls and 174 boys; age, 6 to 13 years) were enrolled in this study. All these children came...
The effect of rooming-in care on the emotional stability of newborn infants
So Yoon Ahn, Sun Young Ko, Kyung Ah Kim, Yeon Kyung Lee, Son Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1315-1319.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : We aimed to examine the effect of rooming-in care on newborn infants emotional stability by comparing them with those cared for in a nursery. Methods : Forty-eight full-term newborn infants born at Cheil General Hospital between July 1 and October 31, 2007, were enrolled. Twenty-four newborn infants were roomed-in in their mothers rooms (rooming-in group), and 24 newborns...
Epidemiologic study of Kawasaki disease in 6 months old and younger infants
Yong Won Park, Ji Whan Han, In Sook Park, Chang Hwi Kim, Sung Ho Cha, Jae Sook Ma, Joon Sung Lee, Tae Chan Kwon, Sang Bum Lee, Chul Ho Kim, Heung Jae Lee, Yong Soo Yun
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1320-1323.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic status of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants ≤6 months of age. Methods : For the epidemiologic study of KD in Korea, data from 22,674 KD patients were collected from 1997 to 2005 on a 3-year basis by a retrospective survey. From this survey, data of 1,739 KD patients ≤6...
Study on the diagnostic utility of serum levels of insulin-like growth Factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 in growth hormone deficiency
Geun Ha Chi, Jeong Nyeo Lee, Woo Yeong Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1329-1335.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to determine the best cutoff line for insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 to discriminate between growth hormone deficiency (GHD) patients and the control group. Methods : Two hundred thirty subjects with normal controls (129 boys and 101 girls, aged 7-15 years), 14 patients with complete GHD (12 boys and...
Distribution of CD4+CD25+ T cells and graft-versus-host disease in human hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Dae Hyoung Lee, Nak Gyun Chung, Dae Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1336-1341.   Published online December 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to determine the frequencies of CD4+CD25+ T cells in donor graft and peripheral blood CD4+CD25+ T cells in recipients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and their association with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Methods : Seventeen children who underwent HSCT were investigated. CD4+CD25+ T cells in samples from donor grafts and recipient peripheral blood were assessed...
Case Reports
A case of megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts
Eun Young Park, Young Ok Kim, Ji Youn Kim, Chae Young Yeo, Hee Jo Baek, Chan Jong Kim, Eun Young Kim, Young Jong Woo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1342-1345.   Published online December 15, 2008
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a rare white matter disorder, first described in the early 1990s. The brain in patients with MLC appears swollen on MRI, with diffuse white matter abnormalities; in addition, there is an invariable presence of subcortical cysts, primarily in the anterior temporal region sparing the deep white matter, basal ganglia, thalami, and cerebellum. Patients...
Reflex seizures induced by micturition : A pediatric case and ictal EEG finding
Young Il Rho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1346-1349.   Published online December 15, 2008
Reflex seizures induced by micturition are rare, and there have been few reports on ictal electroencephalogram (EEG) findings. Here, we report a 7-year-old boy with secondarily generalized partial seizures induced by micturition. The seizures occurred every time he urinated. A few seconds after micturition begun, he toppled down with hand automatism followed by a secondarily generalized tonic posture and loss...
Two cases of spinal muscular atrophy type 1 with extensive involvement of sensory nerves
Ran Lee, Sochung Chung, Sung-Eun Koh, In Kyu Lee, Jongmin Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1350-1354.   Published online December 15, 2008
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by diffuse proximal and distal weakness due to deletion of the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene localized on chromosome 5 (5q11.2-13.3). SMA has been considered as a pure lower motor neuron disorder, and a definitive diagnosis can be established by molecular genetic testing. Here, we describe two patients with severe...
Wilms` tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation (WAGR) syndrome: Successful treatment of the first case with bilateral Wilms` tumors in Korea
Kyung Sun Min, Hee Jo Baek, Dong Kyun Han, Ju Hee You, Tai Ju Hwang, Dong Deuk Kwon, Hoon Kook
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1355-1358.   Published online December 15, 2008
Wilms` tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation (WAGR) syndrome is caused by deletion of chromosome 11p13, including the Wilms` tumor (WT1) and aniridia gene (PAX6) loci. Here, we report the first case of WAGR syndrome in Korea; the patient was a 2-year-old girl with bilateral aniridia from birth who presented with abdominal distention and mental retardation. Cytogenetically, she had...
Availability of peripheral inserted central catheters in severe hemophilia patients with inhibitors
Youngshil Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1359-1362.   Published online December 15, 2008
The most effective treatment strategy for patients with hemophilia is replacement therapy with FVIII or FIX concentrates, which usually requires long-term, uncomplicated venous access. However, central venous access device (CVADs, ports) insertion requires inpatient admission and general anesthesia, and presents some problems regarding health insurance coverage. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) were inserted in two severe hemophilia patients aged 7...
Cerebellar cavernous hemangioma that presented with posterior neck myalgia
Seung-Ah Baek, Kyung-Lim Yoon, Kye-Shik Shim, Jae-Seung Bang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1363-1367.   Published online December 15, 2008
Cavernous hemangioma can occur in the entire brain but rarely in cerebellum, especially in the pediatric age group. Headache, seizure, gait disturbance, recurrent bleeding may be seen. This tumor is a relatively benign condition but if the lesion located in the posterior fossa or the brain stem bleeds, irreversible brain damage may occur because of its restrictive space. Moreover, it...
A case of herpes zoster in a 4-month-old infant
Ji Hyun Kim, Jung Ju Lee, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim, Dong Keun Lee, Eung Sang Choi, Byoung Hoon Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1368-1371.   Published online December 15, 2008
Herpes zoster in infancy is very rare but can be developed following intrauterine or postnatal exposure to varicella zoster virus. We report a case of herpes zoster in a 4-month-old male infant. He had no prior history of primary varicella or varicella vaccination. His mother had no history of varicella infection and no contact history with varicella during pregnancy. He...
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