Previous issues

  • HOME
  • Previous issue
Volume 51(4); Apr 2008
Review Articles
A suggestion of health insurance for children
Baik-Lin Eun
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):339-342.   Published online April 15, 2008
The Korean Health Insurance (KHI) has been introduced since 1977 and it took only 12 years that KHI had accomplished the total coverage of Korean population. The remarkable success of KHI can be compared with other OECD countries which had taken some 30 years to over 100 years to establish the total coverage of the population. Life expectancy at birth...
The prevalences of asthma and allergic diseases in Korean children
Soo-Jong Hong, Kang-Mo Ahn, Soo-Young Lee, Kyu-Earn Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):343-350.   Published online April 15, 2008
Asthma and allergic diseases are one of the most common disorders in children. Due to its increased prevalence, as well as the increased morbidity and mortality from these diseases, asthma and allergic diseases have come to be recognized as a major worldwide public health issue. In addition, socioeconomic burden of asthma and allergic diseases has increased in Korea also. The...
Epidemiology of anaphylaxis in Korean children
Dae Hyun Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):351-354.   Published online April 15, 2008
Anaphylaxis is an acute systemic reaction caused by IgE-mediated immunological release of mediators from mast cells and basophils to allergenic triggers, such as food, insect venoms, and medications. An alternative definition was recently proposed as follows: anaphylaxis is a "condition caused by an IgE mediated reaction" that is "often life threatening and almost always unanticipated." The reaction can be severe enough to lead...
Characteristics of allergic pollens and the recent increase of sensitization rate to weed pollen in childhood in Korea
Jae-Won Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):355-361.   Published online April 15, 2008
Pollen is very important causing factor for allergy such as allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and asthma, and pollen allergy has a remarkable clinical impact all over Korea. The main pollination period covers about half the year, from spring to autumn, and the distribution of airborne pollen taxa of allergological interest is related to pollen season dynamics. Korean academy of pediatric...
Original Articles
Predisposing factors to nipple confusion
Ji Hyun Kim, Og Ryeon Cha, Yu Kyung Seo, Sun Ju Lee, Sung Min Cho, Byung Chan Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):362-366.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to investigate the predisposing factors for nipple confusion by using questionnaires. Methods : From October, 2005 to October, 2006, we performed a survey on guardians of neonates who had been admitted to the nursery at Dongguk University Medical Center and were discharged 10 to 14 days before the survey. We reviewed their medical...
Effect of surfactant lavage in severe meconium aspiration syndrome
Soon Min Lee, He Min Kim, Ji Hyun Jeon, Min Soo Park, Kook In Park, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):367-371.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : The surfactant dysfunction may play an important role in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). We aim to evaluate the effect of surfactant lavage in the treatment of term infants with MAS. Methods : The medical records of 15 neonates with severe MAS admitted at Yongdong Severance Hospital from 2005 to 2007 were reviewed and analyzed. Seven infants with severe...
Clinical characteristics of severe respiratory syncytial virus infection requiring mechanical ventilation in neonatal period and early infancy
Seung Han Shin, Jae Ri Kim, Jin-A Lee, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Han-Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim, Hoan Jong Lee, Jung-Hwan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):372-376.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : To identify clinical characteristics of severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in neonatal period and early infancy and provide information in clinical practice. Methods : Twelve neonates and young infants (<6 months) who were infected by respiratory syncytial virus and required mechanical ventilation between March 2005 and July 2007 were enrolled. Diagnosis of RSV infection was made based on the...
The usefulness of skin test in evaluation of immunity to varicella
Ji-Young Kim, Hye Jeen Lee, Me Jin Kim, Young Ho Kim, Ji A Jung, Seung Yang, Il Tae Hwang, Hae Ran Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):377-382.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of skin test by an inactivated, 1/50 diluted solution of attenuated varicella vaccine in evaluating the immune status to varicella. Methods : Total 41 subjects (22 males, 19 females, aged 1-32 years) were enrolled from July to August, 2005. Past medical history including varicella infection, varicella vaccination were investigated...
Epidemic acute interstitial pneumonia in children occurred during the early 2006s
Chong Kun Cheon, Hyun-Seung Jin, Eun Kyeong Kang, Hyo Bin Kim, Byoung-Joo Kim, Jinho Yu, Seong Jong Park, Soo-Jong Hong, June Dong Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):383-390.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : This study was aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with acute interstitial pneumonia who had presented similar clinical patterns from March to June, 2006 and to describe our experience of treatment and to identify risk factors associated with prognosis. Methods : The clinical characteristics, radiologic and histopathologic findings and response to steroids of 15 patients (non-survival...
Efficacy and safety of electrolytes-free polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 for disimpaction in children with chronic functional constipation
Jeong Hee Lee, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):391-395.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : This study was performed evaluate optimal dose for disimpaction, efficacy and safety of PEG 4000 in children with chronic functional constipation. Methods : Eighty six children with chronic functional constipation were enrolled in this prospective study at Konkuk university hospital March, 2003 through August, 2006. Success in disimpaction with PEG 4000 was defined as meeting at least two out...
A rise and fall in AST and ALT level in nonspecific reactive hepatitis
Tai Sung Kim, Tae Hyung Hur, Sun Jeong Lim, Joong Hyun Bin, Seung Hoon Hahn, So Young Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):396-400.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : The study was performed to assess the distribution of the diseases associated with nonspecific reactive hepatitis (NRH) for the past 10 years and to evaluate the change in the level of AST and ALT, and the difference by several variable factors. Methods : From January 1997 to December 2006, 646 patients had elevated liver enzymes among 22,763 patients admitted...
Complications of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using the amplatzer septal occluder
Seo Jin Jea, Hyo Jin Kwon, Gi Young Jang, Jae Young Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):401-408.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) is currently established therapy as an alternative to surgery. But rarely, complications are reported in some studies. We report early and intermediate term complications associated with transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO). Methods : From June 2003 to May 2006, 64 patients underwent transcatheter closure of...
The age and dose-related hyponatremia during carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine therapy in epileptic children
Kyu Ha Lee, Jun Hyuk Song, Sung Ho Cha, Sa Jun Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):409-414.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : To assess the prevalence of hyponatremia in epileptic children receiving carbamazepine or oxcarbazpine, we investigate serum sodium changes according to age, serum carbamazepine level, and daily oxcarbazepine dosage, and the prevalence of symptoms of hyponatremia. Methods : We reviewed the clinical data of the 197 children receiving carbamazepine and/or oxcarbazepine with or without antiepileptic therapy. And these were classified...
Use of herbal medicine in epileptic children
Jee Yeon Lee, Wook Sun Choi, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):415-419.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : Herbal medicine is thought to be widely used by children with epilepsy, but there have been few studies. This study aimed to investigate the perceptions and the actual conditions of usage of herbal medicine by children with epilepsy. Methods : From July to August 2007, three hundred seventy eight questionnaires were completed by parents of epileptic children who visited...
Clinical review of acute seizures among children who visited the emergency room in Masan Samsung hospital from 2004 to 2006
Won Deok Lee, Jae Wook Yoo, Ju Suk Lee, Jun Hwa Lee, Kyung Lae Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):420-425.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute childhood seizures, one of the most important causes of emergency room visits, to provide appropriate medical services. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 433 (4.6%) pediatric patients with acute seizures that visited the emergency room at Masan Samsung hospital from 2004 to 2006. Results : The male to...
Case Reports
Cytogenetic evaluation of a patient with ring chromosome 9 presenting failure to thrive and developmental delay
Yun Mi Park, Han Nae Nho, Sook Za Kim, Young Min Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):426-430.   Published online April 15, 2008
We report clinical, cytogenetic, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies of a patient with ring chromosome 9. She presented with failure to thrive, facial dysmorphysm and mild psychomotor development delay in the absence of major malformations. Peripheral blood karyotype of the patient was 46,XX,r(9)(p24q34). G-band analysis suggested no loss of material in the ring chromosomes. FISH analysis using the...
A case of midgut volvulus due to mesenteric lymphangioma, not associated with malrotation in a 13-year-old boy
Jung Ho Lee, Seok Ju Choi, Tae Yoon Kim, Young Tong Kim, Hyun Deuk Cho, Joon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):431-434.   Published online April 15, 2008
A 13-year-old boy, complained of an intermittent suddenly aggravated severe abdominal pain and diarrhea, was diagnosed as a small bowel volvulus without an intestinal malrotation, due to mesenteric lymphangioma. He took abdominal ultrasonography, abdominal CT scanning, upper gastrointestinal study and got an operation. The small bowel volvulus with cystic lymphangioma was confirmed by gross and pathologic findings.
Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome : A case report
So Hee Lee, Seong Jin Hong, Jung Hwa Lee, Soo Yun Oh, Sun Heum Kim, Duk Hwan Kho, Kyo Sun Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(4):435-438.   Published online April 15, 2008
The Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal (COFS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by multiple abnormalities that involve the brain, face, eyes, and extremities. COFS syndrome is regarded as a degenerative disorder of the brain and spinal cord caused by a mutation of the DNA repair genes. We report on an 8-month-old girl with COFS syndrome who exhibited growth and developmental delay,...
  • PubMed Central
  • PubMed
  • Scopus
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)